Monopoly money is a type of play money used in the board game Monopoly. It is different from most currencies, including the American currency or British currency upon which it is based, in that it is smaller, one-sided, and comes in different colors. Additionally, being a game element, it is not legal tender and has little to no monetary value in most jurisdictions.
Many variations of Monopoly exist, with many types of money representing various currencies. In the more "standard" versions of the game, Monopoly money consists entirely of notes. Monopoly notes come in the following colors:
- $1 - White
- $5 - Pink
- $10 - Yellow (classic) or blue (recent editions)
- $20 - Green
- $50 - Blue (classic) or purple (recent editions)
- $100 - Beige or red (early editions)
- $500 - Gold (classic) or orange (recent editions)
- $1,000 (available only in Monopoly: The Mega Edition) - Purple (original) or yellow (recent editions)
The modern Monopoly game has its Monopoly money denominated in $1, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500, and (in some editions) $1,000, with all but the last two paralleling the denominations in circulation in the United States. (The U.S. $500 bill and U.S. $1000 bill were withdrawn in 1969). Monopoly does not include a two-dollar bill; however, Monopoly Junior did include the two in addition to three and four denominations (which do not exist in U.S. currency) for many years. (Monopoly Junior later simplified its system to include only one-dollar bills.)
Fans have designed unofficial $1,000 Monopoly bills for longer games and made them available online.
Special editions and spinoffs (e.g. Monopoly Deal) may use larger denominations.
As a phrase
"Monopoly money" is also a derisive term used in multiple senses. The most common is by countries that have traditionally had monochromatic currency banknotes (such as the United States) to refer to countries that have colorful banknotes (such as Canada). This has been used in places such as the "Weird Al" Yankovic song "Canadian Idiot".
It can also be used as a derisive term to refer to money not really worth anything, or at least not being used as if it is worth anything. This has been used when large companies trade securities amongst various entities to create fraudulent profits, and when governments such as Myanmar issue special currencies to foreign aid organizations that cannot be traded on the free market and are therefore not really worth anything.
- "What is the Monopoly M Symbol called?". Board & Card Games Stack Exchange. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
- Boise, Craig M. (2005). Playing with ‘Monopoly Money’: Phony Profits, Fraud Penalties and Equity. 90. Minnesota Law Review. p. 144.
- Parry, Richard Lowe and Andrew Crowe. "Fifth of Burmese aid cash lost to exchange rate trick." The Times 25 July 2008, accessed at http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article4393554.ece on 25 July 2008
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