|Formerly||Western Auto and Truck Body Works, Western Flyer Coach, Flyer Industries Limited, New Flyer Industries Limited|
|Founded||1930(as Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd)|
|North America, Europe|
New Flyer Industries Canada ULC is a Canadian bus manufacturer owned by NFI Group. With various manufacturing facilities in Canada and the United States, the company produces the New Flyer Xcelsior family of buses.
New Flyer was founded by John Coval in 1930 as the Western Auto and Truck Body Works Ltd in Manitoba. The company began producing buses in 1937 and in 1941 the Western Flyer bus model was released, prompting the company to change its name to Western Flyer Coach in 1948.
In the 1960s, the company further focused on the urban transit bus market. In 1971, the then-financially struggling Western Flyer was sold to the Manitoba Development Corporation, an agency of the government of Manitoba, and renamed Flyer Industries Limited. In 1974 the opposition Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba had urged the NDP government in power to divest Flyer Industries from government ownership.
On July 15, 1986, Jan den Oudsten, a descendant of the family who formed Dutch bus manufacturer Den Oudsten Bussen BV, purchased Flyer Industries from the Manitoba government, changing its name to New Flyer Industries Limited.
New Flyer designed and tested North America's first low-floor bus in 1988 and delivered the first production model, called the D40LF, to the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in 1991. In 1994, New Flyer delivered the first compressed natural gas bus in North America and the world's first hydrogen fuel cell powered bus. In 1995, the company delivered the first low-floor articulated bus in North America to Strathcona County Transit.
In March 2002, New Flyer was acquired by KPS Capital Partners, an investment company that specializes in turning around struggling businesses, for $44 million. Later that year Jan den Oudsten retired as CEO. He was later inducted into the American Public Transportation Association's Hall of Fame for his work at the company.
On December 15, 2003, New Flyer was purchased by private equity firms Harvest Partners and Lightyear Capital. The company's CEO, John Marinucci, called the purchase an indicator that the company's operational and financial turnaround had been accomplished.
On August 19, 2005, New Flyer became a publicaly traded company on the Toronto Stock Exchange, renaming the company to New Flyer Industries Canada ULC and creating the publically traded parent company NFI Group Inc. 2005 also saw a restyling of New Flyer's popular low-floor coaches with new front and rear endcaps, to modernize and streamline the exterior appearance of the bus.
In May 2012, New Flyer and Alexander Dennis announced a joint venture to design and manufacture medium-duty low-floor bus (or midi bus) for the North American market. The bus, called the New Flyer MiDi, was based on the design of the Alexander Dennis Enviro200. Alexander Dennis engineered and tested the bus, and it was built and marketed by New Flyer under contract. During the partnership around 200 buses were delivered to 22 operators in Canada and US. In May 2017, New Flyer and Alexander Dennis announced their joint venture would end and production of the bus would transition to Alexander Dennis' new North American factory in Indiana where it is produced alongside the double-deck Enviro500 series bus. Alexander Dennis was later purchased by New Flyer in 2019.
Current New Flyer model numbers are composed of a model code, a power source code and the length of the bus. Note that not all possible combinations have been offered.
Models code formats used by New Flyer are listed in the tables below. Note that cells in the same row but different columns do not directly coorelate and not all combinations are used.
|D||Diesel||700||1st generation||(none)||Original revision|
|E||Electric trolleybus||800||2nd generation||A||First revision within generation|
|900||Includes 900, 901, and 902||B||Second revision within generation, etc.|
|C||Compressed natural gas||30||30 ft||LF||Low Floor|
|D||Diesel||LFR||Low Floor Restyled|
|DE||Diesel-electric hybrid||35||35 ft||LFA||Low Floor Advance
|F or H||Ballard hydrogen fuel cell||40||40 ft||HF||High Floor|
|HE||Hydrogen-electric hybrid||60||60 ft (articulated)||i||Invero|
|L||Liquefied natural gas|
|X||Xcelsior||N||Compressed natural gas||35||35 ft (11 m)|
|DE||Diesel-electric hybrid||40||40 ft (12 m)|
|HE||Hydrogen fuel cell||60||60 ft (18 m) (articulated)|
|Xcelsior||35 ft (11 m)
40 ft (12 m)
60 ft (18 m)
|8.6 ft (2.6 m)||2008||
|Flyer 700/800/900||35 ft (11 m)
40 ft (12 m)
|96 in (2.4 m)
102 in (2.6 m)
|High Floor||35 ft 3 in (10.7 m)
40 ft 6 1⁄4 in (12.4 m)
60 ft 8 in (18.5 m)
|102 in (2.6 m)||1987||2006|
|Low Floor||30.5 ft (9.3 m)
35.5 ft (10.8 m)
40.85 ft (12.5 m)
60.7 ft (18.5 m)
|102 in (2.59 m)||1989||2014|
|Invero||41.25 ft (12.6 m)||102 in (2.59 m)||2002||2007|
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- "New Flyer and Alexander Dennis Agree to Transition MiDi® Bus to North American-Based Alexander Dennis Inc". New Flyer. May 10, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- Enviro200 joint venture terminates Buses issue 748 July 2017 page 21
- "Xcelsior". New Flyer | North America’s Bus Leader. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
- "New Flyer D40 High Floor Bus". New Flyer Industries. Archived from the original on 11 April 1997.
- "D40i: Diesel 40' Invero™" (PDF). New Flyer Industries. September 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 13, 2004. Retrieved December 13, 2018.