This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (November 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Manufacturer||Nakajima Aircraft Company|
|First flight||7 December 1941|
|Primary user||Imperial Japanese Navy|
|Developed from||Mitsubishi A6M Zero|
Design and development
The A6M2-N floatplane was developed from the Mitsubishi A6M Type 0, mainly to support amphibious operations and defend remote bases. It was based on the A6M-2 Model 11 fuselage, with a modified tail and added floats. A total of 327 were built, including the original prototype.
The aircraft was deployed in 1942, referred to as the "Suisen 2" ("Hydro fighter type 2"), and was only utilized in defensive actions in the Aleutians and Solomon Islands operations. Such seaplanes were effective in harassing American PT boats at night. They could also drop flares to illuminate the PTs which were vulnerable to destroyer gunfire, and depended on cover of darkness.
The seaplane also served as an interceptor for protecting fueling depots in Balikpapan and Avon Bases (Dutch East Indies) and reinforced the Shumushu base (North Kuriles) in the same period. Such fighters served aboard seaplane carriers Kamikawa Maru in the Solomons and Kuriles areas and aboard Japanese raiders Hokoku Maru and Aikoku Maru in Indian Ocean raids. In the Aleutian Campaign this fighter engaged with RCAF Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Lockheed P-38 Lightning fighters and Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers. The aircraft was used for interceptor, fighter-bomber, and short reconnaissance support for amphibious landings, among other uses.
The last A6M2-N in military service was a single example recovered by the French forces in Indochina after the end of World War II. It crashed shortly after being overhauled.
- Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service
- French Navy - Postwar, one Nakajima A6M-2N was captured in Indo-China, it was impressed into service with the French Navy in late 1945.
Specifications (Nakajima A6M2-N)
Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War
- Crew: 1
- Length: 10.1 m (33 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
- Height: 4.3 m (14 ft 1 in)
- Wing area: 22.44 m2 (241.5 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 1,912 kg (4,215 lb)
- Gross weight: 2,460 kg (5,423 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 2,880 kg (6,349 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Nakajima NK1C Sakae 12 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 700 kW (940 hp) for take-off
- 950 hp (708 kW) at 4,200 m (13,780 ft)
- Propellers: 3-bladed constant-speed metal propeller
- Maximum speed: 435 km/h (270 mph, 235 kn) at 5,000 m (16,404 ft)
- Cruise speed: 296 km/h (184 mph, 160 kn)
- Range: 1,148 km (713 mi, 620 nmi)
- Ferry range: 1,783 km (1,108 mi, 963 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 10,000 m (33,000 ft)
- Time to altitude: 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 6 minutes 43 seconds
- Bombs: 2 × 60 kg (132 lb) bombs
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era
- Bernard H 110
- Dewoitine HD.780
- Grumman F4F-3S Wildcatfish
- Kawanishi N1K1 Kyōfū
- Loire 210
- Supermarine Spitfire floatplanes
- List of aircraft of Japan during World War II
- List of aircraft of World War II
- List of fighter aircraft
- List of military aircraft of Japan
- Dorr and Bishop 1996, p. 249.
- Francillon 1970, p.428.
- Dorr, Robert F. and Chris Bishop. Vietnam Air War Debrief. London:Aerospace |Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-874023-78-6.
- Francillon, R.J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London:Putnam, 1970. ISBN 0-370-00033-1.
- Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War, Volume Six: Floatplanes. London: Macdonald & Co., (Publishers) Ltd., 1962.
- Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. New York: Smithmark, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.
- Jackson, Robert. Combat Legend: Mitsubishi Zero. Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84037-398-9.
- Janowicz, Krzystof. Mitsubishi A6M2-N Rufe (Kagero Famous Airplanes 4) (in Polish/English). Lublin, Poland: Kagero, 2004. ISBN 83-89088-42-8.
- Mikesh, Robert C. Warbird History: Zero, Combat & Development History of Japan's Legendary Mitsubishi A6M Zero Fighter. Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks International, 1994. ISBN 0-87938-915-X.
- Sakaida, Henry. Imperial Japanese Navy Aces, 1937–45. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing Ltd., 1999. ISBN 1-85532-727-9.
- Gunston,Bill. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Combat Aircraft of World War II. London, UK: Salamander Books Ltd., 1978 ISBN 0-89673-000-X
Media related to Nakajima A6M2-N Rufe at Wikimedia Commons