|Indian Ordnance Factories Nirbheek|
|Place of origin||India|
|Manufacturer||Indian Ordnance Factories via Field Gun Factory, Kanpur|
|Unit cost||INR 122,360.00|
|Produced||January 6, 2014|
|No. built||10 (January 2014)|
|Barrel length||76.2 mm|
|Cartridge||.32 S&W Long (7.65×23mm)|
|Action||Double-action revolver, break action|
|Effective firing range||50 ft (15 m)|
|Feed system||6-shot Cylinder|
|Sights||Front sight–blade, rear sight-‘U’|
Nirbheek (lit. "fearless") is a 6-shot cylinder double-action revolver designed and manufactured by the Ordnance Factories Organization in Kanpur, India. It was sold at INR 122,360.00 or $USD2,000.00.
The Nirbheek is marketed as India's first gun for women and it is named after Nirbheek, the alias given to a 23-year-old woman who was gang raped in Delhi in December 16, 2012, later dying of her injuries. The victim's alias Nirbhaya and the revolver's name, Nirbheek, both mean "fearless" in Hindi. The gun is illegal to carry in public in India without a permit, but these are almost impossible to obtain.
The weapon attracted widespread criticism from women's groups and gun control advocates. They said that the 'revolver for women' was an insult to the memory of Nirbhaya, the victim, and it could not be the solution to violence against women. One gun control advocacy group said that they saw the launch of this gun by a state-owned factory as an admission of failure by the government. They claimed that women carrying guns are twelve times more likely to be shot by attackers compared to unarmed women.
The factory's general manager said that the gun would increase women's confidence and deter attackers. Critics answered that not many women could afford the gun to defend themselves since it costs more than the average Indian's annual salary. Only high- and middle-class women would be able to afford it but since these groups are not the most vulnerable (most of them use their own vehicle and do not need public transport), their having guns would not solve the problem. Additionally, carrying guns in public places in most of India is prohibited.
- "Our Products". Field Gun Factory, Kanpur. November 8, 2019. Archived from the original on February 22, 2020.
- "India manufactures revolver against rapists". Morocco World News. January 10, 2014. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014.
- Terrill, Daniel (March 23, 2015). "India's First Gun For Women' Fares Well Among Men". Guns.com.
- Menon, Shailesh (July 11, 2018). "Nirbheek: Contrary to expectations, men major buyers of short-muzzled revolver priced Rs 1.35 lakh a piece". The Economic Times.
- "Nirbheek, India's first gun for women". The Times of India. January 21, 2014. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Indian Government Markets New Handgun To Deter Rape: 'First Gun For Women'". Guns.com. January 21, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Civil Trade - Arms Details". Ordnance Factory Board. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
- "A gun designed for Indian women". BBC. January 17, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Nirbheek Is India's First Revolver Designed For Women". Forbes. January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Quigley, J.T. (January 15, 2014). "Nirbheek: India's Anti-Rape Gun Draws Widespread Criticism". TheDiplomat.com. Retrieved January 25, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "India plans to sell a handgun designed for women". Public Radio International. January 20, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Can a gun protect India's women from rape and violence?". The Guardian. January 19, 2014. Retrieved January 25, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Nirbheek 32 (7.65) Revolver" (PDF). Ordnance Factory Board. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 15, 2017.