Ong Pang Boon
|Born||28 March 1929|
Kuala Lumpur, British Malaya (now Malaysia)
|Political party||People's Action Party|
|Spouse(s)||Chan Choy Siong|
|Education||University of Malaya|
National University of Singapore
|Ong Pang Boon|
|Hokkien POJ||Ông Pang-bûn|
Ong Pang Boon, DUNU (First Class), (Chinese: 王邦文; pinyin: Wáng Bāng Wén; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ông Pang-bûn) is a former politician in Singapore who was a prominent first-generation member of the People's Action Party (PAP).
Early life and education
Born in Kuala Lumpur, he was educated in a Chinese primary school, a Confucian middle school, Methodist Boys' School (Kuala Lumpur), and later attained a geography degree at the then Singapore branch of the University of Malaya (currently the independent National University of Singapore).
In 1956, Lee wrote to Ong and offered him a job as party organising secretary for the PAP.
He stood for election in the 21 December 1957 for the fully elected City Council of Singapore as a candidate for the Tanjong Pagar ward and was successfully returned and became the first and only ever Deputy Mayor. He held the post until he resigned in April 1959 to contest the Legislative Assembly election as the PAP's candidate for Telok Ayer. This was to be the first Legislative Assembly in which all seats were elected. He won the seat, which he retained till his retirement in 1984. He was subsequently appointed as Minister for Home Affairs in the first self-government Cabinet and played a key role to eradicating yellow culture and crime in Singapore society. His cabinet appointment also made him part of the Internal Security Council which sanctioned Operation Coldstore in 1963.
From 1963 to 1970, Ong took on the highly sensitive Education ministerial portfolio at a time when Chinese language culture and education issues were highly politicized. By increasing the teaching of English in Chinese schools and vice versa, he was instrumental in laying the foundation for the bilingual policy for which Singapore is famous.
In 1970, Ong became the Labour Minister.
In 1980, he took over as the Environment Minister.
In 1984, he stepped down from the Cabinet to make way for younger leaders. However, he displayed some unhappiness at the pace and manner by which he was sidelined from the political scene. He retired from politics in 1988 when his constituency of Telok Ayer was eliminated in the 22 December 1984 general election. Lee recognised Ong's displeasure in a public letter of appreciation:
- “... I agree with you. You also had misgivings (about some newcomers), as had the late Dr Toh Chin Chye, over the speed of self-renewal and the effect it was having on the morale of the old guard MPs.”
Ong continued to serve the society through his involvement in the community. Ong, who previously served as the vice-chairman of Singapore Hokkien Huay Kuan in the 2000s, is currently serving in the Board of Governors of the association.
- Koh, Jaime. "Ong Pang Boon". Singapore Infopedia. National Library Board. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Lee in Lam and Tan, p. 165
- "Old Guard pay their last respects". Today. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "List of Old Guard at Special Parliamentary Sitting, 26 Mar 2015" (PDF). Remembering Lee Kuan Yew. Singapore Ministry of Communications and Information. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "Executive Council – Singapore Hokkien Huay Kuan". www.shhk.com.sg. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- 蔡, 培强 (7 May 2004). "新闻资料：南侨中小学迁入盛港新校舍". 大马华人网站 大马论坛. Retrieved 7 September 2017.