|8th Governor of New York|
February 11, 1828 – December 31, 1828
|Lieutenant||Peter R. Livingston|
|Preceded by||DeWitt Clinton|
|Succeeded by||Martin Van Buren|
|Lieutenant Governor of New York|
January 11, 1827 – February 10, 1828
|Preceded by||James Tallmadge, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Peter R. Livingston (Acting)|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New York's 18th district
March 4, 1831 – March 3, 1833
|Preceded by||Henry C. Martindale|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Wardwell|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New York's 12th district
March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1823
|Preceded by||John Savage|
|Succeeded by||Lewis Eaton|
|Member of the New York State Assembly from Washington and Warren Counties|
Serving with William Cook, John Gale, Isaac Sargent, David Woods
|Preceded by||Michael Harris, John Reid, David Abel Russell, James Stevenson, Roswell Weston|
|Succeeded by||Duncan Cameron, Jason Kellogg, Alexander Livingston, John McLean Jr., Isaac Sargent|
Serving with John Gale, Henry Mattison, John Richards, Isaac Sargent
|Preceded by||Paul Dennis, Samuel Gordon, John Richards, John Savage, Charles Starbuck, John White|
|Succeeded by||Michael Harris, John Reid, David Abel Russell, James Stevenson, Roswell Weston|
Serving with Kitchel Bishop, William Livingston, John McLean, Daniel Shepherd, one vacancy
|Preceded by||Isaac Harlow, Jason Kellogg, William Livingston, John McLean, Solomon Smith, James Starbuck|
|Succeeded by||Kitchel Bishop, Peleg Bragg, John Gray, James Hill, Jason Kellogg, William Robards|
|Town Supervisor of Kingsbury, New York|
|Preceded by||Thomas Bradshaw|
|Succeeded by||Felix Alden|
|Born||November 30, 1777|
|Died||May 25, 1836 (aged 58)|
Sandy Hill, New York
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Scott (m. 1782–1815)|
Anna B. Merritt (m. 1791–1824)
|Relations||Zina Pitcher (half-brother)|
|Branch/service||New York State Militia|
|Years of service||1802–|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812|
Pitcher was born in Litchfield, Connecticut, and raised in Sandy Hill, New York (Hudson Falls). He was educated in Sandy Hill, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and became an attorney. He became active in politics as a Democratic-Republican, and served in local offices including town supervisor and justice of the peace. He served in the New York State Assembly, as probate court judge of Washington County, and as a federal tax assessor during the War of 1812. He was also a longtime veteran of the New York Militia; he served during the War of 1812, and after the war he commanded a brigade with the rank of brigadier general.
From 1819 to 1823, Pitcher was a member of the United States House of Representatives. In 1826, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of New York. He served in 1827 and early 1828, and succeeded to the governorship after the February 1828 death of DeWitt Clinton. He served out the rest of Clinton's term, and left office after Martin Van Buren became governor in January 1829. In 1830, Pitcher was again elected to Congress, and he served one term, 1831 to 1833.
Pitcher died in Sandy Hill on May 25, 1836, and was buried at Baker Cemetery in Hudson Falls.
Pitcher was born in Litchfield on November 30, 1777. He was the son of Nathaniel Pitcher Sr. (1750–1802), a veteran of the American Revolution who led the detachment that captured Lake George's Fort George from the British in 1775. The younger Pitcher was raised and educated in Sandy Hill, New York (now Hudson Falls). He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced in Sandy Hill.
Pitcher entered politics as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, and he served as Kingsbury's town supervisor from 1804 to 1810. He was a member of the New York State Assembly from 1806 to 1807, 1815 to 1816, and 1816 to 1818.
From 1812 to 1813, Pitcher served as surrogate judge of Washington County. He was Kingsbury's town clerk in 1813 and 1814, and also served as a justice of the peace, with appointments in 1804, 1806, 1807, 1808, and 1811. During the War of 1812, Pitcher was appointed the federal revenue assessor for the 10th District of New York, which included Washington County, and was responsible for collecting taxes imposed to support the war effort.
Pitcher's father had been active in the militia, and the younger Nathaniel Pitcher followed him into military service, receiving his commission as an ensign in 1802. In 1808 he was appointed as adjutant of the regiment commanded by Micajah Pettit. Later in 1808 he was promoted to major, and appointed as inspector of the brigade commanded by Warren Ferris. In 1814, Pitcher was included in a militia detail of 13,500 soldiers that was activated for federal service during military operations on the Canada-western New York border during the War of 1812.
In 1815, Pitcher was appointed lieutenant colonel and second in command of the militia's 121st Regiment. Later in 1815, he succeeded Pettit as commander of the 17th Brigade, and was promoted to brigadier general. As a result of his military service, Pitcher was frequently referred to in public records and newspaper stories as "General Pitcher" or "Gen. Pitcher".
Pitcher was Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1827 and 1828 and became Governor of New York upon the death of Governor DeWitt Clinton. He completed Clinton's term, February 11, 1828 to December 31, 1828, and was succeeded by Martin Van Buren.
Death and burial
On March 15, 1823, Pitcher was married to Anna B. Merritt (1791–1824) of Freedom Plains, New York. She became ill and died soon after giving birth to their son Edward Merritt (1824–1860). Edward Merritt Pitcher moved to California in the 1840s, where he was an early settler of Sacramento, and a member of Sacramento County's first board of supervisors.
Attempts to locate portrait
Pitcher is the only Governor of New York for whom no likeness is known to exist, and attempts to locate one have proved unsuccessful. One image that is sometimes identified as a portrait of Pitcher is not his likeness, as the clothing worn by the subject and the facial hair clearly date it to the 1850s–1860s era, at least 20 years after Pitcher died.
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–2005, p. 1742. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBiographical_Directory_of_the_United_States_Congress,_1774–2005 (help)
- "The Ticonderoga Expedition of 1775", p. 382-385.
- History of Washington Co., New York, p. 431.
- History of Washington Co., New York, p. 117.
- A Register of Officers and Agents, p. 32.
- Military Minutes of the Council of Appointment, p. 795.
- Military Minutes of the Council of Appointment, p. 582.
- Documents of the Senate of the State of New York, p. 996.
- Documents of the Senate of the State of New York, p. 1026.
- New York City and Vicinity During the War of 1812–15, pp. 162–164.
- Documents of the Senate of the State of New York, p. 1561.
- Documents of the Senate of the State of New York, p. 1641.
- The Decline of Aristocracy in the Politics of New York, pp. 274, 313, 422.
- Proceedings of the Workingmen's State Convention, p. 4.
- "On the first instant the oaths were administered to Martin Van Buren, Governor, and Enos T. Throop, Lieut. Governor", p. 5.
- The Stebbins Genealogy, pp. 295–296.
- "Death Notice, Augustus Pitcher", p. 7.
- "Cemetery Records Kingsbury, New York: Baker Cemetery".
- "Marriage Notice: Nathaniel Pitcher and Anna B. Merritt", p. 3.
- "Death Notice, Anna B. Pitcher", p. 3.
- "California Pioneer and Immigrant Files, 1790–1950".
- "Roseville’s first Postmistress was a trail blazer".
- "Death Notice, Edward M. Pitcher", p. 3.
- National Cyclopedia of American Biography, pp. 214–215.
- The Origins of Unusual Place-Names, p. 103.
- "Fail to Uncover Likeness of Hudson Falls Man Who Served As Governor", p. 5.
- "Pataki Portrait Easy, Artist Says", pp. 1-2B.
- Images of America: Kingsbury and Hudson Falls, p. 12.
- Auburn Free Press (1830). Proceedings of the Workingmen's State Convention in the Town of Salina. Auburn, NY: Henry Oliphant.
- Fox, Dixon Ryan (1919). The Decline of Aristocracy in the Politics of New York. New York, NY: Columbia University.
- Greenlee, Ralph Stebbins; Greenlee, Robert Lemuel (1904). The Stebbins Genealogy. I. Chicago, IL: M. A. Donohue and Company.
- Guernsey, Rocellus Sheridan (1895). New York City and Vicinity During the War of 1812–15. II. New York, NY: Charles R. Woodward.
- Hastings, Hugh; Noble, Henry Harmon (1901). Military Minutes of the Council of Appointment of the State of New York. I. Albany, NY: James B. Lyon.
- Loding, Paul R. (2001). Images of America: Kingsbury and Hudson Falls. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-0534-3.
- Johnson, Crisfield (1878). History of Washington Co., New York. Philadelphia, PA: J. P. Lippincott & Co.
- Moyer, Armond; Moyer, Winifred (1958). The Origins of Unusual Place-Names. Keystone Pub. Associates.
- New York State Senate (1902). Documents of the Senate of the State of New York. X. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company.
- United States Congress (2005). Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-16-073176-1.
- United States Department of State (1816). A Register of Officers and Agents, Civil, Military, and Naval in the Service of the United States. Washington, DC: Jonathan Elliot.
- White, James T. (1904). National Cyclopedia of American Biography. XII. New York, NY: James T. White & Company.
- "Marriage Notice: Nathaniel Pitcher and Anna B. Merritt". Albany Argus. Albany, NY. April 1, 1823 – via GenealogyBank.com.
- "Death Notice, Anna B. Pitcher". Albany Argus. Albany, NY. May 7, 1824 – via GenealogyBank.com.
- "On the first instant the oaths were administered to Martin Van Buren, Governor, and Enos T. Throop, Lieut. Governor". Poughkeepsie Journal. Poughkeepsie, NY. January 7, 1829 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Death Notice, Edward M. Pitcher". San Francisco Bulletin. San Francisco, CA. April 24, 1860 – via GenealogyBank.com.
- "Death Notice, Augustus Pitcher". Galveston Daily News. Galveston, TX. February 18, 1876 – via NewspaperARCHIVE.com.
- "Fail to Uncover Likeness of Hudson Falls Man Who Served As Governor". Glens Falls Times. Glens Falls, NY. Associated Press. November 30, 1968 – via Newspapers.com.
- Howard, Brian J. (January 5, 2009). "Pataki Portrait Easy, Artist Says". The Journal News. White Plains, NY – via Newspapers.com.
- Rubio, J’aime (August 10, 2015). "Looking Back: Roseville's first Postmistress was a trail blazer: Charlotte 'Lottie' Pitcher did it all during Roseville's Victorian era". Roseville & Granite Bay Press Tribune. Roseville, CA.
- Bascom, Robert O.; Holden, James Austin (1910). "The Ticonderoga Expedition of 1775: Capture of Fort George by Col. Romans". Proceedings of the New York State Historical Association. Vol. 9. Albany, NY: New York State Historical Association.
- Pfeffer, Vicki (August 27, 2006). "Cemetery Records Kingsbury, New York: Baker Cemetery". Genealogy.com. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, LLC. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
- California State Library (April 1, 1972). "California Pioneer and Immigrant Files, 1790–1950, Entry for Edward Merritt Pitcher". Ancestry.com. Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, LLC. Retrieved February 25, 2018.
- United States Congress. "Nathaniel Pitcher (id: P000367)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Nathaniel Pitcher at Find a Grave
- "Biography, Governor Nathaniel Pitcher". NGA.org. Washgington, DC: National Governors Association. 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 12th congressional district
with Ezra C. Gross 1819–21 and Reuben H. Walworth 1821–23
Henry C. Martindale
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 18th congressional district
James Tallmadge, Jr.
| Lieutenant Governor of New York
Peter R. Livingston
| Governor of New York
Martin Van Buren