Nat King Cole, circa Mona Lisa's release
|Single by Nat King Cole|
|Recorded||March 11, 1950|
|Songwriter(s)||Ray Evans, Jay Livingston|
|Nat King Cole singles chronology|
"Mona Lisa" is a popular song written by Ray Evans and Jay Livingston for the Paramount Pictures film Captain Carey, U.S.A. (1950). The title and lyrics refer to the renaissance portrait Mona Lisa painted by Leonardo da Vinci. The song won the Oscar for Best Original Song in 1950].
Nat King Cole version
The song’s first musical arrangement was in an orchestration by Nelson Riddle, and the orchestral backing was played by Les Baxter and his Orchestra. The recording was originally the B-side of "The Greatest Inventor Of Them All." In an American Songwriter magazine interview, Jay Livingston recalled that the original advertisements for the record did not even mention "Mona Lisa”; only upon returning home from a publicity junket of numerous radio programs did the song become a hit.
The soundtrack version by Nat King Cole spent five weeks at number one in the Billboard singles chart in 1950. Cole's version of the song was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1992. Cole described this song as one of his favorites among his recordings.
The Billboard sales charts of 1950 also showed significant sales on versions by Dennis Day, Victor Young (vocal by Don Cherry), Art Lund, Ralph Flanagan (vocal by Harry Prime), Charlie Spivak and Harry James (vocal by Dick Williams). Hit versions for Moon Mullican #4 (Country) and Jimmy Wakely #10 (Country) were also featured in 1950.
Various artists, including Jim Reeves, Elvis Presley 1959 (home recording), Willie Nelson 1981, Shakin' Stevens 1981, Me First and the Gimme Gimmes, the Neville Brothers 1981, and Nat King Cole's daughter Natalie Cole 1992, have released cover versions of this song. Bruddah Iz (Israel Kamakawiwo'ole) also covered the song on the album Alone in IZ World. Bing Crosby recorded the song for his album Songs I Wish I Had Sung the First Time Around in 1956. Harry Connick, Jr. included the song on his 2009 album, Your Songs.
A rockabilly version of "Mona Lisa" (b/w/ "Foolish One") was released by Carl Mann on Phillips International Records (#3539) in March 1959 and reached number 25 on the Billboard Hot 100. Conway Twitty recorded a version of "Mona Lisa" in February 1959, but planned to release it only as an album cut (on an EP and an LP, Conway Twitty Sings by MGM Records). Nevertheless, it peaked at number 5 in the UK Singles Chart in that year and in the top 30 in the United States. Sam Phillips signed Carl Mann to record his version of the song after the Twitty version began getting radio play in early 1959. This was the most successful single in Mann's career. The melody is slightly different, and the lyrics are also mostly the same as in the original version by Nat King Cole, though a few more phrases are added in that elaborate more on the girl he likes. Brian Setzer covered the Mann version in his 2005 Rockabilly Riot Vol. 1: A Tribute to Sun Records.
Andy Williams released a version on his 1964 album, The Academy Award-Winning "Call Me Irresponsible" and Other Hit Songs from the Movies. In 1994, Alexia Vassiliou covered the song in the live album from Sony BMG Horis Revma.
In the early 1950s, German bandleader Kurt Henckels recorded a big band version in the pre-WWII style on the East German Amiga label.
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- Partygoers sing "Mona Lisa" in the background of one scene in Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window (1954).
- In 1986, the song was used as the theme to the British film Mona Lisa.
- The song was used in the wedding scene of the NBC mini-series, Witness to the Mob, in 1998.
- The song was also used prominently in The Freshman, via both Cole's recording and a performance during the film by Bert Parks.
|US Hot Country Songs (Billboard)||4|
|US Hot Country Songs (Billboard)||10|
|Australian Singles Chart||1|
|Norwegian Singles Chart||2|
|Belgian Singles Chart||3|
|UK Singles Chart||5|
|US Billboard Hot 100||29|
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 134. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Peter J. Levinson, September in the Rain
- "Nat King Cole: Mona Lisa". song back-story. song facts. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Grammy Hall of Fame
- Nat King Cole interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1969)
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 551. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- Carl Mann page on Rockabilly Hall of Fame website (www.rockabillyhall.com)
- "Moon Mullican Chart History (Hot Country Songs)". Billboard.
- "Jimmy Wakely Chart History (Hot Country Songs)". Billboard.
- "Conway Twitty Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.