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|Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Nagar|
|Named for||Mughals/Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya|
|• Body||Municipal Council|
|• Chairman||Santosh Kharwar|
|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Mughalsarai (//; English: Mughal Tavern), officially known as Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Nagar, is a town and a municipal board in the Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh. Located around 16 kilometres (10 mi) from Varanasi, it is an important railway junction in Uttar Pradesh. It is the site of the Mughalsarai Junction railway station.
Mughalsarai is located along the Grand Trunk Road NH19 (GT ROAD), also called Sadak-e-Azam by Sher Shah Suri, was one of the corridors connecting North India with the east during the Mughal period. In past centuries, it has been variously known as Mughalchak, Mangalpur and Oven Nagar. The township was named Mughalsarai when Indian railways established a junction here in 1883.
Mughalsarai is bisected by NH 19 / GT Road in three parts. The northern part mainly consists of railway colonies like Vasant Vihar, New Central Colony, Diesel Colony, Haper Colony, European colony, Shubhash Nagar, Loco Colony, and Roza Colony, Plant-Depot Colony and Saresar, Alampur. It starts after the Parao Road in Varanasi and continues until Alinagar Road which comes after Railway Colony on the south. A few mohallas are near the railway station like Qassab Mohal, and Gram Panchayats like Amoghpur, Taranpur, Pashurampur, Dharamshala, Mainatali and Galla Mandi. However, situated on the west side are the Kailashpuri and Ravinagar colonies which compose the poshest area in town.
As of 2011 Indian Census, Mughalsarai had a total population of 109,650, of which 57,682 were males and 51,968 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 14,864. The total number of literates in Mughalsarai was 76,936, which constituted 70.2% of the population with male literacy of 76.0% and female literacy of 63.7%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Mughalsarai was 81.2%, of which male literacy rate was 87.9% and female literacy rate was 73.7%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 17,943 and 2,093 respectively. Mughalsarai had 16796 households in 2011.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India was born here.
- Deendayal Upadhyaya, co-founder of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, was found dead at Mughalsarai in 1968.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mughalsarai.|
- "Census of India: Mughalsarai". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
- "Roads and Sarais of Sher Shah Suri". www.barmazid.com. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
- "mughalsarai: Mughalsarai town becomes Pt Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Nagar | Varanasi News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
- The National Geographical Journal of India, Volume 10. National Geographical Society of India. 1964. p. 136.
Its importance as a railway junction can well be understood by the fact that more than 50 passenger trains and over 150 goods trains pass through it within 24 hours. The amount of coal passing through mughalsarai was about 39,000 tons daily in 1960 and the wagons carrying coal from this end to other stations numbered 1,729 per day.
- "About Mughalsarai, Interesting Facts About Mughalsarai City". www.mughalsaraionline.in.
- "Mughalsarai: The many names of Mughalsarai | Varanasi News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
- "Mughalsarai station is now Deen Dayal Upadhyay station". India Today. 5 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.