Silver in 2015
|Born||January 13, 1978|
|Education||University of Chicago (BA)|
|Known for||PECOTA, FiveThirtyEight|
|Title||Editor in Chief, FiveThirtyEight|
Nathaniel Read Silver (born January 13, 1978) is an American statistician and writer who analyzes baseball (see sabermetrics) and elections (see psephology). He is the founder and editor-in-chief of FiveThirtyEight and a Special Correspondent for ABC News.
Silver first gained public recognition for developing PECOTA, a system for forecasting the performance and career development of Major League Baseball players, which he sold to and then managed for Baseball Prospectus from 2003 to 2009.
Silver was named one of The World's 100 Most Influential People by Time in 2009 after an election forecasting system he developed successfully predicted the outcomes in 49 of the 50 states in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election. In the 2012 United States presidential election, the forecasting system correctly predicted the winner of all 50 states and the District of Columbia. FiveThirtyEight, like many outlets, failed to anticipate Donald Trump's victory in the 2016 presidential election. However, the 28% chance of victory they gave Trump going into election day was significantly higher than that of most other analysts. In 2020, FiveThirtyEight correctly predicted Joe Biden's victory in the election, forecasting 48 out of 50 states correctly.
In 2010, the FiveThirtyEight blog was licensed for publication by The New York Times. In 2012 and 2013, FiveThirtyEight won Webby Awards as the "Best Political Blog" from the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences.
In July 2013, Silver sold FiveThirtyEight to ESPN, and Silver became its Editor in Chief. The ESPN-owned FiveThirtyEight launched on March 17, 2014. The site focused on a broad range of subjects under the rubric of "data journalism".
Silver's book, The Signal and the Noise, was published in September 2012. It subsequently reached The New York Times best seller list for nonfiction, and was named by Amazon.com as the No. 1 best nonfiction book of 2012. The Signal and the Noise won the 2013 Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science. The book has been translated into eleven languages: Chinese (separate editions in traditional and simplified characters), Czech, Finnish, German, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, and Spanish.
Silver was born in East Lansing, Michigan, the son of Sally (née Thrun), a community activist, and Brian David Silver, a former chair of the political science department at Michigan State University. Silver's mother's family, of English and German descent, includes several distinguished men and women, including his maternal great-grandfather, Harmon Lewis, who was president of the Alcoa Steamship Company, Inc. Silver has described himself as "half-Jewish".
Silver showed a proficiency in math from a young age. According to journalist William Hageman, "Silver caught the baseball bug when he was 6.... It was 1984, the year the Detroit Tigers won the World Series. The Tigers became his team and baseball his sport. And if there's anything that goes hand in glove with baseball, it's numbers, another of Silver's childhood interests ("It's always more interesting to apply it to batting averages than algebra class")".
In 2000, Silver graduated with Honors with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics from the University of Chicago. He also wrote for the Chicago Weekly News and the Chicago Maroon. He spent his third year at the London School of Economics.
Economic consultant: 2000–2004
After college graduation in 2000, Silver worked for three and a half years as a transfer pricing consultant with KPMG in Chicago. When asked in 2009, "What is your biggest regret in life?" Silver responded, "Spending four years of my life at a job I didn't like". While employed at KPMG, Silver continued to nurture his lifelong interest in baseball and statistics, and on the side he began to work on his PECOTA system for projecting player performance and careers. He quit his job at KPMG in April 2004 and for a time earned his living mainly by playing online poker.
Baseball analyst: 2003–2008
In 2003, Silver became a writer for Baseball Prospectus (BP), after having sold PECOTA to BP in return for a partnership interest. After resigning from KPMG in 2004, he took the position of Executive Vice-President, later renamed Managing Partner of BP. Silver further developed PECOTA and wrote a weekly column under the heading "Lies, Damned Lies". He applied sabermetric techniques to a broad range of topics including forecasting the performance of individual players, the economics of baseball, metrics for the valuation of players, and developing an Elo rating system for Major League baseball.
Between 2003 and 2009, Silver co-authored the Baseball Prospectus annual book of Major League Baseball forecasts, as well as other books, including Mind Game: How the Boston Red Sox Got Smart, Won a World Series, and Created a New Blueprint for Winning, Baseball Between the Numbers, and It Ain't Over 'til It's Over: The Baseball Prospectus Pennant Race Book.
Silver has authored more than 200 articles for Baseball Prospectus.
PECOTA (Player Empirical Comparison and Optimization Test Algorithm) is a statistical system that projects the future performance of hitters and pitchers. It is designed primarily for two uses: fans interested in fantasy baseball, and professionals in the baseball business trying to predict the performance and valuation of major league players. Unlike most other baseball projection systems, PECOTA relies on matching a given current player to a set of "comparable" players whose past performance can serve as a guide to how the given current player is likely to perform in the future. Unlike most other such systems, PECOTA also calculates a range of probable performance levels rather than a single predicted value on a given measure such as earned run average or batting average.
PECOTA projections were first published by Baseball Prospectus in the 2003 edition of its annual book as well as online by BaseballProspectus.com. Silver produced the PECOTA forecasts for each Major League Baseball season from 2003 through 2009.
Political analyst and blogger: 2008–present
Creation and motivation
On November 1, 2007, while still employed by Baseball Prospectus, Silver began publishing a diary under the pseudonym "Poblano" on the progressive political blog Daily Kos. Silver set out to analyze quantitative aspects of the political game to enlighten a broader audience. Silver reports that "he was stranded in a New Orleans airport when the idea of FiveThirtyEight.com came to him. 'I was just frustrated with the analysis. ... I saw a lot of discussion about strategy that was not all that sophisticated, especially when it came to quantitative things like polls and demographics'". His forecasts of the 2008 United States presidential primary elections drew a lot of attention, including being cited by The New York Times Op-Ed columnist William Kristol.
On March 7, 2008, while still writing as "Poblano", Silver established his own blog, FiveThirtyEight.com. Often colloquially referred to as just 538, the website takes its name from the number of electors in the United States electoral college.
On May 30, 2008, Poblano revealed his identity to FiveThirtyEight.com readers. On June 1, 2008, Silver published a two-page op-ed in the New York Post outlining the rationale underlying his focus on the statistical aspects of politics. He first appeared on national television on CNN's American Morning on June 13, 2008.
Silver described his partisan orientation as follows in the FAQ on his website: "My state [Illinois] has non-partisan registration, so I am not registered as anything. I vote for Democratic candidates the majority of the time (though by no means always). This year, I have been a supporter of Barack Obama". With respect to the impartiality of his electoral projections, Silver stated, "Are [my] results biased toward [my] preferred candidates? I hope not, but that is for you to decide. I have tried to disclose as much about my methodology as possible".
2008 election and aftermath
Shortly after the November 4 election, ESPN writer Jim Caple observed, "Forget Cole Hamels and the Phillies. No one in baseball had a more impressive fall than Nate Silver.... [R]ight now Silver is exhausted. He barely slept the last couple weeks of the campaign—'By the end, it was full-time plus'—and for that matter, he says he couldn't have kept it up had the campaign lasted two days longer. Plus, he has his Baseball Prospectus duties. 'We write our [Baseball Prospectus 2009] book from now through the first of the year,' [Silver] said. 'I have a week to relax and then it gets just as busy again. In February 2009 I will just have to find an island in the Caribbean and throw my BlackBerry in the ocean'".
While maintaining his FiveThirtyEight.com website, in January 2009 Silver began a monthly feature column, "The Data", in Esquire as well as contributed occasional articles to other media such as The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. He also tried his luck in the 2009 World Series of Poker.
The success of his FiveThirtyEight.com blog marked the effective end of Silver's career as baseball analyst, though he continued to devote some attention to sports statistics and sports economics in his blog. In March 2009, he stepped down as Managing Partner of Baseball Prospectus and handed over responsibility for producing future PECOTA projections to other Baseball Prospectus staff members. In April 2009, he appeared as an analyst on ESPN's Baseball Tonight. After March 2009, he published only two "Lies, Damned Lies" columns on BaseballProspectus.com.
In November 2009, ESPN introduced a new Soccer Power Index (SPi), designed by Nate Silver, for predicting the outcome of the 2010 FIFA World Cup. He published a post-mortem after the tournament, comparing his predictions to those of alternative rating systems.
Transition to The New York Times
On June 3, 2010, Silver announced on FiveThirtyEight.com,
In the near future, the blog will "re-launch" under a NYTimes.com domain. It will retain its own identity (akin to other Times blogs like DealBook), but will be organized under the News:Politics section. Once this occurs, content will no longer be posted at FiveThirtyEight.com on an ongoing basis, and the blog will re-direct to the new URL. In addition, I will be contributing content to the print edition of The New York Times, and to the Sunday Magazine. The partnership agreement, which is structured as a license, has a term of three years.
The New York Times "FiveThirtyEight: Nate Silver's Political Calculus" commenced on August 25, 2010, with the publication of "New Forecast Shows Democrats Losing 6 to 7 Senate Seats". From that date the blog focused almost exclusively on forecasting the outcomes of the 2010 U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives elections as well as state gubernatorial contests. Silver's Times Sunday Magazine feature first appeared on November 19, 2010, under the heading "Go Figure". It was later titled "Acts of Mild Subversion".
While blogging for The Times, Silver also worked on his book about prediction, which was published in September 2012. At that time, Silver began to drop hints that after 2012 he would turn his attention to matters other than detailed statistical forecasting of elections. As reported in New York magazine: " 'I view my role now as providing more of a macro-level skepticism, rather than saying this poll is good or this poll is evil,' he says. And in four [years], he might be even more macro, as he turns his forecasting talents to other fields. 'I'm 97 percent sure that the FiveThirtyEight model will exist in 2016,' he says, 'but it could be someone else who's running it or licensing it.'"
During the last year of FiveThirtyEight's license to The Times, it drew a very large volume of online traffic to the paper:
The Times does not release traffic figures, but a spokesperson said yesterday that Silver's blog provided a significant—and significantly growing, over the past year—percentage of Times pageviews. This fall, visits to the Times' political coverage (including FiveThirtyEight) have increased, both absolutely and as a percentage of site visits. But FiveThirtyEight's growth is staggering: where earlier this year, somewhere between 10 and 20 percent of politics visits included a stop at FiveThirtyEight, last week that figure was 71 percent.
But Silver's blog has buoyed more than just the politics coverage, becoming a significant traffic-driver for the site as a whole. Earlier this year, approximately 1 percent of visits to the New York Times included FiveThirtyEight. Last week, that number was 13 percent. Yesterday, it was 20 percent. That is, one in five visitors to the sixth-most-trafficked U.S. news site took a look at Silver's blog.
Departure from The Times
In an online chat session a week after the 2012 election Silver commented: "As tempting as it might be to pull a Jim Brown/Sandy Koufax and just mic-drop/retire from elections forecasting, I expect that we'll be making forecasts in 2014 and 2016. Midterm elections can be dreadfully boring, unfortunately. But the 2016 G.O.P. primary seems almost certain to be epic." In late November 2012, Times executive editor Jill Abramson declared her wish to keep Silver and his blog: "We would love to have Nate continue to be part of the New York Times family, and to expand on what he does", she said. "We know he began in sports anyway, so it is not an exclusively political product. I am excited to talk to Nate when he finishes his book tour about ways to expand that kind of reporting."
On July 22, 2013, ESPN announced that it had acquired ownership of the FiveThirtyEight website and brand, and that "Silver will serve as editor-in-chief of the site and will build a team of journalists, editors, analysts and contributors in the coming months."
The New York Times public editor Margaret Sullivan wrote upon Silver's decision to leave for ESPN:
I don't think Nate Silver ever really fit into the Times culture and I think he was aware of that. He was, in a word, disruptive. Much like the Brad Pitt character in the movie "Moneyball" disrupted the old model of how to scout baseball players, Nate disrupted the traditional model of how to cover politics.
She added, "A number of traditional and well-respected Times journalists disliked his work." Later, Sullivan wrote in The Times that "I don't feel so good about not being able to investigate every complaint from every individual reader fully, or about making some misjudgments in individual posts — my Nate Silver commentary, among others, has probably been off-base...".
New York magazine reported that executive editor Jill Abramson "put on a full-court press" to keep Silver at The Times and that "for Abramson, Silver was a tentpole attraction for her favorite subject, national politics, and brought the kind of buzz she thought valuable", but the company's CEO and President Mark Thompson "confirmed that keeping Silver was not at the top of his agenda." The article stated that "the major reason Silver left was because he felt it was Thompson who had not committed to building his franchise. The mixed signals from Thompson and Abramson—his lack of enthusiasm for committing resources to Silver, her desire to keep a major star—frustrated Silver and his lawyer."
FiveThirtyEight under ESPN ownership
When FiveThirtyEight was relaunched under ESPN's ownership on March 17, 2014, Silver outlined the scope of topics that would be covered under the rubric of "data journalism":
We've expanded our staff from two full-time journalists to 20 and counting. Few of them will focus on politics exclusively; instead, our coverage will span five major subject areas — politics, economics, science, life and sports. Our team also has a broad set of skills and experience in methods that fall under the rubric of data journalism. These include statistical analysis, but also data visualization, computer programming and data-literate reporting. So in addition to written stories, we'll have interactive graphics and features. Within a couple of months we'll launch a podcast, and we'll be collaborating with ESPN Films and Grantland to produce original documentary films.
FiveThirtyEight's election forecasts
2008 U.S. elections
In March 2008, Silver established his blog FiveThirtyEight.com, in which he developed a system for tracking polls and forecasting the outcome of the 2008 general election. At the same time, he continued making forecasts of the 2008 Democratic primary elections. That several of his forecasts based on demographic analysis proved to be substantially more accurate than those of the professional pollsters gained visibility and professional credibility for "Poblano", the pseudonym that Silver was then using.
After the North Carolina and Indiana primaries on May 6, the popularity of FiveThirtyEight.com surged. Silver recalls the scenario: 'I know the polls show it's really tight in NC, but we think Obama is going to win by thirteen, fourteen points, and he did. ... Any time you make a prediction like that people give you probably too much credit for it.... But after that [Silver's and the website's popularity] started to really take off. It's pretty nonlinear, once you get one mention in the mainstream media, other people [quickly follow suit]'".
As a CNET reporter wrote on election eve, "Even though Silver launched the site as recently as March, its straightforward approach, daring predictions, and short but impressive track record has put it on the map of political sites to follow. The Washington Post featured Silver in its 14th annual election prediction contest this year, and he'll be reporting on Tuesday night's results with Dan Rather on HDNet".
Silver's final 2008 presidential election forecast accurately predicted the winner of 49 of the 50 states as well as the District of Columbia (missing only the prediction for Indiana). As his model predicted, the races in Missouri and North Carolina were particularly close. He also correctly predicted the winners of every U.S. Senate race. The accuracy of his predictions won him further acclaim, including abroad, and added to his reputation as a leading political prognosticator.
Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign signed off on a proposal to share all of its private polling with Silver. After signing a confidentiality agreement, Silver was granted access to hundreds of polls the campaign had conducted.
2010 U.S. elections
Shortly after FiveThirtyEight relocated to The New York Times, Silver introduced his prediction models for the 2010 elections to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and state governorships. Each of these models relied initially on a combination of electoral history, demographics, and polling. Silver eventually published detailed forecasts and analyses of the results for all three sets of elections. He correctly predicted the winner in 34 of the 37 contested Senate races. His 2010 congressional mid-term predictions were not as accurate as those made in 2008, but were still within the reported confidence interval. Silver predicted a Republican pickup of 54 seats in the House of Representatives; the GOP won 63 seats. Of the 37 gubernatorial races, FiveThirtyEight correctly predicted the winner of 36.
2012 U.S. elections
Although throughout 2011 Silver devoted a lot of attention on his blog to the 2012 Republican party primaries, his first effort to handicap the 2012 Presidential general election appeared as the cover story in The New York Times Magazine a year prior to the election: "Is Obama Toast? Handicapping the 2012 Election". Accompanying the online release of this article, Silver also published "Choose Obama's Re-Election Adventure", an interactive toy that allowed readers to predict the outcome of the election based on their assumptions about three variables: President Obama's favorability ratings, the rate of GDP growth, and how conservative the Republican opponent would be. This analysis stimulated a lot of critical discussion.
While publishing numerous stories on the Republican primary elections, in mid-February 2012 Silver reprised and updated his previous Magazine story with another one, "What Obama Should Do Next". This story painted a more optimistic picture of President Obama's re-election chances. A companion article on his FiveThirtyEight blog, "The Fundamentals Now Favor Obama", explained how the model and the facts on the ground had changed between November and February.
Silver published the first iteration of his 2012 general election forecasts on June 7, 2012. According to the model, at that time Barack Obama was projected to win 291 electoral votes—21 more than the 270 required for a majority. Obama then had an estimated 61.8% chance of winning a majority.
On the morning of the November 6, 2012, presidential election, the final update of Silver's model at 10:10 A.M. gave President Barack Obama a 90.9% chance of winning a majority of the 538 electoral votes. Both in summary tables and in an electoral map, Silver forecast the winner of each state. At the conclusion of that day, when Mitt Romney had conceded to Barack Obama, Silver's model had correctly predicted the winner of every one of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Silver, along with at least three academic-based analysts—Drew Linzer, Simon Jackman, and Josh Putnam—who also aggregated polls from multiple pollsters—thus was not only broadly correct about the election outcome, but also specifically predicted the outcomes for the nine swing states. In contrast, individual pollsters were less successful. For example, Rasmussen Reports "missed on six of its nine swing-state polls".
2016 U.S. elections
In the week leading up to the 2016 U.S. presidential election, the FiveThirtyEight team predicted that Hillary Clinton had a 64.5% chance of winning the election. Their final prediction on November 8, 2016, gave Clinton a 71% chance to win the 2016 United States presidential election, while other major forecasters had predicted Clinton to win with at least an 85% to 99% probability. Donald Trump won the election. FiveThirtyEight argued it projected a much higher chance (29%) of Donald Trump winning the presidency than other modelers, a projection which was criticized days before the election by Ryan Grim of The Huffington Post as "unskewing" too much in favor of Trump.
Silver has been criticized for inaccurate predictions. In January 2010, journalist and blogger Colby Cosh criticized Silver's performance during the Massachusetts special Senate election, saying he was "still arguing as late as Thursday afternoon that [Martha] Coakley was the clear favourite; he changed his mind at midnight that evening and acknowledged that Scott Brown had a puncher's chance." (Brown won the election.)
Silver's quantitative focus on polling data, without insight from experience in political organizing or journalism, has been a recurring critique from experienced commentators. Huffington Post columnist Geoffrey Dunn described Silver as someone who "has never organized a precinct in his life, much less walked one, pontificating about the dynamics in the electoral processes as if he actually understood them."
Considerable criticism during the 2012 elections came from political conservatives, who argued that Silver's election projections were politically biased against Mitt Romney, the Republican candidate for president. For example, Silver was accused of applying a double standard to his treatment of Rasmussen Reports polls, such as a 2010 analysis asserting a statistical bias in its methodology. Josh Jordan wrote in National Review that Silver clearly favored Obama and adjusted the weight he gave polls "based on what [he] think[s] of the pollster and the results and not based on what is actually inside the poll".
On MSNBC's Morning Joe, host Joe Scarborough stated that Silver's prediction that day of a 73.6% chance of a win for Obama greatly exceeded the confidence of the Obama campaign itself, which Scarborough equated to that of the Romney campaign, both believing "they have a 50.1 percent chance of winning", and calling Silver an "ideologue" and a "joke". Silver responded with the offer of a $1,000 wager (for charity) over the outcome of the election. The New York Times public editor Margaret Sullivan, while defending Silver's analysis, characterized the wager as "a bad idea" as it gave the appearance of a partisan motive for Silver, and "inappropriate" for someone perceived as a Times journalist (although Silver was not a member of the newspaper's staff).
After a post-election appearance by Silver on Joe Scarborough's Morning Joe, Scarborough published what he called a "(semi) apology", in which he concluded:
I won't apologize to Mr. Silver for predicting an outcome that I had also been predicting for a year. But I do need to tell Nate I'm sorry for leaning in too hard and lumping him with pollsters whose methodology is as rigorous as the Simpsons' strip mall physician, Dr. Nick. For those sins (and a multitude of others that I'm sure I don't even know about), I am sorry. Politics is a messy sport. And just as ball players who drink beer and eat fried chicken in dugouts across America can screw up the smartest sabermetrician's forecast, Nate Silver's formula is sure to let his fervent admirers down from time to time. But judging from what I saw of him this morning, Nate is a grounded guy who admits as much in his book. I was too tough on him and there's a 84.398264% chance I will be less dismissive of his good work in the future".
Silver's nondisclosure of the details of his analytical model has resulted in some skepticism. Washington Post journalist Ezra Klein wrote: "There are good criticisms to make of Silver's model, not the least of which is that, while Silver is almost tediously detailed about what's going on in the model, he won't give out the code, and without the code, we can't say with certainty how the model works." Colby Cosh wrote that the model "is proprietary and irreproducible. That last feature makes it unwise to use Silver's model as a straw stand-in for "science", as if the model had been fully specified in a peer-reviewed journal".
The Signal and the Noise
The Signal and The Noise was published in the United States on September 27, 2012. It reached the New York Times Best Sellers List as #12 for non-fiction hardback books after its first week in print. It dropped to #20 in the second week, before rising to #13 in the third, and remaining on the non-fiction hardback top 15 list for the following 13 weeks, with a highest weekly ranking of #4. Sales increased after the election on November 6, jumping 800% and becoming the second best seller on Amazon.com.
The book describes methods of mathematical model-building using probability and statistics. Silver takes a big-picture approach to using statistical tools, combining sources of unique data (e.g., timing a minor league ball player's fastball using a radar gun), with historical data and principles of sound statistical analysis; Silver argues that many of these are violated by many pollsters and pundits who nonetheless have important media roles. Case studies in the book include baseball, elections, climate change, the financial crash, poker, and weather forecasting. These different topics illustrate different statistical principles. As a reviewer in The New York Times notes: "It's largely about evaluating predictions in a variety of fields, from finance to weather to epidemiology. We learn about a handful of successes: when, for instance, meteorologists predict a hurricane's landfall 72 hours in advance.... But mostly we learn about failures. It turns out we're not even close to predicting the next catastrophic earthquake or the spread of the next killer bird flu, despite the enormous amounts of brainpower trained on these questions in the past few decades".
Blogs and other publications
- FiveThirtyEight blog, now owned by ABC
- Nate Silver's Baseball Prospectus article archive (2003–2009)
- Nate Silver's The Burrito Bracket (2007)
- Other publications
- Nate Silver, "The Most Livable Neighborhoods in New York: A Quantitative Index of the 50 Most Satisfying Places to Live", New York, April 11, 2010.
- Nate Silver, "The Influence Index", Time, April 29, 2010.
- Nate Silver and Walter Hickey, "Best Picture Math", Vanity Fair, March 2014.
- Gareth Cook (Editor), Nate Silver (Introduction). The Best American Infographics 2014, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0547974514.
- Review of two children's books, with an autobiographical comment: "Beautiful Minds: The Boy Who Loved Math and On a Beam of Light", The New York Times, July 12, 2013.
- Andrew Gelman, Nate Silver, Aaron S. Edlin, "What Is the Probability Your Vote Will Make a Difference", Economic Inquiry, 2012, 50(2): 321–26.
- In addition to chapters in several issues of the Baseball Prospectus annual, Silver contributed chapters to one-off monographs edited by Baseball Prospectus, including:
- Mind Game: How the Boston Red Sox Got Smart, Won a World Series, and Created a New Blueprint for Winning. Steven Goldman, Ed. New York: Workman Publishing Co., 2005. ISBN 0-7611-4018-2.
- Baseball Between the Numbers: Why Everything You Know about the Game Is Wrong. Jonah Keri, Ed. New York: Basic Books, 2006. ISBN 0-465-00596-9 (hardback) and ISBN 0-465-00547-0 (paperback).
- It Ain't over 'til It's over: The Baseball Prospectus Pennant Race Book. Steven Goldman, Ed. New York: Basic Books. Hardback 2007. ISBN 0-465-00284-6; paperback 2008. ISBN 0-465-00285-4.
Silver's self-unmasking at the end of May 2008 brought him a lot of publicity focused on his combined skill as both baseball statistician-forecaster and political statistician-forecaster, including articles about him in The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, Science News, and his hometown Lansing State Journal.
In early June he began to cross-post his daily "Today's Polls" updates on "The Plank" in The New Republic. Also, Rasmussen Reports began to use the FiveThirtyEight.com poll averages for its own tracking of the 2008 state-by-state races.
In 2009 through 2012, Silver appeared as a political analyst on MSNBC, CNN and Bloomberg Television, PBS, NPR, Democracy Now!, The Charlie Rose Show, ABC News, and Current TV.
Silver also appeared on The Colbert Report (October 7, 2008 and November 5, 2012), The Daily Show (October 17, 2012 and November 7, 2012), and Real Time with Bill Maher (October 26, 2012).
That Silver accurately predicted the outcome of the 2012 presidential race, in the face of numerous public attacks on his forecasts by critics, inspired many articles in the press, ranging from Gizmodo, to online and mainstream newspapers, news and commentary magazines, business media, trade journals, media about media, and Scientific American, as well as a feature interview on The Today Show, a return appearance on The Daily Show, and an appearance on Morning Joe
Recognition and awards
- In September 2008, FiveThirtyEight became the first blog ever selected as a Notable Narrative by the Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University.
- November 2008: Crain's Chicago Business profiled Silver as one of Chicago's "40 under 40" notable young entrepreneurs.
- November 9, 2008: The New York Times called Silver "perhaps the most unlikely media star to emerge" out of "an election season of unlikely outcomes" and described FiveThirtyEight with its almost five million page views on Election Day as "one of the breakout online stars of the year".
- December 2008: Newsweek.com identified Silver's November 3, 2008 article "What to Watch For – An hour-by-hour guide to election night" as the 4th most viewed story on Newsweek.com in 2008.
- December 2008: named by The Daily Beast as one of the "Breakout Stars of 2008".
- February 2009: named by James Wolcott in Vanity Fair as one of the "Winners of 2008": "No shiny arrow shot swifter and loftier from obscurity to quotable authority than Nate Silver, whose FiveThirtyEight.com site became the expert sensation of the election season ...
- January 2009: Silver was named by Forbes.com to its third annual "Web Celeb 25", which "track[s] the biggest and brightest stars on the Web, the people who have turned their passions into new-media empires".
- April 2009: Silver was named as one of the "Rolling Stone 100: Agents of Change".
- April 27, 2009: named "Blogger of the Year" by The Week in its 6th annual Opinion Awards.
- April 30, 2009: Silver was named one of "The World's 100 Most Influential People" by TIME magazine.
- December 2009: Silver was recognized by The New York Times Magazine in its "Ninth Annual Year in Ideas" article for his "Forensic Polling Analysis" of the possible falsification of data by a polling firm.
- 2009: named "Speaker of the Year" by the intercollegiate Cross Examination Debate Association (CEDA).
- November 2010: John F. Harris, Editor-in-Chief of Politico writing in Forbes magazine, listed Nate Silver as one of seven bloggers among "The Most Powerful People on Earth".
- In December 2010: Out magazine included Silver on its list of the top 100 LGBT people of the year.
- May 2011: Presented the Henry Pringle Lecture at the Columbia Journalism School.
- March 2012: Crain's New York Business featured Silver as one of New York City's "Forty Under Forty" notable young entrepreneurs.
- May 2012: FiveThirtyEight won a Webby Award for "Best Political Blog" from the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences in the 16th annual Webby Awards.
- December 2012: Rolling Stone named Silver one of its Game Changers in 2012.
- December 2012: Out named Silver as Person of the Year.
- December 2012: Named by Washington Post columnist Chris Cillizza as having the "Best Year in Washington in 2012" among the "winners and losers of 2012".
- April 2013: Out ranked Silver No. 6 on its "Power List 50", the "7th annual ranked list of the gay men and women whose power and prestige is instrumental in influencing the way Americans think about, and engage with, the world".
- April 2013: FiveThirtyEight won a Webby Award for "Best Political Blog" from the International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences in the 17th annual Webby Awards.
- May 2013: Silver was named by Fast Company as No. 1 of its "100 Most Creative People in Business 2013".
- May 12, 2013: Silver received an honorary Doctor of Science degree (Scientiæ Doctor honoris causa – D.Sc. h.c.) and gave the commencement address at Ripon College.
- May 24, 2013: Silver received an honorary Doctor of Literature degree (Doctor of Literature honoris causa) and presented a commencement address at The New School.
- June 2013: The University of Chicago granted Silver a "Professional Achievement Award" at its 72nd annual Alumni Awards Ceremony.
- June 2013: The S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University gave Silver the "i3 award for impact, innovation and influence" at its 13th annual Mirror Awards ceremony.
- August 2013: Presented the President's Invited Address at the Joint Statistical Meetings in Montreal, Canada.
- October 2013: Silver's The Signal and the Noise won the 2013 Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, which recognizes "outstanding contributions by scientists to the literature of science".
- December 2013: The University of Leuven (KU Leuven) (Belgium) and the Leuven Statistics Research Centre awarded Silver an honorary doctoral degree "for his prominent role in the development, application, and dissemination of proper prediction methods in sports and in political sciences".
- January 2014: Silver was named to Advertising Age's "40 Under 40" list of "the Bright Young Stars of Marketing".
- May 25, 2014: Silver received a Doctorate of Humane Letters, honoris causa, from Amherst College.
- May 2015: Silver won the Warren J. Mitofsky Innovators Award from the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR) "for Contributions to the General Public and Mass Media in the Realm of Statistical Literacy and Thinking".
- October 2016: Silver was honored by the National Museum of Mathematics at its "Race to the Finish: MoMath's Annual Gala".
- May 2017: Georgetown University awarded Silver a degree of Doctor of Humane Letters honoris causa.
- May 2018: Kenyon College awarded Silver a degree, Doctor of Humane Letters.
In a 2012 interview with Charlie Rose he said, "I'd say I’m somewhere in between being a libertarian and a liberal. So if I were to vote, it would be kind of a Gary Johnson versus Mitt Romney decision, I suppose."
Silver is a great-nephew of geologists Caswell Silver and Leon Silver. He is a great-grandson of Harmon Lewis, the President of Alcoa Steamship Company, as well as a great-great-nephew of the embryologist Warren Harmon Lewis and his wife, biologist Margaret Reed Lewis.
Silver is openly gay. "I've always felt like something of an outsider. I've always had friends but I've always come from an outside point of view. I think that's important. If you grow up gay, or in a household that's agnostic, when most people are religious, then from the get-go, you are saying there are things that the majority of society believes that I don't believe", he told an interviewer in 2012. "When asked what made you feel more of a misfit, being gay or being a geek, he replied, 'Probably the numbers stuff since I had that from when I was six.'" When asked in 2008 if he had noticed people looking at him as a "gay icon", he responded, "I've started to notice it a little bit, although so far it seems like I'm more a subject of geek affection than gay affection".
Silver discussed his sexuality in the context of growing up in East Lansing, in an article about the Supreme Court ruling Obergefell v. Hodges in favor of recognizing same-sex marriage on the date of its announcement. He analyzed the speed of the change of public sentiment, pointing out that the change over only several decades has been palpable to the current generations.
Silver has long been interested in fantasy baseball, especially Scoresheet Baseball. While in college he served as an expert on Scoresheet Baseball for BaseballHQ. When he took up political writing, Silver abandoned his blog, The Burrito Bracket, in which he ran a one-and-done competition among the taquerias in his Wicker Park neighborhood in Chicago.
- Computational statistics
- Editorial board
- List of self-identified LGBTQ New Yorkers
- New Yorkers in journalism
- Political analysis
- Sports betting
- "Nate Silver tweet". Twitter.com. August 13, 2010. Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- Alan Schwarz, "Numbers Suggest Mets Are Gambling on Zambrano", The New York Times, August 22, 2004 Archived June 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine; Alan Schwarz, "Predicting Futures in Baseball, and the Downside of Damon", The New York Times, November 13, 2005 Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine; Childs Walker, "Baseball Prospectus Makes Predicting Future Thing of Past", Baltimore Sun, February 21, 2006; Rich Lederer, "An Unfiltered Interview with Nate Silver", Baseball Analysts, February 12, 2007 Archived February 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine; Tim Murphy, "Timeout with Nate Silver: BP's VP illuminates the sport's fuzzy numbers", Chicago Maroon, May 11, 2007 Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine; Steven D. Levitt, "Freakonomics: More on Roger Clemens", The New York Times, February 18, 2008 Archived February 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine; and Michael Miner, "The Algorithm Method: Hot Type's coveted Golden BAT award goes to a computer program", Artilce in Chicago Reader, March 27, 2008 Archived April 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver and Kevin Goldstein, "State of the Prospectus: Spring 2009", BaseballProspectus.com, March 24, 2009 Archived March 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Stein, Joel. "The World's Most Influential People – The 2009 TIME 100". TIME. Archived from the original on May 8, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2009.
- Hough, Andrew (November 7, 2012). "Nate Silver: politics 'geek' hailed for Barack Obama wins US election forecast". London: The Telegragh. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- Silver, Nate (November 11, 2016). "Why FiveThirtyEight Gave Trump A Better Chance Than Almost Anyone Else". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "2020 Election Forecast". FiveThirtyEight. November 3, 2020. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
- "Presidential Election Results: Biden Wins". The New York Times. November 30, 2020. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
- Nate Silver, "FiveThirtyEight to Partner with New York Times", FiveThirtyEight.com, June 3, 2010 Archived June 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- Brian Stelter, "Times to Host Blog on Politics and Polls", The New York Times, June 3, 2010 Archived December 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Brian Stelter, "Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight Blog Is to Join ESPN Staff", The New York Times, July 19, 2013 Archived April 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "What the Fox Knows", FiveThirtyEight, March 17, 2014 Archived March 17, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Amazon No. 1 of 2012". Amazon.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "Phi Beta Kappa book award in science". Pbk.org. October 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 24, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "Wallbank, Lansing State Journal". Pqasb.pqarchiver.com. July 5, 2008. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- Silver, Nate (September 27, 2012). The Signal and the Noise: Why So Many Predictions Fail-but Some Don't - Nate Silver - Google Books. ISBN 9781101595954. Archived from the original on June 29, 2016. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Bloom, Nate. "Interfaith Celebrities: Nate Silver, Another Bond, and Happy Endings". InterfaithFamily. Archived from the original on August 27, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2013. This source also gives the origin of Silver's middle name, Read, which was shared by his mother's mother and sister. Silver has a namesake, "Nathaniel Read" in the family line that dates from the early 18th century.
- "Answer This: Nate Silver - Patrick Gavin". Politico.Com. Archived from the original on March 29, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Stephanie Clifford, "Finding Fame With a Prescient Call for Obama", The New York Times, November 9, 2008 Archived February 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- William Hageman, "Baseball by the Numbers", Chicago Tribune (January 4, 2006).
- "East Lansing Debater Wins Scholarship", Detroit Free Press (February 29, 1996). Also see Patricia Montemurri, "Michigan native Nate Silver shows election predictions aren't magic but math", Detroit Free Press, November 11, 2012 Archived September 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- Link to 1996 high school yearbook photo Archived November 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine with brief resume showing status as writer for The Portrait for three years and editor for two years. [retrieved November 8, 2012]
- Nate Silver, "Random, Pretentious Observations from Europe", FiveThirtyEight.com, May 25, 2009 Archived May 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Stephen J. Dubner, "FREAK-Quently Asked Questions: Nate Silver", freakonomics.com, March 12, 2009 Archived August 17, 2018, at the Wayback Machine.
- Rob Kaiser, "Players Place Bets on Poker as Career", Article= in Chicago Tribune, October 3, 2004 [https://web.archive.org/web/20130115164158/http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2004-10-03/business/0410030372_1_online-poker-poker-sites-interest-in-online-gaming Archived January 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. According to Sports Illustrated writer Alexander Wolff, over a three-year period Silver earned $400,000 from online poker. See Alexander Wolff, "Scorecard: He's So Predictable", Sports Illustrated, September 17, 2012, p. 15 Archived October 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "We are Elo?", BaseballProspectus.com (June 28, 2006) Archived February 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine and Nate Silver, "More on Elo", BaseballProspectus.com (July 5, 2006) Archived February 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Baseball Prospectus (ISBN 0-7611-3995-8)
- Mind Game: How the Boston Red Sox Got Smart, Won a World Series, and Created a New Blueprint for Winning (New York: Workman Publishers, 2005) (ISBN 0-7611-4018-2)
- Baseball Between the Numbers (New York: Basic Books, 2006) (ISBN 0-465-00596-9)
- It Ain't Over 'til It's Over: The Baseball Prospectus Pennant Race Book (New York: Basic Books, 2007) (ISBN 0-465-00284-6)
- Nate Silver, "For Griffey, the Roads Not Taken", The New York Times, May 11, 2008 Archived August 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- See Nate Silver's Baseball Prospectus article archive Archived September 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (2003–2009)
- The first diary was titled, "HRC [Hillary Roddam Clinton] Electability in Purple States, DailyKos, November 1, 2007 Archived October 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Hannah Hayes, "What Will Nate Silver Do Next?", University of Chicago (webpage feature story), January, 2009 Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- William Kristol, "Obama's Path to Victory", The New York Times, February 11, 2008 Archived December 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Silver, Nate (August 7, 2008). "Frequently Asked Questions". FiveThirtyEight.com. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2008.
- Nate Silver, "No I'm Not Chuck Todd", FiveThirtyEight.com, May 30, 2008 Archived December 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "Margins of Error", New York Post, June 1, 2008. Archived September 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Nate Silver, "CNN Video", FiveThirtyEight.com, June 13, 2008 Archived June 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "Frequently Asked Questions, Last Revised 8/7/08", FiveThirtyEight.com Archived February 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- Jim Caple, "In baseball, and in politics, the numbers don't lie", "Page 2", Article on ESPN.com, November 7, 2008 Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- Leon Neyfakh, "Nate Silver Signs With Penguin In Two Book Deal Worth About $700,000", New York Observer, November 14, 2008 Archived December 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- See TED2009 program Archived December 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine and Shanna Carpenter, "Race and the City: An Exclusive Interview with Nate Silver", TED Blog, April 29, 2009 Archived April 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Daniel Terdiman, "FiveThirtyEight.com's Nate Silver on life post-election Archived February 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine", CNET.com, March 15, 2009, and Dan Fost, "SXSW: Statistics guru Nate Silver talks Oscars, Manny Ramirez and President Obama Archived March 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine", Los Angeles Times, March 16, 2009. See Video of SXSW Keynote Interview, part 1 Archived February 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine and part 2 Archived February 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Silver, Nate. "The Data". Esquire. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2009.
- Nate Silver and Andrew Gelman, "No Country for Close Calls", The New York Times, April 18, 2009 Archived August 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "Crunching the Risk Numbers", The Wall Street Journal, January 8, 2010 Archived November 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "This Post Brought to You By Poker", FiveThirtyEight.com, July 2, 2009 Archived July 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- ESPN's SPi Archived January 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "The Purpose of the Soccer Power Index", ESPN.com, November 11, 2009 Archived November 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine and Nate Silver, "A Guide to ESPN's SPI Ratings", ESPN.com, November 11, 2009 Archived November 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. For a comment see Carl Bialik, "ESPN's New Soccer Rankings", The Wall Street Journal, November 11, 2009 Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "SPI in review: How did it do?", ESPN.com, July 19, 2010 Archived January 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine [Retrieved July 21, 2010].
- Nate Silver, "The Most Livable Neighborhoods in New York: a quantitative index of the 50 most satisfying places to live", Article in New York Magazine, April 11, 2010 Archived August 29, 2012, at WebCite.
- For more information about the working agreement between The Times and Nate Silver's blog, see Mallory Jean Tenore, "FiveThirtyEight's Nate Silver adjusts to New York Times, 6 months after joining the newsroom", Poynter, June 3, 2011 Archived February 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, and Margaret Sullivan, "On Identifying a Rape Victim, Naming a Prophet, and Nate Silver's Role", The New York Times, September 21, 2012 Archived September 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "New Forecast Shows Democrats Losing 6 to 7 Senate Seats", FiveThirtyEight/NYT, August 25, 2010 Archived December 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "Go Figure: Who's No. 1?" NY Times Magazine, November 19, 2010 Archived August 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- For example, Nate Silver, "How to Beat the Salad Bar", The New York Times, March 17, 2011 Archived January 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Jason Zengerle, "The. Polls. Have. Stopped. Making. Any. Sense.", New York, September 30. 2012 Archived October 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Marc Tracy, "Nate Silver Is a One-Man Traffic Machine for the Times", The New Republic, November 6, 2012.
- "Skew Yourselves: Nate Silver Is Here To Answer Your Questions", Article at Deadspin, November 14, 2012 Archived November 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Alex Weprin, "The New York Times Wants To Keep Nate Silver, 'Expand On What He Does'", Mediabistro, November 27, 2012 Archived November 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Also see Connor Simpson, "What the Future Holds for Nate Silver at The New York Times", Atlantic Wire, November 27, 2012 Archived November 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Nate Silver makes move to ESPN", ESPN.com, July 22, 2013 Archived July 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine; "Nate Silver – Renowned Statistician, Author and Founder of FiveThirtyEight – Joins ESPN in Multi-Faceted Role", ESPN Front Row, July 22, 2013 Archived July 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Sullivan, Margaret (July 22, 2013). "Nate Silver Went Against the Grain for Some at The Times". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2013.
- On the culture clash within The Times, also see John Sides, "One Irony of Nate Silver's Leaving the New York Times", Washington Monthly, July 24, 2013 Archived November 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine; and Jim Naureckas, "Nate Silver Didn't Fit In at the New York Times Because He Believed in the Real World", FAIR, July 24, 2013 Archived July 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Although she linked to her "Nate Silver Went Against the Grain" article, Sullivan did not specify in what ways she had been off-base. See Margaret Sullivan, "A Year in the Life of a Watchdog", The New York Times, September 1, 2013.
- Joe Hagan, "The Suit in the Newsroom: An unusual Times executive—for unusual times", New York, August 23, 2013 Archived August 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- See, most notably, Mark Blumenthal, "The Poblano Model", Article in National Journal, May 8, 2008 Archived April 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Sean Redmond, "Numerical Order: Famed Statistician Nate Silver Discusses the Future of His Near-Flawless Forecasts", Article in Chicago Weekly, January 9, 2009 Archived September 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine . On this point see also Silver's discussion in Megan Garber, "Talking Shop: Nate Silver", Columbia Journalism Review, November 11, 2008 Archived November 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Stephanie Condon, "Q & A: The Formula Behind FiveThirtyEight", CNET News, November 3, 2008.
- Editorial, "In Praise of ... Nate Silver", The Guardian, November 6, 2008 Archived November 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Stephanie Clifford, "Finding Fame With a Prescient Call for Obama", The New York Times, November 10, 2008 Archived August 21, 2018, at the Wayback Machine.
- Issenberg, Sasha (2012). The Victory Lab. Crown Publishing Group. p. 290. ISBN 978-0307954794.
- BuzzFeed Politics. ""Obama Campaign Shared '08 Polling With Silver" BuzzFeed, September 5, 2012". Buzzfeed.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Micah Cohen, "38 Days Later", The New York Times, December 10, 2010 Archived October 11, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- Nate Silver, "Is Obama Toast? Handicapping the 2012 Election", The New York Times Magazine, November 6, 2011 Archived February 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "Choose Obama's Re-Election Adventure", The New York Times, November 3, 2011 Archived September 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- For a partial bibliography, see Micah Cohen, "Reads and Reactions", The New York Times, November 19, 2011 Archived October 9, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Nate Silver, "Why Obama Will Embrace the 99 Percent", The New York Times Magazine, February 15, 2012 Archived February 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver, "The Fundamentals Now Favor Obama", The New York Times, February 15, 2012 Archived September 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Nate Silver, "Election Forecast: Obama Begins With Tenuous Advantage", The New York Times, June 7, 2012 Archived September 11, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- Silver, Nate. "FiveThirtyEight/NYT blog". Fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com. Archived from the original on April 25, 2015. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Daniel Terdiman, "Obama's win a big vindication for Nate Silver, king of the quants Archived November 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine", CNET, November 6, 2012.
- Although Silver put a "toss-up" tag on the presidential election in Florida, his interactive electoral map on the website painted the state light blue and stated that there was a 50.3% probability that Obama would win a plurality of the state's votes.
- A fourth analyst, Sam Wang, missed only the State of Florida in his final presidential election forecast. See Sam Wang, "Presidential prediction 2012 – final", Princeton Election Connection, November 6, 2012 Archived November 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Emory professor called Electoral landslide in June", Article in Atlanta Journal and Constitution, November 8, 2012 Archived November 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Simon Jackman, "Pollster Predictive Performance, 51 out of 51", Article at Huffington Post, November 7, 2012 Archived March 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Josh Putnam, "The Electoral College Map (11/6/12): Election Day", FHQ (FrontloadingHQ), November 6, 2012 Archived November 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Swing states in the 2012 election were Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia, and Wisconsin
- Jonathan D. Salant and Laura Curtis, "Nate Silver-led Statistics Men Crush Pundits in Election", Bloomberg Business Week Archived November 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, November 7, 2012.
- The reason for these misses might be found here: John Sides, "A Second Look at National Pollster Accuracy", The Monkey Cage, November 7, 2012. [retrieved Nov 8, 2012]. However, notably Public Policy Polling by itself correctly predicted the winner of every state Archived November 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Stern, Mark Joseph; Kirk, Chris; Morgan, Andrew (November 7, 2012). "Slate's Pundit Scorecard: Pundits live to make predictions. Who nailed it? Who missed big?". Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
- Silver, Nate. "Final Election Update: There's A Wide Range Of Outcomes, And Most Of Them Come Up Clinton". FiveThirtyEight. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- Why FiveThirtyEight Gave Trump A Better Chance Than Almost Anyone Else Archived November 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine; FiveThirtyEight; Nate Silver; November 11, 2016
- Allen, Kate (November 9, 2016). "Nate Silver's FiveThirtyEight proves its worth with another close election prediction". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
- Nate Silver Is Unskewing Polls — All Of Them — In Trump's Direction Archived November 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine; Huffington Post; Ryan Grim; November 5, 2016
- Cosh, Colby (January 19, 2010). "Mr. Overrated". Macleans. Archived from the original on November 6, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2012.
- Dunn, Geoffrey (September 7, 2012). "FiveThirtyHate?: Nate Silver Gets His Numbers Crossed in Charlotte". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Gregory Ferenstein, "Why Pundits and Politicians Hate NYT Election Forecaster Nate Silver Archived November 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine", TechCrunch, October 30, 2012.
- Nate Silver, "Rasmussen Polls Were Biased and Inaccurate; Quinnipiac, SurveyUSA Performed Strongly", FiveThirtyEight, November 4, 2010 Archived November 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Jordan, Josh (October 22, 2012). "Nate Silver's Flawed Model". National Review. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- Sullivan, Margaret (November 1, 2012). "Under Attack, Nate Silver Picks the Wrong Defense". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 2, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.. For a critical comment see Andrew Beaujon, "New York Times wants to hold Nate Silver to newsroom standards", Poynter, November 2, 2012 Archived November 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- For discussion of another "pundits vs. Nate Silver" case, see John Cassidy, "Brooks vs. Silver: The Limits of Forecasting Elections Archived November 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine", The New Yorker, October 24, 2012.
- Joe Scarborough, "My (Semi) Apology to Nate Silver", Politico, November 21, 2012 Archived November 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Klein, Ezra (October 30, 2012). "The Nate Silver backlash". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 30, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
- "Nate Silver and the Trials of a Forecaster", ThreeHundredEight.com, November 6, 2012 Archived November 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Cowles, Gregory. "New York Times Best Sellers List". Nytimes.com. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Notte, Jason (November 8, 2012). "Nate Silver sees soaring Amazon book sales: The FiveThirtyEight blogger's confident and steadfast Obama forecast gets readers curious and critics furious". MSN Money. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013.
- Scheiber, Noam (November 2, 2012). "Known Unknowns: The Signal and the Noise, by Nate Silver". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved October 16, 2016.
- Carl Bialik, "Baseball Analyst Draws Fans by Crunching Election Numbers", The Wall Street Journal, June 2, 2008 Archived June 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Andrew Romano, "Making His Pitches: Nate Silver, an all-star in the world of baseball stats, may be the political arena's next big draw", Article in Newsweek, June 16, 2008 Archived June 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine,
- Julie Rehmeyer, "Scooping the Political Pollsters", Article in Science News, July 11, 2008 Archived July 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Adam Sternbergh, "The Spreadsheet Psychic", Article in New York Magazine, October 12, 2008 Archived October 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Derek Wallbank, "E. L. native's predictions pitch politics a curveball: Applying baseball stats analysis creates buzz around 30-year-old", Lansing State Journal, July 5, 2008. Also highlighting Silver's dual skills at baseball and political analysis were Alex Altman, "Q & A: Political Pollster Nate Silver", Article in Time, October 6, 2008 Archived October 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Joe Lemire, "The Sports-Politics Connection: FiveThirtyEight", Sports Illustrated, October 13, 2008 Archived October 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, James Janega, "Odds are, he knows the score – Chicago statistician Nate Silver has turned from sports to politics, with striking results", Chicago Tribune, October 27, 2008 Archived October 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Ben Heller, "The 2008 Sports Nerd of the Year: Nate Silver[permanent dead link]", CBSSports.com, November 7, 2008. and Childs Walker, "Projecting politics & baseball with Nate Silver Archived April 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine", Baltimore Sun, April 8, 2009.
- The first such posting was Nate Silver, "Today's Polls: The Bounce Hits the Badger State", The New Republic, June 12, 2008 Archived June 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Rasmussen Reports to Partner with FiveThirtyEight.com", Democratic Underground, June 14, 2008 Archived January 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. [retrieved November 27, 2012]
- For example,the Rachel Maddow show on December 28, 2011, as well as January 2, 2012
- For example, an interview by Howard Kurtz on Reliable Sources on September 25, 2011: "Interview Part 1". Reliable Sources. September 25, 2011. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009.; "Interview Part 2". Reliable Sources. September 25, 2011. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009.
- bizbuzz3 (November 3, 2008). "Video of Nate Silver on Bloomberg, March 8, 2010". Youtube.com. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "Nate Silver: Why Gun Rights Rhetoric Is Winning", December 17, 2012 Archived November 5, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Need to Know: Nate Silver on Why Polls Don't Always Add Up". Pbs.org. October 15, 2010. Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- What's the Impact of the Debt Debate, August 2, 2011 Archived August 27, 2018, at the Wayback Machine.
- Democracy Now 5-18-2010 Archived May 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- e.g., January 23, 2012 Archived January 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- ABC "Topline", 9–28, 2010 Archived October 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- For example, on Keith Olbermann's "Countdown" on February 14, 2012 Archived February 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Nate Silver on "Colbert Report" 2008 Archived December 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine and Nate Silver on "Colbert Report" 2012 Archived November 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Nate Silver on "The Daily Show" Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Real Time with Bill Maher". Hbo.com. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Nick Stango, "Top 25 Nate Silver Facts Archived August 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine", Gizmodo, November 7, 2012.
- Chris Taylor, "The Triumph of the Nerds Archived November 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine", Mashable, November 7, 2012]; Jocelyn Noveck, "He called it, and now Silver's a pop-culture star", Associated Press, November 9, 2012; Martin Robbins, "Can Nate Silver's example save political journalism?" The Guardian, November 13, 2012; Ken Bensinger, "Number crunchers were right about Obama despite what pundits said Archived November 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine", Los Angeles Times, November 8, 2012; James Rainey, "Parsing polls: Nate Silver picks on target, Rasmussen not so much Archived November 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine", Los Angeles Times, November 8, 2012; Ron Seely, "Seely on Science: Nate Silver gains fame by harnessing power of math Archived June 23, 2018, at the Wayback Machine", Wisconsin State Journal, November 9, 2012; Greg Sargent, "What Nate Silver Really Accomplished Archived August 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine", The Washington Post, November 21, 2012; Aluf Benn, "After 2012, make way for the digital press", Haaretz, December 29, 2012.
- Conor Friedersdorf, "How Conservative Media Lost to the MSM and Failed the Rank and File", The Atlantic, November 7, 2012 Archived January 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine; Frank Rich, "Fantasyland: Denial has poisoned the GOP and threatens the rest of the country too", New York, November 9, 2012 Archived November 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Tarun Wadhwa, "Nate Silver and the Rise of Political Data Science", Forbes, November 7, 2012 Archived August 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine; Dorie Clark, "How Nate Silver Won the 2012 Presidential Election", Harvard Business Review, November 7, 2012 Archived November 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine; Steve LeVine, "The smart guesswork that applies even in Nate Silver's world", Quartz, November 11, 2012 Archived November 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine; Joe Weisenthal, "Here's The Real Reason Nate Silver's Perfect Election Call Was Such An Awesome Breakthrough", Business Insider, November 10, 2012 Archived November 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine; Irving Wladawsky-Berger, "Nate Silver, FiveThirtyEight Prove Predictive Analytics Getting Real", The Wall Street Journal, December 16, 2012 Archived June 23, 2018, at the Wayback Machine.
- Eric Lundquist, "Nate Silver's Big Data Lessons For The Enterprise", Information Week, November 8, 2012 Archived November 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine; Daniel Terdiman, "Among the top election quants, Nate Silver reigns supreme", CNET, November 8, 2012 Archived November 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Kelly McBride, "What Nate Silver's success says about the 4th and 5th estates", Poynter, November 8, 2012 Archived November 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine; Jonathan Stray, "Data, uncertainty, and specialization: What journalism can learn from FiveThirtyEight's election coverage", Nieman Journalism Lab, October 31, 2012 Archived November 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Jennifer Ouellette, "Why Math is Like the Honey Badger: Nate Silver", Scientific American, November 7, 2012 Archived November 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine; and Bora Zivkovic, "Nate Silver and the Ascendance of Expertise", Scientific American, November 14, 2012 Archived November 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Today Show, November 9, 2012.
- "Silver on Daily Show, Nov. 7, 2012". Thedailyshow.com. Archived from the original on December 31, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Morning Joe Archived January 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine on November 20, 2012.
- "ABC News "This Week"". Abcnews.go.com. Archived from the original on December 9, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "The Magicians Season 2 Episode 10 Review: The Girl Who Told Time". Den of Geek.
- Wemple, Erik (November 9, 2015). "Nate Silver accuses Vox of recycling Wikipedia entries". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- "FiveThirtyEight.com earns the distinction of being the first blog selected as a Notable Narrative. In his posts, former economic analyst and baseball-stats wunderkind Nate Silver explains the presidential race, using the dramatic tension inherent in the run-up to Election Day to drive his narrative...." See Nieman Storyboard Archived January 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. [Retrieved July 12, 2012].
- Mike Colias, "Nate Silver", Chicago Business, November 3, 2008 Archived November 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. For a video interview related to this profile, see Nate Silver, FiveThirtyEight.com Archived June 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Clifford, Stephanie (November 10, 2008). "Finding Fame With a Prescient Call for Obama". nytimes.com. Archived from the original on February 24, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
- Nate Silver, "What to Watch For – An hour-by-hour guide to election night", Newsweek.com, November 3, 2008 Archived December 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Year in Review: Murder, Politics And Crocs – The top 10 most viewed stories on Newsweek.com in 2008", Newsweek.com, December 23, 2008 Archived December 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- The Daily Beast, December 21, 2008 Archived January 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- James Wolcott, "The Good, the Bad, and Joe Lieberman", VanityFair.com, February 2009 Archived January 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "The Web Celeb 25", Article at Forbes.com, January 29, 2009 Archived September 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Rolling Stone, April 2009 Archived March 29, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "The Week Opinion Awards". The Week. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved May 8, 2009.
- New York Times Magazine "Forensic Polling Analysis" Archived February 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- CEDA Awards. "CEDA Awards". Awards.cedadebate.org. Archived from the original on April 14, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- John F. Harris, "The Most Powerful People On Earth: My Picks: Bloggers", Forbes magazine, November 22, 2010 (retrieved online at Forbes.com) Archived November 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "16th Annual Out100". OUT Magazine. December 9, 2010. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- Jim Romenesko, "Silver's advice to young journalists in the digital age", Poynter, May 23, 2011.
- "Text of Henry Pringle Lecture, 2011" (PDF). May 17, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "Crain's New York". Mycrains.crainsnewyork.com. March 24, 2012. Archived from the original on August 9, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "2012 Webby winner". Webbyawards.com. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- "Nate Silver: Scourge of the Pundits", Rolling Stone, December 12, 2012, p. 66.
- Aaron Hicklin, "Nate Silver: Person of the Year", Out, December 18, 2012 Archived December 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Best year in Washington: Nate Silver", The Washington Post, December 29, 2012 Archived August 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- "2013 Power List" Archived April 13, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Out.
- "17th Annual Webby Awards, "Best Political Blog"". Winners.webbyawards.com. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "!00 Most Creative People in Business 2013", Fast Company, May 2013 Archived May 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine; and Jon Gertner, "The Data Demystifier", Fast Company, May 2013 Archived May 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- Ripon 2013 video Archived May 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine of Ripon College honorary degree award and commencement speech.
- New School 2013 commencement video Archived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Past Award Winners". Alumni Association: Alumni, Parents, Families & Friends. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
- "Newhouse "Mirror Awards"". Mirrorawards.syr.edu. June 5, 2013. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "Joint Statistical Meetings 2013". Amstat.org. Archived from the original on August 30, 2013. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- For an interview conducted at this meeting, see "Nate Silver: What I Need from Statisticians", Statistics Views, August 23, 2013 Archived August 23, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Honorary Doctorate for Nate Silver", LStat: Leuven Statistics Research Centre Archived December 4, 2013, at Archive.today
- Luc Vander Elst, "Honorary doctorate for Nate Silver, the man who made statistics cool", KU Leuven, December 18, 2013 Archived December 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Meet Ad Age's 40 Under 40", January 20, 2014 Archived February 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Honorary doctorate from Amherst, 2014 Archived May 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- "193rd Commencement at Amherst College". masslive.com. Archived from the original on May 27, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
- AAPOR Award "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 18, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). The citation read: "2015 Warren J. Mitofsky Innovators Award to Nate Silver for Contributions to the General Public and Mass Media in the Realm of Statistical Literacy and Thinking. Through his work as Founding Director and Editor in Chief of FiveThirtyEight.com Nate Silver has made significant, innovative contributions to how journalists report and the general public understands presidential and congressional elections in the United States, and how public opinion polling is used in that framework. Silver's focus on the Electoral College, rather than the popular vote, has fundamentally reshaped how presidential elections are reported, leading to a greater public and journalistic awareness of how the electoral political process operates. Silver's application of probability theory and statistical inference to politics, public policy, economics, and daily life in FiveThirtyEight.com has advanced and highlighted statistical literacy and thinking as an approach to solving problems in a number of areas. One example is in the use of polling aggregation to identify central tendencies and outliers in the analysis of elections. AAPOR also recognizes and laud's Silver's commitment to transparency and full disclosure in FiveThirtyEight's research methods and practice. These principles remain the bedrock on which scientific inquiry is grounded".
- York, Guastavino's 409 East 59th Street New; States, NY 10022 United. "Race to the Finish: MoMath's annual gala honoring Nate Silver - National Museum of MathematicsNational Museum of Mathematics". Archived from the original on February 27, 2019. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
- "Georgetown Announces 2017 Commencement Speakers" Archived May 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine.
- Kenyon College honorary degree Archived May 20, 2018, at the Wayback Machine.
- Rose, Charlie (host) (October 29, 2012). "Mark Halperin of Time magazine and Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight.com on the Presidential election". Charlie Rose. PBS. Archived from the original on September 26, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Bloom, Nate (November 13, 2012). "Interfaith Celebrities: Nate Silver, Another Bond, and Happy Endings". InterfaithFamily. Archived from the original on November 21, 2012.
His mother is the granddaughter of the late Harmon Lewis, once head of the Alcoa Steamship Company. Silver's middle name is also the first name of a maternal great-aunt and the middle name of his mother's sister.
- Carole Cadwalladr, "Nate Silver: it's the numbers, stupid", Article in The Guardian, November 17, 2012 Archived November 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Carole Cadwalladr, "Nate Silver: it's the numbers, stupid", Article in The Observer, November 17, 2012 Archived November 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
- Japhy Grant, "Nate Silver on African-Americans, Prop 8. and Being A Hero to Gays & Geeks Everywhere", Queerty, November 21, 2008 Archived November 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. [retrieved November 6, 2012]
- Change Doesn't Usually Come This Fast Archived June 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Nate Silver, FiveThirtyEight, June 26, 2015, accessed June 29, 2015
- "Scoresheet Fantasy Baseball Overview | The best fantasy baseball sim game". www.scoresheet.com. Archived from the original on July 26, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
- Zak Stambor, "Number Cruncher", University of Chicago Magazine, July–August, 2008 Archived July 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "BurritoBracket.com". Burritobracket.blogspot.com. February 23, 2004. Archived from the original on January 14, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2012.
- On the role of The Burrito Bracket in Silver's engagement in blogging see Dan Cohen, "The Ivory Tower and the Open Web: Introduction: Burritos, Browsers and Books", Dan Cohen's Digital Humanities blog, July 26, 2011 Archived August 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. [retrieved August 6, 2011]
- See Hageman, cited previously; Kaiser, Rob (October 3, 2004). "Players Place Bets on Poker as Career". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- Silver, Nate (July 2, 2009). "This Post Brought to You by Poker". FiveThirtyEight.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- Calderone, Michael (August 15, 2019). "Behind Nate Silver's war with The New York Times". Politico. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nate Silver.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Nate Silver|
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Appearances in the Internet Movie Database
- Interviews, appearances, presentations available on YouTube.
- Silver discussing his methodology for polling aggregation on Bloggingheads.tv (August 21, 2008) [video]
- TED 2009 talk about race and the 2008 U.S. presidential election (February 2009) [video]
- Archive of Esquire "The Data" series of articles, 2008-9
- The Signal and the Noise "Authors at Google" talk (November 26, 2012) [video]
- "Serious Jibber-Jabber with Conan O'Brien" (December 7, 2012) [video]
- "A Conversation with Nate Silver" at MIT Communications Forum, (Seth Mnookin, interviewer) (February 28, 2013) [video]
- Video interview about his career in statistics at Joint Statistical Meeting, August 5, 2013
- Interview on Baseball Prospectus podcast "Effectively Wild" (August 17, 2014) [audio]
- Kenyon College commencement speech [video], "Skills for a Lifetime", May 19, 2018.
- "FiveThirtyEight's Nate Silver on the 2020 Election", University of Chicago Institute of Politics, Interviewed by Austan Goolsbee: February 8, 2019.
- Send-ups of Nate Silver on satirical website "The Onion": (1) November 16, 2012; (2) July 22, 2013; (3) August 23, 2013; (4) February 29, 2016; (5) March 21, 2016; (6) April 13, 2016; (7) July 20, 2016; (8) November 4, 2016; (9) June 1, 2018; (10) November 1, 2018.