The Parlement of Besançon was the Ancien Régime Parlement that dealt with the Franche-Comté. It was created in 1676. The previous Parlement for much of the region had been at Dole, and had been created in 1422.
In 1674, French troops took the city of Besançon, which the Treaty of Nijmegen (1678) then awarded to France. In 1676 the French authorities wound up the previously democratic form of government of the formerly Free City of Besançon. As part of the deal the city became the administrative centre for Franche-Comté, with the Parlement of Besançon administering the area, replacing the Parlement of Dôle.
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