|Ocean Island Railway|
The first Orenstein & Koppel locomotive, 1906
|Line length||3 kilometres (1.864 mi)|
|Track gauge||2 ft (610 mm), 3 ft (914 mm) and 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The Ocean Island Railway (later Banaba Island Railway) was a 3 kilometres (2 mi) long guano mining railway with a gauge of initially 2 ft (610 mm), and after 1937 of 3 ft (914 mm) and finally 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) on Ocean Island (later renamed Banaba Island).
The track ran from the northern guano mining areas along the coast through the European Settlement (English:Tabwewa, French: Tapiwa) and the Native Labour Quarters (Tabiang, Tapiang) to the depot and Boat Harbour (Uma, Ooma).
Initially steam locomotives of Orenstein & Koppel (O&K) and a saddle tank locomotive of Bagnall were used. One O&K locomotive was named Florence, one had the number 7 (O&K works number 12678 of 1935) and another one the number 11 (O&K works number 9880 of 1922).
Later diesel locomotives were used. Passenger transport was done with a canopee car for the Europeans and an open wagon for the native labourers.
|Bagnall||0-4-0T||610 mm||Saddle tank locomotive|
|O&K||0-4-0T||11174||1926||610mm||Location unknown, possibly on another island|
|O&K||0-4-0T||11291||1926||610mm||Location unknown, possibly on another island|
|O&K||0-4-0T||3300||1909||600mm||40 PS, delivered to Marrison, James & Co., Australia for Nauru, from 1920 as No 12 on Ocean Island (Replacement boiler 13108 of 1955)|
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