Muhammad Hashim Gazdar
محمد ہاشم گذدر
|2nd Deputy President of the National Assembly|
28 March 1953 – 24 October 1954
|Speaker||Maulvi Tamizuddin Khan|
|Preceded by||Muhammad Tamizuddin Khan|
|Succeeded by||C. E. Gibbon (as Deputy Speaker)|
|Born||1 February 1893|
Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, British India
|Died||19 February 1968 (aged 75)|
|Political party||All India Muslim League|
|Alma mater||Sindh Madressah-tul-Islam|
College of Engineering, Pune
Muhammad Hashim Gazdar (Urdu: محمد ہاشم گذدر; 1 February 1893 – 19 February 1968) was a prominent politician of Pakistan who served as the second Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly of Pakistan which at that time was known as Deputy President.
Gazdar was born in 1895 in Jaisalmer. He was a converted Muslim as his ancestral roots are linked to Rajput Clans of Rajasthan (present-day India). His father, Faiz Muhammad Gadha, was an engineer who had moved from Rajistan to Karachi after the Sindh was under the jurisdiction of the British empire since 1843.
Gazdar started his academic career from Sindh Madressah-tul-Islam, Karachi, and completed Intermediate in 1911. He also studied civil engineering, earning a degree from the College of Engineering, Pune in 1916.
He was involved in an uplift project for the lower caste in Bombay, but this was unsuccessful. He and a number of other people were dismissed from this project.
After losing his job in Bombay he returned to Karachi where he performed his services as an engineer, in District Local Board, Karachi. However, during the subsequent four years, differences on policy matters arose with G.M. Syed, who was then the president of Board; Gazdar resigned.
Later, he joined politics. He was elected a member of the Bombay Legislative Council from Sindh constituency in 1934 election. During his subsequent political career, he was also elected the Mayor of Karachi for the term from May, 1941 to May, 1942.
During his tenure as a member of the Sindh Assembly, he also joined the Ittehad party for some time. He joined All India Muslim League, which was launching a movement for creation of a separate state for Muslim population of India within the sub-continent (which emerged as Pakistan later) under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Being one; the most confident for Quaid-e-Azam, he was again elected a member of Legislative Assembly from Sindh; and appointed as the Deputy Speaker of the then Sindh Assembly.
Gazdar was among the legislating members who represented Sindh in the first session of Pakistan's first Constituent Assembly, and convened for the purpose of legislation in Sindh Assembly Building, Karachi on 10 August 1947, four days before Pakistan's independence and formation was imminent. Other members included Pirzada Abdul Sattar Abdul Rehman, Muhammed Ayub Khoro, and J. Ram das Doulat Ram.
Gazdar's role as a former Pakistani politician is highly acknowledged. Being an honest legislator, a steadfast Muslim League politician, his role was significant with a view to turning the stream of politics to a new era.
He died in 1968.
- "In memoriam: Remembering Hashim Gazdar". In Paper Magazine. 26 February 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- Ahmad, Syed Nur (14 August 1985). "From Martial Law to Martial Law: Politics in the Punjab, 1919-1958". Vanguard Books – via Google Books.
- "Muhammad Hashim Gazdar – Dawn". Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2008.