The Spanish Royal Crown, symbol of Patrimonio Nacional
|Formed||May 12, 1865 (as Crown Heritage)|
March 7, 1940 (as National Heritage)
|Headquarters||Royal Palace of Madrid|
|Annual budget||€117.4 million, 2019|
|Parent department||Ministry of the Presidency|
Patrimonio Nacional (English: National Heritage) is a Spanish agency, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Presidency, that administers the sites owned by the Spanish State and used by the Monarch and the Spanish Royal Family as residences and for State Ceremonies. The Patrimonio Nacional includes palaces, gardens, monasteries and convents, called the Royal sites. When not in official use, the Royal sites are open to the public. It also manages the residences of the president of the government of Spain.
The agency was first created in 1865 during the reign of Isabella II under the name of Crown Heritage. During the reign of her grandson, Alfonso XIII, it was known as Patrimonio Real (Royal Heritage). The second republic (1931–1939) kept the agency under the name of Republic's Heritage and in 1940, dictator Francisco Franco renamed it as Patrimonio National, the current name.
Patrimonio Nacional organizes temporary exhibitions and concerts in the Royal sites. It also publishes catalogues of the Royal Collections, books on the Royal sites, facsimiles of some of the books held in the library of El Escorial and the Royal Library, visitors guides to the different sites as well as the official photographs of the King of Spain. It also publishes a quarterly magazine, Reales Sitios, about the art collections and cultural history of the Royal sites.
The Royal Family has other palaces but these are not controlled by Patrimonio Nacional.
- Royal Palace of Madrid (Madrid).
- Casita del Príncipe or Casita de Abajo (El Escorial)
- Casita del Príncipe (El Pardo)
- Casita del Infante (San Lorenzo de El Escorial).
- Royal Palace of Zarzuela (Madrid)
- Real Sitio o monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial (San Lorenzo de El Escorial).
- Royal Palace of Aranjuez and his royal gardens and buildings (Aranjuez).
- Casa del Labrador (Aranjuez).
- Royal Palace of El Pardo (Madrid).
- Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso and all the royal buildings attached. (Real Sitio de San Ildefonso).
- Royal Palace of Ríofrio (Real Sitio de San Ildefonso).
- Royal Palace of La Almudaina (Palma).
- Residencia Real de La Mareta (Teguise).
Royal convents and monasteries
- Royal Convent of Las Descalzas Reales (Madrid).
- Monastery of Yuste (Cuacos de Yuste).
- Royal Monastery of the Incarnation (Madrid).
- Royal Monastery of Santa Isabel (Madrid).
- Royal Convent of Santa Clara (Tordesillas).
- Abbey of Santa Maria la Real de Huelgas (Burgos).
- Royal Convent of San Pascual (Aranjuez).
- Colegio de Doncellas Nobles (Toledo).
- Benedictine Abbey of Santa Cruz del Valle de los Caídos (San Lorenzo de El Escorial).
- Pantheon of Illustrious Men (Madrid)
Residences of the President of the Government
- Presidencial Palace of La Moncloa (Madrid)
- Palace of Las Marismillas (Almonte)
- Coto Nacional de los Quintos de Mora (Los Yébenes)
The National Heritage is managed by the Board of Directors of the agency which, according to Act 23/1982, is composed by a Chairperson and a Manager appointed by the Monarch, with the advice of the Prime Minister; and thirteen members of renowned reputation, including two city councilors of towns where properties of Patrimonio Nacional are located (currently the cities of Madrid and Palma) and two members from museums and cultural institutions of recognized prestige and international projection.
The agency is structured through a central and a decentralized one:
The central structure is integrated by:
- The Administration and Resources Directorate.
- The Royal Collections Directorate.
- The Real Estate and Natural Environment Directorate.
- The Official and Cultural Events Directorate.
The territorial or decentralized structure is integrated by the Board' delegations in palaces, monasteries and other properties and organizations.
- Ministry of Territorial Policy, Civil Service (2018). Statistical Bulletin of the personnel at the service of the Public Administrations (PDF). p. 32.
- "2018 Budget, extended to 2019" (PDF).
- "Ley 23/1982, de 16 de junio, reguladora del Patrimonio Nacional". www.boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-11-13.
- "Real Decreto 496/1987, de 18 de marzo, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de la Ley 23/1982, de 16 de junio, reguladora del Patrimonio Nacional". www.boe.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-11-13.