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|Bronx and Pelham Parkway|
Pelham Parkway highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYCDOT|
|Length||2.25 mi (3.62 km)|
|Restrictions||No trucks, buses, or trailers (excluding service roads)|
|West end||US 1 / Bronx River Parkway in Bronx Park|
|Hutchinson River Parkway in Pelham Bay|
|East end||I-95 / Shore Road in Pelham Bay Park|
The Bronx and Pelham Parkway, also known formally as the Bronx–Pelham Parkway but called Pelham Parkway in everyday use, is a 2.25-mile-long (3.62 km) parkway in the borough of the Bronx in New York City. The road begins in Bronx Park at the Bronx River Parkway and U.S. Route 1 (US 1) and ends at Interstate 95 (I-95), the New England Thruway, in Pelham Bay Park, hence the roadway's name. The parkway is designated as New York State Route 907F (NY 907F), an unsigned reference route, by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT).
Despite the parkway moniker, Pelham Parkway is partially limited access and partially a local street, with two main roadways (one in each direction), and two service roads during the local street section. Like other parkways in New York City, commercial traffic is not permitted, however it can use the paralleling service roads. The parkway is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation.
Pelham Parkway begins at a cloverleaf interchange with the Bronx River Parkway (exit 7W–E) in the Bronx Park section of the Bronx. West of here, it continues as East Fordham Road, which also carries the US 1 designation. The first 0.18 miles (0.29 km) of the Pelham Parkway is co-signed with US 1. At an intersection with Boston Road – named for the Boston Post Road – US 1 turns north and leaves the parkway.
The road, a six-lane divided parkway, crosses under the New York City Subway's IRT White Plains Road Line (the 2 and 5 trains) at the Pelham Parkway station at an intersection with White Plains Road. The parkway continues east through the Morris Park neighborhood, passing and intersecting with Williamsbridge Road, which leads to the Jacobi Medical Center. At this intersection, the parkway also crosses over the IRT Dyre Avenue Line (the 5 train) at the underground Pelham Parkway station on that line. The parkway bends eastward, crossing Eastchester Road, then Stillwell Avenue merges into the parkway, marking the eastern end of the service roads.
After Stillwell Avenue and leaving Morris Park, the parkway becomes a limited-access freeway, meaning that all entrances and exits have ramps, rather than signalized intersections crossing the center barrier. The parkway crosses over the Northeast Corridor tracks and enters Pelham Bay. It enters a cloverleaf interchange with the Hutchinson River Parkway (exit 3). Less than 0.5 miles (0.80 km) later, the parkway enters Pelham Bay Park and has another cloverleaf interchange with I-95 (the New England Thruway). This junction serves as the eastern terminus of Pelham Parkway, which continues east into the park as Shore Road.
The speed limit on the parkway is 30 miles per hour (48 km/h) between Boston Road and Stillwell Avenue (the surface road section), and 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) between Stillwell Avenue and Shore Road (the limited access section). Service roads maintain the city-wide default speed limit of 25 miles per hour (40 km/h).
Pelham Parkway is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT), while the surrounding landscaping and bike path are managed by the New York City Parks Department. The parkway between White Plains Road and Stillwell Avenue has a wide landscaped median between the frontage roads on both sides and the westbound main road. The space between the westbound main and frontage roads on the north side is used as a park, with benches and walking paths.
In the 1870s, landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted envisioned a greenbelt across the Bronx, consisting of parks and parkways that would align with existing geography.:47 However, in 1877, the city declined to act upon his plan. Around the same time, New York Herald editor John Mullaly pushed for the creation of parks in New York City, particularly lauding the Van Cortlandt and Pell families' properties in the western and eastern Bronx respectively. He formed the New York Park Association in November 1881.:49 There were objections to the system, which would apparently be too far from Manhattan, in addition to precluding development on the parks' sites. However, newspapers and prominent lobbyists, who supported such a park system, were able to petition the bill into the New York State Senate, and later, the New York State Assembly (the legislature's lower house).:56
In June 1884, Governor Grover Cleveland signed the New Parks Act into law, authorizing the creation of the park system. The system consisted of three parkways and six parks, with Bronx Park at the center of the system. Bronx Park was connected to Pelham Bay Park in the east via Pelham Parkway; to Van Cortlandt Park in the northwest via Mosholu Parkway; and to Crotona Park in the south via Crotona Parkway. There were no direct connections to Claremont Park and St. Mary's Park, the other two parks in the system.
Construction, proposed upgrades
The original Pelham Parkway was built in 1911 and opened in 1912 as a small, two-lane road in today's westbound lanes through what was then rural Westchester County. The road had strict building codes, as nobody could build within 150 feet of it.
When New York City boomed after World War I and the Bronx became part of the city and neighborhoods, highways, and parks built up, the Pelham Parkway became a commuter route. Construction on today's Pelham Parkway started in 1935 under parks commissioner Robert Moses and was completed in 1937.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Moses wanted to upgrade the parkway to a limited-access freeway and extend it to the Henry Hudson Parkway in the Inwood neighborhood of Manhattan. It would also connect to proposed limited-access upgrade and extension of the Mosholu Parkway and a large interchange with I-95 and a never built portion of I-895 at the current interchange with I-95 in Pelham Bay. Due to a growing opposition to highway improvements in the city partially fueled by opposition to the construction of the Cross Bronx Expressway, only the section from Shore Road to Stillwell Avenue was upgraded to a freeway.
In 2010, many trees were cut down along the Pelham Parkway so that NYSDOT could install a guardrail in response to an uptick in accidents. While there was local opposition to this, the project was carried out, and the parks department vowed to plant 200 new trees along the parkway.
|Bronx Park||0.00||0.00||US 1 south (Fordham Road) / Bronx River Parkway – Soundview Park, White Plains||Cloverleaf interchange; exits 7E-W on Bronx River Parkway; western terminus of US 1 concurrency|
|Morris Park||0.18||0.29||US 1 north (Boston Road)||Located near Pelham Parkway station (White Plains Road Line)|
|0.65||1.05||Williamsbridge Road||Located at Pelham Parkway station (Dyre Avenue Line)|
|1.35||2.17||Eastchester Road||Serves Jacobi Medical Center|
|Western terminus of freeway section|
|Pelham Bay||1.87||3.01||Hutchinson River Parkway / Bruckner Boulevard south – Rye, Whitestone Bridge, New England||Westbound access to Parkway north is via I-95 north; exits 3E-W on Hutchinson Parkway|
|Pelham Bay Park||2.25||3.62||I-95 to Hutchinson River Parkway north – Co-op City, George Washington Bridge, Throggs Neck Bridge||Exits 8B-C on I-95; located near Pelham Bay Park station|
|Shore Road east – Orchard Beach, City Island||Continuation east|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 254. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- "2014 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 22, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2020.
- Microsoft; Nokia (February 20, 2013). "overview map of Pelham Parkway" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved February 20, 2013. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- "Current Pre-Vision Zero Speed Limit Maps" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. 2015-12-04. p. 3. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
- Olmsted, Frederick Law; Vaux, Calvert; Croes, John James Robertson (1968). Fein, Albert (ed.). Landscape into cityscape: Frederick Law Olmsted's plans for a greater New York City. Cornell University Press. p. 331.
- Gonzalez, Evelyn (June 5, 2004). The Bronx. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-50835-3. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- Golan, Michael (1975). "Bronx Parks: A Wonder From the Past". Bronx County Historical Society Journal. The Bronx County Historical Society. 12 (2): 32–41.
- "The Need of More Parks; First Meeting of the New-York Park Association Yesterday". The New York Times. 1881-11-27. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
- "Van Cortlandt Park, Borough of the Bronx: Restoration Master Plan, Part 1" (PDF). New York City Parks Department, Storch Associates. 1986. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
- "The Albany Legislators.; Parks for New-York City—Limiting Mayor Edson's Appointments". The New York Times. 1884-03-25. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
- Mullaly, John (1887). The New Parks Beyond the Harlem: With Thirty Illustrations and Map. Descriptions of Scenery. Nearly 4,000 Acres of Free Playground for the People. New York: Nabu Press. pp. 117–138. ISBN 978-1-141-64293-9.
- "Proposed New Parks". The New York Times. 1884-01-24. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-18.
- "History of the Pelham Parkway". The New York Institute of Special Education. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- Pelham Parkway; Historic Overview (NYCRoads.com)
- "New Bronx Road Urged by Moses," The New York Times; March 4, 1965
- "Bronx Greenbelt: Mosholu and Pelham Parkways". Forgotten NY. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- Pelham Parkway at
- Pelham Parkway & Pelham Bay-Shore Drive @ NYCROADS.com