Orange, New Jersey
|City of Orange Township|
The former First Presbyterian Church
Census Bureau map of Orange, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||November 27, 1806 (as township)|
|Reincorporated||April 3, 1872 (as city)|
|• Type||Faulkner Act Mayor-Council|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||Dwayne D. Warren (term ends June 30, 2024)|
|• Administrator||Christopher Hartwyk|
|• Deputy Clerk||Joyce L. Lanier|
|• Total||2.22 sq mi (5.74 km2)|
|• Land||2.21 sq mi (5.73 km2)|
|• Water||<0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2) 0.09%|
|Area rank||392nd of 565 in state|
19th of 22 in county
|Elevation||197 ft (60 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||75th of 566 in state|
8th of 22 in county
|• Density||13,705.7/sq mi (5,291.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||17th of 566 in state|
3rd of 22 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||1729742|
The City of Orange is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 30,134, reflecting a decline of 2,734 (−8.3%) from the 32,868 counted in 2000, which had in turn increased by 2,943 (+9.8%) from the 29,925 counted in the 1990 Census.
Orange was originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 27, 1806, from portions of Newark Township. Portions of the township were taken on April 14, 1834, to form the now-defunct Clinton Township. On January 31, 1860, Orange was reincorporated as a town. Portions of the town were taken to form South Orange Township (April 1, 1861, now known as Maplewood), Fairmount (March 11, 1862, now part of West Orange), East Orange Township (March 4, 1863) and West Orange Township (April 10, 1863). On April 3, 1872, Orange was reincorporated as a city. In 1982, the city was one of four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had already made the change, of what would ultimately be more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis. The city derives its name from William III of England or William IV, Prince of Orange.
Orange had its origins in Connecticut's New Haven Colony. In 1666, a group of 30 of New Haven's families traveled by water to found "a town on the Passayak" River. They arrived on territory now encompassing Newark, the Oranges, and several other municipalities. The area was situated in the northeast portion of a land grant conveyed by King Charles II of England to his brother James, Duke of York. In 1664, James conveyed the land to two proprietors, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. Since Carteret had been Royal Governor of the Isle of Jersey, the territory became known as "New Jersey."
Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, but it was originally known as "Newark Mountains". On June 7, 1780, the townspeople of Newark Mountains officially voted to adopt the name Orange. At the time, there was a significant number of people in favor of secession from Newark. However, this would not occur until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of the Oranges was finally detached. On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected, but not until March 13, 1860 was Orange officially incorporated as a city. Immediately, the new city began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments. South Orange was organized on January 26, 1861; Fairmount (later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862; East Orange on March 4, 1863; and West Orange (including Fairmount) on March 14, 1863.
Orange is located on the Newark and Mount-Pleasant Turnpike, the main road from Newark to Morristown, and ultimately to Easton, Pennsylvania. The town became a busy thoroughfare for travelers, and hotels abounded. Initially, the stagecoach was the primary method of transportation. Omnibuses of the Eclipse and the Morris & Newark Lines serviced Orange. The Morris and Essex Railroad arrived in Orange in November 1836, its first cars drawn by horses. On October 2, 1837, the first steam locomotive appeared, and the horses were, with minor exception, relegated to pasture. The "M&E" later became a part of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (DL&W), which exists today as NJ Transit's Morristown Line. Trolley cars appeared much later, with the Orange and Newark Horse Car Railroad Company running its first car up Main Street in May 1862. The Orange Crosstown Line, eventually extending from Morris Street, Orange, to Bloomfield, was started in June 1888. (The first electric trolley in the State of New Jersey operated over a section of this line.) Eventually, all of the trolleys, and the buses that replaced them, became part of the sprawling Public Service Coordinated Transport System.
Orange was an industrial city from the outset. Early settlers found a profuse growth of hemlock trees, an ideal supply of tannic acid for the tanning industry, and boot and shoemaking factories soon flourished.
Orange was once the hatmaking capital of the United States. The industry can be traced there to 1792. By 1892, 21 firms were engaged in that trade, employing over 3,700 people in plants that produced about 4.8 million hats, which had a combined value in excess of $1 million. Several brothers founded the "No-Name Hat Company" in Orange before one of them moved on to make fedoras in Philadelphia under the family name, "Stetson." By 1921, however, only five hatmaking firms were left, many having departed for places such as Norwalk and Danbury, Connecticut. By 1960, all had left.
Beer was a major industry in Orange beginning in the early 1900s, when the three Winter Brothers of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, arrived in the city and built the first brewery. The Orange Brewery was constructed in 1901 at a reported cost of $350,000. The production of beer ceased with prohibition in 1920, and after the repeal of the Volstead Act in 1933, the brewery was sold to John F. Trommers of Philadelphia. Trommers brewed beer under that label until 1950, when the concern was again sold to Liebmann Breweries, Incorporated, which bottled Rheingold Beer. Eventually, after several additional owners, the plant was closed permanently in 1977.
Other notable firms located in Orange were the Monroe Calculating Company, manufacturers of the patented adding machines of the same name, and the Bates Manufacturing Company, producers of office accessories such as staplers and stampers. The United States Radium Corporation was a notorious resident of Orange. This firm refined ore and extracted the radium used to make luminous paint for dials and hands of watches and other indicators. It was only years later that the terrible carcinogenic effects of this material became known, and the polluted site of the factory became a thorn in the side of the city.
Orange has produced such notables as baseball's Monte Irvin and heavyweight boxer Tony Galento. Actor William Bendix lived and worked here for a short while. Presidents, presidential candidates, and governors visited. Orange held major celebrations for its 100th anniversary, and another when it turned 150.
Once a multi-ethnic, economically diverse city, Orange suffered indirectly from the 1967 riots in Newark (even though Newark and Orange do not share a border) and directly from the construction of Interstate 280 through the heart of the downtown area, triggering middle-class "white flight" from aging industrial towns to the new automobile suburbs being built in western Essex County and elsewhere. By the end of the 1970s, Orange had many of the urban ills normally associated with larger cities. However, the city still features many well-maintained homes and streets.
In 1982, citizens voted overwhelmingly to change the designation of Orange from a city to a township, thereby making it eligible for federal Revenue Sharing funds. In 1985, the State of New Jersey named Orange as a State Urban Enterprise Zone, creating tax breaks and investment incentives.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2.22 square miles (5.74 km2), including 2.21 square miles (5.73 km2) of land and <0.01 square miles (0.01 km2) of water (0.09%).
|Population sources: 1810–1920|
1840–1900 1840 1850–1870
1850 1870 1880–1890
1930–1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
The 2010 United States Census counted 30,134 people, 11,202 households, and 6,878 families in the township. The population density was 13,705.7 inhabitants per square mile (5,291.8/km2). There were 12,222 housing units at an average density of 5,558.9 per square mile (2,146.3/km2). The racial makeup was 12.80% (3,857) White, 71.83% (21,645) Black or African American, 0.57% (173) Native American, 1.51% (455) Asian, 0.02% (6) Pacific Islander, 9.95% (2,999) from other races, and 3.32% (999) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.67% (6,531) of the population.
Of the 11,202 households, 31.0% had children under the age of 18; 28.6% were married couples living together; 24.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 38.6% were non-families. Of all households, 32.7% were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.38.
25.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.4 years. For every 100 females, the population had 89.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 84.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $40,818 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,616) and the median family income was $44,645 (+/- $4,033). Males had a median income of $34,986 (+/- $3,168) versus $36,210 (+/- $2,706) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,816 (+/- $1,027). About 16.2% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 32,868 people, 11,885 households, and 7,642 families residing in the township. The population density was 14,903.7 people per square mile (5,742.3/km2). There were 12,665 housing units at an average density of 5,742.8 per square mile (2,212.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 13.20% White, 75.10% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 5.21% from other races, and 4.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.47% of the population.
There were 11,885 households, out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the township the population was spread out, with 27.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $35,759, and the median income for a family was $40,852. Males had a median income of $33,442 versus $29,520 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,861. About 15.4% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
As part of the 2000 Census, 75.10% of Orange's residents identified themselves as being African American, one of the highest percentages of African American people in the United States, and the fourth-highest in New Jersey (behind Lawnside at 93.60%, East Orange at 89.46%, and Irvington at 81.66%) of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.
Orange has a large Haitian American population, with 11.4% of residents identifying themselves as being of Haitian ancestry, the highest of any municipality in New Jersey and the eighth-highest in the United States.
Although still a small percentage of total residents, Orange and East Orange have the largest concentrations of Guyanese Americans in the country. In the 2000 Census, 2.9% of Orange residents identified as being of Guyanese ancestry. While Queens and Brooklyn had larger populations in terms of raw numbers, Orange and East Orange (with 2.5%) had the highest percentages of people of Guyanese ancestry as a portion of the total population of all places in the United States.
Orange is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council form of municipal government. The city is one of 71 of 565 municipalities statewide that use this form of government. The governing body is comprised of the directly elected mayor and the seven-member City Council. There are four ward representatives on the city council and three at-large representatives. Councilmembers are elected to serve four-year terms of office in non-partisan elections on a staggered basis with the three at-large seats and the mayor up for election together and the four ward seats up together on an alternating cycle in even-numbered years as part of the May municipal election.
As of July 2020[update], the Mayor of Orange is Dwayne D. Warren, whose term of office ends June 30, 2024. Members of the City Council are Council President Kerry J. Coley (East Ward, 2022), Council Vice President Tency A. Eason (North Ward, 2022), Harold Johnson Jr. (West Ward, 2022), Weldon M. Montague III (At-Large, 2024), Clifford Ross (At-Large, 2024), Jamie Summers-Johnson (South Ward, 2022) and Adrienne Wooten (At-Large, 2024).
Federal, state and county representation
The City of Orange Township is located in the 10th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Orange had been in the 27th state legislative district.
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Britnee Timberlake (D, East Orange). Timberlake was sworn into office on January 29, 2018 to fill the seat of Sheila Oliver, who had resigned from office on January 9, 2018 to become Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey.
Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2018[update], the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland). The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2018. Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Brendan W. Gill (D, at-large; Montclair), Freeholder Vice President Wayne L. Richardson (D, District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Newark), Janine G. Bauer (D, District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; South Orange, appointed to serve on an interim basis), Rufus I. Johnson (D, at large; Newark), Lebby C. Jones (D, at large; Irvington), Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell), Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield) and Patricia Sebold (D, at large; Livingston). Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell; D, 2020), Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (Fairfield; D, 2018) and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens II (D, 2021).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 14,943 registered voters in Orange, of which 8,490 (56.8%) were registered as Democrats, 302 (2.0%) were registered as Republicans and 6,147 (41.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 96.7% of the vote (9,828 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2.9% (291 votes), and other candidates with 0.4% (42 votes), among the 10,230 ballots cast by the township's 16,243 registered voters (69 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 63.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 95.5% of the vote (10,001 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3.8% (397 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (27 votes), among the 10,476 ballots cast by the city's 15,388 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 89.6% of the vote (8,000 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 9.1% (811 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (67 votes), among the 8,931 ballots cast by the city's 14,409 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 62.0.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 85.0% of the vote (3,809 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 14.4% (643 votes), and other candidates with 0.6% (27 votes), among the 4,560 ballots cast by the township's 16,607 registered voters (81 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.5%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 91.7% of the vote (4,993 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 5.5% (302 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 1.4% (74 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (31 votes), among the 5,442 ballots cast by the city's 14,891 registered voters, yielding a 36.5% turnout.
The City of Orange is served by the professional firefighters of the city of Orange Fire Department (OFD). Founded in 1872, the OFD operates out of two fire stations, located at 419 Central Avenue and 257 Washington Street. The current Director of the Fire Department is Kenneth M. Douglas. The fire apparatus fleet consists of three engines, one ladder and numerous other special, support, and reserve units. Apparatus: Engine 1 is a 2007 Rosenbauer pumper with a 65' aerial ladder. Engine 2 is a 2015 Ferrara pumper painted black over red. Engine 5 is a 2008 American LaFrance pumper. Spare Engine 4 is a 1995 KME pumper painted lime green and once served the US Navy in Virginia. Ladder 1 is a 2015 Ferrara 102' ladder truck painted black over red. Spare Ladder 2 is a 1993 Pierce 103' ladder truck. There is also Car 2, a 2014 Chevy Tahoe which is the deputy chief's unit, and the mask service/air cascade unit's 2016 Ford pickup style truck.
The Orange Board of Education serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of 11 schools, had an enrollment of 5,648 students and 470.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.0:1. Schools in the district (with 2017–18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Orange Early Childhood Center (173 students; in PreK), Cleveland Street School (292; K-7), Forest Street Community School (382; PreK-7), Heywood Avenue School (364; PreK-7), Lincoln Avenue School (708; K-7), Newcomers Academy (K-5), Oakwood Avenue Community School (234; PreK-7), Park Avenue School (455; K-7), Rosa Parks Central Community School (980; PreK-7, formerly Main Street School and Central School), Scholars Academy (K-5), Orange Preparatory Academy (559; 8–9 – formerly Orange Middle School), Orange High School (960; 9–12) and STEM Innovation Academy of the Oranges (22; 9–12).
The Orange Public Library collection contains 200,000 volumes and circulates 43,000 items annually. Built as the Stickler Memorial Library, the imposing structure designed by McKim, Mead, and White opened in 1901.
Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Orange was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6 5⁄8% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Established in November 1992, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in November 2023.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 44.64 miles (71.84 km) of roadways, of which 39.14 miles (62.99 km) were maintained by the municipality, 4.43 miles (7.13 km) by Essex County and 1.07 miles (1.72 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
The Orange and Highland Avenue stations provide NJ Transit train service along the Morris & Essex Lines (formerly Erie Lackawanna Railway). Service is available via the Kearny Connection to Secaucus Junction and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to Hoboken Terminal. Passengers can transfer at Newark Broad Street or Summit station to reach the other destination if necessary.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Orange include:
- Anthony Accetturo (born 1938), former caporegime and leader of the New Jersey faction of the Lucchese crime family, The Jersey Crew.
- Robert Adams (born 1937), photographer who has focused on the changing landscape of the American West.
- Stephanie Adams (1970–2018), model and author who was the November 1992 Playboy Playmate.
- Walter G. Alexander (1880–1953), first African American member of the New Jersey Legislature.
- Jay Alford (born 1983), defensive tackle for the Oakland Raiders drafted in the third round of the 2007 NFL Draft (81st overall).
- Peter Allgeier, served as U.S. Deputy Trade Representative from May 2001 until August 2009.
- George Armstrong (1924–1993), catcher who played eight MLB games in 1946 with the Philadelphia Athletics.
- Tom Auth (born 1968), rower who competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 2000 Summer Olympics.
- Bobby Bandiera (born 1953), rock guitarist, singer and songwriter who was lead guitarist for Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes.
- James J. Barry Jr. (born 1946), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly and as Director of the New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs.
- Stephen J. Benkovic (born 1938), chemist.
- Douglas J. Bennet (1938–2018), political official who served as the fifteenth president of Wesleyan University.
- John L. Blake (1831–1899), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1879 to 1881.
- Ken Blanchard (born 1939), author, whose works include The One Minute Manager.
- Thomas Aloysius Boland (1896–1979), prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who was Archbishop of Newark from 1952 to 1974.
- Cory Boyd (born 1985), former starting tailback for the University of South Carolina. and drafted by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the 7th round (238th pick overall) of the 2008 NFL Draft.
- Sandra Boynton (born 1953), humorist, songwriter, director, music producer, children's author and illustrator.
- Garrett Brown Jr. (born 1943), former United States District Judge and later the Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.
- Lesley Bush (born 1947), diver who represented the United States at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, where she received a gold medal in platform Diving.
- Samuel P. Bush (1863–1948), industrialist and patriarch of the Bush political family.
- Bisa Butler (born c. 1975), fiber artist known for her quilted portraits and designs celebrating black life.
- Peter Cain (1959–1997), artist who is best known for his meticulously executed paintings and drawings of surreal and aberrant versions of automobiles.
- Ernest Trow Carter (1866–1953), organist and composer who won the Bispham Award.
- Herbert S. Carter (1869-1927), physician and writer.
- Dennis M. Cavanaugh (born 1947), retired United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.
- Robert Hett Chapman (1771–1833), Presbyterian minister and missionary and the second president of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Evans Clark (1888–1970), writer strongly committed to first to Communist and Socialist causes and then liberal socio-economic issues.
- Harold L. Colburn Jr. (1925–2012), physician and politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly representing the 8th Legislative District from 1984 to 1995.
- Richard Codey (born 1946). politician who served in the New Jersey Legislature since 1974 and was the 53rd Governor of New Jersey, from 2004 to 2006.
- Steven A. Cohen (born 1953), academic who has taught public management and environmental policy at Columbia University since 1981.
- Corinne Alsop Cole (1886–1971), politician who served two terms as a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives.
- John Condit (1755–1834), United States Representative and Senator from New Jersey.
- Silas Condit (1778–1861), represented New Jersey in the United States House of Representatives from 1831 to 1833.
- Peter Cortes (born 1947), rower who competed in the men's quadruple sculls event at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
- Bob Cottingham (born 1966), Olympic fencer who competed in the sabre events at the 1988 and 1992 Summer Olympics.
- John Crotty (born 1969), former NBA basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers, Portland Trail Blazers and Denver Nuggets.
- Bobby Czyz (born 1962), champion prizefighter.
- Brian E. Daley (born 1940), professor of theology who received the Ratzinger Prize in 2012.
- William Howe Davis (1904 – ?), politician who served as Mayor of Orange for 12 years and as the Director of the New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control during the Administration of Governor Robert B. Meyner.
- Pete D'Alonzo (1929–2001), football player who played two seasons with the Detroit Lions of the NFL.
- Constance Adams DeMille (1874–1960), actress and wife of director Cecil B. DeMille.
- Wayne Dickens, former American football player and coach who was head football coach at Kentucky State University from 2009 to 2012 and The College of New Jersey from 2013 to 2015.
- S. Kip Farrington (1904–1983), sport fisherman and journalist.
- Gail Fisher (1935–2000), actress best known for her role on Mannix.
- Buddy Fortunato (born 1946), newspaper publisher and politician who served four terms in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Charles N. Fowler (1852–1932), represented 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1895 to 1911.
- Tony Galento (1910–1979), heavyweight boxer.
- Robert E. Grady (born 1959), venture capitalist and investment banker
- Al Harrington (born 1980), professional basketball player for the NBA's Denver Nuggets, Golden State Warriors and Washington Wizards.
- Edward V. Hartford (1870–1922), founder and President of the Hartford Suspension Company who perfected the automobile shock absorber.
- George Huntington Hartford (1833–1917), Mayor from 1878 to 1890 and owner of the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company, the country's largest food retailer at the time of his death.
- Beatrice Hicks (1919–1979), founder of the Society of Women Engineers in 1950.
- Cleo Hill (1938–2015), professional basketball player who played one season in the NBA for the St. Louis Hawks.
- Dulé Hill (born 1975), actor, known for starring in TV series Psych and The West Wing.
- Monte Irvin (1919–2016), former Negro leagues and MLB outfielder, MLB executive and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
- Bobby M. Jones (born 1972), pitcher who played for the New York Mets during his MLB career.
- Mark Kelly (born 1964), astronaut who first went into space as the pilot for STS-108 Endeavour (December 5–17, 2001), and returned to space with STS-121 in 2006 as the pilot; His twin brother, Scott Kelly, is also in the Astronaut Corps.
- Thomas Leitch (born 1951), film scholar, was born in Orange.
- Jay Lynch (1945–2017), cartoonist best known for his comic strip Nard n' Pat.
- Phyllis Mangina (born 1959), college basketball coach who is currently an assistant women's basketball coach at Saint Peter's.
- John B. Mason (1858–1919), stage actor.
- Lowell Mason (1792–1872), composer of over 1600 hymn tunes, including his arrangement of "Joy to the World".
- Elmer Matthews (1927–2015), lawyer and politician who served three terms in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- George McClellan (1826–1885), American Civil War general and later Governor of New Jersey, died here.
- Donald W. McGowan (1899–1967), United States Army Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
- James T. McHugh (1932–2000), prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Camden (1989–98) and Bishop of Rockville Centre (2000).
- John Milnor (born 1931), mathematician known for his work in differential topology, K-theory and dynamical systems and recipient of the Fields Medal, Wolf Prize, and Abel Prize.
- Daniel F. Minahan (1877–1947), served as mayor of Orange from May 1914 until August 1919, and represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1919 to 1921 and again from 1923 to 1925.
- Gordon Allen Newkirk Jr. (1928–1985), astrophysicist best known for his research on the solar corona.
- Col. Henry Steel Olcott (1832–1907), founder and first president of the Theosophical Society, first well-known person of European ancestry to make a formal conversion to Buddhism, helped create a Buddhist renaissance, assisted in designing the Buddhist flag, a national hero of Sri Lanka.
- Carolyn Plaskett (1917–2001), American-born illustrator, international scholar and former first lady of Barbados.
- Daniel Quillen (1940–2011), mathematician known for being the "prime architect" of higher algebraic K-theory and recipient of the Fields Medal.
- Jim Ringo (1931–2007), NFL player for the Green Bay Packers and Philadelphia Eagles, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
- Jack Robinson (1921–2000), professional baseball pitcher whose MLB career consisted of three games played for the Boston Red Sox in 1949.
- Robert E. Rose (born 1939), politician who served as the 26th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada, from 1975 to 1979.
- Dick Savitt (born 1927), tennis player who reached a ranking of No. 2 in the world.
- Roy Scheider (1932–2008), actor known for films such as Jaws, All That Jazz and The French Connection.
- Morton Schindel (1918–2016), educator, producer, and founder of Weston Woods Studios, which specializes in adapting children's books into animated films.
- Peter Shapiro (born 1952), financial services executive and former politician who was the youngest person ever elected to the New Jersey General Assembly and went on to serve as Essex County Executive.
- John M. Smith (born 1935), prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, who served as the ninth Bishop of Trenton, from 1997 to 2010.
- Leigh Howard Stevens (born 1953), marimba artist best known for developing, codifying and promoting the Stevens technique.
- Lucy Stone, (1818–1893), abolitionist and suffragist who staged a tax protest in 1857 over her lack of representation as a homeowner in Orange.
- George Tully (1904–1980), former NFL player.
- Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule III (1925–2008), scholar of ancient art and curator of classical art at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston from 1957 to 1996.
- Terrell Willis (born 1973), running back who played in the NFL with the New York Jets.
Points of interest
- Radium Girls, the name given to a group of women who were harmed, and ultimately died, from radiation exposure at a factory in Orange.
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Office of the Mayor, City of Orange Township. Accessed August 16, 2020.
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 16, 2020. As of date accessed, results of the May 2020 election are not reflected.
- Business Administrator's Office, City of Orange Township. Accessed November 3, 2019.
- 2020 Municipal Data Sheet, City of Orange Township. Accessed August 16, 2020.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 125.
- "Township of City of Orange". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for City of Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 14, 2011.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011–2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for City of Orange township Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 14, 2011.
- "2010 Census Populations: Essex County", Asbury Park Press. Accessed October 6, 2011.
- QuickFacts for City of Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey; Essex County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State – County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 6, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 6, 2011.
- [ Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Jersey City, NJ], Area-Codes.com. Accessed April 1, 2015.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed April 8, 2015.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. pp. 130–131. Accessed July 6, 2012.
- "Chapter VI: Municipal Names and Municipal Classification", p. 73. New Jersey State Commission on County and Municipal Government, 1992. Accessed September 24, 2015.
- "Removing Tiering From The Revenue Sharing Formula Would Eliminate Payment Inequities To Local Governments", Government Accountability Office, April 15, 1982. Accessed September 24, 2015. "In 1978, South Orange Village was the first municipality to change its name to the 'township' of South Orange Village effective beginning in entitlement period 10 (October 1978 to September 1979). The Borough of Fairfield in 1978 changed its designation by a majority vote of the electorate and became the 'Township of Fairfield' effective beginning entitlement period 11 (October 1979 to September 1980).... However, the Revenue Sharing Act was not changed and the actions taken by South Orange and Fairfield prompted the Town of Montclair and West Orange to change their designation by referendum in the November 4, 1980, election. The municipalities of Belleville, Verona, Bloomfield, Nutley, Essex Fells, Caldwell, and West Caldwell have since changed their classification from municipality to a township."
- Narvaez, Alfonso A. "New Jersey Journal", The New York Times, December 27, 1981. Accessed September 24, 2015. "Under the Federal system, New Jersey's portion of the revenue sharing funds is disbursed among the 21 counties to create three 'money pools.' One is for county governments, one for 'places' and a third for townships. By making the change, a community can use the 'township advantage' to get away from the category containing areas with low per capita incomes."
- Karcher, Alan J. New Jersey's Multiple Municipal Madness, pp. 119–120. Rutgers University Press, 1998. ISBN 9780813525662. Accessed September 24, 2015.
- Historical Overview, City of Orange Township. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 16, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 23. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 16, 2015.
- Caldwell, Dave. "A Place to Feel Homey While Staying Hip", The New York Times, March 2, 2008. Accessed November 3, 2019. "Signs on Interstate 280 often lump the township into a region known as "the Oranges," with Orange, East Orange and West Orange. But South Orange has a decidedly different feel: less urban than Orange and East Orange, but less spread out than West Orange."
- Pierson, David Lawrence. History of the Oranges to 1921: Reviewing the Rise, Development and Progress of an Influential Community – Volume 1. Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York, 1922. OCLC 3884577. See Chapter XXIX – The Name Orange Adopted, Page 155. Available via Internet Archive
- History of the Hat Industry at Orange, NJ. Accessed November 3, 2019.
- Frame, Paul. Radioluminescent Paint, Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Accessed September 17, 2007.
- Jacobs, Andrew. "Back From the Abyss", The New York Times, March 18, 2001. Accessed November 3, 2019. "White flight, the self-perpetuating sickness that helped drain vitality from prewar suburbs like Irvington, East Orange and Orange, looked as if it had found another victim."
- "Everything you Want to Learn About the American City, You Can Learn in Orange, NJ", ArcGIS. Accessed November 3, 2019. "The construction of I-280 itself caused the demolition of several hundred homes and many major community institutions that have never been replaced. As the highway provided easy transport between new suburbs and the urban centers in Newark and New York, 280 was a pathway for white flight, a factor that changed the demographics of Orange significantly after 1970."
- About the Rahway River Watershed, Rahway River Watershed Association. Accessed December 1, 2016. "The East Branch originates between West Orange and Orange and travels through South Orange and Maplewood. "
- Areas touching Orange, MapIt. Accessed November 3, 2019.
- Municipalities, Essex County, New Jersey Register of Deeds and Mortgages. Accessed March 2, 2020.
- New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 17, 2013.
- Dugan, Daniel A. The Revised Charter, With Supplements Thereto of the City of Orange, N. J., p. 509. The Chronicle Press, 1900. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 17, 2013. Population for 1840 is listed as 3,269, which is five more than the value listed in the table.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 245, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 17, 2013. "The city of Orange is divided into three wards. It was incorporated as a town January 31st, 1860. The present charter creating it into three wards was approved March 3d, 1869, and on the 3d of April, 1872, a supplement was approved by which it was changed to a city. Its population in 1850 was 4,385; in 1860, 8,877; and in 1870, 9,348."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 17, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 17, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III – 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 17, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 711. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 – 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for City of Orange township, New Jersey[permanent dead link], United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for City of Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for City of Orange township, Essex County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- African American Communities Archived March 17, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, EPodunk. Accessed August 25, 2007.
- Guyanese Communities Archived July 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, EPodunk. Accessed April 3, 2011.
- Guyanese Communities Archived July 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, EPodunk. Accessed August 21, 2006.
- Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
- Orange Township City Council, City of Orange Township. Accessed August 16, 2020.
- Essex County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed November 1, 2019.
- May 12, 2020 Municipal Special Election Unofficial Results, Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated May 15, 2020. Accessed August 16, 2020.
- May 8, 2018 Municipal Election Official Results, Essex County, New Jersey Clerk, updated June 6, 2018. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
- Districts by Number for 2011–2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived June 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, p. 62, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
- Biography, Congressman Donald M. Payne Jr. Accessed January 3, 2019. "U.S. Representative Donald M. Payne, Jr. is a lifelong resident of Newark, New Jersey."
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 116th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed April 17, 2019. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2018-2019 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 29, 2018.
- District 34 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 29, 2018.
- "Timberlake Sworn-In to Serve Legislative District 34". Insider NJ. January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
- "NEW JERSEY LEGISLATIVE DIGEST for January 9, 2018". Office of Legislative Services. January 11, 2018. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
- General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018. "The County Executive, elected from the County at-large, for a four-year term, is the chief political and administrative officer of the County.... The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November."
- Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Brendan W. Gill, Freeholder President / At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Wayne L. Richardson, Freeholder Vice President, District 2, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Janine G. Bauer, Freeholder District 3, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Rufus I. Johnson, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Lebby C. Jones, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Leonard M. Luciano, Freeholder District 4, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Robert Mercado, Freeholder District 1, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Carlos M. Pomares, Freeholder District 5, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Patricia Sebold, Freeholder At-Large, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Members of the Board, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Breakdown of Freeholder Districts, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- About The Clerk, Essex County Clerk. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Members List: Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Armando B. Fontura, Essex County Sheriff's Office. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Members List: Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Meet Surrogate Stephens, Essex County Surrogate. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Members List: Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 10, 2018.
- Voter Registration Summary – Essex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- "Presidential General Election Results – November 6, 2012 – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast – November 6, 2012 – General Election Results – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. March 15, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- "Governor – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast – November 5, 2013 – General Election Results – Essex County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Essex County Archived February 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- Fire Department, City of Orange Township. Accessed July 5, 2012.
- Abbott School Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 1, 2020.
- What We Do, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed March 1, 2020.
- SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed March 1, 2020.
- District information for Orange School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- School Data for the Orange Board of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Orange Early Childhood Center, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Cleveland Street School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Forest Street Community School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Heywood Avenue School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Lincoln Avenue School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Newcomers Academy, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Oakwood Avenue School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Park Avenue School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Rosa Parks Central Community School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Scholars Academy, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Orange Preparatory Academy, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Orange High School, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- STEM Innovation Academy of the Oranges, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Our Schools, Orange Board of Education. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Orange Board of Education, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Orange Public Library, LibraryTechnology.org. Accessed December 31, 2016. "The collection of the library contains 200,000 volumes. The library circulates 43,835 items per year."
- Staff. "Stickler Memorial Library.; Ground Broken for Structure to Cost $100,000 at Orange", The New York Times, May 14, 1900. Accessed July 23, 2018.
- About Our Library, Orange Public Library. Accessed July 31, 2014.
- Urban Enterprise Zone Tax Questions and Answers, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, May 2009. Accessed October 28, 2019. "The Urban Enterprise Zone Program (UEZ) was enacted in 1983. It authorized the designation of ten zones by the New Jersey Urban Enterprise Zone Authority: Camden, Newark, Bridgeton, Trenton, Plainfield, Elizabeth, Jersey City, Kearny, Orange and Millville/Vineland (joint zone)."
- Urban Enterprise Zone Program, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed October 27, 2019. "Businesses participating in the UEZ Program can charge half the standard sales tax rate on certain purchases, currently 3.3125% effective 1/1/2018"
- Urban Enterprise Zone Effective and Expiration Dates, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed January 8, 2018.
- Essex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Interstate 280 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, March 2016. Accessed November 3, 2019.
- Orange station, NJ Transit. Accessed July 31, 2014.
- Highland Avenue station, NJ Transit. Accessed July 31, 2014.
- Morristown Line, NJ Transit. Accessed July 31, 2014.
- Essex County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed October 6, 2011.
- Essex County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed November 2, 2019.
- Raab, Selwyn. "Mafia Defector Says He Lost His Faith", The New York Times, March 2, 1994. Accessed September 16, 2015. "A portly, moon-faced man, 5 feet 9 inches tall and 220 pounds, Mr. Accetturo smiled frequently and responded freely during most of the 80-minute interview. He said that as a young man, growing up in Orange, N.J., and in Newark, he was drawn to a life in the Mafia because he had few other economic opportunities."
- Blevins, Tim. Film & Photography on the Front Range, p. 290. Pikes Peak Library District, 2012. ISBN 9781567352979. Accessed September 16, 2015.
- Lentz II, Harris M. Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2018, McFarland & Company, 2018. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Adams, Stephanie... Adams was born in Orange, New Jersey."
- Staff. "W.G. Alexander, 72, A Jersey Physician; Ex-Head of National Medical Association, First Negro in State's Legislature, Dies", The New York Times, February 6, 1953. Accessed December 18, 2011. "Orange, N. J. Feb. 5 – Dr. Walter G. Alexander, former president of the National Medical Association and the first Negro elected to the New Jersey Legislature, died here today at his home, 58 Webster Place"
- Biographical information for Walter G. Alexander, The Political Graveyard.
- Giants Select Penn State DT Jay Alford in Third Round, New York Giants, April 28, 2007. Accessed May 1, 2007.
- Deputy USTR Peter F. Allgeier; Deputy U.S. Trade Representative U.S. Representative to the World Trade Organization, Office of the United States Trade Representative, February 18, 2005. Accessed September 16, 2015. "Mr. Allgeier was born in Orange, New Jersey."
- George Armstrong, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed September 16, 2015.
- Tom Auth Bio, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Born: September 9, 1968 (Age 50.315, YY.DDD) in Orange, New Jersey, United States"
- Wien, Gary. "Bobby Bandiera looks back", New Jersey Stage, February 20, 2016. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Bandiera's professional musical career began when he was a teenager. He grew up in Orange, NJ, but found himself playing night after night across the Jersey Shore when he was about 16 years old."
- Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1978, p. 249. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Assemblyman Barry was born Nov 5. 1946, in Orange."
- Kresge, Nicole; Simoni, Robert D.; and Hill, Robert L. Investigations of the Inner Workings of T4 Polymerase: the Work of Stephen J. Benkovic, Journal of Biological Chemistry, October 16, 2009. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Stephen J. Benkovic was born in Orange, New Jersey near the end of the great depression."
- Genzlinger, Neil. "Douglas Bennet, Who Led NPR and Wesleyan, Dies at 79", The New York Times, June 13, 2018. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Douglas Joseph Bennet Jr. was born on June 23, 1938, in Orange, N.J., and grew up in Lyme, Conn."
- John Lauris Blake, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 13, 2007.
- Ringle, Bill. "Ken Blanchard, Co-author of the One Minute Manager, Bill Ringle. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Like me, he is a NJ native. He was born in Orange, New Jersey and raised in New Rochelle, NY."
- Bishop Thomas A. Boland, STD, Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Born at Orange, New Jersey, February, 1896"
- Cory Boyd profile Archived November 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, South Carolina Gamecocks. Accessed October 30, 2007.
- Sandra Boynton Biography, Encyclopedia of World Biography. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Born Sandra K. Boynton, April 3, 1953, in Orange, NJ"
- Brown, Garrett E., Jr., Federal Judicial Center. Accessed July 21, 2019. "Born 1943 in Orange, NJ"
- [njsportsheroes.com/lesleybushms-d.html Lesley Bush], NJSports.com. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Lesley Leigh Bush was born September 17, 1947, in Orange."
- Parmet, Herbert S. George Bush: The Life of a Lone Star Yankee, p. 18. Transaction Publishers, 2001. ISBN 0-7658-0730-0. Accessed December 18, 2011. "Their son, Samuel Prescott Bush, may properly be said to have been the family's modern "founding father".... Born in Orange, New Jersey, on October 4, 1863, he left his parents behind in Staten Island when, at the age of seventeen, he crossed the Kill Van Kull and went a few miles north to the Stevens Institute of Technology."
- Bisa Butler, Black Prism. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Bisa Butler was born in Orange, NJ and raised in South Orange, the youngest of four siblings."
- Smith, Roberta. "Peter Cain, 37, Who Painted Images of Oddly Incomplete Cars", The New York Times, January 10, 1997. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Peter Francis Cain was born in Orange, N.J., in 1959 and studied art in Manhattan at the Parsons School of Design and the School of Visual Arts in the late 1970s and early 80s."
- The Ernest Trow Carter Papers, Archives at Yale University. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Ernest Trow Carter was born in Orange, New Jersey, on September 3, 1866."
- Herringshaw, Thomas William. The American physician and surgeon blue book; a distinct cyclopedia of 1919, p. 92. Accessed April 25, 2020. "Carter, Herbert Swift, Physician and Author of 66 West Fifty-fifth Street, New York City, was born Sept. 19, 1869, in Orange, N.J."
- Dennis M. Cavanaugh, New Jersey Law Journal. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Born: January 28, 1947, Orange, N.J."
- "Chapman, Robert Hett", Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, p. 582. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Chapman, Robert Hett, educator, b. in Orange, N. J., 2 March 1771"
- Clark Papers, 1910–1970, Five Colleges Archives & Manuscript Collections. Accessed December 24, 2017. "Evans Clark was born in 1888 in Orange, New Jersey."
- Staff. "Evans Clark, Writer, Is Dead; Director of 20th Century Fund", The New York Times, August 29, 1970. Accessed December 24, 2017. "Mr. Clark, who was born in Orange, N. J., on Aug. 9, 1888, received his early education in private schools in New York City and at the Hill School in Pottstown, Pa."
- Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 206, Part 1, p. 239. J.A. Fitzgerald., 1994. Accessed June 8, 2020. "Assemblyman Colburn was born in Orange on Oct. 2, 1925. He attended Montclair High School, and was graduated from Princeton University in 1947."
- Hatala, Greg. "Glimpse of History: The early days of a longtime public servant", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 4, 2016. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Born in Orange on Nov. 27, 1946, Codey is the longest-serving state legislator in New Jersey history, having served continuously since Jan. 8, 1974."
- Steven A. Cohen, Columbia University. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Cohen was born in Orange, New Jersey, raised in Brooklyn, New York and now resides in New York City."
- The Annual Report of the Connecticut Historical Society, p. 11. Connecticut Historical Society, 1970. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Mrs. Corinne Robinson Alsop Cole – Mrs. Francis W. Cole, a member of this Society since November 6, 1957... She was born in Orange, New Jersey, July 2, 1886, the daughter of Douglas and Corinne Roosevelt Robinson."
- John Condit, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 21, 2007.
- Silas Condit, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 23, 2007.
- Peter Cortes, Sports Reference. Accessed September 5, 2018. "Born: September 7, 1947 (Age 70.363, YY.DDD) in Orange, New Jersey, United States"
- Bob Cottingham, [email protected] Accessed December 3, 2017. "Growing up in Orange, New Jersey, he 'played football and lacrosse, which is my favorite sport,' he says.... Cottingham began fencing at Montclair Kimberley Academy under Columbia grad Carmen Marnell and was named all-state."
- John Crotty, Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed December 6, 2007.
- Staff. "Crotty sailing along nicely", The Deseret News, January 4, 2002. Accessed August 19, 2011. "'Guys believe in what I'm doing, so they're going to hit me for the open pass, and trust that I'm going to make the right play,' said Crotty, an Orange, NJ, native who makes his home in Miami, one of six cities in which he's played during a 10-season NBA career."
- Smith, Greg. "An Interview with Bobby Czyz Part 1: Formative Years, Amateur Career, and The Rise and Fall of a Middleweight", Hard Core Boxing, September 14, 2005. Accessed July 31, 2014. "Bobby Czyz was born on February 10, 1962. I knew that Bobby spent the first few years of his life in Orange, New Jersey, but was essentially raised about 30 minutes away from Orange in the suburban enclave of Wanaque."
- Davis, Stephen T.; Kendall, Daniel; and O'Collins, Gerald. The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God, p. xix. Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 9780199275779. Accessed July 6, 2016. "Brian E. Daley – Born in Orange, New Jersey, he obtained his Bachelor's degree at Fordham University in 1961, and a BA (MA) in Classics and Philosophy at Merton College, Oxford, in 1964."
- Staff. "Beverage Control Chief To Quit Post in Jersey", The New York Times, December 8, 1962. Accessed December 27, 2017. "William Howe Davis of Orange, director of the division of Alcohol Beverage Control since 1954, has notified Gov. Richard J. Hughes that he plans to resign.... He told the Governor that he was leaving for financial reasons. He will become a full partner in the Newark law firm of Shanley & Fisher."
- Pete D'Alonzo Archived March 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, profootballarchives.com. Accessed March 28, 2015.
- Staff. "Envoy to All peoples", Boston Globe, August 12, 1956. Accessed December 14, 2011. "When DeMille was touring with EH Sothern as an actor, he met and married Constance Adams of Orange, N.J. In 1952 they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary with all the DeMille children and grandchildren."
- Wayne Dickens, TCNJ Lions. Accessed December 16, 2019. "Dickens, a native of Orange, New Jersey, received a degree in English from Rutgers College in 1973."
- Thomas Jr., Robert McG. "S. Kip Farrington Jr. Is Dead; Was A Sportsman And Writer", The New York Times, February 8, 1983. Accessed July 6, 2016. "A native of Orange, N.J., Mr. Farrington joined his family's brokerage firm at the age of 16 and became a partner at 21, but when his family moved to East Hampton in the 1920s, he became enchanted with deep-sea fishing and decided to devote himself to sports."
- Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Gail Fisher, 65, TV Actress Who Won Emmy for 'Mannix'", The New York Times, February 20, 2001. Accessed March 19, 2014. "But she was determined to be one. She was born in Orange, N.J., and grew up in Potters Crossing, a black section of Edison Township, N.J."
- Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1984, p. 271. Accessed August 13, 2019. "A. Joseph Fortunato, Dem., Glen Ridge – Mr. Fortunato was born in Orange on March 19, 1946."
- Charles Newell Fowler, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 9, 2007.
- "Beer Punch", Time, May 23, 1938. Accessed August 14, 2007. "In the Stone Age a fight was simply a fight. A throwback to Stone-Age man is potbellied Tony Galento, Orange, N. J. bartender, who shrugs his chubby shoulders at the fancy art of boxing, scoffs at the modern mode of training."
- Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 202, p. 482. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1986. Accessed August 5, 2019. "Director of Communications Robert E. Grady, Livingston – Mr. Grady was born Oct. 22, 1957, in Orange."
- "Al Harrington traded for Stephen Jackson", Inside Hoops, July 15, 2004. Accessed June 4, 2008. "A 6–9 forward from Orange, New Jersey, Harrington prepped at St. Patrick's High in Elizabeth, NJ and he was the first player ever drafted from the high school ranks by the Pacers."
- Wilson, James Grant; and Fiske, John. "Hartford, Edward Vassallo", Appleton's cyclopædia of American biography, Volume 8, p. 493 ff. D. Appleton and company, 1918. Accessed November 13, 2017. "Hartford Edward Vassallo, engineer and inventor, b. in Orange N. J., 28 May 1870, son of George Huntington and Josephine (Ludlum) Hartford.... acquirement of an education in the Orange high school, Seton Academy, and Stevens Institute claimed the attention of Edward V. Hartford until he reached the age of nineteen, when, owing to poor health, he abandoned his studies and entered upon his business career in the office of The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company."
- Anderson, Avis H. A & P: The Story of the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, p. 47. Arcadia Publishing, 2002. ISBN 9780738510385. Accessed April 8, 2015. "On July 24, 1861, George Huntington Hartford married Marie Josephine Ludlum of Goshen, New York, and moved into a small house in Brooklyn.... The couple moved to Orange, New Jersey, in 1866, the same year that George was made a partner in the Great American Tea Company."
- Beatrice Alice Hicks, 1919–1979, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Accessed December 18, 2007. "Born in Orange, New Jersey in 1919, Beatrice Hicks displayed an affinity for and aptitude in math, Science, and engineering from an early age."
- Resolution In Memoriam of Cleo Hill, Essex County, New Jersey Board of Chosen Freeholders. Accessed December 4, 2017. "Whereas, Cleo Hill of Orange, New Jersey, passed from this life on Monday, August 10, 2015, at the age of 77; and Whereas, Cleo Hill was born and reared in Newark, New Jersey. He attended Eighteenth Avenue Elementary School, Cleveland Junior High School, and South Side (Shabazz) High School"
- "Seen on the Screen", News & Observer, August 10, 2007. Accessed January 17, 2008. "Hill, 32, was born Karim Dule Hill in Orange, N.J. and raised in nearby Sayreville."
- Goldstein, Richard. "Monte Irvin, Star Outfielder Who Lost His Prime to Racism, Dies at 96", The New York Times, January 12, 2016. Accessed June 2, 2017. "Monford Merrill Irvin was born on Feb. 25, 1919, in Haleburg, Ala., one of 11 children raised by Cupid Alexander Irvin, a sharecropper, and his wife, Mary Eliza. When he was 8, he and his family moved to Bloomfield, N.J., and they settled in Orange, N.J., two years later."
- The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. Sterling Publishing. 2006. p. 1294. ISBN 1-4027-4771-3.
- Glanville, Doug. The Game from Where I Stand: A Ballplayer's Inside View, p. 253. Macmillan Publishers, 2010. ISBN 9780805091595. Accessed June 14, 2016. "And there was Bobby M. Jones: from the opposite coast (Orange, New Jersey), drafted out of high school, pitched for the Rockies for most of his brief major league career...."
- Astronaut Bio: Mark Kelly, NASA. Accessed February 24, 2008.
- Sandomir, Richard. "Jay Lynch, Underground Comics Creator, Dies at 72", The New York Times, March 12, 2017. Accessed March 13, 2017. "Mr. Lynch's early life was a bit unconventional. Jay Patrick Lynch was born in Orange, N.J., on Jan. 7, 1945, and grew up in Belmar."
- Caldwell, Dave. "A Force in Seton Hall Sports, on and Off Court", The New York Times, February 25, 2007. Accessed June 30, 2018. "With the exception of one year when she was an assistant coach at Wagner College, Ms. Mangina, 48, has spent her whole life in Essex County and more than half of it at Seton Hall, a 9,700-student Roman Catholic university. She lives in Verona. She grew up in Orange and graduated from East Orange Catholic High School in 1977."
- Derby, George; and White, James Terry. "John B. Mason", The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1916, pg. 51.
- Staff. "Obituary: Dr. Lowell Mason", The New York Times, August 13, 1872. Accessed June 6, 2016. "On Sunday last, Dr. Lowell Mason died at his residence at Orange, N. J., at the age of eighty-one years."
- Menendez, Albert J.; and Menendez, Shirley. New Jersey Trivia, p. 69. Rutledge Hill Press, 1993. ISBN 1-55853-223-4.
- Staff. "Elmer M. Matthews, veteran, lawyer and former N.J. legislator, dies", Palm Beach Daily News, February 7, 2015. Accessed November 23, 2015. "Elmer M. Matthews of Palm Beach and Sea Girt, N.J., died Thursday, Feb. 5, 2015, after a brief illness. He was 87. Born in Orange, N.J., Mr. Matthews lived in South Orange, Verona, Bernardsville and Sea Girt, N.J., before moving to Palm Beach."
- Rafuse, Ethan S. "George B. McClellan", The New York Times. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- George B. McLellan, National Park Service. Accessed November 3, 2019. "On October 29, 1885, George Brinton McClellan died in Orange, NJ."
- Fitzgerald, Thomas F. Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1960, page 322. Accessed December 3, 2017.
- Dowdy, Zachary R. "From the archives: Bishop James McHugh dies at 68", Newsday, December 11, 2000. Accessed December 3, 2017. "In his hometown of Orange, McHugh attended St. Venantius School and Our Lady of the Valley High School."
- Castelvecchi, Davide; and Matson, John. "Dimension-Cruncher: Exotic Spheres Earn Mathematician John Milnor an Abel Prize: His discovery that some seven-dimensional spheres look different under the lens of calculus spurred decades of research in topology", Scientific American, March 24, 2011. Accessed April 3, 2011. "Milnor was born in 1931 in Orange, N.J., and graduated from Princeton University in 1951."
- Daniel F. Minahan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16, 2007.
- Newkirk, Gordon Allen Jr. (1928–1985)[permanent dead link], National Center for Atmospheric Research. Accessed November 3, 2015. "Gordon Allen Newkirk Jr., was born in Orange, New Jersey on June 12, 1928."
- Janet Kerschner, The Olcott Family Archived December 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Theosophical.org. Accessed January 11, 2009.
- "Obit for Carolyn Marie Plaskett Barrow", Episcopal Diocese of Newark via Ancestry.com, August 20, 2002. Accessed July 23, 2018. "Born Jan. 31, 1917 and raised in Orange, Carolyn Marie Plaskett was the daughter of the late Rev. Dr. George M. Plaskett, who was originally from Frederiksted, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, and Mrs. Carrie Davenport Plaskett of Orange"
- Segal, Graeme. "Daniel Quillen obituary: A US mathematician, he developed a key algebraic theory", The Guardian, June 23, 2011. Accessed August 19, 2011. "Born in Orange, New Jersey, Quillen won scholarships to Newark academy, and then to Harvard, where as a graduate student he worked under Raoul Bott, before going to a post at MIT."
- Litsky, Frank. "Jim Ringo, Pro Football Hall of Fame Center, Dies at 75", The New York Times, November 21, 2007. Accessed April 3, 2011. "James Stephen Ringo was born Nov. 21, 1931, in Orange, N.J., and played high school football in Phillipsburg, N.J."
- Nowlin, Bill. "Jack Robinson", Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed September 11, 2019 "He was born John Edward Robinson in Orange, Essex County, on February 20, 1921."
- The National Conference of Lieutenant Governors; Biographical Sketches and Portraits, p. 1958. The Conference, 1976. Accessed August 5, 2019. "Robert E. Rose, born Orange, New Jersey, October 7, 1939."
- Staff. "Savitt Rallies to Beat Flam", Los Angeles Times, July 5, 1951. Accessed April 3, 2011. "Dick Savitt of Orange, N.J., who is seeking a sweep of the world's major amateur tennis titles, rallied from what looked like certain defeat today to vanquish Herbie Flam of Beverly Hills, 1–6, 15–13, 6–3, 6–2, and storm into the finals of the All-England..."
- Kehr, Dave. "Roy Scheider, Actor in Jaws, Dies at 75", The New York Times, February 11, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008. "Born in 1932 in Orange, N.J., Mr. Scheider earned his distinctive broken nose in the New Jersey Diamond Gloves Competition."
- Slotnik, Daniel E. "Morton Schindel, Who Turned Children's Books Into Animated Films, Dies at 98", The New York Times, August 24, 2016. Accessed August 24, 2016. "Morton Schindel was born on Jan. 29, 1918, in Orange, N.J."
- Perlez, Jane. "Man In The News; Democratic Victor In Jersey Prepares: Peter Shapiro To Battle A Popular Incumbent: Political Success From Early Age", The New York Times, June 6, 1985. Accessed January 20, 2020. "Peter Shapiro was born in Newark on April 18, 1952, the second child of Dr. and Mrs. Shapiro. He grew up in Orange and then South Orange, attending the Millburn Grammar School."
- Bishop John M. Smith Archived April 19, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Catholic Conference. Accessed November 29, 2017. "John M. Smith was born in Orange on June 23, 1935, the oldest son of Mrs. Ethel Charnock Smith and Mortimer F. Smith, now both deceased."
- Fruchter, Rena. Music; Playing and Manufacturing the Marimba", The New York Times, March 26, 1995. Accessed August 3, 2019. "Born in Orange, Mr. Stevens attended high school in South Orange and studied at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester."
- Location of the Lucy Stone House in Orange, New Jersey, First Unitarian Universalist Church of Essex County, January 1998. Accessed June 29, 2017. "Lucy Stone, public speaker, suffragist, and abolitionist, moved to Orange, New Jersey in April 1857 and lived there for about one year. Her house there became famous as the site of her protest against taxation without representation."
- George Tully Archived December 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, profootballarchives.com. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Martin, Douglas. "Cornelius C. Vermeule III, a Curator of Classical Antiquities, Is Dead at 83", The New York Times, December 9, 2008. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule III was born on Aug. 10, 1925, in Orange, N.J."
- Politi, Steve. "Politi: Willis remains bitter about Rutgers", The Star-Ledger, September 6, 2007. Accessed April 3, 2011. "In another time, Terrell Willis was supposed to be that player for the Scarlet Knights. As good as Rice was as a freshman, no player in Rutgers history started his career with greater promise than Willis did when the Orange native broke onto the national scene in 1993."
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