Baja California Sur is a state in Northwest Mexico that is divided into five municipalities. According to the 2015 Mexican Intercensal Survey, Baja California Sur is the second least populous state with 712,029 inhabitants and the 11th largest by land area spanning 74,745.12 square kilometres (28,859.25 sq mi).
Municipalities in Baja California Sur are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico. Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos). Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries. They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.
The largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur is Los Cabos, with 287,671 residents, and the smallest is Loreto with 18,912 residents. The largest municipality by area in Baja California Sur and second largest in Mexico is Mulegé, which spans 32,111.91 km2 (12,398.48 sq mi), while Los Cabos is the smallest at 3,760.02 km2 (1,451.75 sq mi). The first municipality to incorporate was Loreto on July 2, 1822, and the newest municipality is Los Cabos which incorporated April 10, 1980.
Downtown San José del Cabo, the largest municipality by population in Baja California Sur
La Paz, Baja California Sur's state capital and second largest municipality by population
|Change||Land area||Population density
|Comondú||Ciudad Constitución||72,564||70,816||+2.5%||18,367.99||7,091.92||4.0/km2 (10.2/sq mi)||April 22, 1850|
|La Paz||La Paz||272,711||251,871||+8.3%||15,868.46||6,126.85||17.2/km2 (44.5/sq mi)||February 16, 1831|
|Loreto||Loreto||18,912||16,738||+13.0%||4,636.74||1,790.25||4.1/km2 (10.6/sq mi)||July 2, 1822|
|Los Cabos||San José del Cabo||287,671||238,487||+20.6%||3,760.02||1,451.75||76.5/km2 (198.2/sq mi)||April 10, 1980|
|Mulegé||Santa Rosalía||60,171||59,114||+1.8%||32,111.91||12,398.48||1.9/km2 (4.9/sq mi)||April 22, 1850|
|Baja California Sur||—||712,029||637,026||+11.8%||74,745.12||28,859.25||9.5/km2 (24.7/sq mi)||—|
|Mexico||—||119,938,473||112,336,538||+6.8%||1,972,550||761,606||60.8/km2 (157.5/sq mi)||—|
- "Número de habitantes". INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography). Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- "Unidad de Microrregiones Cédulas de Información Municipal (SCIM)" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Desarrollo Social. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
- "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115, of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
- OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
- International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8.
- Estado de Baja California Sur. División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. p. 67. ISBN 970-13-1491-3.
- "Tabulados de la Encuesta Intercensal 2015" (xls) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- "Localidades y su población por municipio según tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
- "Población" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved January 20, 2018.