Ocean Township, New Jersey
|Township of Ocean|
The Community of Gracious Living
Map of Ocean Township in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Ocean Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||February 21, 1849|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (council–manager)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Christopher P. Siciliano (term ends June 30, 2019)|
|• Administrator||Michael F. Muscillo|
|• Municipal clerk||Vincent Buttiglieri|
|• Total||10.99 sq mi (28.47 km2)|
|• Land||10.87 sq mi (28.15 km2)|
|• Water||0.13 sq mi (0.32 km2) 1.14%|
|Area rank||202nd of 565 in state|
13th of 53 in county
|Elevation||66 ft (20 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||85th of 566 in state|
8th of 53 in county
|• Density||2,509.1/sq mi (968.8/km2)|
|• Density rank||250th of 566 in state|
29th of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882601|
Ocean Township is a township located in east central Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. Ocean Township consists of three main unincorporated communities: Wanamassa, Oakhurst and Wayside. The township is divided into two ZIP codes, 07755 (Oakhurst) and 07712 (Wanamassa & Wayside, main city Asbury Park). Small portions have Allenhurst (07711), Deal (07723) and Long Branch (07740) ZIP codes.
As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 27,291, reflecting an increase of 332 (+1.2%) from the 26,959 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,901 (+7.6%) from the 25,058 counted in the 1990 Census.
The Township of Ocean was created by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1849, from portions of Shrewsbury Township, at which time the newly formed township stretched from the Shrewsbury River to the southern tip of Avon-by-the-Sea. Portions of the township have been taken to form Long Branch (April 11, 1867), Eatontown (April 4, 1873), Asbury Park (March 26, 1874), Neptune Township (February 26, 1879), Sea Bright (March 21, 1889), Allenhurst (April 26, 1897), Deal (March 7, 1898), Monmouth Beach (March 9, 1906), Interlaken (March 11, 1922) and Loch Arbour (April 23, 1957). The township derives its name from its original seaside location.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 10.99 square miles (28.47 km2), including 10.87 square miles (28.15 km2) of land and 0.13 square miles (0.32 km2) of water (1.14%).
Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Cold Indian Springs, Colonial Terrace, Deal Lake, Deal Park, Dogs Corners, Edgemere, Elberon Park, Green Grove, Indian Springs, Oakhurst Manor, Poplar, Shadow Lawn Manor, Wayside, Wertheins Corner, West Allenhurst and West Deal.
Deal Lake covers 158 acres (64 ha) and is overseen by the Deal Lake Commission, which was established in 1974. Seven municipalities border the lake, accounting for 27 miles (43 km) of shoreline, also including Allenhurst, Asbury Park, Deal, Interlaken, Loch Arbour and Neptune Township.
The township is bordered by the Monmouth County municipalities of Eatontown and West Long Branch on the north; Long Branch, Deal, Allenhurst and Interlaken on the east; Neptune and Asbury Park on the south; and Tinton Falls on the west.
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
The 2010 United States Census counted 27,291 people, 10,611 households, and 7,417 families in the township. The population density was 2,509.1 per square mile (968.8/km2). There were 11,541 housing units at an average density of 1,061.1 per square mile (409.7/km2). The racial makeup was 80.66% (22,013) White, 7.96% (2,173) Black or African American, 0.20% (54) Native American, 6.56% (1,791) Asian, 0.05% (13) Pacific Islander, 2.13% (582) from other races, and 2.44% (665) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.99% (2,453) of the population.
Of the 10,611 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18; 54.8% were married couples living together; 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present and 30.1% were non-families. Of all households, 24.9% were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.09.
22.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 23.1% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females, the population had 93.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 89.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $78,806 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,218) and the median family income was $100,682 (+/- $8,339). Males had a median income of $66,774 (+/- $6,581) versus $42,216 (+/- $5,707) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,432 (+/- $2,161). About 4.0% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 26,959 people, 10,254 households, and 7,341 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,443.3 people per square mile (943.7/km2). There were 10,756 housing units at an average density of 974.8 per square mile (376.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 84.48% White, 5.67% African American, 0.15% Native American, 6.27% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.58% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.51% of the population.
There were 10,254 households, out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the township the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $62,058, and the median income for a family was $74,572. Males had a median income of $52,376 versus $35,439 for females. The per capita income for the township was $30,581. About 3.6% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.
Parks and recreation
Ocean Township has five named parks. The largest, Joe Palaia Park (formerly the Deal Test Site), is the site of the Township's July 4 celebration, and the Italian American Association of the Township of Ocean's annual five-day festival. Ocean Township also contains Weltz Park, an undeveloped parcel of the Monmouth County Park System.
Ocean Township maintains a membership-based pool and tennis club for residents, with the pool open during the summer from Memorial Day to Labor Day.
Ocean Township operates within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Council-Manager form of government (Plan A), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of July 1, 1963. The township is one of 42 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government. The Township Council is comprised of five members who are chosen at-large by the voters on a non-partisan basis to serve concurrent four-year terms of office in elections held as part of the May municipal election. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Council selects one of its members to serve as Mayor. The five-member Council sets policy and adopts local ordinances while the Council-appointed Township Manager oversees the day-to-day administration of the Township. The Mayor presides over the Council and, as a member, has a voice and a vote in its proceedings.
As of 2020[update], members of the Township Council are Mayor Christopher P. Siciliano, Deputy Mayor John P. Napolitani Sr., Robert V. Acerra Sr., Margie Donlon and David Fisher, all serving concurrent terms of office ending on June 30, 2023.
In January 2017, John Napolitani was chosen to fill the seat vacated by Deputy Mayor William Garofalo when he resigned from office in December 2016; Napolitani will serve on an interim basis until the November 2017 general election, when voters will select a candidate to serve the balance of the term of office.
In the May 2015 municipal election, the One Ocean slate won, with incumbents William Garofalo, Richard Long, Donna Schepiga and Christopher P. Siciliano winning re-election together with Robert Acerra, who won his first term of office.
At its January 1, 2015, meeting, the Township Council chose Christopher Siciliano to fill the position of mayor that was vacated when William Larkin resigned from office the previous November after 24 years on the council and the previous 12 years as mayor. The council appointed Richard Long to fill Larkin's vacant council seat.
On October 10, 2002, former mayor Terrance D. Weldon, who was also the city manager of Asbury Park, pleaded guilty in United States District Court for the District of New Jersey in Newark to taking $64,000 in bribes from developers. His arrest was part of the first phase of a federal investigation known as Operation Bid Rig. On August 25, 2007, after almost five years, Weldon was sentenced to 58 months of prison and assessed a fine of $20,000 by Senior U.S. District Judge William H. Walls.
Federal, state and county representation
Ocean Township is located in the 4th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Ocean Township had been part of the 6th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Hamilton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Vin Gopal (D, Long Branch) and in the General Assembly by Joann Downey (D, Freehold Township) and Eric Houghtaling (D, Neptune Township).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2020[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2022; term as freeholder director ends 2021), Freeholder Deputy Director Susan M. Kiley (R, Hazlet Township, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2021; term as deputy freeholder director ends 2021),Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, 2020), Nick DiRocco (R, Wall Township, 2022), and Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020).
Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township),Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2022; Howell Township), and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 18,379 registered voters in Ocean Township, of which 4,936 (26.9%) were registered as Democrats, 3,813 (20.7%) were registered as Republicans and 9,621 (52.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 9 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.6% of the vote (6,621 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 48.3% (6,326 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (140 votes), among the 13,185 ballots cast by the township's 19,049 registered voters (98 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.2%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 50.7% of the vote (7,278 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 46.9% (6,737 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (134 votes), among the 14,364 ballots cast by the township's 19,444 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.9%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.3% of the vote (6,941 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 48.7% (6,721 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (112 votes), among the 13,791 ballots cast by the township's 18,237 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 75.6.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.6% of the vote (5,335 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 31.1% (2,456 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (103 votes), among the 7,995 ballots cast by the township's 19,142 registered voters (101 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.8%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.7% of the vote (5,314 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 35.4% (3,324 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.7% (625 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (59 votes), among the 9,377 ballots cast by the township's 18,743 registered voters, yielding a 50.0% turnout.
Public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade in Ocean Township are served by the Ocean Township School District. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 3,458 students and 356.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.7:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Ocean Township Elementary School (located in Oakhurst; with 403 students, in grades PreK-4), Wanamassa Elementary School (Wanamassa; 304, K-4), Wayside Elementary School (Wayside; 566, PreK-4), Ocean Township Intermediate School (Wayside; 1,067, 5-8) and Ocean Township High School (Oakhurst; 1,070, 9-12)
At the end of the 2016–17 school year, Loch Arbour left the district after receiving approval from the New Jersey Department of Education and following the overwhelming passage of a referendum; with 14 public school students and school property taxes of $2 million, Loch Arbour had been paying an average of $143,000 per pupil, which would be significantly reduced under new sending/receiving relationships established with the West Long Branch Public Schools for PreK-8 and Shore Regional High School for 9-12, under which Loch Arbour would pay tuition to each district based on the number of students.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 131.98 miles (212.40 km) of roadways, of which 119.74 miles (192.70 km) were maintained by the municipality, 4.56 miles (7.34 km) by Monmouth County and 7.68 miles (12.36 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Ocean Township is accessible by several major roads. The Route 18 freeway traverses the western part while Route 35 passes through in the east. Route 66 runs along the southern border with Neptune and Route 71 straddles the eastern border with Deal and West Long Branch. The Garden State Parkway is located west of Ocean in neighboring Tinton Falls.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ocean Township include:
- Mary Pat Angelini (born 1954), member of the New Jersey General Assembly from the 11th District since 2008
- Lou Barbaro (1916–1976), professional golfer
- Marie Castello (1915-2008), fortune teller known as Madam Marie who became widely known after being mentioned in Bruce Springsteen's 1973 song "4th of July, Asbury Park (Sandy)"
- Claude Dauphin (1903-1978), French actor
- Michelle Davidson (born 1970), masters swimmer and a long distance, open water swimmer who accomplished the Triple Crown of Open Water Swimming, which includes crossing the English Channel and Catalina Channel, and circumnavigating Manhattan Island.
- Bob Davis (born 1945), former NFL quarterback whose career included three seasons with the New York Jets
- Kathleen Dorsett (born 1974), schoolteacher who was convicted of the August 2010 murder of her ex-husband
- Solomon Dwek (born c. 1973), real estate investor who became an FBI informant as part of Operation Bid Rig
- Norma Eberhardt (1929-2011), actress whose films included Live Fast, Die Young and The Return of Dracula
- Frank J. Esposito (born 1941), historian and college professor who ran as the lieutenant governor running mate of Christopher Daggett in the New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2009
- Edward J. Hart (1893-1961), represented New Jersey's 14th congressional district, 1935–1955
- Trent Hindman (born 1995), racing driver who won the 2014 Continental Tire Sports Car Challenge in the GS class
- Rowland Hughes (1896-1957), Director of the Office of Management and Budget, 1954–1956
- Oren Liebermann, journalist who works as the Jerusalem correspondent for CNN.
- Chris Malachowsky (born c. 1958), electrical engineer who was a founder of the computer graphics company Nvidia
- Eric Nies (born 1971), actor, male fashion model, dancer, and singer, best known for being a cast member in the first season of MTV's The Real World
- Jack Nies (born 1937), retired National Basketball Association referee
- John Nies (born 1967), former NFL punter for the Buffalo Bills
- Joseph A. Palaia (born 1927), member of the New Jersey General Assembly, 1982–1989; member of the New Jersey Senate, 1989–2008
- Kenny Pickett (born 1998), American football quarterback for the Pittsburgh Panthers.
- Sally Priesand (born 1946), first woman ordained by a rabbinical seminary in the United States
- Shiba Russell, journalist with WNBC-TV
- Adam Sarafian (born 1986), national champion pole vaulter in 2004.
- Bruce Springsteen (born 1949), musician
- Richard R. Stout (1912–1986), politician who served in the New Jersey Senate from 1952 to 1974.
- Ashley Tisdale (born 1985), actress, Disney's The Suite Life of Zack & Cody and High School Musical
- Tommy Tucker (1903-1989), bandleader best known for "I Don't Want to Set the World on Fire"
- Michael Uslan (born 1951), originator and executive producer of the Batman movies
- John Villapiano (born 1951), former professional football player who played in the World Football League; politician who served on the Monmouth County, New Jersey Board of chosen freeholders and the New Jersey General Assembly, 1988–1992
- Phil Villapiano (born 1949), NFL linebacker for the Oakland Raiders
- Brett Wigdortz (born 1973), founder and CEO of Teach First
- Wendy Williams (born 1964), talk show host and author host of The Wendy Williams Show
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor and Council, Township of Ocean. Accessed March 2, 2020."The Township of Ocean’s five-member, non-partisan Council operate under the Council-Manager form of government. Council members serve four-year concurrent terms. The Council is elected at large with the Mayor elected among the Council members.... All present Council terms expire June 30, 2023."
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020. As of date accessed, Kenneth Baulderstone, the mayor of Ocean Township in Ocean County, is incorrectly listed as mayor.
- Administration, Township of Ocean. Accessed March 2, 2020.
- Township Clerk, Township of Ocean. Accessed March 2, 2020.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 58.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Ocean, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Ocean township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Ocean township[permanent dead link], New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- QuickFacts for Ocean township, Monmouth County, New Jersey; Monmouth County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Ocean, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 29, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Northfield, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 29, 2013.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Oakhurst, NJ 07755, Google Maps. Accessed August 1, 2018.
- Asbury Park, NJ 07712, Google Maps. Accessed August 1, 2018.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 183. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Collins, Karyn D. "Route 35 is just one part of eclectic Ocean Township", Asbury Park Press, January 7, 2005. Accessed July 31, 2012. "Originally, Ocean Township encompassed an area that was bordered by the Shrewsbury River to the south and Avon to the north."
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 210. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed September 12, 2015.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 13, 2015.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Oakhurst CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Wanamassa CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- About Our Town Archived July 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Township of Ocean. Accessed July 31, 2012. "We are presently bordered by Eatontown and West Long Branch on the north; Long Branch, Deal, Allenhurst and Interlaken on the east, Neptune and Asbury Park on the south; and Tinton Falls on the west. Our many neighborhoods include Oakhurst, Wayside, Wanamassa, West Allenhurst, Deal Park, Colonial Terrace, Shadow Lawn Manor, and West Deal."
- Home Page, Deal Lake Commission. Accessed July 8, 2015. "The Deal Lake Commission was created by the seven Monmouth County, NJ towns that surround Deal Lake. The Commission was chartered in 1974 by the Borough of Allenhurst, City of Asbury Park, Borough of Deal, Borough of Interlaken, Village of Loch Arbour, Neptune Township, and Ocean Township."
- Areas touching Ocean Township, MapIt. Accessed March 2, 2020.
- Regional Location Map, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed March 2, 2020.
- New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 29, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed December 6, 2012. "Ocean township contained in 1860, 3,768 inhabitants; in 1860, 4,346; and in 1870, 6,189." Note that the first reference to 1860 appears to be a typo, and should be 1850, which would match the population listed by the 1850 Census.
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 31, 2012. Population is listed for Ocean Township including Long Branch town as 6,027 in 1880 and 10,209 in 1890, while population for Long Branch town is listed as 3,833 in 1880 and 7,231 in 1890, with results for the two years calculated by subtracting the data for Long Branch from the combined total.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Ocean township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived October 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Ocean township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Ocean township, Monmouth County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Parks & Outdoor Facilities Archived August 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Township of Ocean. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- American Association of the Township of Ocean website, accessed May 14, 2007.
- Weltz Park, Monmouth County, New Jersey Park System. Accessed July 31, 2012.
- Pool and Tennis Facility, Ocean Township. Accessed December 6, 2012.
- "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed October 29, 2013.
- Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
- 2019 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Township of Ocean. Accessed March 3, 2020.
- Monmouth County Directory 2018, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed March 2, 2020.
- Municipal Election Ocean Township May 14, 2019 - Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey, updated May 17, 2019. Accessed March 2, 2020.
- Stine, Don. "Ocean Names New Councilman", The Coaster, January 25, 2017. Accessed February 18, 2017. "John Napolitani, a former Interlaken Borough Council member and current alternate member of the Ocean Township Board of Adjustment, has been appointed to fill the unexpired term of former Ocean Township Deputy Mayor William Garofalo, who stepped down at the end of last year."
- Municipal Election Ocean Township May 12, 2015, Monmouth County, New Jersey, updated May 14, 2015. Accessed July 18, 2016.
- Radell, Dan. 'Mayor's ticket sweeps Ocean Twp. election", Asbury Park Press, May 13, 2015. Accessed June 29, 2015. "Incumbent Mayor Christopher P. Siciliano was the top vote-getter with 3,001 votes, about 15 percent of the vote. Running on the One Ocean ticket with Siciliano were: Deputy Mayor William Garofalo, who received the second-most votes, with 2,793; incumbent council members Richard Long, 2,614, and Donna Schepiga, 2,490; and newcomer Robert Acerra, 2,775."
- Walter, Kenny. "Ocean Township welcomes new mayor in 2015" Archived January 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Atlanticville, January 8, 2015. Accessed January 12, 2015. "For the first time since 2002, a new person is sitting in the mayor's seat in Ocean Township.Councilman Christopher Siciliano was appointed mayor during a Jan. 1 ceremony, replacing longtime Mayor William Larkin, who announced his retirement in November. The council is expected to vote Jan. 7 to appoint Richard Long, who is currently vice president of the Ocean Township School District Board of Education, to serve the remainder of Larkin's council term, according to Siciliano."
- Radel, Dan. "New era in Ocean Township begins with Mayor Siciliano", Asbury Park Press, January 11, 2015. Accessed January 12, 2015. "Richard Long, 66, was also sworn in by Beck to take the empty council seat with Siciliano's promotion to mayor."
- O'Connell, Carolyn. "Larkin selected as township's mayor" Archived September 19, 2003, at the Wayback Machine, Atlanticville, October 18, 2002. Accessed May 11, 2007. "On Oct. 10, Terrance D. Weldon, who was also the Asbury Park city administrator, pleaded guilty before Judge William H. Walls in federal court in Newark to taking $64,000 in bribes."
- Staff. "Former Ocean Twp. mayor gets 58-month prison term " Archived September 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Atlanticville, August 30, 2007. Accessed July 31, 2012. "Terrance D. Weldon, former mayor of Ocean Township and the city manager for Asbury Park, was sentenced Aug. 27 to 58 months in federal prison for extorting more than $60,000 in cash bribes from three developers between 1998 and 2001, U.S. Attorney Christopher J. Christie announced. U.S. District Judge William H. Walls also fined Weldon $20,000 and ordered Weldon to surrender to the federal Bureau of Prisons by Jan. 21 to begin serving his sentence."
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
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- Biography, Congressman Chris Smith. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Elected in 1980, U.S. Rep. Chris Smith (R-Hamilton, N.J.) is currently in his 19th two-year term in the U.S. House of Representatives, and serves residents of the Fourth Congressional District of New Jersey."
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
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- Ocean Township Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Ocean Township School District. Accessed April 19, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades kindergarten through 12 in the Township of Ocean School District. Composition: The Township of Ocean School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of the Township of Ocean and the Village of Loch Arbour."
- District information for Township Of Ocean School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- School Data for the Ocean Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- Ocean Township Elementary School, Ocean Township School District. Accessed April 19, 2020.
- Wanamassa Elementary School, Ocean Township School District. Accessed April 19, 2020.
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- Our Schools, Township of Ocean School District. Accessed April 19, 2020.
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- Radel, Dan. "Loch Arbour votes to leave Ocean Twp. schools", Asbury Park Press, April 4, 2017. Accessed August 1, 2018. "Village voters have decided by an overwhelming margin to leave the Ocean Township School District and forge a (cheaper) different path. The tally Tuesday was 93 in favor to 4 opposed, according to the unofficial results from the Office of the Monmouth County Clerk.... The village's per-pupil education cost for Ocean Township now totals about $143,000, according to Mayor Paul Fernicola. He said the village will instead send students to West Long Branch and Shore Regional High School on a per-pupil tuition rate, not yet determined, that is substantially less than the current tab."
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed October 29, 2013.
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- North Jersey Coast Line, NJ Transit. Accessed December 24, 2013.
- Monmouth County Bus / Rail connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- Bowman, Bill. "Ocean Twp. woman enters race for GOP Assembly nod", Asbury Park Press, February 16, 2007. Accessed October 29, 2013. "She didn't go as public with her candidacy as others did, but Ocean Township resident Mary Pat Angelini is no less committed than her opponents to being one of the Republican candidates for the Assembly from the 11th District."
- via Associated Press. "Lou Barbaro Is Dead; Won Jersey Golf Title", The New York Times, October 13, 1976. Accessed January 28, 2018. "Lou Barbaro. a professional golfer and former New Jersey state champion. died yesterday at the age of 60 in Paul Kimball Hospital at Lakewood. He was a resident or Oakhurst."
- Wattkis, Michael A. "AM Edition: Newark celebrates less loss of life, James attempts to avoid prison, and is Google making us stupid?", NJ.com, July 2, 2008. Accessed October 29, 2013. "His name was Bruce Springsteen. He put her in a song, and Madam Marie became rock and roll legend. Marie Castello, of Oakhurst, who claimed to have told the fortunes of everyone from Judy Garland to Ray Charles to the Rolling Stones, has died."
- "Paris When it Sizzles", Asbury Park Press, October 22, 2006. Accessed October 29, 2013. "The Dauphins then bought a home in the Oakhurst section of Ocean Township. 'We had a beautiful home; it was called Peter Pan Farm,' Eberhardt says."
- Conohan, Sherry. "2 women undertaking challenge of the channel", CentralJersey.com, May 28, 2004. Accessed January 19, 2021. "Nancy Steadman Martin, of Oceanport, and Michelle Davidson, of the Oakhurst section of Ocean Township, are training together for their back-to-back swims, scheduled for Aug. 7-14."
- Harvin, Al. "An Offseason Game; New Jersey Sports", The New York Times, January 12, 1973. Accessed December 15, 2007. "When Bob Davis was a senior at Neptune (N.J.) High School he had a decision to make-play basketball, or football. He chose football. "I was actually a much better basketball player in high school than I was a football player," says Davis, now a resident of Wayside, N.J., and the backup quarterback to Joe Namath of the New York Jets."
- Serrano, Ken via Asbury Park Press. "N.J. family sentenced in ex-husband's murder", USA Today, August 8, 2013. Accessed September 13, 2015. "Kathleen Dorsett addresses the court before she was sentenced to 58 years for the murder of her ex-husband outside her Ocean Township, N.J., home in 2010."
- Method, Jason. "Dwek admired for kindness to sick boy, other generous acts" Archived October 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Asbury Park Press. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Solomon Dwek, 33, of Ocean Township, helped pay the hospital bills for the family, said Saberon, who has worked as a handyman and cook."
- Staff. "Norma Eberhardt; Norma Eberhardt, who died on September 16 aged 82, was a New York fashion model who made headlines as an actress in the cult classic Live Fast, Die Young (1958), a sin-steeped story of the rise of the Beat Generation.", The Daily Telegraph, September 28, 2011. Accessed October 29, 2013. "She was born in 1929 at Oakhurst, New Jersey, and raised on a diet of Hollywood movies."
- Lu, Adrienne. "Independent but solo no more Third-party gubernatorial candidate Chris Daggett named professor Frank Esposito as his running mate", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 28, 2009. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Independent New Jersey gubernatorial candidate Chris Daggett named a Kean University history and education professor as his running mate yesterday. Daggett called Frank Esposito, 68, of Ocean Township, 'a person of the highest integrity' who knows how to get things done and understands education."
- Staff. "E. J. Hart Dead; Ex-Congressman; Jerseyan in House 20 Years -- Headed State Board", The New York Times, April 21, 1961. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Edward J. Hart, a member of the House of Representatives from 1935 to 1955 and a former president of the New Jersey Public Utilities Commission, suffered a heart attack at his home in West Allenhurst."
- USF2000 – Summer Vacation Over for Hindman, Trent Hindman, August 12, 2012. Accessed October 25, 2015. "While Trent Hindman's senior year at Ocean Township High School doesn't begin until September 5th, his open-wheel education picks up after a six-week break this weekend at Mid-Ohio Sport Car Course, for Round 6 and 7 of the 2012 Cooper Tires USF2000 Championship Powered by Mazda. 'I can't wait to get back into the car', said Hindman from his Wayside, N.J. home."
- Staff. "Rowland Hughes, U.S. Ex-Aide, Dies; Director of Budget 1954 to 1955. Had Been Executive of National City Bank", The New York Times, April 4, 1957. Accessed December 16, 2012. "Mr. Hughes was born in Oakhurst, N. J., March 28, 1896, the son of Richard-Roberts Hughes, a. contractor, and Annie Van Note Hughes."
- "Oren Liebermann joins CBS3, CW Philly as reporter", Philly Ad Club, August 20, 2010. Accessed October 29, 2018. "Liebermann was raised in Israel and at the Jersey shore in Wayside, New Jersey near Asbury Park."
- "Ocean Township Students Gain Diplomas, Honors", Asbury Park Press, June 18, 1976, page B2. Accessed January 28, 2018.
- Lynn, Allison. "Nies 'n' easy: MTV stud Eric Nies has his life back in shape.", People, October 7, 1996. "It is a sunny morning in the spring of 1995, and Eric Nies is fiddling with the sunroof of the stretch limo heading to his hometown of Ocean Township, N.J."
- Hall, Trisha. "Habitats/Elizabeth Street; A Loft for Living, Working and Sharing", The New York Times, April 23, 2000. Accessed July 31, 2012. "When Mr. Nies first saw the space he was, by his own description, living nowhere. Sometimes he stayed with friends in Manhattan, sometimes with his mother in Ocean Township, in southern New Jersey."
- D'Alessandro, Dave. "This ref is doubly grand", The Star-Ledger, April 15, 2008. Accessed November 2, 2016. "And because he lived just down the street in Ocean Township, he was good enough that Holzman invited him back the next night, and the next, and the next."
- Anderson, Teja. "People On The Move - John Nies" Archived October 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, LivingMedia, June 27, 2010. Accessed August 14, 2012. "John Nies grew up in Ocean Township with his two sisters Kim and Tara and younger brother Eric (yes, the guy from MTV's The Real World), his parents, mother Anna May, a pre-school teacher and father Jack who was one of the longest running referees in NBA history. John Attended Ocean Township High School after his experiences in private school were not so pleasant. 'I went to RBC for two semesters and I got abused and hazed on the bus.'"
- Staff. "Senator shuns controversy in 22 years in Statehouse", Asbury Park Press, August 21, 2007. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Sen. Joseph A. Palaia has avoided controversy during his two decades in the Legislature. He lives in a one-story home in Ocean Township assessed at $225,200, according to tax records."
- "3-star Ocean Township QB Kenny Pickett talks re-opening his recruitment", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 23, 2016, updated August 23, 2019. Accessed September 24, 2020. "Last Monday, Ocean Township (Oakhurst, N.J.) junior quarterback Kenny Pickett decommitted from the Temple Owls, re-opening his recruitment, as he garnered new opportunities following a string of dominant camp performances this spring."
- Staff. "Scholar-in-Residence welcomes first female rabbi, Sally Priesand", Parsippany Life, April 13, 2012. Accessed October 29, 2013. "On Friday, March 16, Temple Beth Am in Parsippany welcomed Rabbi Sally Priesand, America's first female rabbi, for the temple's annual Scholar-in-Residence Shabbat Services and Program.... Rabbi Priesand, a native of Cleveland, Ohio, lives in Ocean Township."
- Shiba Russell Archived October 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, WNBC-TV. Accessed December 6, 2012. "Russell was raised in Ocean Township, New Jersey."
- Morris, Tim. "Sarafian is national champion after Adidas meet", The Hub, June 25, 2004. Accessed January 1, 2017. "'Just hearing it is so cool,' said Ocean Township's Adam Sarafian, who can claim that title after winning the pole vault at last weekend's Adidas Outdoor Track and Field Championships at North Carolina State University in Raleigh."
- "Brucebase.org.uk: 00/03/69 - Challenger Eastern Surfboards" Archived March 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, WANAMASSA, New Jersey"
- Kirkpatrick, Rob (2007). The Words and Music of Bruce Springsteen, Greenwood Publishing Group, pp. 8 ISBN 0-275-98938-0 "The band's manager, Tinker West (who also owned the surfboard factory over which Springsteen lived) was from California..."
- Gambaccini, Peter. "Bruce Springsteen, p. 71. Perigee Books, 1985. ISBN 9780399511509. Accessed July 24, 2014. "Carl 'Tinker' West, owner of a surfboard factory in Ocean Township, let Bruce live upstairs over the factory in 1970, and in that same year drove Springsteen to California for a gig that paid $2,200."
- Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, State of New Jersey, Volume 194, Part 2; Volume 195, Parts 1-2, p. 363. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1971. "Richard R. Stout (Rep., West Allenhurst)"
- "'High School' success story", Asbury Park Press, March 7, 2006. "Even Ashley Tisdale is having a hard time believing her luck. Not only is the former Ocean Township resident starring in the hottest cable movie on the tube these days ... High School Musical ... and gracing the pages of Bop and Tiger Beat magazines, she's also sitting at No. 1 (along with her "High School Musical' cast mates) on the Billboard top 200 music chart."
- Music, Asbury Park Press, July 7, 1946. Accessed February 14, 2018. "While not a native son, Tommy Tucker, popular orchestra leader, has been intimately connected with the Shore for a number of years. He has made his home in West Allenhurst since 1941 when he came here to fill an engagement with his band at the Berkeley-Carteret hotel during the summer of that year."
- Voger, Mark. "'The Dark Knight Rises' executive producer remembers", The Star-Ledger, May 29, 2012. Accessed August 20, 2012. "Uslan, a Jersey City native who grew up in Ocean Township, achieved that goal as executive producer of eight Batman movies beginning with the 1989 film "Batman," directed by Tim Burton, and including the forthcoming "The Dark Knight Rises," directed by Christopher Nolan.... 'By the time I graduated Ocean Township High School (in 1969), I had a collection of 30,000 comic books dating back to 1936, which took up my folks' entire garage.'"
- Staff. Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1988, p. 245. Accessed September 3, 2016.
- Harvin, Al. "An Offseason Game; New Jersey Sports", The New York Times, January 12, 1973. Accessed November 16, 2008. "Some of the other Jersey residents on the team, according to Davis, are Bob Tucker, the New York Giants' tight end from Lincroft; Phil Villapiano, Oakland Raider linebacker from Ocean Township, and Ron Johnson, Giant running back, now a resident of Fort Lee."
- Lovegrove, Nick. The Mosaic Principle: The Six Dimensions of a Remarkable Life and Career, p. 53. PublicAffairs, 2016. ISBN 9781610395571. Accessed May 16, 2017. "At the time, Wigdortz was just the junior analyst on the McKinsey team, an American from Ocean Township, New Jersey, who had recently transferred to the London office after a series of early professional experiences in the United States and Far East, and who had been almost randomly assigned to this engagement."
- Fishman, Steve. "How New York's Shock Jockette Got Supersized", New York (magazine), October 16, 2005. Accessed December 3, 2007. "As a youngster, Wendy did not seem destined for success on the radio, or anywhere else. She grew up in Wayside, New Jersey, an upper-middle-class part of Ocean Township, one of four black students in her class, and one of the heaviest of any race."
- The Wendy Williams Experience, VH1. Accessed May 14, 2007. "Wendy grew up in Ocean Township, New Jersey where she earned a Bachelor's degree in Communications (with a minor in journalism) from Northeastern University in Boston."
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