Mohammad Haneef Atmar
|National Security Adviser of Afghanistan|
1 November 2014 – 25 August 2018
|Preceded by||Shaida Mohammad Abdali|
|Succeeded by||Hamdullah Mohib|
|Minister of Interior|
11 October 2008 – 6 June 2010
|Preceded by||Ahmad Moqbel Zarar|
|Succeeded by||Bismillah Khan Mohammadi|
|Minister of Education|
2 May 2006 – 1 October 2008
|Preceded by||Noor Mohammad Qarqin|
|Succeeded by||Ghulam Farooq Wardak|
|Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development|
2002 – 2008
|Succeeded by||Mohammad Ehsan Zia|
|Born||10 September 1968|
|Political party||Truth and Justice (since 2011)|
Mohammad Haneef Atmar (Pashto: محمد حنیف اتمر; born 10 September 1968) is the former Interior Minister of Afghanistan. He was removed from MOI by Hamid Karzai in the wake of attacks on the June 2010 Afghan Peace Jirga. Before that he worked with several international humanitarian organisations and served as Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development and Minister of Education. In 2011, he is part of the Right and Justice party. During his time in office, he has visited several countries to get funding to stabilise Afghanistan. Atmar was serving as National Security Advisor to Ashraf Ghani the President of Afghanistan. He resigned from his post as there was disagreement with Ghani on certain issues. In late 2018, Atmar announced his candidacy for the April 2019 presidential elections, indicating he firmly believes a peace deal with the Taliban is possible.
Atmar was born in 1968 as son of Mohammad Asef Atmar in Laghman Province of Afghanistan. He is an ethnic Pashtun. As a young adult, he worked for the KHAD, an Afghan security and intelligence agency with strong ties to the Soviet KGB, including with a special-operations unit. During the Soviet–Afghan War he fought against Mujahids, and lost a leg defending Jalalabad in 1987. Atmar left for the United Kingdom after the fall of Kabul.
Studies and humanitarian work
In the UK he earned two degrees at the University of York: a diploma in Information Technology and Computers, and an M.A. in Public Policy, International Relations and Post-war Reconstruction studies, which he studied for from 1996 to 1997. He speaks fluent Pashto, Dari, English, Urdu, and Hindi. In 1992 Atmar began advising on Afghanistan and Pakistan for humanitarian agencies, which he would continue for two years. Following that he went to the Norwegian Church Aid, where he served as Program Manager for six years until 2001. That same year he was hired as the Deputy Director General of the International Rescue Committee for Afghanistan, but after the September 11th attacks, the 2001 U.S. invasion of Afghanistan, and the Bonn Agreement creating an Afghan Transitional Authority under Hamid Karzai, Atmar left to join the new government.
Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
In 2002, Atmar was invited to join the Transitional Government as the Minister of Rural Rehabilitation & Development and was confirmed with the same portfolio in the cabinet of the newly elected President Karzai in December 2004. As one of the youngest members of cabinet and a technocrat, he directed his energies into transforming a dysfunctional and non-descript ministry into one of national significance that reached into every province of the country, overseeing an annual budget of nearly 500 million dollars at the end of his four-year tenure.
Ercan Murat, Country Director for UNDP in Afghanistan described Atmar in 2004 as a human development champion. As head of a ministry that was considered a key consumer of international funds, his task entailed providing food security for the rural population, safe drinking water, alternatives for the drug-economy and building the necessary infrastructure for the economy in rural areas to develop.
Minister of Education
In May 2006, Atmar was sworn in as the Minister of Education after being approved by an overwhelming majority of the National Assembly. As one of the very few who has served in successive cabinets under President Karzai, he went equipped with valuable institutional experience and memory to take on challenge of making available one of the most basic rights denied to a generation of Afghans—education.
As a member of the Presidential Oversight Committee, Atmar provides valuable advice and input into the development of the Afghanistan National Development Strategy and the represents government on the Joint Monitoring and Coordination Board that tracks the implementation of the Afghanistan Compact.
Minister of Interior
In October 2008, Atmar was sworn in as the Minister of Interior after being approved by a majority of the National Assembly.
When the Truth and Justice party was founded in 2011, he became a member of the party.
- Development of Non-Governmental Organisations in Developing Countries
- From rhetoric to reality: The role of aid in local peacebuilding in Afghanistan. York: University of York. 1998. (with Arne Strand and Sultan Barakat)
- Humanitarian Aid, War and Peace in Afghanistan: What to Learn?
- Politics and Humanitarian Aid in Afghanistan and its Aftermath for the People of Afghanistan
- Afghanistan or a Stray War in Afghanistan.
- The Challenge of Winning the Peace, chapter written together with Jonathan Goodhand. published in: Searching for Peace in Central and South Asia, 2002
- "Minister of Education Makes First Trip to the U.S. for Global Literacy Conference". USAID. 18 September 2006. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
- "Ministers of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Mohammad Hanif Atmar". Embassy of Afghanistan, Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
- Burns, John F. (11 October 2008). "Afghan President, Pressured, Reshuffles Cabinet". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
- "Afghan officials resign over attack". 6 June 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- "Afghan interior, intel chiefs replaced over attack"[permanent dead link]
- "Afghanistan's Most Powerful Person Announces Bid for April Presidential Elections". The Diplomat. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 28 November 2018.
- Andrew, Christopher M.; Mitrokhin, Vasili (2005). The World Was Going Our War: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World. Basic Books. p. 408. ISBN 978-0-465-00311-2.
- Murat, Ercan. "NAtional human Development Report 2004" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- "Interview with rural development minister". IRIN. 4 July 2005. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- "Minister of Interior". Embassy of Afghanistan. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohammad Hanif Atmar.|
- Speech on Promoting Good Governance and Fighting Corruption in Afghanistan at the Brookings Institution
Zarar Ahmad Moqbel
| Afghan Interior Minister
11 October 2008 - 6 June 2010
Bismillah Khan Mohammadi