|Montana's at-large congressional district|
Montana is represented in the United States House of Representatives by one at-large congressional district, among the 435 in the United States Congress. The district is the most populous U.S. congressional district, with just over 1 million constituents. It is also the second-largest by land area, after Alaska's at-large congressional district, and the largest by land area in the contiguous United States.
Since June 21, 2017, the district has been represented by Republican Greg Gianforte. Gianforte won a special election earlier in 2017 to replace Ryan Zinke, who had resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior. Gianforte will not seek reelection in 2020, instead opting to run for Governor of Montana.
President George W. Bush won Montana in the 2004 presidential election with 59.1% of the vote, beating John Kerry by 20 percentage points, which indicates that the district leans Republican. However, four years later John McCain won the state by only 2.5% over Barack Obama, and there is a significant Democratic presence in the state: as of 2019 the Governor's office, Lieutenant Governor's office and one U.S. Senate seat are held by Democrats, which suggested at the time that the district could be competitive in future elections. In 2016, Donald Trump won by over 20%, while Ryan Zinke won Montana's single congressional seat by over 16%. Incumbent Democratic Governor Steve Bullock, however, was also reelected by 4%. The seat was left vacant when Zinke was appointed Secretary of the Interior. In a special election held on May 25, 2017, Republican Greg Gianforte won with a margin of 6% and would be reelected by a margin of 5% in 2018.[further explanation needed]
Early at-large district
From statehood in 1889, until the creation of geographic districts in 1919, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by members elected at-large, that is, requiring voting by all the state population. From 1913 to 1919, there were two seats, still elected at-large; the top two finishers were awarded the seats. After that time, two representatives were elected from two geographic districts of roughly equal population, from the east and the west of the state.
Recent voting history
Election results from presidential races are shown below.
List of members representing the district
1889–1919: One, then two seats
The two at-large seats were moved to district representation in 1919, and remained until 1993, when Montana lost a seat due to redistricting from the 1990 US Census, Re-establishing the single seat at-large district.
1993–present: One seat
Recent election results
The following are official results from the general elections.
|Libertarian||Mark L Wicks||21,509||5.70||+2.44%|
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Congressional Apportionment: 2010 Census Briefs" (PDF). census.gov. United States Census Bureau. November 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- "Election Results: Gianforte Wins U.S. House Seat in Montana". New York Times. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "Montana". Official Congressional Directory: 65th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1917.
- "Archived Official Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "Official General Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Archived from the original on October 21, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "2016 General Election". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "2017 Special Election (unofficial results)". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
- "Official General Election Results" (PDF). Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- 2004 Election results for Montana At Large Congressional district
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present