|North Friesland Railway|
The North Friesland Railway was a railway serving the sparsely populated north of the Dutch province of Friesland. It was operated by the North Friesland Local Railway Company (Dutch: Noord-Friesche Locaalspoorweg-Maatschappij (NFLS)). It was what would be known in the UK as a light railway. The line was built to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge and was about 91 kilometres (57 mi) in length.
The NFLS had a network of lines in north Friesland. The lines opened in eight stages:
|Leeuwarden – Ferwerd||22 April 1901|
|Ferwerd – Metslawier||2 October 1901|
|Stiens – Tzummarum||2 December 1902|
|Tzummarum – Franeker Halte||1 October 1903|
|Tzummarum – Midlum-Herbaijum||1 October 1903|
|Midlum-Herbaijum – Harlingen||2 May 1904|
|St. Jacobiparochie – Berlikum (freight only)||before 1910|
|Metslawier – Anjum||24 August 1913|
Wetsens station closed in May 1902, less than eight months after opening. On 1 December 1905, the NFLS was taken over by the Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij (HSM), which itself was nationalised on 1 December 1938, becoming part of Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS).
The NFLS had the following passenger stock, all built by Nederlandsche Fabriek van Werktuigen & Spoorwegmaterieel, Amsterdam:
|Qty||Type||Class||NFLS Nº||HSM Nº||NS Nº|
|10||four-wheel carriage||2nd class||B1–10||B1060–69||B1071–80|
|25||four-wheel carriage||3rd class||C1–25||C1072–96||C1146–70|
|2||four-wheel brake carriage||2nd class||BDL1–2||BDP1070–71||1001–02|
|3||four-wheel brake carriage||post and baggage||LD1–3||DP3003–05||PD1026–28|
The NFLS had the following freight stock:
|Qty||Type||NFLS Nº||HSM Nº||NS Nº|
|9||van with brakesman's cab||CHG1–9||11950–58||CHC3236–44|
|2||van with steam heating||CHFF51–52||11959–60||CHC3561–62|
|4||open wagon with brakesman's cab||CL201–04||29960–73||GL43661–64|
|2||van with brakesman's shelter||FO601–02||5490–91||FB70774–75|
|WW1–3||4197–99 to 1911
4142–44 after 1911
The stock was all built by Nederlandsche Fabriek van Werktuigen & Spoorwegmaterieel, Amsterdam except for the two 6,500 litre water tanks, which were built by Nivelles in 1896, and thus acquired second hand.
The lines were closed in stages, with some short term reopenings taking place during the Second World War:
|Tzummarum – Franeker Halte||8 October 1933||closed, track lifted|
|Tzummarum – Harlingen||15 May 1935||closed to passengers|
|Dokkum-Aalsum – Anjum||15 May 1935||closed to passengers|
|Stiens – Tzummarum||15 May 1936||closed to passengers|
|Leeuwarden – Dokkum-Aalsum||1 July 1936||closed to passengers|
|Midlum-Herbaijum – Harlingen||11 January 1938||closed, track lifted|
|Leeuwarden – Dokkum-Aalsum||28 May 1940||reopened to passengers|
|Stiens – Tzummarum||28 May 1940||reopened to passengers|
|Leeuwarden – Dokkum-Aalsum||1 December 1940||closed to passenger|
|Dokkum-Aalsum – Anjum||27 July 1942||closed|
|Stiens – Tzummarum||30 October 1942||closed to passengers|
|Tzummarum – Midlum-Herbaijum||7 December 1961||closed, track lifted|
|Minnertsga – Tzummarum||4 May 1966||closed, track lifted|
|Mooie Paal – Berlikum||27 September 1971||closed, track lifted|
|Stiens – Minnertsga||1973||closed|
|Holwerd – Dokkum Aalsum||1975||closed|
|Stiens – Holwerd||1978||closed|
|Stiens – Dokkum-Aalsum||1980||track lifted|
|Stiens – Minnertsga||1980||track lifted|
|Leeuwarden – Stiens||1997||closed|
|Leeuwarden station||2006||track lifted|
Leeuwarden - Anjum line
All distances are from Leeuwarden station.
- Leeuwarden 0 km (0 mi)
- Leeuwarden Rijksweg 3 km (1.9 mi)
Leeuwarden Rijksweg (or Halte) station was demolished in 1970
- Jelsum 5 km (3.1 mi)
Jelsum station was demolished in 1944.
- Cornjum 7 km (4.3 mi)
- Britsum 8 km (5.0 mi)
- Stiens 9 km (5.6 mi)
- Finkum 11 km (6.8 mi)
Finkum station was demolished by 1970
- Hijum 13 km (8.1 mi)
- Hallum 15 km (9.3 mi)
Hallum station was demolished in 1970
- Marrum-Westenijkerk 18 km (11 mi)
- Ferwerd 20 km (12 mi)
Ferwerd station was demolished in 1974
- Blija 22 km (14 mi)
- Holwerd 26 km (16 mi)
- Ternaard 30 km (19 mi)
- Hantum 32 km (20 mi)
Hantum station was demolished by 1960.
- Dokkum-Aalsum 37 km (23 mi)
Dokkum-Aalsum station was demolished in 1974.
- Wetsens 40 km (25 mi)
Wetsens station closed in May 1902.
- Metslawier 42 km (26 mi)
- Morra-Lioessens 45 km (28 mi)
- Anjum 47 km (29 mi)
Stiens - Harlingen line
- Vrouwbuurtstermolen 13 km
- Vrouwenparochie 14 km (Vrouwenparochie station was demolished in 2002).
- Langhuisterweg 16 km
- St. Annaparochie 17 km
- Koudeweg 19 km
- St. Jacobiparochie 21 km (St. Jabobiparochie station was demolished by 1960).
- Minnertsga 24 km
- Firdgum 26 km
- Tzummarum 27 km
- Oosterbierum 30 km
Oosterbierum station was demolished by 1980.
- Sexbierum-Pieterbierum 32 km
- Wijnaldum 35 km
- Midlum-Herbaijum 36 km
- Koetille 38 km
- Harlingen 39 km.
St. Jacobiparochie - Berlikum line
Tzummarum - Franeker line
- Dongjum 31 km
- Franeker Halte 34 km
- Spoorlijn Leeuwarden - Anjum (Dokkumer Lokaaltje) (in Dutch)
- Noord-Friesche Locaalspoorweg-Maatschappij (in Dutch)
- Spoorlijn Stiens - Harlingen (in Dutch)
- Spoorlijn Tzummarum - Franeker (in Dutch)
Information contained in the above articles has been used in compiling this article.
- Spoar fan Ljouwert nei Eanjum (in West Frisian)
- Stationsweb.nl Railway stations in Friesland (in Dutch)
- stichting Noord-Friesche Lokaal Spoorwegmaatschappij (in Dutch)