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|North Dakota Fighting Hawks|
|Athletic director||Bill Chaves|
|Head coach||Kyle Schweigert|
5th season, 26–24 (.520)
|Field surface||AstroTurf Magic Carpet II|
|Location||Grand Forks, North Dakota|
(MVFC in 2020)
|All-time record||627–390–30 (.613)|
|Bowl record||3–0 (1.000)|
|Claimed nat'l titles||1|
|Colors||Kelly Green and White|
|Fight song||Fight On Sioux|
It's For You, North Dakota U
Stand Up and Cheer
|Marching band||Pride of the North|
The North Dakota Fighting Hawks represent the University of North Dakota, competing as an independent program in the NCAA Division I's Football Championship Subdivision. From 1973 to 2008, they played in the NCAA's NCAA Division II, winning the National Championship in 2001. From 1955 to 1972, they competed in the NCAA's College Division where they participated in and won three bowl games.
North Dakota fielded its first football team in 1894. In 1922, they were one of the 9 charter members of the North Central Conference, where they competed until 2008 when they upgraded all of their athletic programs to the Division I level and joined the Great West Conference. They joined the Big Sky Conference in 2012. UND has won 26 conference championships, including 14 outright titles. They have qualified for NCAA postseason play 17 times, most recently in 2016. North Dakota was ineligible for post season play during its transition to Division I from 2008 to 2011.
North Dakota left the Big Sky Conference for all sports in 2018, joining the Summit League. Their football program will join the Missouri Valley Football Conference in 2020. Although being classified as an independent for football in 2018 and 2019, they will continue to play a full Big Sky schedule and their games will count in the conference standings for their opponents but the Fighting Hawks will be ineligible to win the conference championship.
- 1 History
- 2 Conference affiliations
- 3 Championships
- 4 Bowl games
- 5 Head coaches
- 6 FCS Playoffs results
- 7 Rivalries
- 8 Stadiums
- 9 Notable players
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Charles A. "Jack" West era
The University of North Dakota football program experienced moderate success from its inception in 1894. In the first 33 years of the program, the Flickertails won 109 games against just 87 losses, and had three undefeated seasons in 1896, 1899, and 1903. But it was in 1928 when Charles A. "Jack" West arrived on campus in Grand Forks that would transform North Dakota into one of the most successful college football programs in the nation. West came to UND from South Dakota State, where he spent 9 successful seasons that included 3 NCC championships. West immediately turned around what was at the time a mediocre football program at UND, winning NCC titles in his first four seasons at the helm. Over the course of 15 seasons, West amassed a record of 89–35–6, won a total of 8 NCC Championships, and retired as the winningest coach in North Dakota history, a distinction he would hold for 57 years. North Dakota experienced just three losing seasons during West's 15 years as head coach, and won 9 games in a season on three occasions. West did not coach the team in 1942, and the University did not field a team during the war years of 1943 and 1944. His final season was 1945. It was during this era in 1930, that the University adopted the nickname Fighting Sioux for all of its sports teams. West also served as Athletic Director for North Dakota and was inducted into the UND Hall of Fame in 1975.
Marv "Whitey" Helling era
Following Jack West's 15-year tenure as leader of the Fighting Sioux football, the program compiled a record of just 44–44 over the next eleven seasons and did not win an NCC title in that time frame. Marv "Whitey" Helling would change the fortunes of North Dakota and usher in a new era of success for the University. Arriving in 1957, Helling's squad captured the NCC Championship in his second season in 1958, the program's first in 16 seasons. Helling's teams continued to improve as he built his program, reaching its peak from 1964–1966. Those three seasons produced a record of 25–4, two NCC Championships, and two Bowl appearances. The 1964 team won Helling's second NCC title behind and 8–1 record. In 1965, the team went 9–1 and played in the Mineral Water Bowl where they soundly defeated Northern Illinois. The only blemish that season came at the hands of their arch rival, the North Dakota State Bison. A 6–3 loss at Dacotah Field in Fargo dashed the National Championship hopes for the Fighting Sioux. North Dakota State went on to win the National Championship that year. Helling's 1966 team gave him his third NCC championship. They were invited to play in the Pecan Bowl, one of four Bowl games used at the time by the NCAA to determine the College Division National Champion. They defeated Parsons in the game which was on national television as the NCAA's "Game of the Week" and finished the season with an 8–2 record and a #5 ranking in the final AP Poll. Four players from the 1966 team would sign contracts with NFL teams. Helling would coach one more season at North Dakota in 1967. In 11 seasons as head coach, he compiled a record of 60–35–3. Helling was inducted into the UND Hall of Fame in 1988.
Jerry Olson era
Jerry Olson took over the reins of Fighting Sioux football in 1968. After suffering through 3 subpar seasons from 1967 through 1969 that saw the program produce just 11 wins against 21 losses, Olson got the team back on track to its winning ways in 1970, the first of six consecutive winning seasons. The 1971 season produced the first of 4 NCC Championships for Olson. The 1972 season under Olson may very well be considered the high water mark for North Dakota Football. The average margin of victory for the Sioux that season was over 27 points. The eventual NCC Champs defeated traditionally strong opponents such as Montana, Montana St., South Dakota, South Dakota St., and Northern Iowa in dominating fashion as well as adding a victory over UNLV in Las Vegas. The lone defeat that season came at home, a 5-point loss to hated rival, the North Dakota State Bison. This loss would prove very costly to the Sioux. After the regular season, UND was invited to play in the Camellia Bowl, one of 4 regional Bowl games that the NCAA used to determine the College Division National Champion. Entering the game carrying the #3 ranking, the Fighting Sioux would meet undefeated and #1 ranked Cal Poly. North Dakota would win the game by a rather convincing 17 points, upsetting the favored Mustangs and bolstering their hopes of being awarded the programs first National Title. However, the loss to NDSU proved too much to overcome as the pollsters crowned undefeated Delaware as College Division National Champions for the second straight year. For the second time in 7 seasons, a regular season loss to rival NDSU cost the Fighting Sioux a National Title. They finished the 1972 campaign ranked #2 in the AP Poll. Olson would coach 5 more seasons at North Dakota, adding two more conference titles in 1974 and 1975. With a record of 9–0, the 1975 team was the first UND squad to qualify for the newly created Division II Playoff tournament that replaced the Bowl and polling process of the College Division. North Dakota entered postseason play as the #1 ranked team in the nation. They played host to unranked Livingston in the quarterfinals of the playoff where the heavily favored Fighting Sioux were stunned and handed their only loss of the season. Jerry Olson compiled a record of 54–39–4 in 10 seasons at North Dakota and was inducted into the UND Hall of Fame in 1981.
The decade that followed the Jerry Olson era was one of mixed results. Olson's assistant Gene Murphy took over and coached the team in 1978 and 1979. Murphy's 1979 team qualified for the Division II playoffs, but fell in the quarterfinals to Mississippi College finishing the season with a 10–2 record. In 1980, Pat Behrns took over as head coach. Although he amassed a record of 36–27 in six seasons leading the program, North Dakota never qualified for the playoffs nor did they win a conference title under Behrns' direction. Following a dreadful 3–8 season in 1985 that culminated in a 49–0 loss to arch rival NDSU Bison, Behrns resigned as head coach of North Dakota. Roger Thomas was hired to replace him prior to the 1986 season. To add insult to what was already a forgettable decade in the annals of UND football history that yielded no conference titles and no playoff berths, 1980 marked the last time that the Sioux would defeat the rival NDSU Bison until 1993, twelve consecutive meetings.
Roger Thomas era
Roger Thomas took control of the North Dakota football program prior to the 1986 season. He was previously an assistant in the CFL and at the University of Minnesota, as well as serving as offensive coordinator on Gene Murphy's staff at North Dakota in 1978 and 1979. Thomas took on the challenge of restoring UND's football program to national prominence. Thomas' approach was slow and methodical. In his first six seasons UND went 38–33–1, finally breaking the playoff drought in 1992 and beginning a string of 4 consecutive playoff appearances. Thomas' teams seem to steadily improve each year. 1993 proved to be North Dakota's breakout season under Thomas, returning the program to national relevance. UND Defensive Coordinator Dale Lennon had installed a very aggressive 3–4 base defense explicitly designed to thwart the veer offense that was employed by arch rival and national power, the North Dakota State Bison. When the two foes met in 1993, the Fighting Sioux defeated the Bison for the first time since 1980, in a 22–21 thriller, that would prove to turn the balance of power in the North Central Conference for the rest of its existence. The program won the first of three consecutive NCC titles in 1993. North Dakota qualified for the playoffs and advanced all the way to the semi-finals before falling to Indiana (PA) and finishing the season 10–3. 1994 produced another conference championship and another playoff berth for Thomas' squad. As icing on the cake, UND was pitted against NDSU in the 2nd round of the playoffs and were victorious over the Bison for the second time in the same season. North Dakota again advanced to the semi-finals before falling to North Alabama and finishing the season with a record of 10–3. The 1995 season resulted in Thomas' third straight conference championship and fourth straight playoff berth. For the second straight season, UND and NDSU would square off against each other in the playoffs. This time it was NDSU that avenged their loss just two weeks prior to North Dakota. The Bison blasted the Sioux 41–10, ending their season. UND finished 1995 with a 9–2 record. Thomas would coach the Fighting Sioux for three more years, qualifying for the playoffs once more in 1998. He stepped down after that season to accept the role of Athletic Director for the University. Roger Thomas retired after 13 seasons as North Dakota's all-time winningest coach with a record of 90–49–2.
Dale Lennon era
After Roger Thomas stepped away from the football field and accepted the position of Athletics Director at North Dakota, he did not have to look far to find his replacement on the sidelines. Long time Thomas assistant and UND Alum, Dale Lennon was hired as head coach in 1999. Although Lennon had been head coach at the University of Mary the prior two season, the coaching transition was virtually seamless since Lennon had spent 9 seasons as an assistant under Roger Thomas helping to build North Dakota into the national power that they had become. The Fighting Sioux hit the ground running under Lennon in 1999. They captured the NCC title and secured a berth to the playoffs for the second straight season. #9 ranked North Dakota travelled to Northwest Missouri St. where they fell in overtime, ending Lennon's first season with a 9–2 record. In 2000, North Dakota went 8–3 in the regular season but were left out of the playoffs. The 2001 season proved to be a magical one for UND. The football program moved into a new state of the art $80 Million indoor stadium, the Alerus Center. They breezed through the regular season with just one overtime loss to Nebraska-Omaha on the back of a relentless, swarming defense that gave up just 12 points per game in that season. After capturing the NCC Championship, #4 ranked North Dakota reeled of three straight playoff wins in the friendly confines of their new home in front of raucous and deafening crowds. They earned a trip to the National Championship game in Florence, Alabama where they would face #2 ranked Grand Valley State who were led by future Notre Dame head coach Brian Kelly. The game had mostly been a defensive battle throughout. Grand Valley had scored with 2:46 to play in the 4th quarter to take 14–10 lead. UND started its next possession, which would simply be known as "The Drive" to North Dakota fans, on their own 20 yard line. After 8 plays, the Sioux found themselves at their own 41 yard line facing a 4th-and-4. On the ensuing play, QB Kelby Klosterman hit WR Luke Schleusner on a short underneath route. Schleusner broke a tackle and broke the play for a 58-yard gain all the way down to the 1 yard line. UND punched it into the endzone on the next play to take the lead with 29 seconds left in the game, securing North Dakota with the National Championship. The team had high hopes heading into 2002 season, but injuries derailed and chances of a repeat title, and instead resulted in a 5–6 record which is the only losing season during Lennon's tenure as head coach. The 2003 version of the Fighting Sioux returned to their dominating form. They had just one loss in the regular season and entered the playoffs as the 7th ranked team in the country. They again hosted and won three straight postseason games in the Alerus Center en route to another berth in the National Championship game in Florence, Alabama. They would face the same opponent, #4 ranked Grand Valley State. The game had a familiar feel to it. It was low scoring and North Dakota trailed late in the game. QB John Bowenkamp had driven the Sioux 58 yards deep in to GVSU territory on a quest for a potential game tying TD, but was intercepted in the red zone giving the Lakers the victory. UND finished the season with a 12–2 mark. The 2003 season marked the first year in a string of five consecutive playoff seasons for North Dakota. North Dakota met Grand Valley in the playoffs every season from 2003–2007, winning just once in 2004 when they advanced to the semifinals. GVSU won 3 national championships during those years. In 2006, Lennon's Division II squad would upset #3 ranked Northern Iowa who were a Division I-AA power in a dramatic come from behind win. In 2007, UND routed Division I-AA Southern Utah. Lennon stepped down at North Dakota after the 2007 season to become head coach at DI-AA power Southern Illinois. North Dakota won 4 NCC titles, made 7 playoff appearances, and won a National Championship with Lennon at the helm. He left with a record 91–23, surpassing his mentor Roger Thomas, as the all-time winningest coach in school history.
Division I Transition/Great West Conference Era
North Dakota elevated all of its athletic programs to the Division I level in 2008. They would join the Great West Conference, which also included South Dakota, Southern Utah, UC Davis, and Cal Poly. Chris Mussman was named the 25th head coach at UND in January 2008. Mussman had been an assistant under Dale Lennon for 9 years, the previous 7 as Offensive Coordinator, and had been a part of the 2001 National Championship staff. Due to the rules of the Division reclassification, North Dakota would not be eligible for post season play until the 2012 season. The Fighting Sioux did not find immediate success at their new level of play. Their first three years produced mixed results at best. The program did achieve winning seasons in both 2008 and 2009, but much of the schedule consisted of Division II, Division III, and NAIA teams, that UND was expected to defeat easily, however they often struggled. In 2009, defending NAIA National Champion University of Sioux Falls came to Grand Forks and stunned the Alerus Center crowd by soundly defeating North Dakota. This loss is considered by many to be the worst in the history of the program. In 2010 Mussman's squad limped through the season to finish with a record of 3–8, the first losing season for the UND program in 21 years. The 2011 season saw a reversal of fortune for Mussman's Fighting Sioux. UND went 8–3 for the season en route to capturing its first Division I Conference championship and finished with a #23 ranking in the national poll. 2011 would be the program's final year of play in the Great West Conference, as the Big Sky Conference would absorb all of the Great West football teams, with the exclusion of South Dakota who moved to the Missouri Valley Football Conference at the start of the 2012 season.
Big Sky Conference Era
The University's athletic teams moved to the Big Sky Conference for the 2012 season. North Dakota went 8–14 in its first two Big Sky seasons, and were generally not competitive against league powers Eastern Washington, Montana, and Montana State. Chris Mussman's contract was terminated after the 2013 season. During his tenure as head coach he compiled a record 31–34, the first time in over 60 years that a coach left UND without a winning record.
Kyle "Bubba" Schweigert was named as head coach on Christmas Eve in 2013. Schweigert was an assistant at UND for 15 seasons first under Roger Thomas, then for Dale Lennon. He was the Defensive Coordinator for the 2001 National Championship team and the 2003 Runner-Up team. Prior to taking the head job at North Dakota, he was the Defensive Coordinator for Dale Lennon's Southern Illinois team. Schweigert's UND squad finished his first season in 2014 with a 5–7 record. In the 2015 campaign saw improvement under Schweigert beginning with the program's first ever win over an FBS program when they stunned Wyoming in Laramie, WY to open the season. The team improved to 7–4 overall and 5–3 against Big Sky Conference opponents, narrowly missing out on a bid to the NCAA FCS playoffs. The following season, in 2016, Schweigert's program continued to improve. The Fighting Hawks won their first Big Sky Championship, finishing undefeated (8–0) in Big Sky play en route to securing the program's first berth into the Division I FCS Playoffs. They bowed out of the playoff field via a narrow 27–24 loss to Richmond, ending the season with an overall record of 9–3 The final polls placed North Dakota at No. 12 in the nation, its highest ranking of the Division I era. The Fighting Hawks entered the 2017 season ranked No. 10 and were pre-season favorites to repeat as Big Sky Champions. However, an injury plagued season that saw as many as 14 starters out of the lineup at one point forced the team to limp to a disappointing 3–8 finish.
The 2017 season marked North Dakota's final season of competition in the Big Sky Conference. On January 26, 2017 it was announced that UND would move its football program to the Missouri Valley Football Conference, starting with the 2020 season. The Fighting Hawks will officially be an FCS Independent team during the 2018 and 2019 seasons. During those years, they will still participate in a scheduling alliance with the Big Sky Conference and will play 8 Big Sky teams each season. However, they will not be eligible to win the Big Sky Conference's autobid to the FCS Playoffs.
- 1894–1921: Independent
- 1922–2007: North Central Conference (1955–72 NCAA College (small) Division; 1973–2007 NCAA Division II)
- 2008–2011: Great West Conference (Division I NCAA Football Championship Subdivision)
- 2012–2017: Big Sky Conference (Division I NCAA Football Championship Subdivision)
- 2018-2019: Independent (Division I NCAA Football Championship Subdivision)
- 2020–future: Missouri Valley Football Conference (Division I NCAA Football Championship Subdivision)
During their time in Division II, North Dakota won one national championship, doing so in 2001. They also finished as runner-up in 2003.
|2001||Dale Lennon||NCAA DII Playoffs||14–1||17–14||Grand Valley State|
|1928||North Central Conference||Charles A. West||6–1–1||4–0|
|1958||Marvin C. Helling||5–3||5–1|
|2011||Great West Conference||Chris Mussman||8–3||3–1|
|2016†||Big Sky Conference||Kyle Schweigert||9–3||8–0|
North Dakota participated in four bowl games, all during their tenure in Division II. The Fighting Hawks went 4–0 in these games. 
|1930||Los Angeles Bowl||Charles A. West||L.A. Fireman||W 14–9|
|1965||Mineral Water Bowl||Marvin C. Helling||Northern Illinois||W 37–20|
|1966||Pecan Bowl||Marvin C. Helling||Parsons College||W 42–24|
|1972||Camellia Bowl||Jerry Olson||Cal Poly||W 38–21|
|1||Adolph F. Bechdolt||1894|
|2||Charles S. Farnsworth||1895–1896|
|3||Melvin A. Brannan||1897–1898|
|4||Harry C. Loomis||1899|
|5||Victor L. Littig||1900|
|7||Harry C. Loomis||1902|
|8||Rex B. Kennedy||1903|
|10||David L. Dunlap||1908–1911|
|12||Fred V. Archer||1913|
|13||Thomas Andrew Gill||1914–1917|
|14||Paul J. Davis||1919–1925|
|16||Charles A. West||1928–1945|
|19||Frank A. Zazula||1950–1956|
|20||Marvin C. Helling||1957–1967|
FCS Playoffs results
The Fighting Hawks have appeared in the FCS Playoffs one time.
|2016||Second Round||Richmond||L 24-27|
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North Dakota State
North Dakota's primary rival was the North Dakota State University Bison. The two schools are separated by just 70 miles of interstate along the Eastern border of the state and have spent well over a century competing against one another for players, students, fans, resources and recognition. They first met in 1894 and have played 110 times. UND enjoys a healthy 62–45–3 lead in the all-time series. The winner of the game was awarded the Nickel Trophy, a 75-pound likeness of a 1937 U.S. nickel. What used to be an annual meeting, the game has not been played since 2003, when NDSU left the North Central Conference and elevated their programs to the Division I level. NDSU desired at the time to continue the series, however North Dakota declined because of potential negative Division II playoff implications, and also because NDSU would be playing with 27 more scholarships. North Dakota eventually moved to Division I also, and since then the two schools have been negotiating terms to resume the series. The two schools announced that they would renew the rivalry in the 2015 season. Initially it was not an annual series however, as the schools play in different conferences at the time. Because UND changed their nickname from the Fighting Sioux to the Fighting Hawks, the Nickel Trophy has been retired and was not up for grabs in the 2015 game. The annual rivalry will resume in 2019 in part of the contract that includes the 2015 game and the conference change to the Missouri Valley Football Conference. The Nickel Trophy was developed and owned by the Blue Key National Honor Fraternities at NDSU and UND. The UND chapter folded in the 1990s so a use agreement was reached with UND Athletics. In that UND is no longer the Fighting Sioux, the trophy has been retired and will go to the ND Heritage Center in Bismarck, on loan from Blue Key. The rivalry has been featured in documentaries by ESPN and Prairie Public TV.
North Dakota has enjoyed a spirited rivalry with the University of South Dakota. They are the two oldest Universities in the Dakotas. Their first meeting was in 1903 and they have squared off 93 times. UND leads the series 61–30–5. A travelling trophy known as the Sitting Bull Trophy was awarded to the winner of the game from 1953 to 1999 when it was retired due to concerns over political correctness. It is currently in the possession of North Dakota. The rivalry intensified during the 2000s. By 2003, North Dakota St., South Dakota St., Northern Colorado had left the North Central Conference, leaving void for rivals on the schedules of North Dakota and South Dakota. To add fuel to the fire, South Dakota which had been largely irrelevant in football since the 1980s, was rising to prominence and challenging North Dakota for NCC titles by this time. The two moved together to Division I in 2008. In a memorable game to close the 2011 season, UND came back from trailing by 20 points in the 4th quarter to win what was a de facto Great West Championship game. In 2012 the two Universities parted ways when North Dakota joined the Big Sky Conference, while South Dakota moved to the Missouri Valley Football Conference. This move interrupted a stretch of 65 consecutive seasons in which the two programs had met on the gridiron. They resumed play in 2016 as non-conference opponents with a memorable game where North Dakota defeated South Dakota in double overtime 47–44 scoring 20 unanswered points in regulation to force the overtime. The Coyotes exacted revenge the following season with a decisive 45-7 victory over the Fighting Hawks. Their Rivalry will be renewed on an annual basis starting in 2020 when North Dakota joins the Missouri Valley Football Conference.
Because the Big Sky Conference has 13 football teams, the conference employs an unbalanced schedule that results in only playing certain opponents in different seasons. To lower travel costs and promote rivalries, each team is assigned two protected rivals that they are guaranteed to play each year. North Dakota's permanent rivals are Montana State University and the University of Northern Colorado. UND is 16–19–1 all time against Montana State. Northern Colorado, also a long time Division II foe in the NCC, trails the all-time series against North Dakota 18–12.
The Dakota Four
Upon entry to the Missouri Valley Football Conference in 2020, North Dakota will have "protected" rivalries with the other three Dakota Universities. With 11 members, the MVFC will employ an unbalanced conference schedule that will result in all teams not playing each other on an annual basis. To promote rivalries, and to reduce travel costs North Dakota, North Dakota State, South Dakota, and South Dakota State will be guaranteed to play each other every season.
- Burtland Cummings
- Chris Kuper
- Jim Kleinsasser
- Weston Dressler
- Scott Schultz
- Jay Gustafson
- Donovan Alexander
- Chad Mustard
- Jim LeClair
- Stan Mikawos
- Dave Osborn
- Errol Mann
- Todd Thomas
- Skeet Skeet Johnston
- Will Ratelle
- "Alerus Center". University of North Dakota. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Color Identity: University of North Dakota". October 11, 2015. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
- "Football vs North Dakota on 9/17/2016". September 17, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
- "UND scores 20 unanswered in regulation, wins in OT". September 17, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2016.