- For the municipality of the same name in Gloucester County, see Monroe Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey.
Monroe Township, New Jersey
|Township of Monroe|
Monroe Township highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 9, 1838|
|Named for||James Monroe|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Gerald W. Tamburro (D, term ends December 31, 2019)|
|• Administrator||Alan Weinberg |
|• Municipal clerk||Sharon Doerfler|
|• Total||42.232 sq mi (109.382 km2)|
|• Land||41.974 sq mi (108.713 km2)|
|• Water||0.258 sq mi (0.668 km2) 0.61%|
|Area rank||48th of 566 in state|
1st of 25 in county
|Elevation||92 ft (28 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||57th of 566 in state|
11th of 25 in county
|• Density||932.3/sq mi (360.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||395th of 566 in state|
24th of 25 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882159|
Monroe Township is a township in southern Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the outer-ring suburbs of the New York Metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 39,132, reflecting an increase of 11,133 (+39.8%) from the 27,999 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,744 (+25.8%) from the 22,255 counted in the 1990 Census.
Monroe Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 9, 1838, from portions of South Amboy Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day. Portions of the township were taken to form East Brunswick Township (February 28, 1860), Cranbury Township (March 7, 1872), and Jamesburg (March 19, 1887).
There are several age-restricted communities in the township. Despite major senior citizen growth, the median age in Monroe has changed from 52.5 in 1990, increasing to 58.9 in 2000, before decreasing back to 53.2 in 2010, as more growth has been from single-family detached homes more recently than with senior citizen developments. Monroe had the third-largest increase in population of any municipality in the state between 2010 and 2014, growing by 3,678 to 42,810, following two more urban locations, Jersey City and Elizabeth.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Notable people
- 8 References
- 9 External links
For many decades, it was largely a farming community. After parts of the township grew into the more densely packed neighborhoods of Helmetta, Jamesburg, and Spotswood in the late 19th century, they seceded. Railroads came into Monroe from just about the very beginning, starting with the Camden and Amboy Rail Road in the 1830s and 1840s.
In 1905, Bernarr Macfadden, the proponent of physical culture, came to the part of Monroe near Helmetta and Spotswood, and attempted to set up a camp called "Physical Culture City", where he could teach his beliefs in relative peace. However, in 1907, Macfadden was arrested for distribution of what was in those times considered pornography and the camp dissolved. The area of this camp became the Outcalt neighborhood.
The New Jersey State Home for Boys, later the Training School for Boys, and now the New Jersey Training School for Boys was established near Jamesburg. It was opened in 1867 as a home for troubled youth; however, by the mid-20th century, its purpose was to incarcerate juvenile delinquents. One of the more famous residents of The State Home was Rubin "Hurricane" Carter. Clarence Clemons of Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band was a social worker there for many years during the 1960s before he found fame as a sax player with Springsteen.
The township became more suburban between 1960 and 1968, when the New Jersey Turnpike opened up Exit 8A in the western part of Monroe, in conjunction with the effort to develop the Leisure World age-restricted community of Rossmoor. Since then, at least five more communities for senior citizens have joined Rossmoor: Concordia, Clearbrook, Greenbriar at Whittingham, The Ponds, Encore, and the Regency at Monroe. More are under development.
At the same time, and over the next few decades, suburbs for people of all ages spread into the northern parts of Monroe Township, prompting the expansion of several schools and the construction of new ones. Since 1980, in addition to the age restricted communities, Monroe has added shopping centers, a synagogue, a recreation center, and a new library.
Circa 1980, it was found that the Superfund landfill which was located at the corner of what is now Spotswood Gravel Hill Road and Carnegie Street, contaminated the ground water which forced Outcalt residents to get municipal-supplied water.
On March 22, 2006, ten residents of Monroe Township, from The Ponds retirement community, were killed in a tour bus accident in the Andes mountains in northern Chile. The tour had been arranged by the Jewish organization, B'nai B'rith. As Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzine put it,
Today, all of New Jersey is stunned and saddened by the tragic accident in Chile that took the lives of lifelong friends — vibrant and beloved residents of a community in Monroe Township who chose to share the adventure of their twilight years together— NY Times.
Over the past years, Monroe has had a surge in residential development. New communities are being erected, usually around the Turnpike. Portions of Monroe's farmland are receiving commercial zoning. Roads have been widened to allow for the extra vehicular volume. Warehouses are being/have been constructed in the last few years along CR 535, located near the 8A toll gate. The northern section of the township is already developed, with developers heading further south in Monroe to start new communities. New adult communities have set ground in central Monroe, along Route 33, and on CR 615. While these new senior citizen housing units are being built, luxury homes are also being constructed. However, many senior citizens are opposed to these new construction plans since new homes would bring in more children, and therefore raise their school taxes.
There is an ongoing expansion of the Monroe Township High School that is relocating it onto portions of Thompson Park. This project slowly received approval after an archaeological study concluded that the land was not historically significant, except about 3 to 4 acres (12,000 to 16,000 m2) of land. The controversy that led to the study involved a Lenape settlement, Bethel Indian Town, which protesters contended existed on the site, whereas supporters of the move of the high school claimed that Bethel Indian Town was a half-mile away. In late April 2008, construction started of the new high school.
By early 2008, the State Preservation Office and New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection gave full sanction to the de-accession of the land as a protected park. Ground breaking began immediately, only to be halted in June of 2008 when additional remains were found. The consultant identified these stone foundation remains as a 19th-century farmstead, with no earlier association.
The new high school opened in September 2011. The old high school building is now being reused as the middle school.
The township's Route 33 Land Development Task Force is considering options for developing the area of land along Route 33 from the township's border with East Windsor Township to Millstone Township. This proposal would include the construction of new luxury houses, a new grocery store, a baseball park, a performing arts center, a bus stop, new restaurants, and new businesses.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Monroe township had a total area of 42.232 square miles (109.382 km2), including 41.974 square miles (108.713 km2) of land and 0.258 square miles (0.668 km2) of water (0.61%). At 42 square miles, it is the largest municipality in Middlesex County in terms of total area.
Clearbrook Park (with a 2010 population of 2,667), Concordia (3,092 in 2010), Rossmoor (2,666 as of 2010), and Whittingham (2,476 in 2010) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within Monroe Township.
Monroe completely surrounds Jamesburg, making it part of 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" in the state, where one municipality entirely surrounds another. The township borders Cranbury Township, East Brunswick Township, Helmetta, Old Bridge Township, South Brunswick Township, and Spotswood in Middlesex County; East Windsor Township in Mercer County; and Manalapan Township and Millstone Township in Monmouth County.
Neighborhoods and historical place names
Though Monroe is not officially broken down into traditional neighborhoods (the Census-designated places oriented around active adult communities notwithstanding), but, over the years residents have given names to various parts of the township. Three common names heard in the township are Mill Lake Manor (an area centered on Monmouth Road and 10th Avenue) and Outcalt (in the northern part of the township, near Spotswood and Helmetta). For those who have lived in Mill Lake Manor, the area is broken down further into the "Old" and "New" Manor (split by Monmouth Road on the east and west sides, the Old being east and the New being the west side). The Manor also encompasses the developments of Inwood. The neighborhood east of Spotswood-Englishtown Road, centered on Monmouth Road, extending down to 1st Avenue, is called North Manor or Manor Heights.
Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Applegarth, Clearbrook, Gravel Hill (also spelled as Gravelhill), Half Acre (home to the retirement communities of Concordia and Whittingham), Hoffman, Jamesburg Gardens, Lower Jamesburg, Matchaponix, Middlesex Downs, Mounts Mills, Old Church, Outcalt, Pineview Estates, Prospect Plains (home to the retirement communities of Rossmoor and Clearbrook), Spotswood Manor, Texas, and Wyckoffs Mills.
Historical railroads (no longer active):
- Camden and Amboy Railroad
- Freehold and Jamesburg Railroad
- Pennsylvania Railroad Amboy Division (formerly the Camden and Amboy Railroad)
- Jamesurg Railroad Amboy Division (formerly the Freehold and Jamesburg Railroad)
1840–1920 1840 1850–1870
1850 1870 1880–1890
1930–1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
Monroe Township has experienced a rapid growth rate in its Indian American population, with an estimated 5,943 (13.6%) as of 2017, which was 23 times the 256 (0.9%) counted as of the 2000 Census; and Diwali is celebrated by the township as a Hindu holiday. Monroe has simultaneously emerged as a growing hub for congregations of Jewish Americans, hosting the largest public menorah in New Jersey to celebrate Hanukkah in 2018.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,132 people, 16,497 households, and 10,871.523 families residing in the township. The population density was 932.3 per square mile (360.0/km2). There were 18,002 housing units at an average density of 428.9 per square mile (165.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 81.55% (31,913) White, 3.92% (1,533) Black or African American, 0.08% (33) Native American, 12.60% (4,930) Asian, 0.01% (4) Pacific Islander, 0.62% (244) from other races, and 1.21% (475) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.28% (1,673) of the population.
There were 16,497 households out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 25.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the township, the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 34.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.2 years. For every 100 females there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 80.9 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $74,202 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,156) and the median family income was $99,727 (+/- $5,718). Males had a median income of $84,790 (+/- $4,546) versus $57,058 (+/- $4,789) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,959 (+/- $1,676). About 2.6% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 27,999 people, 12,536 households, and 8,236 families residing in the township. The population density was 667.6 people per square mile (257.8/km²). There were 13,259 housing units at an average density of 316.1 per square mile (122.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.31% White, 2.93% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.34% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.
There were 12,536 households out of which 15.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 28.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.70.
In the township the population was spread out with 16.0% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 16.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 43.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 59 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $53,306, and the median income for a family was $68,479. Males had a median income of $56,431 versus $35,857 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,772. About 1.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
Monroe Township is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a directly-elected mayor and a five-member township council, all elected on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. There are three township council seats elected from wards, which come up for vote together, followed two years later by the two at-large seats and the mayoral seat.
As of 2016[update], the Mayor of Monroe Township is Democrat Gerald W. Tamburro, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019. Members of the Township Council are Council President Leslie Koppel (D, 2019; at-large), Vice President Stephen Dalina (D, 2019; at-large), Blaise Dipierro (D, 2017; Ward 2 - appointed to serve an unexpired term), Michael Leibowitz (R, 2017; Ward 3) and Elizabeth "Betty" Schneider (D, 2017; Ward 1).
In January 2016, the Township Council appointed Blaise Dipierro to fill the Second Ward seat expiring in December 2017 that had been held by Gerald W. Tamburro until he stepped down to take office as mayor; Dipierro will serve on an interim basis until the November 2016 general election, when voters will choose a candidate to serve the balance of the term of office.
Federal, state and county representation
For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 14th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Linda R. Greenstein (D, Plainsboro Township) and in the General Assembly by Daniel R. Benson (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County) and Wayne DeAngelo (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County).
Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large on a partisan basis to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2015[update], Middlesex County's Freeholders (with party affiliation, term-end year, residence and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (D, term ends December 31, 2015, Carteret; Ex-officio on all committees), Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (D, 2017; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township; County Administration), Kenneth Armwood (D, 2016, Piscataway; Business Development and Education), Charles Kenny ( D, 2016, Woodbridge Township; Finance), H. James Polos (D, 2015, Highland Park; Public Safety and Health), Charles E. Tomaro (D, 2017, Edison; Infrastructure Management) and Blanquita B. Valenti (D, 2016, New Brunswick; Community Services). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D, Old Bridge Township), Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016, Piscataway) and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 29,992 registered voters in Monroe Township, of which 11,616 (38.7%) were registered as Democrats, 5,448 (18.2%) were registered as Republicans and 12,912 (43.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 16 voters registered to other parties.
|2016||46.7% 11,956||51.3% 13,147||2.0% 518|
|2012||45.8% 10,361||53.5% 12,113||0.7% 166|
|2008||44.4% 10,150||53.9% 12,319||0.7% 169|
|2004||43.2% 8,806||55.7% 11,363||0.4% 103|
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.5% of the vote (12,113 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 45.8% (10,361 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (166 votes), among the 22,840 ballots cast by the township's 31,297 registered voters (200 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 73.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.9% of the vote (12,319 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.4% (10,150 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (169 votes), among the 22,875 ballots cast by the township's 29,295 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 55.7% of the vote (11,363 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 43.2% (8,806 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (103 votes), among the 20,405 ballots cast by the township's 25,675 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.5.
|2017||48.9% 7,982||49.4% 8,066||1.7% 272|
|2013||64.0% 10,209||35.2% 5,605||0.8% 131|
|2009||48.0% 8,292||45.1% 7,785||6.1% 1,050|
|2005||38.5% 6,111||56.9% 9,028||3.0% 472|
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.0% of the vote (10,209 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 35.2% (5,605 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (131 votes), among the 16,180 ballots cast by the township's 31,967 registered voters (235 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 50.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.0% of the vote (8,292 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 45.1% (7,785 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.5% (948 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (102 votes), among the 17,277 ballots cast by the township's 29,164 registered voters, yielding a 59.2% turnout.
The Monroe Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2013-14 school year, the district's seven schools had an enrollment of 5,831 students and 444.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.12:1. Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Applegarth Elementary School (4-5; 341 students), Barclay Brook Elementary School (PreK-2; 394), Brookside Elementary School (3-5; 483), Mill Lake Elementary School (PreK-2; 383), Oak Tree Elementary School (PreK-3; 597), Woodland Elementary School (3-5; 496), Monroe Township Middle School (6-8; 1,447) and Monroe Township High School for grades 9-12 (1,966).
With the completion of the new high school in 2013, the former high school was reconfigured as a middle school for grades 6-8, and Applegarth (the former middle school) was added to the district's elementary schools.
During the 1991–1992 academic school year, Mill Lake Elementary School received the National Blue Ribbon Award of Excellence from the United States Department of Education, the highest honor that an American school can achieve. This honor was followed during the 1998–99 academic school year, to Barclay Brook Elementary School across town. Both of Monroe Township's pre-K through third grade schools received such an esteemed honor.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 175.97 miles (283.20 km) of roadways, of which 138.33 miles (222.62 km) were maintained by the municipality, 33.78 miles (54.36 km) by Middlesex County and 2.52 miles (4.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.34 miles (2.16 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Major highways serving Monroe Township include the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95), New Jersey Route 32, and New Jersey Route 33. Exit 8A of the Turnpike is located on the western edge of Monroe Township, with a nine-lane toll gate featuring a "modified" double trumpet interchange (with a few ramps continuing into South Brunswick Township). A number of county routes pass through Monroe Township, including County Route 535, County Route 527, County Route 522, County Route 625, County Route 619, County Route 615, County Route 614, County Route 613, and County Route 612.
The New Jersey Turnpike Authority had proposed to build two roads that were to pass through Monroe. The first was the Driscoll Expressway which was to start from the Garden State Parkway at exit 80 in South Toms River and end 3 miles north of exit 8A along the turnpike in South Brunswick. This project was terminated in the 1980s. The other was a west-east spur, Route 92. It would have started at U.S. Route 1 just north of the intersection with Ridge Road in the township of South Brunswick and would have ended at the Exit 8A toll gate in Monroe Township. However, this was cancelled on December 1, 2006 and the Authority instead focused on the Turnpike widening between Exit 6 and Exit 8A.
Middlesex County runs shuttles to Jamesburg from East and New Brunswick, as well as other routes inside the county. Since Monroe entirely surrounds Jamesburg, Monroe Township also benefits from the shuttles.
Some of the age-restricted communities, such as Rossmoor and Concordia, have their own transportation services within the communities.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Monroe Township include:
- Randy Beverly (born 1944), cornerback for the New York Jets best known for making two key interceptions that helped the Jets to their historic victory in Super Bowl III in 1969.
- Irene Craigmile Bolam (1904-1982), subject of a 1970 book which claimed that she was Amelia Earhart.
- Craig Carpenito (born 1973), lawyer who is serving as the United States Attorney for the District of New Jersey.
- Nick Dini (born 1993), catcher for the Kansas City Royals.
- Ben-Ami Kadish (1923-2012), former U.S. Army mechanical engineer who pleaded guilty in December 2008 to being an "unregistered agent for Israel" during the 1980s.
- Rabbi Leon Klenicki (1930-2009), advocate for interfaith relations, particularly between Jews and Catholics.
- Sophie Lutterlough (1910-2009), entomologist at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.
- Dave Meads (born 1964), former MLB relief pitcher who played for the Houston Astros.
- Antonio Pierce (born 1978), starting Pro Bowl Linebacker for the National Football League's New York Giants.
- Frank J. Pino (1909-2007), lawyer and politician.
- Edwin Stern (born 1941), lawyer and judge who served as acting justice on the New Jersey Supreme Court.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor and Township Council, Monroe Township. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Contact Information, Monroe Township. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- Township Clerk's Office, Monroe Township. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 70.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Monroe, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Monroe township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Monroe township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 - 2017 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 25, 2018.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 6, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Monroe Township, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 3, 2011.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Monroe, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 7, 2014.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 29, 2018.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010 Archived May 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 171. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- Home Page, Clearbrook website.
- Home Page, Concordia website.
- Home Page Archived January 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Rossmoor website.
- Home Page, Greenbriar at Whittingham.
- Stirling, Stephen. "What are N.J.'s fastest growing and shrinking towns?", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 21, 2015. Accessed September 21, 2016.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 7, 2015.
- Carpello, Sandy. "Buggy rides take residents on trip through old J'burg " Archived August 6, 2013, at Archive.today, Sentinel, December 26, 2002. Accessed August 6, 2013. "Buckelew was the driving force in the establishment of the Camden and Amboy Railroad in 1831, and the establishment of the Jamesburg & Freehold Agricultural Railroad in 1853."
- "History of Spotswood", copy of article from Home News Tribune, January 20, 2000, from Borough of Spotswood. Accessed August 6, 2013. "1913: Spotswood becomes a summer vacation spot with the opening of a health camp on Spotswood Lake -- now known as DeVoe. A few years earlier, a publisher named Bernarr Macfadden had established a Physical Culture City along Daniel Road, on the border of Spotswood and Monroe."
- New Jersey Training School, New Jersey Attorney General, Juvenile Justice Commission. Accessed August 6, 2013. "The New Jersey Training School (NJTS) is the Juvenile Justice Commission's largest facility currently housing approximately 200 male juveniles."
- Silent embraces, kisses mark memorial, Home News Tribune, March 24, 2006.
- Bethel Indian Town, Richard S. Walling, February 2009.
- Mandel, Seth. "Monroe moving ahead on Rt. 33 development; Officials believe baseball stadium is still a viable plan along state highway", News Transcript, July 27, 2005. Accessed June 11, 2015. "The Route 33 Land Development Task Force, assembled by Mayor Richard Pucci and headed by township Environmental Protection Manager Joe Montanti, has been looking into future development possibilities along the state corridor in light of the idea that a ballpark will be built there."
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Clearbrook Park CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Concordia CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Rossmoor CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Whittingham CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 25, 2012.
- GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
- DeMarco, Megan. "Voters to decide whether to merge two Princetons into one", The Star-Ledger, November 3, 2011. Accessed January 8, 2017. "There are 22 sets of 'doughnut towns' in New Jersey, those where one town wraps around the other town". Note that following voter approval of the Princeton merger, 21 pairs of "doughnut towns" remain.
- Areas touching Monroe Township, MapIt. Accessed July 13, 2016.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 246, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 15, 2013. "Monroe was formed from South Amboy in 1838, and in 1850 had a population of 3,001; in 1860, 3,131; and in 1770 [sic], 3,253." Population listed of 3,131 in 1860 is one less than value listed in table.
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 15, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed November 25, 2012.
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- "Obituaries: Sophie G. Lutterlough - Age:98 Monroe Township", Asbury Park Press, February 13, 2009. Accessed March 19, 2017. "Sophie G. Lutterlough, died Wednesday, Feb. 11, 2009, at Cranberry Center, Monroe. She was 98. Mrs. Lutterlough was a lifelong resident of Washington, D.C. She moved to Monroe to reside with her daughter in 1999."
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