Former seal of the Board of Education
|Jurisdiction||New York City|
|Parent department||New York City Department of Education|
The Panel for Educational Policy of the Department of Education of the City School District of the City of New York, abbreviated as the Panel for Educational Policy and also known as the New York City Board of Education, is the governing body of the New York City Department of Education. The members of the board are appointed by the mayor and by the five borough presidents.
Appointed by borough presidents
- April Chapman (appointed by Eric Adams)
- Deborah Dillingham (appointed by Melinda Katz)
- Peter J. Calandrella (appointed by James Oddo)
- Geneal Chacon (appointed by Rubén Díaz, Jr.)
- Laura Zingmond (appointed by Gale Brewer)
Appointed by the mayor
- Isaac Carmignani
- T. Elzora Cleveland
- Richard A. Carranza (Chancellor)
- Gary Linnen
- Vanessa Leung (Chair)
- Lori Podvesker
- Ben Shuldiner
- D. Miguelina Zorilla-Aristy
Analysis and criticism
In 2011, Panel for Educational Policy member Patrick Sullivan (who was appointed by Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer in 2007) suggested changing the system to have only six mayoral appointees, and that appointees should have fixed terms; additionally, he stated "For us not to have the same role in our kids' education as people who live in the suburbs or Middle America is patronizing."
The New York State legislature established the New York City Board of Education in 1842.
Prior to Mayor of New York City Michael Bloomberg's securing control of New York City schools, the Board of Education itself ran the schools. On June 30, 2002, Mayor Bloomberg secured authority over the schools from the New York State legislature, which began the era of "mayoral control" over the city schools. The New York Supreme Court elaborates:
By chapter 91 of the Laws of 2002, the Education Law was amended so as to radically restructure the governance of the school district of the City of New York. The amendment provided, among other things, that the Mayor of New York was empowered to appoint a Chancellor who would preside over a Board of Education which was to be expanded from 7 to 13 members, the majority of which were also to be appointed by the Mayor of the City of New York. Five Board members are selected by the Borough Presidents.
Although that legislation itself made no specific reference to a "Department of Education of the City of New York," the bylaws subsequently adopted by the Board provide that this 13-member body "shall be known as the Panel for Educational Policy," which together with the Chancellor and other school employees is designated as the "Department of Education of the City of New York."
On June 30, 2009, the New York State Senate declined to renew the mayor's full authority over the school system. In particular, State Senate Democrats leader John Sampson, of Brooklyn, opposed the extension of mayoral control. The authority reverted for a time to the Board of Education, but mayoral control was restored until 2015 in a vote on August 6, 2009. The actual city agency running the schools remains the New York City Department of Education.
- Samuel A. Lewis, elected a member in 1868
- "Bylaws of the Panel for Educational Policy of the Department of Education of the City School District of the City of New York" (PDF). New York City Department of Education. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- Education Law § 2590-b(a); "The board of education of the city school district of the city of New York is hereby continued. Such board of education shall consist of thirteen members: one member to be appointed by each borough president of the city of New York; seven members to be appointed by the mayor of the city of New York; and the chancellor. The chancellor shall serve as the chairperson of the city board. ..."
- Nacipucha v. City of New York, 18 Misc 3d 846, 850 (Sup Ct, Bronx County 2008).
- "Panel for Education Policy - Panel Members". New York City Department of Education. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- "Borough President Stringer Announces Appointment to Panel for Educational Policy" (Press release). Scott Stringer. 2007-06-22. Archived from the original on 2012-02-13. Retrieved 2011-09-12.
- Featherstone, Liza (September 2011), "Report Card: Our Fake School Board", Brooklyn Rail, retrieved 2011-09-12
- Ment, David M. (2008). "Guide to the Records of the New York City Board of Education" (PDF). New York City Department of Records. p. 155. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
- Medina, Jennifer (August 6, 2009). "N.Y. Senate Renews Mayor's Power to Run Schools". The New York Times.