The suburban shopping parade at Motspur Park dates from the 1930s
|Population||9,862 (2011 Census. West Barnes Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||NEW MALDEN|
Motspur Park owes its identity to the railway station of the same name, which has six trains an hour to London Waterloo, and to the adjacent parade of small shops. Two prominent gas holders, which are used to store the consumer gas supply for south-west London, stand just south of the shopping parade and can be seen from a wide area.
Two of London's minor natural watercourses flow through Motspur Park: Beverley Brook runs south to north through the centre and its tributary the Pyl Brook runs parallel to the east in shallow depressions in the land.
The Motspur Park athletics stadium was built by the University of London in 1928 and achieved fame when the world mile record was set there in 1938. It was sold to Fulham Football Club as their training ground in 1999.
The name comes from Motspur Farm which once lay between the later constructed roads of Motspur Park and Chilmark Gardens. The 1865 OS map uses a contemporary variant, Mospur. "Park" was appended in the late nineteenth century, to mirror Worcester Park , Raynes Park and Stoneleigh Park, forming a contiguous belt of "Park" districts. Market gardening in intensive cultivation systems was the main use of local land in these areas at the time and this intense cultivation was sometimes called a park. But "Park", falsely suggests the area was a conversion from a landscaped garden or a wider inclosure. In fact the word was adopted by local government , railway operators, and house builders in promotional literature to attract capital-rich or high income residents into these new outer commuter suburbs.
The district was historically known as West Barnes and formed part of the traditional county of Surrey. It was rural up to the end of the nineteenth century due to its lack of a railway station . Two roads hark back to this rural time, West Barnes Lane and Blakes Lane and are marked on the oldest maps. The barns referred to were those at the western end of Merton Abbey's estates and were just north of West Barnes Lane's junction with the modern Crossway.
After the dissolution of the monasteries the abbey land was granted to the Gresham family, (descendants of Thomas Gresham) who were wealthy London merchants. They retained the estate for two generations, selling it in 1570 – a date questioned – or 1612 to John Carpenter, a local farmer. The area remained agricultural, with farms owned or farmed out to smaller tenant farmers by wealthy families. Senior owners were notably the Raynes family who gave their name to Raynes Park. In the nineteenth century two major landowners were Charles Blake of Blue House Farm (area of the modern Barnes End) and Richard Garth Lord of the Manor of Morden. Both were lawyers and Garth eventually became a judge. They joined forces to agree to a bill for a railway line to Leatherhead and beyond to run across their land in order to receive valuable compensation and in a calculated long term view to enhance future land value.
The railway's earthworks were planned and dug (largely laying a slight embankment, assisting with bridges over roads) and then laid through the locality in 1859 by the London and South Western Railway. The local station opened much later in 1925, the station name rapidly become the popular name of the district.
The 1871 map shows small farm workers cottages adjunct to farmhouses and a few mansions as the only dwellings of the area. The area east of the railway was part of Hobbald(e)s Farm owned by Garth. The mature oak woodland alongside it was planted around this time as screening; today is a nature reserve.
The land was sold and eventually leased to J.J. Bishop (founder of the Bishops Move removal company) around 1873. In 1892 a tranche of land was sold to the Battersea Corporation for use as a cemetery; today the Northeast Surrey Crematorium.
Beginning of the suburban era
The area developed as a proto-suburb before World War I and fully in the Inter-War Period. First developments were streets off Burlington Road which had a tram route from about 1906: the northern ends of Belmont, Cavendish and Claremont Avenues in the west; and Seaforth, Estela and Adela Avenues in the east. Mostly with short well-serviced terraces, typically six houses joined, each with three bedrooms and a bathroom upstairs and two living rooms and a kitchen downstairs. Motspur Park attracted its first characteristic playing fields at this time.
The country's first dual carriageway of the type purpose-built across green fields, the Kingston Bypass (A3), was opened in 1926. It became the de facto north-western boundary. The large local junction at Shannon Corner, had a large, tall concrete Odeon cinema. The road brought speculative house building on open land from this point to Chessington, stimulating residential development of any remaining little-used fields and sites.
The principal developer who turned Motspur Park into a residential suburb between the world wars was Sidney Ernest Parkes a boat manufacturer and constructional engineer. His company, Modern Homes and Estates Ltd, was founded in 1924 and was responsible for many of the streets its streets including Phyllis Avenue and Arthur Road, named after his children; Byron Avenue, Tennyson Avenue and Marina Avenue. Wates were also active builders in the area in the inter war years, building to the west of the railway line.
In 1931 part of Hobbald(e)s Farm was acquired by Merton and Morden Urban District to become the Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields. One reason was to perpetuate the name of local benefactor and ex-Mayor of Wimbledon, Sir Joseph Hood. Its contents: a large pavilion, football and cricket pitches, tennis courts, bowling green, putting green and children's play areas. Part is now a managed local nature reserve.
The biggest local employer in the twentieth century was the Decca gramophone record company. In 1929 this was making up to 60,000 records a day at its factory in Burlington Road, New Malden. The company diversified during World War Two to make radar and the Decca Navigator System.
The Shannon typewriter company manufactured at Shannon Corner to which it gave its name. Nearby were the Venner timeswitch company maker of Britain's first parking meters and Carter's Tested Seeds. Bradbury Wilkinson, a security printing company, designers and makers of banknotes for small country clients, is today the site of Tesco hypermarket.
The Motspur Park athletics stadium was built by the University of London in 1928. Sydney Charles Wooderson set the then world mile record of 4min 6.4sec at the sports ground on 28 August 1938. The stadium and ground are now owned by Fulham football club as their training camp.
- Church of England
The Church of England built Holy Cross Church where the first service was held in 1908. Following its destruction during the Second World War a new building was erected on the site – the first church, replacement or new, completed after the war in the Diocese. Designed by architect Ralph Covell it was dedicated for worship in 1949. (The church hall burned down in the 1980s and has since been rebuilt.) The parish broke away from its parent Morden, taking a little of New Malden (itself a portion of early medieval Malden) in 1978.
- Evangelical, independent church
In 1906 a Mr and Mrs Howlett moved into 138 Seaforth Avenue. They started a Sunday School in their house. Soon adults also began to attend and the house was outgrown. The product was in 1925 West Barnes Gospel Hall in Seaforth Avenue, which later became the home of New Malden Evangelical Free Church, was opened.
World War II
The University of London and BBC recreation club grounds were sites of anti-aircraft batteries. The BBC site was the home guard base. Around 30 high explosive bombs fell across the district between October 1940 and June 1941. A large community bomb shelter was built near the entrance to the Joseph Hood Playing Fields. In one incident a stick of bombs was aimed at the railway station by a German bomber but missed and destroyed houses in Marina Avenue (including the six from 63 to 73) and Claremont Avenue (166–168, and possibly 162–164, Claremont Avenue). The bomb landing in Claremont Avenue landed on a 21st birthday house party killing many. In other events a bailed-out German pilot landed on top of the gasometers but fell to his death.
On the morning of 3 July 1944, a V1 flying bomb came down close to 45 Motspur Park; seven houses were razed and no deaths reported. Several other houses close by were badly damaged. The bomb sites became "a playground" for young children in the area for a few years, pending rebuilding .
- Residential enlargement and conversions
Post-war affluence saw many houses extended, often with loft conversions and conservatories. By the 1980s most front gardens had been paved or gravelled for car parking, reflecting the rise in car ownership . The very few large Victorian houses have been mostly subdivided or demolished for new building.
- Notable non-residential sites
An earlier small B&Q store-warehouse stood next to West Barnes Library on the site of the Victorian Ivy House, now replaced by Blossom House School. It has now relocated to Burlington Retail Park, west of the area.
From the late 1950s to mid-1980s a petrol station with repair garage adjoined the level crossing, known as Jackson's Garage. , the site now Fulham Football Club's main office.
- Parade of shops and services
An ironmongers once occupied today's garage door store. A small retail dairy/farm store selling milk, butter and eggs at first occupied the private tuition centre's unit. The parade once had three butchers, an RACS Co-op grocery store , a shoe repair shop, and a Coombes bakers . The modern three-unit supermarket 'Ecklee' began as smaller 'Ghassans' in 1988. The original library, on the corner of Station Road, is now a barber shop. The Midipharmacy began as Mr Griffiths chemist at the parade's 1930s origins. Few clothes outlets have ventured here, such as 1980s short-lived 'Get Clobbered'. Three newsagents/sweetshops/toyshops competed in the 1950s to 1970s – A.R. Waylett, Bromheads and one surviving today, enlarged, 'Sweet Things and Things'. A fishmonger preceded the kebab outlet, close to the Lebanese grill. Major banks were in the parade in their mid-to-late 20th century branches' surge: Lloyds' and Midland Bank.
- Nigel Winterburn, football player
- George Clinton, musician
- Caitlin Thomas, author and the widow of Welsh poet Dylan Thomas lived for a while in Arthur Road during the 70s.
Fictional media and popular culture references
Motspur Park's suburban archetypal towns-cape but relative obscurity means it has been used as settings in sketches for BBC comedy series notably Brush Strokes.
Green belt planning restriction has allowed these fields to remain despite pressure from developers. The playing fields located at Motspur Park are:
- Fulham football club training ground, formerly the University of London Athletics ground. As an athletics track it served for scenes in films The Games (1970), Chariots of Fire (1981) and The Four Minute Mile (1988) (TV).
- The BBC F.C. sports club ground
- The King's College School sports ground
- The Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields, home of Motspur Park football club
- Dornan Fields, home of KCS Old Boys rugby club
- The Old Blues rugby club playing field
- The Tenison's School playing field
- Plus one other minor ground.
The former BBC sports ground – which is opposite Fulham F.C's training ground – occasionally featured in BBC comedy series such as The Two Ronnies and Monty Python's Flying Circus. The grounds and buildings were sold by the BBC in the late 1990s and became a private members' club before closing permanently after a devastating fire in 2004.
- For education in the Kingston portion of Motspur Park see the main Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames article.
- Jowett, Evelyn M. An Illustrated History of Merton and Morden Published Merton and Mordon Festival of Britain Local Committee (1951)
This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- "Merton Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
- UK Running Track Directory Motspur Park, University of London Track. Retrieved December 2006.
- Old maps Coords =521946 N , 167131 W. Retrieved Oct 2012
- View up the line from Motspur Park station Photo and Notes by Ian Yarham, 19 September 2012
- http://www.old-maps.co.uk/oldmaps/index_external.jsp?easting=522581&northing=167660[permanent dead link] old-maps.co.uk
- Tarmac – Our history Archived 29 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine "In 1925 – 1926 the road fund report showed that 190 miles of arterial roads had been completed including the Kingston by pass – the first dual carriageway of its kind.
- Building a Suburb Part 2 by John Tarling, raynes Park Residents Association, 1999.
- You, A Church Near. "Motspur Park, Holy Cross, Motspur Park". A Church Near You. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
- Motspur Park Holy Cross[permanent dead link] Description – The Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved December 2006
- Malden Blitz 1940 Anthony L Williams recollections at Malden Blitz, 1999.
- JISC., University of Portsmouth, in collaboration with the National Archives and funded by. "Bomb Sight – Mapping the London Blitz". Bomb Sight. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
- Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Fields A report for London Borough of Merton December 2006. Written by Alan Scott BSc. MSc. MIEEM. CEnv. Contains a study of the local wildlife and a local history.
- Raynes Park and West Barnes Residents' Association Links to many resources on local history.
- Potted History of New Malden Evangelical Free Church. Retrieved August 2007.
- MotspurPark.info, a community website launched in May 2010 with What's On, news and features for the area
- Friends of Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Playing Field
- A map of the Motspur Park area in 1871[permanent dead link]
- Motspur Park blog