The Ministry of Armament (Russian: Министерство вооружения СССР) was a government ministry in the Soviet Union. Before 1946 it was known as the People's Commissariat of Armament of the USSR (Народный комиссариат вооружения СССР).
On January 11, 1939 the People's Commissariat of Defence Industry of the USSR (Народный комиссариат оборонной промышленности) was divided into several departments, among which was the People's Commissariat of Armament.
It oversaw the work of 28 manufacturing plants and eight design offices. In 1939 it employed 204,458 workers.
It played a leading role in the whole complex of arms which devotes major attention to the head of Lavrenty Beria. In 1946 the office was renamed the Ministry of Arms of the USSR (Министерство вооружения СССР – МВ).
The ministry was in charge of the production of weapons equipment, and an ammunition for the USSR Armed Forces; it had under its administration all plants factories and workshops manufacturing any armaments or ammunition, regardless whether this production represented the main or the secondary occupation of such plants.
Few plants in the Soviet Union which were strictly military plants and since the tendency was to keep the production of war materials as secret as possible it was customary to assign some peacetime production line to any plants manufacturing armaments. All such plants, even though they were concerned with the production of peacetime goods, were put under the administration of the Ministry of Armaments. Each plant working for the Ministry of Armaments was assigned a number which was used in official correspondence, eg Kirov Plant 304; Plant 707.
List of ministers
- Moses Rukhimovitsh (8.12.1936 - 16.10.1937)
- Mikhail Kaganovich (16.10.1937 - 11.1.1939)
- Boris Vannikov (11.1.1939 - 9.6.1941)
- Dmitri Ustinov (9.6.1941 - 6.3.1953)
- "Organization Of The Ministry of Armament USSR" (PDF). CIA. Retrieved 18 November 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- "Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1917-1964". Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
- "Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1964-1991". Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
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