|Length||1.6 km (1.0 mi)|
|North end||North Terrace|
|South end||South Terrace|
|LGA(s)||City of Adelaide|
|Suburb(s)||Light Square, Whitmore Square|
Morphett Street is a main street in the west of the city centre of Adelaide, South Australia, parallel to King William Street and numbered from north to south. At its northern end it is part of the West End of Adelaide, a thriving cultural and entertainment precinct, with the Lion Arts Centre on the south-western corner of its junction with North Terrace.
The street runs from south to north between South Terrace and North Terrace, and passes around and through two of the five squares in the Adelaide city centre, Light Square and Whitmore Square. At Hindley Street it transforms into the start of the bridge which crosses North Terrace (at which point its name changes to Montefiore Road), the railway yards and the River Torrens.
Morphett Street was named after Sir John Morphett, a prominent pioneer, whose votes at a meeting on 10 February 1837, (including numerous proxies), played an important role in confirming the site of Adelaide.
The southern half of Morphett Street, between Grote Street and South Terrace, was originally named Brown Street after John Brown, the first Immigration Officer of South Australia. Brown Street was subsumed into the expanded Morphett Street in August 1967. The Brown Street Memorial in Whitmore Square maintains the commemoration of John Brown.
From the late 1990s, a revitalisation of the "West End" of Adelaide was undertaken, which included the conversions of several old buildings (including the creation of the Lion Arts Centre in an old factory building) and the new University of South Australia's West End campus. The Mercury Cinema opened at no. 13 and the design studio JamFactory moved to a new purpose-built building at no. 19 in 1992.
Trinity Church, now known as Trinity City, is on the north-eastern corner with North Terrace. The Lions Art Centre is on the other side of the bridge, on the north-western corner, next door to the Mercury Cinema and JamFactory. Many of the older buildings to the south of Light Square have been
Southern and northern continuations
Morphett Street continues north of North Terrace as Montefiore Road, and south of South Terrace as Sir Lewis Cowen Avenue. Montefiore Road and Hill were named after Jacob Barrow Montefiore, a Colonising Commissioner who was a cousin of the British philanthropist, Moses Montefiore. Lewis Cohen served on the Adelaide City Council for 30 years, including several terms as Mayor and Lord Mayor.
- "Morphett Street". Adelaidia.
- 2008 Adelaide Street Directory, 46th Edition. UBD (A Division of Universal Press Pty Ltd). 2008. ISBN 978-0-7319-2118-8.
- Sir John Morphett Archived 27 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine, History of Adelaide Through Street Names, www.historysouthaustralia.net. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- Sir John Morphett (1809-1892), Australian Dictionary of Biography, on-line edition. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
- "Miscellaneous". South Australian Register. XXX (6052). South Australia. 27 March 1866. p. 4. Retrieved 7 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "About". JamFactory. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Elton, Jude. "Montefiore Hill". Adelaidia. History SA. Retrieved 9 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)