|Locale||Nagpur, Maharashtra, India|
|Transit type||Rapid Transit|
|Number of lines||1 (operational)|
2 (under construction)
|Number of stations||5 (operational)|
42 (under construction)
|Daily ridership||363,000 (projected)|
|Chief executive||Dr. Brijesh Dixit MD|
|Headquarters||Opposite Ambedkar College, Deeksha Bhoomi, Nagpur|
|Began operation||8 March 2019|
|Train length||3 coaches|
|System length||13.5 km (operational)|
43 km (total length planned)
|Track gauge||1435 mm (standard gauge)|
|Electrification||25 kV AC Overhead catenary|
|Average speed||33 km/h|
|Top speed||90 km/h|
Nagpur Metro is a rapid transit system for the city of Nagpur, India. It is estimated to cost ₹8,260 crore (US$1.2 billion). In February 2014, the Government of Maharashtra gave approval for the Metro Project, while Government of India's Ministry of Urban Development had given "In Principle" approval for the Project. On 20 August 2014, Union Cabinet gave approval for the development of project, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid foundation stone on 21 August on his visit to the city. Construction on the project began on 31 May 2015, with trial run beginning on 30 September 2017.
Prime minister Narendra Modi inaugurated operations on Nagpur Metro on 8 March 2019 via video conferencing along with Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis and Union Cabinet Minister Nitin Gadkari.
Nagpur Metro becomes 13th Metro system in India to be operational.
- 1 History
- 2 Detailed Project Report
- 3 Plan
- 4 Metro Rail Expenditure
- 5 Routes
- 6 Present network
- 7 Phase 1
- 8 Nagpur Metro Lines
- 9 Timeline
- 10 Work on other projects
- 11 Awards
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The project was conceived during the year 2012, when cities having population of more than 2 million was made eligible for having a metro rail system. This decision by the government had made 12 cities in India eligible for the metro rail, including Nagpur. Kamal Nath, then Union minister for urban development, then proposed a metro rail in Nagpur and called for a detailed project report from the state government. On 22 February 2012, the Nagpur Improvement Trust (NIT) signed an agreement with Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) to prepare the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the metro in Nagpur. The Central Ministry had allocated ₹24 million (US$350,000) to the State Government for carrying out the DPR work.
Conflict with MSRDC
As per the plan of East-West corridor of the Nagpur Metro, the route from east side of the Nagpur Railway station passes through the same road as that of the place where the Ram Jhula phase II was under construction. This led to a conflict between MSRDC and NMRCL regarding the position of pillars for their respective projects. Even after several meetings no solution came out. The matter was discussed in the High court of Nagpur Bench during the hearing of a PIL filled by Nagpur Chamber of Commerce Ltd (NCCL) for early completion of Ram Jhula, the six-lane cable-stayed railway over-bridge near Santra Market that was pending since nine years. High Court then directed both the parties to submit their plans to superintendent engineer of Public Works Department (PWD), based in Mumbai. The High Court also urged the Chief Minister to resolve the deadlock over Ram Jhula. In response, Devendra Fadnavis, Chief Minister of Maharashtra, assured that there would be an early resolve on the ongoing conflict between NMRCL and MSRDC. After some meetings between officials of NMRCL and MSRDC, which Chief Minister facilitated, both parties found a solution on the conflict. As per the new plan NMRCL jointly decided with Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) to lay the metro rail track between two spans of Ramjhula. This alignment, although technically challenging, renders demolition of part of the Indira Gandhi Government Medical College and Hospital (IGGMCH) unnecessary, and will not disturb the Poddareshwar Ram Temple either.
Detailed Project Report
DMRC submitted the report to the nodal agency Nagpur Improvement Trust on 12 February 2013. The total cost of the project was estimated at around ₹90 billion. The project consisted of two routes: Automotive square, Kamptee to MIHAN Metro depot and Prajapati Nagar, East Wardhaman Nagar to Lokmanya Nagar, Hingna. There would be 17 stations on Route no. 1 with a terminal cum depot at MIHAN and 19 stations on Route no. 2 with a terminal cum depot at Lokmanya Nagar. A cross major station was proposed at Munje Square where the two routes would meet and the commuter would be able to exchange the routes.
It was expected that 12.21 percent of Nagpur's estimated population of 2.9 million in 2021, i.e., around 363,000 commuters would use the Metro by 2021.
To provide first and last mile connectivity, feeder services such as shuttle buses, battery operated vehicles, pedestrian facilities and bicycle sharing schemes were included in the project. There would be 19 feeder routes covering all stations and a total distance of around 160 km. Feeder services would enhance the accessibility of the Metro for all classes of commuters, to and from homes and offices.
To execute the project, the Cabinet approved setting up of Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation Limited (NMRCL) now known as Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited. NMRCL is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) created for the smooth implementation and operations of the Nagpur Metro Rail Project and is a joint venture of Government of India and Government of Maharashtra, with 50:50 equity. NMRCL shall be solely responsible for the successful and timely completion of the project and its subsequent operations.
The project is scheduled to be completed by December 2019.
Metro Rail Expenditure
The Total Expenditure of the Project is estimated to ₹8680 Cr. with the Central Government and State Government each contributing 20% share in the form of equity and subordinate debt. Nagpur Municipal Corporation and Nagpur Improvement Trust each giving 5% share of the expenditure while the rest 50% is being financed by loan.
Recently, KfW, a German government-owned development bank, has approved a loan of ₹3,700 crores (€500 million) to NMRCL as a part of fund required for the project. An additional €60 million (₹444 crore) loan will also be provided for funding the proposed feeder service and solar energy installation of Nagpur Metro Rail on mere concessional terms of KfW Germany. The remaining requirement of about €130 million for the entire project has been funded by AFD France. The 20-year credit, is used for funding signalling, telecommunication, automatic fare collection systems, lifts and escalators.
Proposed Alignment by DMRC
In early 2012 Nagpur Improvement Trust (NIT) requested DMRC to provide Consultancy services for preparation of a Detailed Project Report for Metro Rail System in Nagpur, Maharashtra initially for 30 km which was revised to 42 km in July 2012. Thereafter, DMRC conducted Traffic Surveys, Topographical Surveys, Geotechnical Investigations and Environment Impact Assessment Survey. The study area consisted of Nagpur Municipal Corporation Area. The study area totaled to approximately 217 km<sup. Based on the different types of surveys done by DMRC, metro alignments were finalized after repeated inspection of the road network, intersections, passenger traffic flow, traffic congestion, connectivity to important land uses.
|Alignment (Proposed by DMRC)||Detail Route|
|Alignment-1 North-South Corridor (22.293 km, 20 stations)||Automotive Square, along Kamptee Road, Wardha Road, Variety Square to Abhyankar Road, along Nag River alignment will fall on Humpyard Road, Rahate Colony Road, Wardha Road, Khamla Road, Airport, MIHAN Area|
|Alignment-2 East – West Corridor (19.407 km, 20 stations)||From Prajapati Nagar, along Central Avenue Road, Railway Feeder Road, Munje Square, Jhansi Rani Square, North Ambajhari Road, Hingna Road, Lokmanya Nagar|
|Line No.||Line Name||First operational||Last extension||Stations||Length
|1||Orange Line||7 March 2019||-||11||13.5||Sitabuldi||Khapri|
On 3 August 2013, a meeting was held at Nagpur by authorities of Ministry for Urban Development to discuss the DPR of Nagpur Metro. In that meeting, the Joint Secretary of MoUD had expressed that the Financial Internal Rate of Return (FIRR) of the project should be at least 8% since the Ministry had already issued an advisory that FIRR of metro project should not be below 8%. On 1 October 2013, a presentation on the DPR was made by NIT to The Chief Minister, Government of Maharashtra. The Chief Minister was of the opinion to avoid underground alignment in MIHAN and also construct Maintenance Depot in the land belonging to State Govt Land.
Subsequently, on 21 October 2013, a joint inspection of the North South corridor was done by MADC, NIT and DMRC. The original alignment of Corridor-I proposed was passing through Khamla Road, Airport Area after Sahakar Nagar and finally was ending at MIHAN. The alignment up to old airport station was elevated, then for a length of 3.30 km it was underground with one underground station named as New Airport Station and again elevated in MIHAN Area. Since the cost of underground section of the alignment is much more than the elevated section or the section at grade, alternative alignment was suggested for cost reduction, enhancement in PHPDT and to increase FIRR so that project becomes financially and economically viable. The new proposed alignment suggested in the above inspection, was to pass through a 24-meter wide road adjacent to London Street after Sahakar Nagar Junction and was proposed to be taken to the east along 24-meter wide road and London Street up to Wardha Road. From the intersection at Wardha road, the elevated alignment was proposed to be on the central divider on the Wardha Road. After crossing existing intersection point of Wardha Road & Airport Road, the alignment was to be shifted to the MIHAN area.
Alignment in this portion was proposed to be at grade and to run parallel to Wardha Road up to ROB and abutting railway line thereafter up-to proposed Car depot. But, while working on this modification of alignment, it was noticed that a very large number of properties were falling along the alignment due to sharp curve at the junction of Sahakar Nagar & 24-meter wide road and also at the junction of 24-meter wide road & Wardha Road. As acquiring of these properties will be very tough and may delay the whole project, hence to avoid all such situation, it was decided to take the alignment on Wardha Road only without going on Khamla Road. This decision changed the alignment, and it was decided that North-South Corridor will pass through Wardha Road after Congress Nagar Metro Station. After crossing existing intersection point of Wardha Road & Airport Road, it was decided that the alignment will be shifted to the MIHAN area and alignment in this portion would be at grade and will run parallel to Wardha Road up to ROB and parallel to railway line thereafter up-to proposed Car Depot. 14-meter wide stretch of land between the railway boundary line and the road near proposed Container Depot of Container Corporation of India Ltd. would be affected by this proposed alignment of the Metro Rail as the proposed alignment passes through this stretch of land. MADC land of area 73 Ha was available on the west side of railway line and south of existing flyover near Khapri station. Average width of this land was about 80 m and was about 1800 m long. This MADC land would be utilized for Car Depot. Similarly, Depot of East-West Corridor had also been shifted to SRPF land near proposed Lokmanya Nagar Metro Station.
This has caused deletion of few earlier proposed metro stations on North-South Corridor and addition of new stations on the same.
Final alignment for both the corridors is as below :
Nagpur Metro Lines
Line 1: Orange Line (North-South Corridor)
(Rail Length:22.293 km; No of Stations:20)
This corridor originates from Automotive Square on Kamptee Road; moves along Kamptee Road and reaches the intersection point of Amravati Road and Wardha Road, then after crossing fly over moves towards Munje Square, moves towards Dhantoli and along nala moves towards Empire/Dr Munje Marg, leads towards Congress Nagar T-Point, then on Rahate Colony Road and then falls on Wardha Road, leads towards NEERI, then moves along Wardha Road and then west of Railway Track in MIHAN area. And passes through 14m wide stretch of land between the railway boundary line and the road near proposed Container Depot.
Entire length (22.293 km.) of this corridor is proposed as elevated except in 4.6 km at grade after Airport Station and in MIHAN area near Khapri Railway Station. There are 20 stations on this corridor of which 15 stations are elevated and 5 stations are at Grade. Sitaburdi Station is an inter-change station. Average inter-station distance is 1.20 km approximately varying from 0.54 km to 2.4 km depending upon the site, operational and traffic requirements.
Line 2: Blue Line (East-West Corridor)
(Rail Length:19.407 km; No of Stations:20)
This corridor originates from Prajapati Nagar and runs westwards, through Vaishnodevi Square, Ambedkar Square, Telephone Exchange, Chittar Oli Square, Agarsen Square, Doser Vaisya Square, Nagpur Railway Station, Sitaburdi, Jhansi Rani Square, Institute of Engineers, Shankar Nagar Square, Lad Square, Dharmpeth College, Subhash Nagar, Rachna (Ring road Junction), Vasudev Nagar, Bansi Nagar to Lokmanya Nagar. The entire corridor is elevated.
The total length of the corridor is 19.407 kilometer. There are 20 stations on this corridor. All stations are elevated stations and Sitaburdi station is an Interchange Station. Average inter-station distance is 1.00 km approximately varying from 0.65 km to 1.29 km depending upon the site, operational and traffic requirements.
The DMRC in its Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted to Nagpur Improvement Trust has suggested to start the construction work on both the routes simultaneously contradicting the prior suggestion of phase wise development.
- Nov 2013: Detailed Project Report final version submitted.
- Aug 2014: Union Cabinet approved the project.
- Nov 2015: Work started on construction of depot..
- January 2016: Work started on Wardha Road.
- August 2016: Work started on Ajni road. (near Ajni railway station).
- September 2016: Work started on back side of Nagpur railway station.
- October 2016: Work started Near Ambazari Lake.
- October 2016: Work started on Sitabuldi Interchange Station (Munje Square).
- December 2016: Work started on East-West Corridor.
- December 2016: Work started for Construction of Depot at MIHAN on the N-S Corridor.
- January 2017: Work Started on Zero Mile Station.
- August 2017: Trial run started Till Airport Station.
- 30 September 2017: First trial run was conducted on a 5.6 km section between Mihan area and Khapri station.
- 3 February 2018: Discussion in DPR of the Phase II i.e. extension of existing started.
- 16 April 2018: Second and Final inspection of CMRS for clearance.
- Dec 2018: Work progressing in all sections but Metro may miss March 2019 deadline..
- January 2019 The first metro train from China reached metro depot in Nagpur.
- February 2019: Trial run begins.
- 21 February 2019: Prime Minister is expected to inaugurate 12.5 Kms long Phase-1 section from Sitabuldi to Khapri in first week for March 2019.
- 3 March 2019: CMRS inspection carried out.
- 5 March 2019: Prime Minister to inaugurate 13 Kms long Sitabuldi to Khapri section on 08-March-2019.
- 8 March 2019: Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated metro between Sitabuldi to Khapri via video conferencing.
Work on other projects
Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (NMRCL) was re-constituted to form the Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation (Maha-Metro) for implementation of all Metro Rail Projects in Maharashtra excluding the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. It has already begun implementation of two lines of the Pune Metro Rail Project from December 2016 and implementation of Greater Nashik Metro rail will be done later.
- On 27 November 2015, Nagpur Metro Rail won 2nd prize for Best Exhibitor at "8th Urban Mobility India conference and expo 2015".
- Maha Metro got the first prize for the best urban mobility project at the UMI international expo. and conf. held at Hyderabad from 4 November to 6 November 2017.
- ANI (7 March 2019). "Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi flags-off Nagpur Metro via video conferencing.pic.twitter.com/0n6ohgcok3". @ANI (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- "Work begins on Nagpur Metro". Indian Express. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- "City to get metro rail by Dec 2016". The Times of India. 17 December 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- "Cabinet nod to Metro rail in Nagpur". Zee News. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
- Our Bureau. "Nagpur to have Metro rail system by 2020". The Hindu Business Line.
- "Nagpur Pune Metro projects get central nod". The Times of India.
- Ashish Roy (30 May 2015). "Metro rail work set to begin from Sunday". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
- "Nagpur has India's 'greenest' metro; here's how it stacks up against others".
- "Nagpur Metro Flagged Off by PM Narendra Modi, To Be Open For Public From March 8". Latestly. 7 March 2019. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- "12 cities to get Metro rail soon". The Times of India.
- "Metro rail project in 18 months if proposal is received: Kamal Nath". The Times of India.
- "Work on metro to begin next year". The Times Of India. 22 July 2012.
- "Resolve metro alignment dispute over Ram Jhula: HC tells CM". The Times of India.
- "HC urges CM to resolve dead-lock over Ram Jhula".
- "Chief Minister to help find amicable solution between on-going conflict between Metro Rail and MSRDC".
- "Metro to pass between two Ramjhula spans". The Times of India.
- [dead link]
- "NMRCL - Project Profile". www.metrorailnagpur.com.
- Press Trust of India (29 January 2014). "Maha cabinet clears Rs 8,680 cr Nagpur metro project". business-standard.com.
- "Nagpur Metro Rail to get Rs 3,700 crore loan from KfW, Germany". timesofindia-economictimes.
- Super User. "DMRC to make DPR for Nagpur Metro - Business Bytes - Construction Business Today".
- "DMRC submits detailed project report for Nagpur metro rail project". Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy Pvt. Ltd.[permanent dead link]
- "Detailed Project Report Chapter 1" (PDF). Metro Rail Nagpur. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- "Detailed report chapter 6" (PDF). Metro Rail Nagpur. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Work on two routes to start together". The Times Of India. 19 February 2013.
- "Cabinet nod to Metro rail in Nagpur". 21 August 2014.
- Rahul Wadke. "'Nagpur Metro rail project to be operational by 2018'". The Hindu Business Line.
- "New record: Nagpur Metro reaches trial stage in two years". Indian Express. 1 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "NMRCL - Milestone". www.metrorailnagpur.com.
- "'Nagpur Metro' bags second prize and Best exhibitor at Urban Mobility Expo in Delhi".