Having received permission from Durango, Mexico's Bishop Olivares built the Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe church in Taos as a Franciscan mission of San Geronimo Parish at the Taos Pueblo beginning on November 18, 1801. It was completed in 1802 and had adobe walls 3 to 4 feet thick and a flat roof. Fray José Benito Pereyro, OFM, served the church.
Padre Antonio José Martínez served the parish church beginning in August 1826. He was the first non-Franciscan priest. In 1833 it was commonly known as the "Padre Martinez church" and became a parish church under the patronage of Our Lady of Guadalupe by Bishop Zubiria of Durango. It was the first Our Lady of Guadalupe churches in what is now the United States. San Francisco de Asis Mission Church in Ranchos de Taos and San Geronimo Church at Taos Pueblo then became mission churches of the parish.
Martinez served the parish until 1857. About 1911, the parish building was considered to be irreparable and was demolished. A new church was built on the same site by Jean Baptiste Pitaval, Archbishop of Santa Fe. It was organized by Father Joseph Giraud and was completed within the year. The parish was destroyed in an accidental fire on July 24, 1961.
A new church was built adjacent to the site of the former churches of southwestern adobe architecture with curved lines. It was dedicated December 1961 or on December 16, 1962 by Archbishop Edwin Byrne. Monsignor Charewicz was the parish priest until 1967. Father Robert Beach served the parish after Byrne.
It is a parish church of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe and has missions at St. Jerome Church at Taos Pueblo, St. Theresa Chapel in El Prado, Immaculate Conception in Ranchitos, Our Lady of Sorrows in Cañón and San Antonio at La Loma Taos Indian Pueblo.
Masses are held daily.
The feast day for the parish is December 12.
- Edwin Vincent Byrne (1962). Souvenir Brochure: Our Lady of Guadalupe Shrine, Taos, New Mexico.
- Luis Gilberto Padilla y Baca (2002). New Mexico Marriages, Our Lady of Guadalupe, Taos, Taos County Marriage Register: Jan 1848 - Dec 1902. Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico.
- Hispanic Genealogical Center of New Mexico; Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Santa Fe. Archives (2002). New Mexico Marriages, Our Lady of Guadalupe, Taos, Taos County Marriage Register. Hispanic Genealogical Center of New Mexico.
- Daniel E. Martinex; Fabiola Romero; Ernestino Tafoya, Catholic Church. Archdiocese of Santa Fe, Edward J. Schoolcraft, Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico, Our Lady de Guadalupe Church de Taos (1998). Bautismos Our Lady de Guadalupe Church de Taos: 12 July 1887 to 27 December 1900. Archdiocese of Santa Fe.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Our Parish of Our Lady of Guadalupe (Taos, N.M.): Peace and Reconciliation. Monarch Pub., Incorporated. 1976.
- Solemn Dedication of the Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Taos, New Mexico by His Excellency the Most Reverend Edwin Vincent Byrne, D.D., Archbishop of Santa Fe: Sunday, December 16, 1962. 1962.
- Mirabai Starr (April 2010). Our Lady of Guadalupe: Devotions, Prayers and Living Wisdom. ReadHowYouWant.com. ISBN 978-1-4587-6995-4.
- Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish, Taos, New Mexico