Nicoll Highway is labelled in double pink line
|Expressways of Singapore|
Nicoll Highway (Chinese: 尼诰大道; Malay: Lebuhraya Nicoll) is a major arterial road in Singapore which links the junctions of Guillemard Road, Sims Way and Mountbatten Road in Kallang to the junctions of Esplanade Drive, Raffles Avenue and Stamford Road in the city. En route, it passes through the areas of Kallang, Kampong Glam and Marina Centre.
Despite what its name may suggest, the speed limit on the highway is less than that of an expressway. The highway also has traffic light junctions at some of its intersection with roads such as Bras Basah Road and Esplanade Drive, which are not found in expressways.
Plans for the road were first floated up by the Singapore Improvement Trust in the late 1940s to relieve the heavy rush-hour traffic along Kallang Road and provide an alternative road to Katong and Changi. These plans were finalised in July 1953, with work on the first section of the road, a bridge across the Kallang and Rochor rivers, commencing construction in ealy 1954. Costing a total of $12 million, Nicoll Highway was opened by then-Chief Minister Lim Yew Hock on 17 August 1956. With the road's opening, traffic conditions were greatly improved, and travel times to the city area cut by 25 to 35 minutes.
By the 1960s, the then four-lane Nicoll Highway was found to be insufficient to carry rush-hour traffic. Consequently, an additional carriageway was added in 1965. This carriageway was used for city-bound traffic during the morning peak hours and for traffic in the opposite direction during the afternoon peak. It was claimed by the Straits Times that traffic congestion was significantly reduced after the opening of the reversible carriageway.
Nicoll Highway collapse
At approximately 3:30 p.m. Singapore Time (UTC+8:00) on 20 April 2004, a section of Nicoll Highway between Ophir Road and Merdeka Bridge collapsed, due to the failure of the retaining wall of the Circle line tunnel below it. This section of the road had to be closed for several months for repairs. All bus services going through that sector of Nicoll Highway had to be redirected. The road was re-opened in December later that year.
Some landmarks that can be seen along the road are:
- Civilian War Memorial
- Golden Mile Complex
- Golden Mile Tower
- Merdeka Bridge
- National Stadium
- One Raffles Link
- People's Association
- Shaw Towers
- Suntec City
- The Concourse
- The Gateway
- War Memorial Park
Interchange along Nicoll Highway
|Interchange with1||Type||Remarks||Name of interchange|
|KPE, Sims Way, Guillemard Road and Mountbatten Road||Box||Start of Nicoll Highway leading westbound; end of Nicoll Highway leading eastbound||-|
|Stadium Road and links from Stadium Drive||3-way||-||-|
|Stadium Road||Flyover||-||Merdeka Bridge|
|Crawford Street and Republic Avenue||Flyover||-||Merdeka Bridge|
|Java Road||3-way||There is also a 3-way link from Republic Avenue||-|
|Ophir Road||Flyover||Ophir Road travels southbound only||Ophir Flyover|
|Rochor Road||Flyover||Rochor Road travels northbound only||Rochor Flyover|
|Raffles Boulevard and Bras Basah Road||Box||Raffles Boulevard and Bras Basah Road travels eastbound only||-|
|Raffles Avenue, Esplanade Drive and Stamford Road||Box||Raffles Avenue and Stamford Road travels westbound only; Start of Nicoll Highway going eastbound; end of Nicoll Highway going westbound||-|
^Note 1 : Road names are ordered in the clockwise fashion starting from the top.
- "Nicoll built the road". The Straits Times. Singapore. 30 June 1956. p. 5. Retrieved 18 December 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- Cornelius, Tessie (29 June 1947). "New multi-million dollar highway for S'pore". Sunday Tribune. Singapore. p. 1. Retrieved 17 December 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- "Council's $11,000,000 plan will ease bottleneck". The Straits Times. Singapore. 11 July 1953. p. 7. Retrieved 18 December 2019 – via NewspaerSG.
- "$7 million bridge to be started next year". The Straits Times. Singapore. 23 October 1953. p. 1. Retrieved 18 December 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- Hall, Nan (18 August 1956). "Tens of thousands turned out to cheer". The Straits Times. Singapore. Retrieved 18 December 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- "'Bottleneck daze' thing of the past". The Straits Times. Singapore. 19 August 1956. p. 5. Retrieved 18 December 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- "Improving traffic system from east Singapore". The Straits Times. Singapore. 27 May 1965. p. 8. Retrieved 18 December 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- "Traffic on Nicoll Highway is smooth now". The Straits Times. Singapore. 8 August 1967. p. 22. Retrieved 20 March 2019 – via NewspaperSG.
- Norman Edwards, Peter Keys (1996), Singapore - A Guide to Buildings, Streets, Places, Times Books International, ISBN 9971-65-231-5
- Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics - A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
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