The National Administrative Council (NAC) was the executive council of the Independent Labour Party (ILP), a British socialist party which was active from 1893 until 1975.
The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was founded at a conference in Bradford in 1893 by a large number of localised organisations. Delegates wished there to be a body which would implement policy between conferences, and also raise funds, and select candidates for Parliamentary elections. However, the local organisations did not wish the new body to have too much power, requiring it not to initiate any policy which had not been approved by a conference, and to emphasise this subordinate nature, it was decided to name it the "National Administrative Council", rather than "Executive Committee".
The first NAC was elected on a regional basis, with five seats for the Northern Counties, four for London, three for Scotland, and three for the Midland Counties. The membership was:
|Northern Counties||London||Scotland||Midland, Eastern and Wales|
|William Henry Drew
James C. Kennedy
Katherine St John Conway
|J. W. Buttery|
There were many candidates from the North and Scotland to choose from, but the London candidates were better known for their national activity than their local work, and there was a lack of suitable candidate from the Midlands. It was decided that there would be no chair, and the NAC would meet at locations around the country. However, a lack of funds led to it meeting only twice: in Manchester in March, and Halifax in November. However, it succeeded in agreeing to distance the organisation from Henry Hyde Champion, and it selected seven candidates for the next UK general election.
1894 to 1906
The second conference of the ILP, held in Manchester in 1894, started with the reading of the minutes of the NAC meetings. The organisation decided to only permit ILP branches to send delegates, and this less individualised membership agreed to reduce the NAC to nine members. Three would be elected as president, treasurer and general secretary, while the other six would be elected by all delegates, using plurality-at-large voting. Only three members retained their seats, and Keir Hardie was elected, establishing his dominance within the party. The NAC now met more frequently, and had a greater role in determining policy.
The title of president was changed to chairman in 1896, and by 1898, the membership of the NAC had begun to settle down, with Hardie joined by Ramsay Macdonald, Bruce Glasier and Philip Snowden, and the "Big Four" held the leading roles in the party for many years.
|1894||Keir Hardie||John Lister||Fred Brocklehurst||Jordie Christie||Pete Curran||Leonard Hall||James Tattersall||Ben Tillett||Tom Mann|
|1895||Richard Pankhurst||Russell Smart||Enid Stacy|
|1896||France Littlewood||Fred Brocklehurst||Ramsay MacDonald|
|1897||Bruce Glasier||Tom Shaw||Florence Harrison-Bell|
|1898||Fred Brocklehurst||Emmeline Pankhurst||Philip Snowden||John Penny|
|1899||Joseph Burgess||James Parker|
|1900||Bruce Glasier||Keir Hardie||Ramsay Macdonald||Sidney Shallard|
|1901||T. D. Benson||Fred Jowett|
|1903||Philip Snowden||Bruce Glasier||Isabella Ford||Francis Johnson|
1906 to 1909
By 1906, there was a feeling that there was too little change in the membership of the NAC, and activists highly popular in one region but little known in others were unable to win places on it. As a result, seven regional divisions were created, each holding conferences to elect one NAC member, joined by the chair, treasurer and secretary and four national members, who continued to be elected by delegates at conference.
North West & Ireland
|1906||Ramsay Macdonald||T. D. Benson||Isabella Ford||Bruce Glasier||Keir Hardie||Philip Snowden||William Stewart||Thomas Richardson||T. Russell Williams||James Howard||William Field||Harry Brockhouse||Margaret McMillan||Francis Johnson|
|1907||James Parker||William Wood|
|1908||William Anderson||W. E. Moll||Ben Riley|
1909 to 1970
In 1909, the divisions were reorganised, and four more created, and further adjustments were made over the next three years, including in 1912 the formation of a single division for the whole of Wales. This endured for many decades.
From 1935, the ILP's conferences were based around a policy statement from the NAC. The NAC began electing a smaller executive committee from its ranks, and with the executive committee taking on more powers, the NAC met less frequently.
London & South
Ireland & Cumbria
|1909||Fred Jowett||T. D. Benson||William Anderson||J. R. Clynes||George Lansbury||Mary Macarthur||Thomas McKerrell||W. E. Moll||Ben Riley||Leonard Hall||Bill Holmes||Robert Ensor||James H. Belcher||William Field||William Williams||J. M. McLachlan||Hugh Stockman||Francis Johnson|
|1910||William Anderson||Bruce Glasier||Fred Jowett||Harry Snell||Harry Davies||C. T. Douthwaite||Merged into Division 2|
|1911||J. W. Kneeshaw||Harry Dubery||Geoffrey A. Ramsay||R. C. Wallhead|
London & South
|1912||William Anderson||T. D. Benson||Bruce Glasier||Fred Jowett||Mary Macarthur||J. M. McLachlan||James A. Allan||W. E. Moll||Ben Riley||John Kneeshaw||Bill Holmes||Harry Dubery||Geoffrey A. Ramsay||James Winstone||R. C. Wallhead||Francis Johnson|
|1913||Keir Hardie||William Anderson||Margaret Bondfield||John Palin||John Watt|
|1914||Fred Jowett||Keir Hardie||James Maxton||Charlie Glyde||Walter Ayles||Ivor H. Thomas|
|1916||Philip Snowden||Tom Johnston||Harry Dubery|
|1917||Philip Snowden||Fred Jowett||J. W. Murby|
|1918||James Maxton||J. B. Houston||Herbert Witard|
|1919||David Kirkwood||Neil Maclean||Hugh Guthrie|
|1920||R. C. Wallhead||Philip Snowden||Manny Shinwell||Jack Lees||Clement Bundock||Herbert Witard||Clifford Allen||John Barr||James Hindle Hudson|
|1921||Ramsay Macdonald||Ernest E. Hunter||Morgan Jones|
|1922||Clifford Allen||Charles Simmons||Percy F. Pollard|
|1923||Clifford Allen||George Benson||R. C. Wallhead||John Wheatley||Patrick Dollan||Clement Bundock||George Gethin|
|1924||George Banton||Fenner Brockway|
|1925||Charles Roden Buxton||James Maxton||Fred Tait||Fred Longden||Harry Davies||Elijah Sandham|
|1926||James Maxton||David Kirkwood||Minnie Pallister||Thomas William Stamford||Dorothy Jewson||John Scurr|
|1927||Oswald Mosley||Manny Shinwell||Frank Wise||Ernest E. Hunter||Fred Berriman||David Mort||John Paton|
|1928||Fred Jowett||John William Moor||John Scurr|
|1929||Fenner Brockway||J. Allen Skinner||Kate Spurrell|
|1930||John Wheatley||Percy Williams||David Thomas|
|1931||Fenner Brockway||James Maxton||R. C. Wallhead||Frank Wise||Jim Garton||Dai Jones|
|1932||Campbell Stephen||Tom Stephenson|
|1933||James Maxton||C. A. Smith||Jennie Lee||Fenner Brockway||John McGovern||Jack Gaster||E. B. James||Fenner Brockway|
|1934||Alex Smillie||Sam Leckie||George Johnson||Bob Edwards|
|1935||James Carmichael||Fenner Brockway|
|1936||Wilfred Young||John Aplin||Jim Davies|
|1937||Sam Leckie||Tom Reed|
|1938||John Aplin||Jack Hammond||Emrys Thomas|
|1939||C. A. Smith||Fred Jowett||James Maxton||Will Ballantine||David Gibson||Fred Berriman||John McNair|
|1940||John McGovern||Walter Padley||John Aplin|
|1941||John McGovern||Tom Taylor||George Woodall||Emrys Thomas|
|1942||Norman Winters||Kate Spurrell|
|1943||Bob Edwards||F. A. Ridley||David Gibson||T. Dan Smith||Fred Barton|
|1944||Percy Williams||Don Bateman|
|1945||Arthur Eaton||Norman Winters||Alf Nicholls|
|1946||Don Bateman||James Taylor||George Craker||Tom Colyer|
|1947||Tom Colyer||George Stone||Wilfred Wigham|
|1948||David Gibson||Bob Edwards||Harley Millichap||James Taylor||Ted Hardiment||Amy Woodall|
|1949||Harley Millichap||Tom Colyer||Fred Barton||Jim Taylor||Robert Duncan||Percy Williams||Don Bateman||May Edwards|
|1950||Jim Graham||Mark Sadler||John Gill||Dick Barnes||Len Collier||Len Woods||Eric Hughes|
|1951||Fred Barton||Vacant||Vacant||Emrys Thomas||Jim Graham||Gwladys Thomas||Stan Iveson|
|1952||Stan Birkett||Dan Carradice||Annie Maxton||Cissie Smith||Wilfred Wigham||David Thomas|
|1953||Anne Gill||Don Bateman||Jim Graham||Bert Vallance||Jack Scott||Emrys Thomas||Harry Hardcastle||Merged into Division 7|
|1954||Annie Maxton||Stan Birkett||Jack Scott||Mark Sadler||Ken Eaton||Wilfred Wigham|
|1956||Jim McKie||Ruby Sellers|
|1957||Jim Graham||Annie Maxton||William Park|
|1958||Emrys Thomas||Ken Eaton||Bill Hanley|
|1959||Jack Scott||Vacant||Bill Christopher|
|1960||Annie Maxton||Jim Graham||Jim McKie||Fred Morel|
|1961||Fred Morel||Annie Maxton||Eric Preston||Emrys Thomas|
|1962||Emrys Thomas||Ruby Sellers||Graham Childs||Fred Morel||Penny Lockett|
|1963||Don Bateman||Eric Preston||Bessie Murray||Brian Hawkins||Arthur Taylor||Jenny Morel|
|1964||Isabel Colman||Brian Dean||Douglas Kepper||John Pugh||Hira Mukherjee|
|1965||Wilfred Wigham||Tony Coxon||Graham Childs|
|1966||Eric Preston||Mary Maxton||Daryl Hepple|
|1967||Tony Coxon||Bessie Murray||John Preston||Marian Morris||Vacant||Eric Preston||Dick Barnes|
|1968||Alistair Graham||Bert Vallance|
|1969||Harry Newton||Eric Preston||Annie Read||William MacCreadie||Pat McIntyre||Brian Hawkins||Bill Turner|
Faced with a continuing decline in membership, in 1970 the NAC was restructured, with twelve members serving alongside the chair, treasurer and general secretary.
|1970||Emrys Thomas||Don Bateman||David Alexander||Tony Coxon||Brian Dean||Alistair Graham||Anne-Marie Graham||Brian Hawkins||Stan Iveson||Colin Livett||William MacReadie||Pat McIntyre||Eric Preston||Barry Winter||Hira Mukherjee|
|1971||Hira Mukherjee||Barry Winter|
|1972||Robin Jenkins||Danny Keneally||David McGregor||Jenny Morel|
- Howell, David (1983). British Workers and the Independent Labour Party: 1888-1906. Manchester: Manchester University Press. pp. 283–326. ISBN 0719009200.
- "The Independent Labour Party". Manchester Guardian. 2 April 1902.
- Hunt, Karen (1996). Equivocal feminists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 259. ISBN 0521554519.
- "Independent Labour: Manchester conference". Manchester Guardian. 26 April 1905.
- "The ILP's name". Manchester Guardian. 18 April 1906.
- D. Ben Rees, "Thomas, David", Gildart, Keith; Howell, David (2010). Dictionary of Labour Biography. XIII. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 365. ISBN 9780230004566.
- Cohen, Gidon (2000). The Independent Labour Party 1932-1939 (PDF). York: University of York. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
- "Incitement to disaffection in the Army". East West Journal. 8: 704–705. 1972.
- Annual Reports of the National Administrative Committee (1893–1970)