|Date of birth||19 March 1888|
|Place of birth||Berlin, Germany|
|Year of aliyah||1933|
|Date of death||30 April 1961(aged 73)|
|Knessets||1, 2, 3|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1951–1952||Minister without Portfolio|
|1952–1955||Minister of Agriculture|
|1955||Minister of Trade and Industry|
|1955–1959||Minister without Portfolio|
|1959||Minister of Welfare|
Born in Berlin in Germany, Naftali joined the Social Democratic Party in 1911. He served in the German Army between 1911 and 1912, after which he started to work as a journalist on economic affairs, returning to the army for a spell in 1917–18 to fight in World War I. In 1921, he became editor of the economics department of the Frankfurter Zeitung, a post he held until 1926, when he became head of the economic research department of a trade union. In 1921, he also published a book, How to read the Economic Section of the Newspaper, which was a bestseller.
In 1925, he had joined the Zionism movement, and in 1931 was a delegate to the Zionist Congress. He made aliyah in 1933, initially working as a lecturer at the Technion, before becoming director general of Bank Hapoalim in 1938, a post he held until 1949. Between 1941 and 1948 he served as a member of the Assembly of Representatives.
He was elected to the Knesset in 1949 on Mapai's list. After being re-elected in 1951, he was appointed Minister without Portfolio in David Ben-Gurion's government. In June 1952, he became Minister of Agriculture, a role he held until the 1955 elections, after which he reverted to being a Minister without Portfolio. In January 1959, he became Minister of Welfare, but lost his Knesset seat and place in the cabinet in the 1959 elections.
- Wirtschaftsdemokratie: Ihr Wesen, Weg und Ziel. Herausgegeben im Auftrag des Allgemeinen Deutschen Gewerkschaftsbundes von Fritz Naphtali. Berlin: Verlagsgesellschaft des Allgemeinen Deutschen Gewerkschaftsbundes, GmbH.; 1928.
- Peretz Naftali: Public activities Knesset website
- Peretz Naftali on the Knesset website