Fore Street, Otterton
|Population||656 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||BUDLEIGH SALTERTON|
|Police||Devon and Cornwall|
|Fire||Devon and Somerset|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Otterton is a village and civil parish in East Devon, England. The parish lies on the English Channel and is surrounded clockwise from the south by the parishes of East Budleigh, Bicton, Colaton Raleigh, Newton Poppleford and Harpford and Sidmouth. In 2001 its population was 700, compared to 622 a hundred years earlier. At the 2011 census the population had reduced to 656. Otterton is part of Raleigh electoral ward whose total population at the above census was 2,120.
The village is located on the east bank of the River Otter, east of the B3178 road and the village of East Budleigh. It is about a mile inland of Ladram Bay, on the Jurassic Coast. It was first settled by the Saxons and because of its favourable location and rich resources was by 1000 AD the centre of one of the major rural communities in Devon. Burials in the churchyard ceased in 1986. The village, which includes cob and thatched cottages, is described at some length by Pevsner as "an instructive example of local building from the 16th century onwards". It is the location of Otterton Mill, a watermill and craft centre.
The Budleigh Salterton Railway, which was open from 1897 to 1967, ran along the valley of the River Otter. The station known as East Budleigh was closer to Otterton, being just over the river from the village. The platform and station building survive as a private house.
Otterton civil parish is bounded by the coast on the east and the River Otter on the west; these two bounds meet at the mouth of the river, just east of the town of Budleigh Salterton, after passing through the 57-acre (230,000 m2) Otter Estuary Nature Reserve - a Site of Special Scientific Interest. The northern parish boundary leaves the river near Colaton Raleigh and swings south to meet the coast at Peak Hill, west of Sidmouth.
About ¾ of a mile west along the coast from Peak Hill is High Peak, a 157-metre high cliff. Excavations into the earthworks on top of this have shown habitation in the Iron Age, Roman period and in the 6th–8th centuries AD. Many of these earthworks have been lost to the sea by erosion. The cliffs below High Peak have yielded rare fossils from the Middle Triassic age, for example Mastodonsaurus.
The church, dedicated to St Michael, belonged to the monastery of Mont Saint-Michel at the time of the Domesday Book in 1086. After passing through ownership by Syon Abbey in the 15th century, the manor with the advowson was bought by Richard Duke (c. 1515–1572) at the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Duke converted some of the monastic buildings into a mansion, part of which still exists to the north of the present-day church, which was rebuilt in 1869–71 at the sole expense of Lady Rolle to the design of Benjamin Ferrey. In 1786 the manor of Otterton, with several other manors, was sold by the heirs of the Duke family for the huge sum of £72,000 to Denys Rolle (1725–1797) of nearby Bicton, and of Stevenstone, the largest landowner in Devon.
- "Map of Devon Parishes" (PDF). Devon County Council. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
- Harris, Helen (2004). A Handbook of Devon Parishes. Tiverton: Halsgrove. p. 129. ISBN 1-84114-314-6.
- "Parish population 2011". CityPopulation.de. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "Raleigh Ward 2011". UKCensusData.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- Millington, Gerald. "A History of the Otter Estuary, Ice-age to Saxon period. Budleigh Salterton, Otterton, East Budleigh". Otter Valley Association. Retrieved 1 July 2010.
- "No. 50472". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 March 1986. p. 4373.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1989) . Cherry, Bridget (ed.). The Buildings of England: Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 614–615. ISBN 0-14-071050-7.
- Catford, Nick. "East Budleigh Station". Disused Stations. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
- Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 scale map. Sheet 115: Exmouth & Sidmouth (2004)
- "Educational Register of Geological Sites: Ladram Bay to Sidmouth" (PDF). Devon County Council. Retrieved 2 July 2010.
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