Peekskill, New York
Location in Westchester County, and the state of New York
|• Mayor||Andre K. Rainey (D)|
|• City Manager||Richard A. Leins|
|• Common Council|
|• Total||5.57 sq mi (14.43 km2)|
|• Land||4.34 sq mi (11.25 km2)|
|• Water||1.23 sq mi (3.18 km2)|
|Elevation||128 ft (39 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||5,592.77/sq mi (2,159.34/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0960097|
Peekskill, is a city in Westchester County, New York. Peekskill is situated on a bay along the east side of the Hudson River, across from Jones Point. The population was 23,583 during the 2010 census.
The area was an early American industrial center, primarily for iron plow and stove products. The Binney & Smith Company, now makers of Crayola products, started as the Peekskill Chemical Company at Annsville in 1864.
The well-publicized "Peekskill" Riots of 1949 involved attacks and a lynching-in-effigy occasioned by Paul Robeson's benefit concerts for the Civil Rights Congress, although the main assault following the September concert properly occurred in nearby Van Cortlandtville.
In September 1609, Henry Hudson, captain of the Halve Maen, anchored along the reach of the Hudson at Peekskill. His firstmate noted in the ship's log that it was a "very pleasant place to build a town". After the establishment of the province of New Netherland, New Amsterdam resident Jan Peeck made the first recorded contact with the Lenape people of this area, then identified as "Sachoes". The date is not certain, (possibly early 1640s), but agreements and merchant transactions took place, formalized in the Ryck's Patent Deed of 1684. The name Peekskill derives from a combination of Mr. Peeck's surname and the Dutch word for stream, kil or kill.
Located on the north bank of the Annsville Creek as it empties into the Hudson, Fort Independence combined with Forts Montgomery and Clinton to defend the Hudson River Valley. Fort Independence was built in August 1776, while Forts Montgomery and Clinton were started in June.:18 Fort Hill Park, the site of Camp Peekskill, contained five barracks and two redoubts.
European style settlement took place slowly in the early 18th century. By the time of the American Revolution, the tiny community was an important manufacturing center from its various mills along the several creeks and streams. These industrial activities were attractive to the Continental Army in establishing its headquarters here in 1776.
The mills of Peek's Creek provided gunpowder, leather, planks, and flour. Slaughterhouses were important for food supply. The river docks allowed transport of supply items and soldiers to the several other fort garrisons placed to prevent British naval passage between Albany and New York City. Officers at Peekskill generally supervised placing the first iron link chain between Bear Mountain and Anthony's Nose in the spring of 1777.
Though Peekskill's terrain and mills were beneficial to the Patriot cause, they also made tempting targets for British raids. The most damaging attack took place in early spring of 1777, when an invasion force of a dozen vessels led by a warship and supported by infantry overwhelmed the American defenders. Another British operation in October 1777 led to further destruction of industrial apparatus. "On leaving New Windsor in June, 1781, Washington established his quarters, for a short time, at Peekskill."
Peekskill's first legal incorporation of 1816 was reactivated in 1826 when Village elections took place. The Village was further incorporated within the Town of Cortlandt in 1849 and remained so until separating as a city in 1940.
In 1859 Rev. Henry Ward Beecher bought a thirty-six acre farm at Peekskill. Beecher made many improvements and established a summer home for his family. In 1902 the locally prominent McFadden family bought the property. In 1987 the Beecher-McFadden Estate was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
In August 1949, following reports misquoting Paul Robeson's speech to the World Peace Conference in Paris as stating that African Americans would not fight for the United States in any prospective war against the Soviet Union, a planned benefit concert for the Civil Rights Congress in Peekskill had to be cancelled amid White Nationalist and anti-communist violence. An effigy of Robeson was lynched in the town. The artists were able to plan a second concert in nearby Van Cortlandtville on a farm owned by a Holocaust survivor. (His house was subsequently shot into and brickbats thrown through his windows.) The publicity drew a crowd of around 20,000, and two men with rifles were discovered and removed prior to any violence during the concert itself. It was one of the earliest performances of Pete Seeger's "If I Had a Hammer"; Robeson sang surrounded by union guards and volunteers from the audience as protection against other snipers. Following the event, area police and state troopers directed exiting traffic down a single road into an ambush where rocks were thrown through car windows (even at cars with small children). Some were overturned and their occupants beaten without police intervention. These Peekskill Riots were subsequently well-publicized in news report and folk songs and formed a major event in E.L. Doctorow's historical fiction novel The Book of Daniel.
Peekskill was the landing point of a fragment of the Peekskill Meteorite, just before midnight on October 9, 1992. The meteoric trail was recorded on film by at least sixteen individuals. This was only the fourth meteorite in history for which an exact orbit is known. The rock had a mass of 12.4 kg (27.3 lb) and punched through the trunk of Peekskill resident Michelle Knapp's automobile upon impact.
The Peekskill Evening Star and the Peekskill Highland Democrat were two of the city's daily newspapers through much of the City's history. The Evening Star published under various mastheads from the 19th century on, and as the Evening Star from 1939 till 1985 when the paper folded into what would become the nexus of the Journal News, a conglomeration of local papers from throughout Westchester County. The Journal News focused more on statewide and New York City issues, however, which led to the founding of the Peekskill Herald in 1986. Although numerous prominent citizens came together to try to keep the paper afloat after a series of New York Times articles about the paper's foundering fiscal situation, it folded in 2005, being replaced by the Peekskill Daily in 2009.
The Centennial Firehouse, built in 1890, was located under a U.S. Route 9 bridge. During the original construction of the bridge in 1932 part of the roof of the firehouse was removed. As part of a highway reconstruction project it was to be relocated to a new historic district. The city spent $150,000 in grant money in preparing the building. Unfortunately a mechanical failure during a turn caused the building to collapse.
The current mayor of Peekskill is André K. Rainey.
Peekskill is located at  in northwestern Westchester County. Peekskill is also in the metropolitan area (suburbs of New York City) and is located north of the Bronx. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which, 4.3 square miles (11 km2) of it is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) of it (20.99%) is water. The city's eastern border is the Town of Cortlandt and its western border is the Hudson River.(41.2889, −73.9200)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,583 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 35.8% White, 21.4% Black, 0.2% Native American, 2.9% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from some other race and 2.5% from two or more races. 36.9% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,441 people, 8,696 households, and 5,348 families living in the city. The population density was 5,189.7 people per square mile (2,005.7/km2). There were 9,053 housing units at an average density of 2,093.6 per square mile (809.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 57.12% White, 25.54% African American, 0.42% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 9.83% from other races, and 4.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.92% of the population.
There were 8,696 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.4% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $47,177, and the median income for a family was $52,645. Males had a median income of $38,091 versus $34,757 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,595. About 10.3% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line.
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Peekskill is about 40 miles (64 km) north of New York City. In the early 1990s, the population was decreasing and the downtown area was becoming more vacant. The Common Council decided to make artist studios and galleries an important part of the City's revitalization strategy.
The city wanted to turn its unused downtown spaces into something useful. Similar to Lowell, MA's strategy, in order to have a vibrant downtown area one must have a population living there, so that the activity does not only happen from nine to five. In creating spaces where artists both live and work, the city created a situation in which there would always be people downtown, 24 hours a day.
At the same time, the Common Council wanted to get people into downtown Peekskill, rising real estate prices in New York City were driving artists to move further away from even the boroughs outside Manhattan. Peekskill took an active role in pursuing displaced artists by taking out advertisements in So Ho art magazines and offering them low interest rates. This helped artists buy buildings and convert them into useful spaces. Once a few artists had moved to Peekskill, a buzz was created and more artists made the move north. As an economic development incentive, landlords can be offered tax incentives, grants, facade improvements, and loans to renovate buildings that can be used as live-work spaces by artists.
Since 1991, property owners have 58 artist live/work lofts and in 2002, the City of Peekskill and the County of Westchester joined with a private real estate company to develop The Peekskill Art Lofts. This 28 unit limited equity income co-op offered artist an opportunity for affordable home ownership.
Peekskill has drawn a number of artists and art appreciators to its environs recently. Local highlights include Paramount Center for the Arts, a restored 1930 movie palace which now serves as the area's cultural hub with music, comedy, drama and independent films. In the fall of 2012, the Paramount suspended operations while dealing with funding issues. Other highlights include the Hudson Valley Center for Contemporary Art, STUDIO No.9 Gallery and Workshops, and the Peekskill Coffee House, which showcases local acts. The Bean Runner Cafe, on South Division Street, and 12 Grapes, on North Division Street, also showcase local artists and musicians.
Peekskill is the setting for the 1980s American television series The Facts of Life, a sitcom about teenagers and young women that attend a fictional all-girls boarding school named Eastland School for Girls (inspired by a now-defunct all-girls school that still overlooks the city) and similarly fictional Langley College.
Locally owned WLNA 1420 AM has served the community since 1948.
The town contains several parks and recreation areas, including Charles Point, with bay and river views; Depew Park, which has pools and a pond in addition to ballfields and trails and is the home of the Recreation Department headquarters; Franklin Park; Lepore Park; Fort Hill Park; Peekskill Dog Park; Peekskill Stadium; Riverfront Green Park; and Tompkins Park (home of Little League).
Primary and secondary schools
Governor George E. Pataki Leadership and Learning Center
The Governor George E. Pataki Leadership and Learning Center, located in Peekskill, is designed to educate schoolchildren on government using Governor Pataki's public service as an example. Charles A. Gargano, Pataki's former economic development chief, led the effort to create the center. On August 14, 2008, The New York Times announced that the center's sponsors had "filed paperwork with the State Department of Education and are trying to raise $500,000 for a start-up fund so they can open the center in the fall." The center currently holds Governor Pataki's official portrait, which will be moved to Albany at the end of 2009. The center has three directors: David Catalfamo, the governor's former communications chief; Kimberly Cappelleri, Libby Pataki's former chief of staff; and Amy Holden, former executive assistant to the governor.
New York Presbyterian – Hudson Valley Hospital
Founded in 1889 as Peekskill Hospital on lower South Street, the facility went through a radical transformation in the late 1990s to become Hudson Valley Hospital Center (HVHC). In 2014, the hospital began an affiliation with New York Presbyterian and is now referred to as New York Presbyterian – Hudson Valley Hospital.
The hospital includes has 128 inpatient beds and includes a comprehensive cancer center, maternity center, neonatal intensive care unit and surgery center among several other patient care services.
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medical Services in the City of Peekskill are staffed EMTs and paramedics from the city's fire department and volunteer ambulance corps. The fire department staffs seven EMTs and eight paramedics whereas the volunteer corps has 60 active riding members. Most patients are transported to NYP-Hudson Valley Hospital.
Peekskill train station provides commuter service to New York City, 41 miles (66 km) away via Metro-North Railroad. The Bee-Line Bus System provides bus service to Peekskill on routes 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, and 31. The Bear Mountain Bridge, five miles (8 km) to the northwest, gives road access to Bear Mountain State Park across the Hudson River, Palisades Interstate Parkway and to the United States Military Academy at West Point via US 6 and US 202. The Croton Expressway portion of US 9 ends here. NY 9A and NY 35 also run through the city.
- Reggie Austin, an actor, was born in Peekskill and is a Peekskill High School Graduate.
- Hilton Armstrong, NBA basketball professional, is a Peekskill High School graduate.
- Peter Bagge, a noted cartoonist, was born and brought up in Peekskill.
- Becca Balint, Majority Leader of the Vermont Senate, raised in Peekskill
- L. Frank Baum, author of The Wizard of Oz, attended Peekskill Military Academy for approximately two years.
- Henry Ward Beecher was an influential Civil War-era minister who built his impressive family mansion on East Main Street in 1878.
- T. C. Boyle (born 1948), a novelist, is a former Peekskill resident.
- Elton Brand, a NBA All-Star basketball professional is a Peekskill High School graduate.
- Benjamin Civiletti, a former United States Attorney General and attorney, was born in Peekskill.
- Chauncey Depew was chairman of the board of the New York Central Railroad and then served as a United States senator for New York.
- Abel Ferrara, an independent filmmaker, was born in the Bronx, moved to Peekskill as a teenager and graduated from high school there.
- Mel Gibson (born 1956), American-Australian actor, was born and raised in Peekskill until his family moved to Australia in the late 1960s
- Jackie Gleason, actor and comedian, lived in Peekskill from 1959 to 1963.
- Theodore Haupt, American modernist artist, lived in Peekskill from 1941 until 1948.
- Samuel Frost Haviland, established first bank in Chile.
- James William Husted (1870-1925) was a politician elected to four succeeding terms as a U.S. Representative (1915–1923) from New York.
- Richard E. Jackson, a former Peekskill mayor (1984–1992), was the first African-American mayor in New York State.
- Tre Johnson, a former NFL lineman graduated from Peekskill High School, and had a nine-year NFL career highlighted by his selection to the 2000 Pro Bowl with the Washington Redskins.
- Sean Murphy, an MLB catcher in the Oakland Athletics organization who was most recently ranked as their number 3 prospect
- George Pataki, former New York Governor (served 1995–2006) was born in Peekskill. He served as Peekskill's mayor from 1981 to 1984.
- Cornelius A. Pugsley was a congressman and preservationist whose name is still attached to a national preservation award for public parks.
- Paul Reubens, an entertainer (aka Pee-wee Herman; born 1952)
- Kirtanananda Swami Bhaktipada (born Keith Gordon Ham), Hare Krishna guru
- Herb Trimpe, a longtime Marvel Comics artist (The Incredible Hulk) was raised in Peekskill.
- Stanley Tucci, an actor (born 1960) was born in Peekskill.
- Depew Park
- Lincoln Depot Museum
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Peekskill, New York
- Peekskill Freight Depot
- Standard House
- The Waterfront
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- Dunwell, F.F., 1991, The Hudson River highlands, New York: Columbia University Press; ISBN 0231070438
- "History and Events in Peekskill | Peekskill History Summary". The Peekskill Museum. July 29, 1940. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "Peekskill officials dot historic mountain with plaques" (PDF). Hudsonrivervalley.org. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- Lossing, Benson (1859). The Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution. Harper & Brothers, Publishers. pp. 734, 681.
- Beecher, William C.; Scoville, Rev. Samuel (1891). A biography of Rev. Henry Ward Beecher. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. pp. 619–623; with the assistance of Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher
- Ford, Carin T. Paul Robeson: I Want to Make Freedom Ring, Ch. 9, p. 97. 2008.
- Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (November 19, 2006). "The Car, the Hole, and the Peekskill Meteorite". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
- "Westchester County Newspaper Collections". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. May 27, 2001. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
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- "peekskilldaily.com". peekskilldaily.com. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "EBSCO Online Library Search Engine Directory - Find Articles, News, Periodicals and Other Premium Online Content". connection.ebscohost.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2011.
- Rowe, Claudia (June 8, 1997). "Paper Fights To Stay Alive". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "A Peekskill Firehouse on the Move". The New York Times. August 9, 2008.
- "Historic Peekskill firehouse collapses in move". Lohud.com.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
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- "Depew Park | Peekskill NY". www.cityofpeekskill.com. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- Otterman, Sharon (January 23, 2013). "New York Archdiocese to Close 24 Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- Berger, Joseph (August 14, 2008). "Well, a Pataki Center Would Play in Peekskill". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2009.
- Blain, Glenn (July 30, 2008). "By George! Collection for Pataki museum". Daily News (New York). Retrieved January 17, 2009.
-  Archived February 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived February 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Hospital Is Haunted by History of Deals With Board Members". The New York Times. March 14, 1999. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Patient Services in Yorktown Heights, Peekskill & More – NewYork-Presbyterian/Hudson Valley Hospital". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "History – NewYork-Presbyterian/Hudson Valley Hospital". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Peekskill Community Volunteer Ambulance". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Emergency Medical Services". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Prominent Peekskill People". Peekskill Arts Council. 2007. Archived from the original on August 14, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Condos, James (2014). Biographical Sketches of Federal and State Officers and Members of the General Assembly of 2015–2016 (PDF). Montpelier, VT: Vermont Secretary of State. p. 20.
- "Jackie Gleason's Round House". Popular Mechanix. April 1960. Archived from the original on December 31, 2010. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- Statham, Richard (July 31, 1963). "Jackie Gleason's fabulous home is now up for sale". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- "Here's House For Sale, Jackie Gleason Special". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- "New Vrindaban: The Black Sheep of ISKCON". Henrydoktorski.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "Green Skin's Grab-Bag: "An Interview with Herb Trimpe"". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
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