Old Herzegovina (Serbian: Стара Херцеговина; Montenegrin: Stara Hercegovina) is a historical region, covering eastern parts of historical Herzegovina, outside the scope of modern Herzegovina. Major section of Old Herzegovina belongs to modern Montenegro, while minor section belongs to modern Serbia. The term also refers to former Herzegovinian regions in Upper Podrinje, in Bosnia and Herzegovina. All of those regions were parts of historical Herzegovina from the middle of the 15th century op to the 1878.
In modern Montenegro, the region includes municipal areas of Herceg Novi, Nikšić, Plužine, Šavnik, Žabljak and Pljevlja. In modern Serbia, the region includes municipal areas of Prijepolje and Priboj. In modern Bosnia and Herzegovina, the region includes municipal areas of Foča, Goražde, Čajniče and Rudo.
The region known today as the Old Herzegovina was part of historical Herzegovina from the middle of 15th century up to the 1878. Initially it was part of the medieval Duchy of St. Sava (Serbian: Херцеговина Светог Саве), established by duke (German: herzog; Serbian: херцег) Stefan Vukčić Kosača within the Kingdom of Bosnia. After the Ottoman conquest, it was part of the Sanjak of Herzegovina. Between 1580 and 1833, Sanjak of Herzegovina was part of the Bosnia Eyalet, and then became a separate Herzegovina Eyalet (1833–1851), of the Ottoman Empire.
The major (western and central) part of historical Herzegovina was occupied by Austria-Hungary in 1878, after the Congress of Berlin, and that region became part of the Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since then, the name of Herzegovina was reduced to that region. In the same time, eastern portion of historical Herzegovina was annexed to the Principality of Montenegro (1878), while some sections remained under Ottoman rule (Sanjak of Pljevlja) until 1912, when they were divided between Montenegro and Serbia. All of those regions of historical Herzegovina, detached from it since 1878, became known as the Old Herzegovina.
- Ćirković, Sima (2014) . "The Double Wreath: A Contribution to the History of Kingship in Bosnia". Balcanica. 45: 107–143.
- Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
- Morrison, Kenneth (2009). Montenegro: A Modern History. London-New York: I.B.Tauris.
- Šabanović, Hazim (1959). Bosanski pašaluk: Postanak i upravna podjela. Sarajevo: Naučno društvo Bosne i Hercegovine.
- Šćekić, Radenko; Leković, Žarko; Premović, Marijan (2015). "Political Developments and Unrests in Stara Raška (Old Rascia) and Old Herzegovina during Ottoman Rule". Balcanica. 46: 79–106.