|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Louisiana's 5th district
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1977
|Preceded by||Charles E. McKenzie|
|Succeeded by||Jerry Huckaby|
Otto Ernest Passman
June 27, 1900
Franklinton, Louisiana, U.S.
|Died||August 13, 1988 (aged 88)|
Monroe, Louisiana, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Willie Lenora Bateman|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Otto Ernest Passman (June 27, 1900 – August 13, 1988) was an American politician who served in the United States House of Representatives for Louisiana's 5th congressional district from 1947 until 1977. As a Congressman, Passman chaired the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Foreign Aid where he was a well-known opponent of foreign aid spending.
Passman served in the United States Navy during World War II, and after the war ended, Passman ran for Congress against incumbent Congressman Charles McKenzie. Passman defeated McKenzie in the 1946 Democratic primary. During Passman's time in Congress, winning the Democratic primary in Louisiana was considered tantamount to election. Passman was accused of influence peddling in the time leading up to the 1976 Primary. Jerry Huckaby challenged Passman in that election and defeated him by a 53% to 47% margin.
In his last years in office, Passman was sued for firing his deputy administrative assistant, Shirley Davis. When terminating Davis, Passman wrote that "it was essential that the understudy to my Administrative Assistant be a man." Davis alleged a violation of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment due to discrimination on the basis of sex. This raised a question of whether the earlier Bivens case, which authorized direct enforcement of the Fourth Amendment against federal officers, could also be expanded to other constitutional amendments. The Supreme Court determined in Davis v. Passman that Davis had a claim under Bivens and remanded the case for further hearing.
- "Otto Passman, 88, Louisiana Congressman Who Fought Spending". New York Times. New York, NY: 41. August 14, 1988.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- "Rep. Passman Upset by New Face, A Determined La. Dairy Farmer". Washington Post. Washington, DC: A2. August 16, 1976.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
- Davis v. Passman, 442 U.S. 228, 230 (1979).
- Davis v. Passman, 442 U.S. 228, 249 (1979).
- "Passman Is Acquitted On Charges of Taking Payments by Korean". New York Times. New York, NY: A1. April 1, 1979.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Charles E. McKenzie
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 5th congressional district