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Northwest China (Chinese: 西北; pinyin: Xīběi; lit. 'West-north') is a statistical region of China which includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai.
|GB||ISO No.||Province||Chinese Name||Capital||Population||Density||Area||Abbreviation/Symbol|
|NX||64||Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region||宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
|XJ||65||Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region||新疆维吾尔���治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
Cities with urban area over one million in population
|#||City||Urban area||District area||City proper||Prov.||Census date|
Outer Northwest China
Outer Northwest China (Chinese: 外西北; pinyin: Wài Xīběi) refers to small portions of territories of the Qing dynasty that were later annexed by the Russian Empire through the Convention of Peking, Treaty of Tarbagatai, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) and other unequal treaties referred by Chinese interpretation. During Qing rule, the territories formed parts of far-Western Xinjiang, Northwestern Outer Mongolia and the entirety of Tannu Uriankhai. Prior to Qing rule, Outer Northwest China was part of the Dzungar Khanate but the region was annexed into the Qing Empire in the aftermath of the Dzungar–Qing Wars.