Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group. That is, they do not take a political party's whip, nor affiliate to the crossbench group, nor the Lords Spiritual (bishops). Formerly, the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were also a separate affiliation, but their successors (the Justices of the Supreme Court) are now disqualified from the Lords while in office and are described as "Ineligible" rather than "Non-affiliated".
Most non-party Lords Temporal are crossbenchers. Members with senior official roles are counted as non-affiliated while they hold them, to preserve their neutrality; they may (re-)affiliate to a group at the end of their term of office. Some members become non-affiliated after resigning or being expelled from a party, either through a political disagreement or after a scandal such as the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal. Others have had no party allegiance and choose this designation rather than joining the crossbench.
List of Non-affiliated Peers
|Member||Previous affiliation||Reason for change|
|Lord Ahmed||Labour||Resigned following allegation of antisemitism|
|Lord Archer of Weston-Super-Mare||Conservative||Expelled following imprisonment for perjury|
|Lord Bhatia||Crossbench||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Boswell of Aynho||Conservative||Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees (2012–present)|
|Lord Carter of Barnes||Labour|
|Baroness Cavendish of Little Venice||Conservative|
|Lord Davies of Abersoch||Labour|
|Lord Elis-Thomas||Plaid Cymru|
|Lord Hanningfield||Conservative||Briefly suspended from the House following criminal conviction for false accounting.|
|Lord Inglewood||Conservative||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers.|
|Lord Kalms||Conservative||Expelled after supporting UKIP in 2009 European elections|
|Lord Macdonald of River Glaven||Liberal Democrat|
|Lord McFall of Alcluith||Labour||Senior Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords (2016–present)|
|Lord Mackenzie of Framwellgate||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with lobbying scandal|
|Duke of Norfolk||Crossbench||Earl Marshal|
|Lord Oakeshott of Seagrove Bay||Liberal Democrat||Following leave of absence in connection with a dispute regarding Nick Clegg's role as party leader|
|Lord Patel of Bradford||Labour|
|Lord Paul||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Prior of Brampton||Conservative|
|Lord Smith of Finsbury||Labour|
|Baroness Stowell of Beeston||Conservative|
|Lord Taylor of Warwick||Conservative||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal and imprisonment for false accounting|
|Baroness Tonge||Liberal Democrat||Resigned the whip in 2012 after Israeli Apartheid Week comments|
|Lord Tyrie||Conservative||Entered the House without affiliation due to his role as Chairman of the Competition and Markets Authority|
|Baroness Uddin||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Willoughby de Broke||UKIP||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers.
Also previously switched affiliation to UK Independence Party.
List of Independent Peers
|Baroness Blackstone||Labour Independent||Previously sat as a Labour peer.|
|Lord Maginnis of Drumglass||Independent Ulster Unionist||Resigned whip following homophobic remarks.|
|Lord Owen||Independent Social Democrat||Left the Crossbench following a donation to Labour.|
|Lord Stevens of Ludgate||Conservative Independent||Previously sat as a UKIP peer.|
|Lord Stoddart of Swindon||Independent Labour||Expelled after supporting a Socialist Alliance candidate in the 2001 general election.|
|Lord Truscott||Independent Labour||Resigned following the "cash for influence" allegations of 2009.|
- "Ineligible members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- "The party system". UK Parliament.
MPs and Members of the Lords do not have to belong to a political party. Instead, MPs can sit as Independents and Lords can sit as Crossbenchers or Independents.
- "The Lord Speaker". UK Parliament.
- "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament.
- "Members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- ""Party distances itself from Maginnis gay marriage remarks"". BBC News. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
- Eaton, George (2 March 2014). "David Owen joins Miliband's big tent with donation to Labour of more than £7,500". New Statesman. Retrieved 30 December 2016.