NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision independent schools are four-year institutions in the United States whose football programs are not part of a football conference. This means that FCS independents are not required to schedule each other for competition as conference schools do.
One school, North Dakota, will compete as an FCS independent in the next college football season in 2019. The Fighting Hawks left the Big Sky Conference for the non-football Summit League in July 2018, and will join the Missouri Valley Football Conference in 2020. As part of its move, it agreed to honor existing contracts to play Big Sky members in football, and thus committed to playing a full Big Sky football schedule in 2018 and 2019. Two schools that played as FCS independents in 2018 will join Big South Conference football in 2019. Hampton joined the Big South in non-football sports in July 2018. At the same time, North Alabama began a transition from NCAA Division II by joining the non-football Atlantic Sun Conference (ASUN). North Alabama football will join the Big South under the terms of an alliance between the ASUN and Big South which allows any member of either conference that awards football scholarships to play Big South football.
Current FCS independent
|Years||Team||Previous Conference||Future Conference|
|2018–2019||North Dakota||Big Sky||MVFC (2020–future)|
Former FCS independents
The following is a complete list of teams which have been Division I-AA/FCS Independents since the formation of Division I-AA in 1978. The "Current Conference" column indicates affiliations for the 2019 college football season.
Teams in italics are current FBS members; this includes second-year transitional schools that are counted as FBS for scheduling purposes but not bowl game eligibility.
|Years||Team||Previous Conference||Conference Joined||Current Conference|
|2013||Abilene Christian||Lone Star (Div. II)||Southland (2014–present)|
|1987–1991||Arkansas State||Southland||Division I-A Independent (1992)||Sun Belt (2001–present)[N 1]|
|1997–2000||Austin Peay||Ohio Valley[N 2]||Pioneer Football League (2001–2005)|
|2006||Pioneer Football League||Ohio Valley (2007–present)|
|1978–1985||Bucknell||Division II Independent||Patriot League (1986–present)[N 3]|
|1993–1998||Buffalo||Division III Independent||Mid-American Conference (1999–present)[N 4]|
|1996–2003||Cal Poly||American West||Great West (2004–2011)[N 5]||Big Sky (2012–present)|
|2001||Cal State Northridge||Big Sky||Dropped Football Program|
|2006||Central Arkansas||Gulf South (Div II)||Southland (2007–present)|
|1993–1995||Central Connecticut||Division II Independent||Northeast (1996–present)|
|1993–2001||Charleston Southern||No football program||Big South (2002–present)|
|2013–2014||Charlotte||No football program||C–USA (2015–present)[N 6]|
|2016||Coastal Carolina||Big South||Sun Belt (2017–present)[N 7]|
|1982–1985||Colgate||Division I-A Independent||Patriot League (1986–present)[N 3]|
|1989||Davidson||Colonial League[N 3]||Division III Independent (1990–1992)|
|1993–2000||Division III Independent||Pioneer Football League (2001–present)|
|1980–1985||Delaware||Division II Independent||Yankee Conference (1986–1996)||CAA Football (2007–present)[N 8][N 9]|
|1993||Duquesne||Division III Independent||MAAC (1994–2007)||Northeast (2008–present)|
|2015||East Tennessee State||No football program[N 10]||Southern (2016–present)[N 11]|
|1984–1986||Eastern Washington||Division II Independent||Big Sky (1987–present)|
|1998–2001||Elon||Division II Independent||Big South (2002)||CAA Football (2014–present)|
|1984–1987||Florida A&M||MEAC [N 12]||MEAC 1988–2003||MEAC 2005–Present|
|2004||MEAC [N 13]||MEAC 2005–Present|
|2002–2004||FIU||No football program||Sun Belt (2005–2012)||C–USA (2013–present)|
|2001–2004||Florida Atlantic||No football program||Sun Belt (2005–2012)||C–USA (2013–present)|
|1989||Fordham||Liberty Football Conference||Patriot League (1990–present)|
|2000||Georgetown||MAAC||Patriot League (2001–present)|
|1984–1991||Georgia Southern||Club football||Southern (1992–2013)||Sun Belt (2014–present)|
|2011||Georgia State||Unclassified (exhibition only)||CAA Football (2012)||Sun Belt (2013–present)|
|2018||Hampton||MEAC||Big South (2019–present)|
|1991–2000||Hofstra||Division III Independent||Atlantic 10 (2001–2006)||Dropped football program|
|1982–1985||Holy Cross||Division I-A Independent||Patriot League (1986–present)[N 3]|
|2013||Houston Baptist||No football program||Southland (2014–present)|
|2008||Iona||MAAC (1993–2007)||Dropped Football Program|
|2013||Incarnate Word||Lone Star (Div. II)||Southland (2014–present)|
|1982–1985||Indiana State||Division I-A Independent||MVFC (1997–present)[N 14]|
|1998–2000||Jacksonville||No football program||Pioneer Football League (2001–present)|
|1980–1992||James Madison||Division III Independent||Yankee Conference (1993–1996)||CAA Football (2007–present)[N 15][N 9]|
|1978–1985||Lafayette||Division II Independent||Patriot League (1986–present)[N 3]|
|1987–1989||Lamar||Southland||Dropped program (1989–2009)|
|2010||No football program||Southland (2011–present)|
|1997–1998||La Salle||No football program (1942–1996)||MAAC (1999–2007)||Dropped Football Program|
|1978–1985||Lehigh||Division II Independent||Patriot League (1986–present)[N 3]|
|1988–2001||Liberty||Division II Independent||Big South (2002–2017)[N 16]||Division I FBS independent (2018–present)[N 17]|
|1987–1988||Louisiana Tech||Southland||Division I-A Independent (1989–1992)||C–USA (2013–present)|
|1993||Marist||Liberty Football Conference||MAAC (1994–2007)|
|2008||MAAC||Pioneer Football League (2009–present)|
|2013||Northeast||Big South (2014–present)|
|1996–2000||Morehead State||Ohio Valley||Pioneer Football League (2001–present)|
|2001–2002||Morris Brown||SIAC (Div II)||Dropped Football Program|
|1978||Nevada||Division II Independent||Big Sky (1979–1991)||Mountain West (2012–present)|
|1980–1983||Nicholls||Division II Independent||Gulf Star (1984–1986)||Southland (1992–present)|
|1987–1990||Gulf Star||Southland (1991–present)|
|2018||North Alabama||Gulf South (Div. II)||Big South (2019–present)|
|1978–1992||Northeastern||Division II Independent||Yankee (1993–1996)||Dropped Football Program (2010)|
|2003||Northern Colorado||North Central||Great West (2004–2005)||Big Sky (2006–present)|
|1978–1983||Northwestern State||Division I Independent||Gulf Star (1984–1986)||Southland (1987–present)|
|2009–2010||Old Dominion||No football program||CAA Football (2011–2012)|
|2013||CAA Football||C–USA (2014–present)|
|1978–1980||Portland State||Division II Independent||Division II Independent (1981)||Big Sky (1996–present)|
|1982–1985||Richmond||Division I-A Independent||Yankee Conference (1986–1996)||CAA Football (2007–present)[N 9]|
|1994–1995||Robert Morris||No football program||Northeast (1996–present)|
|1993–1995||Saint Francis (PA)||Division III Independent||Northeast (1996–present)|
|1989–2002||Samford||Division III Independent||Ohio Valley (2003–2007)||Southern (2008–present)|
|2002–2009||Savannah State||Division II Independent||MEAC (2010–present)|
|2011||South Alabama||Unclassified (exhibition only)||Sun Belt (2012–present)[N 18]|
|1997–2000||South Florida||No football program||Division I-A Independent (2001–2002)||American (2013–present)[N 19]|
|1980–1983||Southeastern Louisiana||Division II Independent||Gulf Star (1984–1985)||Southland (2005–present)|
|2003–2004||No football program[N 20]||Southland (2005–present)|
|1996–2003||Southern Utah||American West||Great West (2004–2011)[N 5]||Big Sky (2012–present)|
|1998–1999||St. John's||MAAC||Northeast (2000–2002)||Dropped Football Program (2003)|
|1993–2003||Saint Mary's||Division II Independent||Dropped Football Program (2004)|
|2007||Stony Brook||Northeast||Big South (2008–2012)||CAA Football (2013–present)|
|1981–1987||Tennessee State||Division I-A Independent||Ohio Valley (1988–present)|
|1987–1996||Towson||Division II Independent||Patriot League (1997–2003)||CAA Football (2007–present)[N 21]|
|1993–1995||Troy||Division II Independent||Southland (1996–2000)|
|2001||Southland||Division I-A Independent (2002–2003)||Sun Belt (2004–present)[N 22]|
|1993–1995||UAB||Division III Independent||Division I-A Independent (1996–1998)||C–USA (2017–present)[N 23]|
|1990–1995||UCF||Division II Independent||Division I-A Independent (1996–2001)||American (2013–present)|
|2011||UTSA||No football program||WAC (2012)||C–USA (2013–present)|
|1987||Villanova||No football program||Yankee Conference (1988–1996)||CAA Football (2007–Present)|
|1993–1995||Wagner||Liberty Football Conference||Northeast (1996–present)|
|1982–1998||Western Kentucky||Ohio Valley||Ohio Valley (1999–2000)|
|2007–2008||Gateway Football Conference[N 14]||Sun Belt (2009–2013)||C–USA (2014–present)|
|1982–1992||William & Mary||Division I-A Independent||Yankee Conference (1993–1996)||CAA Football (2007–present)[N 15][N 9]|
|1995–1996||Wofford||Division II Independent||Southern (1997–present)|
|2006||Winston–Salem State||CIAA (Div II)||MEAC (2007–2009)||CIAA (Div II) (2010–present)|
|1988–1996||Youngstown State||Ohio Valley||MVFC (1997–present)[N 14]|
Future FCS independents
Two schools have announced plans to play at least one season as FCS independents in the near future. Presbyterian began a transition to non-scholarship FCS football in 2017; it will play the final season of that transition in 2020 as an FCS independent before joining the Pioneer Football League in 2021. (Presbyterian will remain a full but non-football Big South member.) Also in 2020, Dixie State will move up from Division II, joining the non-football Western Athletic Conference. The school plans to play FCS football, but has not announced any plans to join an FCS conference.
|Years||Team||Previous Conference||Future Conference|
|2020||Presbyterian||Big South||Pioneer Football League (2021–future)|
|2020||Dixie State||RMAC (Division II)||None|
- NCAA Division I FBS independent schools
- NCAA Division I independent schools
- NCAA Division II independent schools
- NCAA Division III independent schools
- NAIA independent schools
- Arkansas State has been a full Sun Belt member since 1991, but the conference did not sponsor football until 2001.
- Austin Peay only departed OVC football; it remained a full but non-football member before returning to OVC football in 2007.
- The conference now known as the Patriot League began in 1986 as the football-only Colonial League. It adopted its current name in 1990, when it became an all-sports conference.
- Buffalo became a full member of the MAC in 1998, but was not a football member until 1999.
- The Great West Conference began in 2004 as the Great West Football Conference. It became an all-sports conference in 2008.
- Charlotte's second and current stint as a Conference USA member began in 2013, the same time that it began its football program. The football team completed its FBS transition in 2015 and joined C-USA football at that time.
- Coastal Carolina joined the Sun Belt Conference as a full but non-football member in 2016, and joined Sun Belt football in 2017.
- Delaware has been a full CAA member since 2001. However, the CAA did not sponsor football until 2007, when it effectively took over the football league previously sponsored by the Atlantic 10 Conference (A10).
- The CAA football conference is the direct successor of both the Yankee Conference and A10 football conference. The football-only Yankee Conference was absorbed by the A10 after the 1996 season. After the 2006 season, the A10 dropped football after all of its football members joined the newly formed CAA football conference. The Yankee Conference's automatic bid to the I-AA/FCS playoffs passed in succession to the A10 and CAA.
- ETSU resurrected its football program, dormant since the end of the 2003 season, in 2015, playing that season as an independent before joining Southern Conference football in 2016.
- ETSU, which had previously been a Southern Conference member from 1978 to 2005, rejoined the SoCon in 2014, initially as a non-football member.
- Florida A&M was a member of the MEAC in 1986 & 1987, but games played did not count as conference games.
- Florida A&M was a member of the MEAC in 2004, but games played did not count as conference games
- The MVFC did not adopt its current name until 2008. Before then, it was known as the Gateway Collegiate Athletic Conference (1982–1993) and Gateway Football Conference (1993–2008).
- James Madison and William & Mary have been CAA members since the conference's establishment in 1979. However, the CAA did not sponsor football until 2007, when it effectively took over the football league previously sponsored by the Atlantic 10 Conference (A10).
- Liberty became a full member of the Big South in 1991, remaining a member until joining the non-football ASUN Conference in 2018, but the Big South did not sponsor football until 2002.
- Liberty began a transition to FBS in the 2017 season, and becomes a full FBS member in 2019.
- South Alabama has been a Sun Belt member from the conference's creation in 1976. However, the Sun Belt did not sponsor football until 2001. South Alabama did not start a football program until 2009, and did not play Sun Belt football until 2012.
- The original Big East Conference split into the football-sponsoring American Athletic Conference and a new non-football Big East Conference in 2013. South Florida remained with the FBS schools in The American.
- Southeastern Louisiana dropped football after the 1985 season.
- Towson was a CAA member at the conference's formation in 1979, but left in 1981; after having been a member of four other conferences, it rejoined the CAA in 2001. However, the CAA did not sponsor football until 2007, when it effectively took over the football league previously sponsored by the Atlantic 10 Conference (A10).
- Troy joined the Sun Belt for football in 2004, and became an all-sports member in 2005.
- UAB joined Conference USA in 1995, but did not join for football until 1999. The school dropped football after the 2014 season, but reinstated the sport in 2017, remaining a C-USA member throughout its football hiatus.
- "Lamar Football 2012 Info Guide" (PDF). Lamar University Department of Athletics. p. 101. Retrieved March 30, 2015.