|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Alabama's 5th district
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Parker Griffith|
|Member of the |
Madison County Commission
from the 5th district
|Preceded by||Rob Colson|
|Succeeded by||Phil Riddick|
|Member of the Alabama House of Representatives|
from the 10th district
|Preceded by||James Haney|
|Succeeded by||Tom Drake|
|Member of the Alabama House of Representatives|
from the 18th district
|Preceded by||Charlie Britnell|
|Succeeded by||Frank Riddick|
Morris Jackson Brooks Jr.
April 29, 1954
Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
|Education||Duke University (BA)|
University of Alabama (JD)
Morris Jackson "Mo" Brooks Jr. (born April 29, 1954) is an American attorney and politician who has served as the United States Representative for Alabama's 5th congressional district since 2011. The district is based in Huntsville and stretches across the northern third of the state. In 2017, he finished third in the Republican primary for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by Jeff Sessions upon Sessions's confirmation as U.S. Attorney General.
In March 2018, the Lugar Center rated Brooks the House's most partisan politician. After Joe Biden won the 2020 United States presidential election and Donald Trump refused to concede, Brooks staunchly defended Trump and made false claims of fraud. He was the first member of Congress to announce his objection to the certification of the Electoral College results. On January 6, 2021, Brooks spoke at a pro-Trump rally, where he spread misinformation about the election. Before the rally, organizer Ali Alexander said that Brooks contributed to organizing a mob to pressure members of Congress to reject electoral results. After participants in the rally stormed the United States Capitol, Brooks claimed without evidence that the rioters were associated with antifa.
Early life, education, and legal career
Brooks was born in 1954 in Charleston, South Carolina, and moved to Huntsville, Alabama in 1963. His mother, Betty J. (Noland) Brooks, taught economics and government for over 20 years at Lee High School, while he attended Grissom High School. His father, Morris Jackson "Jack" Brooks, was raised in Chattanooga, Tennessee, and worked as an electrical engineer before retiring from Redstone Arsenal's Meteorology Center. They still live in Madison County, Alabama.
Brooks graduated from Grissom High School in 1972. He graduated from Duke University in three years with a double major in political science and economics, with highest honors in economics. Brooks received his J.D. degree from the University of Alabama School of Law in 1978.
Brooks started his legal career with the Tuscaloosa district attorney's office. He left that office in 1980 to return to Huntsville as a law clerk for presiding circuit court judge John David Snodgrass. During every year except when he was serving as a prosecutor or judicial clerk, Brooks was a practicing lawyer. In 1993, he became counsel to Leo and Associates, a business law firm with a national focus, founded by Karl W. Leo. He became a partner in the firm, which was reorganized as Leo & Brooks, LLC. He maintained a national practice that specialized in commercial litigation.
Early political career
Brooks was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives in 1982 and reelected in 1983, 1986, and 1990. While in the legislature, Brooks was elected Republican house caucus chairman three times.
In 1991, Brooks was appointed Madison County district attorney. In 1992, he ran for the office, but lost to Democrat Tim Morgan. A Republican had not been elected to the office since the Reconstruction era.
In 1995–96, Brooks was appointed state special assistant attorney general for Alabama attorney general Jeff Sessions. From 1996 to 2002, he was special assistant attorney general for attorney general Bill Pryor.
In 1996, Brooks ran for the Madison County commission and unseated an 8-year incumbent Republican. He was reelected to the commission in 2000, 2004, and 2008.
In 2006, Brooks unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor of Alabama, coming in third behind eventual nominee Luther Strange and former state treasurer George Wallace, Jr.
U.S. House of Representatives
The Republican National Committee named Brooks a "Young Gun" in 2010. Larry Sabato, Charlie Cook, and Real Clear Politics rated the race "Likely Republican". CQPolitics, Stuart Rothenberg, and the New York Times rated the race "Safe Republican". Nate Silver in the FiveThirtyEight.com New York Times blog predicted that there was a 94.1% chance that Brooks would defeat Democratic nominee Steve Raby.
Brooks won the general election, 58%–42%. He became the first freshman Republican to represent this district since Reconstruction.
In January 2012, Parker Griffith, having switched parties, filed for a rematch against Brooks in the Republican primary. He said of the incumbent, "We'll contrast my time in Congress with my opponent's time in Congress. The distinction is clear. He has wandered away from many of the issues people want us to address." Brooks had the support of Phyllis Schlafly's Eagle Forum political action committee. He defeated Griffith in the rematch, 71%–29%. Brooks won all five counties.
In the November 4, 2014, general election, Brooks faced independent candidate Mark Bray and won by a margin of 115,338 (74.4%) to 39,005 (25.2%).
In the November 8, 2016, general election, Brooks faced Democratic nominee Will Boyd Jr. and won by a margin of 205,647 (66.7%) to 102,234 (33.2%).
On May 15, 2017, Brooks announced his candidacy in the 2017 United States Senate special election. He ran against Luther Strange, a Republican appointed to the Senate by former Alabama Governor Robert Bentley after Senator Jeff Sessions was appointed U.S. attorney general.
In an interview with Yellowhammer News, Brooks touted his conservative record, saying that during the previous session of Congress, Heritage Action ranked him one of the Top Ten Best Congressmen on issues involving the "principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense." The American Conservative Union ranked his record in the top 20% of all Congressmen, with an overall A grade during the last session of Congress, on issues relating to "liberty, personal responsibility, traditional value, and a strong national defense." The National Taxpayers Union ranked his record at the top of the Alabama Congressional delegation, tied with Byrne and Gary Palmer, on issues relating to "tax relief and reform, lower and less wasteful spending, individual liberty, and free enterprise." The Club for Growth ranked his record in the top 20% of all Congressmen on "economic policies that strengthen our nation's economy and shrink the size of the federal government." He was the Tea Party movement's preferred candidate.
Bentley initially decided to align the special election with the 2018 general election, but Kay Ivey, his successor, moved the date up to December 12, 2017, scheduling the primary for August 15 and primary runoff for September 26. In the Republican primary, Brooks lost to Strange and former Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore, who advanced to the runoff. In his concession speech, he announced his reelection campaign for his congressional seat in 2018. He also "spoke more favorably of Moore and the race that he ran rather than Strange", but did not endorse a candidate.
Brooks declared he intended to vote for Moore on November 11, days after The Washington Post published a story alleging sexual abuse by Moore. In a text message to al.com on November 13, Brooks said, "Socialist Democrat Doug Jones will vote wrong. Roy Moore will vote right. Hence, I will vote for Roy Moore." He continued by invoking the Duke University lacrosse rape case, a story that he claimed to "vividly remember" because he had graduated from the university. Brooks then said:
As an attorney, I know accusations are easy. Proving them to the satisfaction of a judge, a jury, or here, voters, is another thing. I do not know enough of the evidence to know with confidence what the true facts are ... I do believe this, there are millions of people in America who would lie in a heartbeat if it meant adding another Democrat to the Senate.
My view of The Washington Post is that they are part of the communications wing of the Democratic Party. They are hyper-partisan to the point that they are more than willing to lie to advance their left wing, amoral, socialist agenda. I've seen them do it firsthand of my own personal knowledge.
In the November 6, 2018, general election, Brooks faced Democratic nominee Peter Joffrion and won by a margin of 159,063 (61%) to 101,388 (38.9%).
In the November 3, 2020 general election, Brooks was reelected virtually unopposed.
In February 2018, Brooks delivered a Senate floor speech and later released a statement through his office announcing his opposition to the spending bill that would ward off another United States federal government shutdown, saying the bill would do more harm than good by granting more funds than the United States could afford.
In April 2018, after Trump ordered missile strikes against Syria, Brooks confirmed that he was in favor of the strikes but would prefer the president "consult with Congress and obtain an unambiguous Authorization for the Use of Military Force from Congress before engaging in acts of war against a foreign nation" and said there was evidence the Assad regime had used chemical agents.
In July 2018, Brooks announced his support for Trump's nomination of Brett Kavanaugh to the United States Supreme Court, saying Kavanaugh was an excellent choice who "has an established record of upholding the Constitution and federal law without inserting his personal political views into his decisions. As such, I look forward to his quick confirmation by the Senate." "In my view, America is burdened with too many liberal, activist federal justices and judges who fail to abide by their role as limited by the Constitution, and I am pleased President Trump nominated a judge who understands the importance of limiting his role to that intended by America’s founding fathers."
In July 2018, Brooks announced his support for Ohio Republican Congressman Jim Jordan amid allegations of ignoring claims of sexual abuse of athletes by a team doctor while Jordan was serving as a wrestling coach at The Ohio State University (OSU). In his statement, Brooks recounted his seven years working alongside Jordan and said Jordan had proved to him during that time that were he aware of the claims, he "would have done everything in his power to stop the inappropriate conduct." OSU opened an investigation in April 2018 that looked into allegations of sexual misconduct by the former wrestling team's physician, Richard Strauss, who was the physician when Jordan was an assistant coach. At least eight former wrestlers said that Jordan had been aware of, but did not respond to, allegations of sexual misconduct by Strauss.
On October 23, 2019, Brooks, Bradley Byrne and Jordan joined about two dozen other House Republicans in aggressively intruding upon that day's confidential hearing in a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF) where Republican and Democratic congressional members had been taking testimony from Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Laura Cooper. Brooks gave an incendiary speech before joining the non-committee Republicans forcing their way into the hearing in which he demanded, "By golly, if they are going to do it, do it in public. Don’t hide it from the American people." One committee member said, "It was the closest thing I've seen around here to mass civil unrest as a member of Congress," as the conservatives had barged into the hearing room with prohibited electronic devices. Brooks said, "Show your face where we can all see the travesty that you are trying to foist on America and the degradation of our Republic that you're engaged in." Jordan said, "The members have just had it, and they want to be able to see and represent their constituents and find out what's going on." In the 116th Congress, the chair, Adam Schiff and 12 Democratic members of the House Intelligence Committee were appointed by the Speaker of the House, Nancy Pelosi, who is an ex officio committee member. The House Minority Leader, Kevin McCarthy, also an ex officio member, appointed the ranking member, Devin Nunes, and eight other Republicans to the committee. Each side gets equal time to question witnesses appearing before the committee. The disruption delayed Cooper's testimony by many hours.
Brooks and Byrne were the only Republican members of the Alabama House delegation to vote in October 2019 against a resolution condemning Trump for removing U.S. military forces from Syria, which had greatly endangered the effective Kurdish resistance to the Islamic State in Syria (ISIS).
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Science, Space and Technology
- Committee on Foreign Affairs
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Brooks is anti-abortion. As of 2020, he has an "A" rating from the Susan B. Anthony List for his voting record. Brooks opposes stem cell research that uses human embryos. He co-sponsored the Title X Abortion Provider Prohibition Act, which would have ended federal funding for Planned Parenthood.
Black Lives Matter
Brooks has said the phrase "Black Lives Matter" is racist. He called the George Floyd protests in Seattle that injured 12 police officers "riots". He voted in opposition to the Justice in Policing Act in June 2020. After Floyd's death, Brooks opposed the removal of statues of Theodore Roosevelt, praising Roosevelt's conservation efforts as the reason to retain the statues.
Brooks voted with an absentee ballot in the 2020 primary election, stating it has "safeguards to protect against voter fraud." But he opposes vote by mail on the grounds that it is prone to fraud.
On August 4, 2014, Brooks was interviewed on The Laura Ingraham Show and responded to a clip of Ron Fournier warning that the Republican Party could not survive as the "party of white people". Brooks said, "Well, this is a part of the war on whites that's being launched by the Democratic Party ... And the way in which they're launching this war is by claiming that whites hate everybody else. It's part of the strategy that Barack Obama implemented in 2008, continued in 2012, where he divides us all on race, on sex, creed, envy, class warfare, all those kinds of things." His remark drew considerable comments and controversy. When asked about it later that day, Brooks repeated the claim of a "war on whites", saying, "In effect, what the Democrats are doing with their dividing America by race is they are waging a war on whites, and I find that repugnant." Two days after his original comment, Brooks added that the Republican Party was involved in a "war on whites".
He supports social distancing and wearing face masks to curb COVID-19 spread. He also supports investing in vaccine and cure research. He believes that Black Lives Matter "protestors & rioters" were responsible for Alabama reporting 1,000 new cases on one day in June 2020.
Brooks opposes state-required 14-day quarantines for visitors from states with outbreaks, believing it is constitutionally questionable and that it "is one way to kill whatever tourism industry survived" state shutdowns. He also opposes the full shutdown of communities to curb COVID-19, even opposing efforts by Alabama Governor Kay Ivey, considering it a violation of people's "God-given, hard-earned freedom & right to earn a living." He also spoke in support of schools being fully reopened in fall 2020.
Brooks has a "B" rating from NORML for his voting record on cannabis-related matters. He has said that legalization of marijuana is a state issue and voted for bills to allow Veterans Health Administration doctors to discuss medical marijuana with patients and block the DEA from taking enforcement actions against medical marijuana in states that have legalized it.
In 2011, Brooks said, "Financial issues overshadow everything else going on in Washington. That one set of issues is sucking everything else out of the room."
Brooks supports changes to Social Security, including allowing individuals to invest some of their Social Security money in private retirement accounts. He has said that he does not support the full privatization of Social Security "because the stock market and many other investments are simply too volatile." Brooks also supports the plan Paul Ryan proposed to shift Medicare from a publicly run program to one managed by private insurers.
Brooks signed Grover Norquist's Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge. He supports the Fair Tax proposal. In 2010, Brooks signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity not to vote for any climate change legislation that would raise taxes.
At a monthly breakfast meeting of the Madison County Republican Men's Club, Brooks referred to the jobs bill President Obama proposed as the "Obama 'kill jobs' bill." He told the crowd that it added to the debt, promoted "frivolous lawsuits," and created new government agencies. He challenged Obama's promotion of the bill, saying, "If Barack Obama is serious about jobs, how about repealing Obamacare, dealing with illegal immigration and urging the Democratic-controlled Senate to pass pro-jobs bills that have already cleared in the House." At the same meeting, Brooks compared the recession of 2008 (and its after effects) with the Great Depression, saying that the problems associated with the Great Depression are "a cakewalk compared to what can happen to our country if we don't start acting responsibly in Washington, D.C., to try to get this deficit under control."
In May 2018, Brooks claimed that land erosion played a significant role in sea level rise. "Every time you have that soil or rock or whatever it is that is deposited into the seas, that forces the sea levels to rise, because now you have less space in those oceans, because the bottom is moving up." The vast majority of the scientific community rejects this claim. At the hearing, Brooks also argued that the Antarctic ice sheet was growing. In actuality, while in the past it has grown, in recent years it has shrunk, and earlier growth does not disprove that climate change is occurring.
Brooks has said, "we cannot continue to be the world police." He has expressed disappointment that the U.S. military did not leave Afghanistan immediately after Osama bin Laden's death on May 1, 2011.
Brooks disapproves of NATO military actions in Libya that the United States has been involved in. In 2011, he said, "I reject the president's position that the way to prevent Libyans from killing Libyans is by Americans killing Libyans." He voted against H.R. 2278 and after voting published the following statement: "We should be out of Libya altogether, and not voting piecemeal on parts of the operation. While this bill excludes some operations in Libya, it approves many others. The lesson from Vietnam is that the one sure way to lose a war is by fighting it half-way."
Brooks opposed the Electrify Africa Act of 2013, a bill that would direct the president to establish a multiyear strategy to help countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop a mix of power solutions to provide sufficient electricity access to people in rural and urban areas in order to alleviate poverty and drive economic growth. At a meeting of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, he said, "American taxpayers spend more than $40 billion per year on foreign aid ... Given America's out-of-control deficits and accumulated debt that threaten our economic future, I cannot justify American taxpayers building power plants and transmission lines in Africa with money we do not have, will have to borrow to get, and cannot afford to pay back."
Brooks supports the rights of legal gun owners to travel across state lines to engage in travel-related activities, including stopping for gas, hotel stays, or emergencies, without risk of prosecution.
2017 Congressional baseball shooting
On June 14, 2017, at 7:09 am EDT, Brooks was practicing for the annual charity Congressional Baseball Game when James T. Hodgkinson opened fire on members of the Republican team, including House Majority Whip Steve Scalise. The practice was at the Eugene Simpson Baseball Fields in the Del Ray neighborhood of Alexandria, Virginia. Brooks used his belt as a tourniquet to help stop bleeding for a staffer who had been shot in the calf. After the shooting ended, Brooks and Representative Brad Wenstrup assisted Scalise by applying pressure to the wound until he could be evacuated. Brooks's name appeared on the shooter's assassination list.
Less than a week after the shooting, Brooks introduced the Congressional Self-Defense Act, allowing lawmakers to carry concealed weapons. In his press release, Brooks stated, "I believe all law-abiding citizens should be able to conceal carry". He has supported bills to allow national reciprocity. In July 2017, Brooks ran a campaign ad on YouTube featuring audio of the five shots from the attack. Steve Scalise's Chief of Staff strongly objected to the ad on Twitter.
Brooks opposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (also known as Obamacare) and has said that the committee that passed it did not understand it. He signed the Club for Growth's "Repeal-It!" pledge that stated that upon his election to Congress he would "sponsor and support legislation to repeal any federal health care takeover passed in 2010, and replace it with real reforms that lower health care costs without growing government." He was also endorsed by the website Defundit.org for his stance on Obamacare. Brooks co-sponsored H.R. 127, which would have removed all funding from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, and any amendments made by either act.
In March 2017, Brooks said that he would not vote for the American Health Care Act, the GOP's initial plan to replace the Affordable Care Act. He said, "I will vote against the American Health Care Act because it has more bad policy than any bill I have ever faced." But on May 4, 2017, Brooks voted for the American Health Care Act, which would repeal the Affordable Care Act.
In an interview with CNN's Jake Tapper, Brooks controversially argued that the AHCA "will allow insurance companies to require people who have higher health care costs to contribute more to the insurance pool. That helps offset all these costs, thereby reducing the cost to those people who lead good lives, they're healthy, they've done the things to keep their bodies healthy. And right now, those are the people—who've done things the right way—that are seeing their costs skyrocketing."
After Congress failed to repeal the Affordable Care Act, Brooks said, "we have Republicans who do not want to repeal Obamacare. They may have campaigned that way, they may have voted that way a couple of years ago when it didn't make any difference."
According to a survey by the Christian Coalition, Brooks also opposes government-run health care. He voted yes on repealing the Prevention and Public Health Fund in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Brooks has been endorsed by Americans for Legal Immigration (ALI), a political action committee (PAC). The anti-immigration organization NumbersUSA gave him a 100% score. Brooks has sponsored or co-sponsored 112 immigration-related bills since taking office in January 2011. He has also said that he feels Congress will probably do nothing about illegal immigration in the coming years.
Brooks opposes allowing illegal immigrants to remain in the United States. As part of his 2010 campaign, he advocated getting the federal government "out of the way so state and local governments can help solve the problem." He advocated making it "unprofitable" for employers to hire illegal immigrants over American citizens. In 2014, he called for the deportation of 8 million undocumented workers, as well as 500,000 DACA recipients.
On June 29, 2011, reporter Venton Blandin of WHNT-TV asked Brooks to repeat what he had previously stated at a town hall meeting about illegal immigrants. Brooks repeated his previous statement, saying, "As your congressman on the House floor, I will do anything short of shooting them. Anything that is lawful, it needs to be done because illegal aliens need to quit taking jobs from American citizens."
In May 2015, Brooks sponsored an amendment to strip a particular provision in the National Defense Authorization Act, thereby preventing the Department of Defense from allowing "Dreamers" (undocumented youth who received temporary legal status under the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program) to enlist in the armed services. Brooks stated his opposition to illegal immigrants serving in the military, saying, "These individuals have to be absolutely 100 percent loyal and trustworthy, as best as we can make them, 'cause they're gonna have access to all sorts of military weaponry—even to the point of having access to weapons of mass destruction like our nuclear arsenal. And I'm gonna have much greater faith in the loyalty of an American citizen than a person who is a citizen of a foreign nation." He said Birmingham, a city where Alabama's strict immigration law has been criticized, needed to prepare to spend more money if it wants to be a sanctuary city. He told Blandin, "They need to start picking up the tab that American citizens are having to pick up. If Birmingham wants to be a sanctuary city, or wants to head in that direction, that is their decision. They are absolutely wrong."
Brooks supports the building of the Trump wall, believing it will help end "American lives lost each year to illegal alien homicides & overdoses on drugs smuggled across our porous southern border."
Brooks believes that Michael Flynn was "set up" by "FBI partisan hacks" and the trial against Flynn "was a miscarriage of justice." He supports the US Justice Department assigning a special prosecutor to investigate the federal case against Flynn, in which Flynn pleaded guilty to making false statements to the FBI.
Brooks supports the right for the National Security Agency to collect telephone metadata on Americans, saying its potential to thwart terrorist attacks outweighs potential infringements on privacy. But in 2014, he voted for the USA Freedom Act, which, according to its sponsor, would "rein in the dragnet collection of data by the National Security Agency (NSA) and other government agencies, increase transparency of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC), provide businesses the ability to release information regarding FISA requests, and create an independent constitutional advocate to argue cases before the FISC."
In December 2011, Brooks voted in support of H.R. 10, the "Regulations from the Executive In Need of Scrutiny Act," which would have required Congressional approval for any "major regulations" issued by the executive branch but, unlike the 1996 Congressional Review Act, would not require the president's signature or override of a probable presidential veto.
In April 2011, he said during a congressional speech, "Folks, we are here today forcing this issue because America is at risk. We are at risk of insolvency and bankruptcy because the socialist members of this body choose to spend money that we do not have." After this remark, Democratic Congressman Keith Ellison asked that Brooks's comments be "taken down." This request forced Brooks to either have the comment stricken from the record or defend the remark and wait until later in the day for a formal ruling over whether the comment was appropriate. Brooks chose to have the remark withdrawn before he continued with his speech. Ellison accepted the withdrawal. Afterward, Brooks said he did not regret his initial remark and that he thought those who objected to his comment, particularly Democrats, were "thin-skinned." He said, "People could quite clearly infer that socialism is what the other guys are promoting."
In addition to Ellison, Brooks has called Pete Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar, Kimberly Gardner, Nancy Pelosi, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Bernie Sanders, Bill DeBlasio, and others socialists.
On March 25, 2019, Brooks read a passage from Adolf Hitler's 1925 autobiography Mein Kampf on the House floor, comparing the Democratic Party and the media to the Nazi party when Attorney General William Barr's summary of the Mueller report was released in March 2019.
Brooks voted for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, saying the bill was a way "to put more money into the pockets of working Alabamians at all income levels" and that it would "spur much-needed economic growth that will both help with America's deficit and debt crisis."
In May 2018, during the Republican primary for Brooks's seat, he said he was a Trump supporter in response to criticism from his opponent that he had criticized Trump. Trump endorsed Brooks's 2018 reelection, saying Brooks "fought by my side to secure our border, rebuild our military, cut our taxes, repeal ObamaCare, and build the wall!" Brooks also opposed Trump's first impeachment.
2016 presidential election
On September 9, 2016, Brooks said that Hillary Clinton "betrayed her country by exposing national security information to risk by our adversaries. That is a criminal offense. That makes it an impeachable offense. ... Hillary Clinton has, in my opinion, committed a high crime or misdemeanor or treason."
2020 presidential election
After Joe Biden won the 2020 presidential election and Trump refused to concede, Brooks staunchly defended Trump and made false claims of fraud. He argued that most mail-in voting was "unconstitutional", and made the false claim that "if only lawful votes by eligible American citizens were cast, Donald Trump won the Electoral College by a significant margin". His assertions of the election "being stolen" due to "extraordinary voter fraud and election theft measures" were not corroborated by evidence.
On December 10, 2020, Brooks was one of 126 Republican members of the U.S. House of Representatives to sign an amicus brief in support of Texas v. Pennsylvania, a lawsuit filed at the United States Supreme Court contesting the results of the 2020 presidential election. The Supreme Court declined to hear the case on the basis that Texas lacked standing under Article III of the Constitution to challenge the results of an election held by another state. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi issued a statement that called signing the amicus brief an act of "election subversion". She also reprimanded Brooks and the other House members who supported the lawsuit: "The 126 Republican Members that signed onto this lawsuit brought dishonor to the House. Instead of upholding their oath to support and defend the Constitution, they chose to subvert the Constitution and undermine public trust in our sacred democratic institutions."
2021 Capitol attack
Brooks was the first member of Congress to announce his objection to the certification of the Electoral College results on January 6, 2021. That day, he spoke at a pro-Trump rally and harshly criticized other Republicans in Congress for not aiding him in his efforts to overturn the election. Brooks said, "Today is the day American patriots start taking down names and kicking ass." At the rally, Trump falsely claimed that the election had been stolen and encouraged the crowd to march on the U.S. Capitol; shortly thereafter, pro-Trump rioters stormed the U.S. Capitol, resulting in five deaths, including a police officer. Brooks later said the rioters who stormed the Capitol were associated with antifa, citing information in The Washington Times that was later retracted.
In December 2020, right-wing political activist and organizer Ali Alexander said that Brooks was involved in organizing a mob to pressure Congress on January 6, 2021. These alleged plans resulted in the storming of the United States Capitol; according to Alexander, who defended the Capitol events as "completely peaceful", "It was to build momentum and pressure and then on the day change hearts and minds of Congress peoples who weren't yet decided or who saw everyone outside and said, 'I can't be on the other side of that mob.'" Brooks's office has not responded to media inquiries about this allegation.
|Republican||Parker Griffith (incumbent)||23,525||33.4|
|Republican||Mo Brooks (incumbent)||65,123||70.9|
|Republican||Mo Brooks (incumbent)||189,185||64.9|
|Republican||Luther Strange (incumbent)||138,971||32.8%|
|Republican||Mo Brooks (incumbent)||54,928||61.3|
|Republican||Mo Brooks (incumbent)||83,740||74.9|
Brooks met Martha Jenkins of Toledo, Ohio, at Duke University. They were married in 1976. She graduated from the University of Alabama with a degree in accounting. In 2004, she attended the University of Alabama in Huntsville for a degree in teaching. She has retired from teaching math at Whitesburg Middle School in Huntsville. They have two sons, two daughters, and ten grandchildren.
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- 115th Congress Partisanship Index - PDF, accessed January 4, 2021
- Mo Brooks, Republican, Least Likely to Support Democratic Party Bills, Yellowhammer News, accessed January 5, 2021
- "Mo Brooks: Today patriots start 'kicking ass' in fighting vote results". al. January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- "Here Are The Republicans Challenging Congress' Tally Of Election Results". NPR.org. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- Lyman, Melissa Brown, Kirsten Fiscus and Brian. "'A very dark day': Alabama's congressional delegation condemns riot at U.S. Capitol". The Montgomery Advertiser. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- "Guide to the New Congress" (PDF). CQ Roll Call. November 4, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2011. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- Khan, Naureen (October 13, 2010). "Mo Brooks (R)". National Journal.
- "Mo Brooks ancestry". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
- "About Me" [Mo Brooks Biography]. house.gov. United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 28, 2018. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Martindale-Hubbell law directory and Karl W. Leo
- Stephens, Challen (August 6, 2014). "'War on whites' only the latest: Best of Mo Brooks' polarizing rhetoric". AL.com. Archived from the original on February 9, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- Cillizza, Chris (June 2, 2010). "Party switcher Parker Griffith, Rep. Artur Davis lose in Alabama primaries". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 3, 2010. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
Alabama Republican Rep. Parker Griffith was soundly defeated in a Republican primary tonight, the second party switcher to lose an intraparty fight in the past two weeks. Madison County Commissioner Mo Brooks had 51 percent of the vote to Griffith's 33 percent and 16 percent for Les Phillip with 99 percent of precincts reporting.
- Stephens, Challen (June 1, 2010). "Parker Griffith concedes: It's Mo Brooks vs. Steve Raby". The Huntsville Times. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
- Blandin, Venton (June 2, 2010). "Mo Brooks Wins Alabama's 5th District Congressional Primary Race". WHNT-TV. Archived from the original on August 10, 2010. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
Brooks won the GOP ticket with 51% the vote. The majority vote means almost 36,000 people picked Brooks over his opponents—Les Phillip and Incumbent Congressman Parker Griffith.
- Stephens, Challen (August 25, 2010). "Times Watchdog Report: National Republicans back Mo Brooks, Democrats undeclared on Steve Raby". The Huntsville Times. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
Meanwhile, the Republicans in congress have adopted Mo Brooks, slapping on him their highest label for a hot prospect: Young Gun.
- Sabato, Larry; Issac Wood (August 28, 2010). "Alabama (05) House 2010". Sabato's Crystal Ball. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
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Former Ohio State wrestler Mike DiSabato has led a campaign to publicize Dr. Strauss's alleged wrongdoings for months and only recently began to criticize Mr. Jordan for allegedly ignoring athletes' concerns.
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David Range ... said Jordan had to have known about alleged sexual misconduct by Richard Strauss ... because it happened regularly to team members and people talked about it.
- Total SCIF Show: The GOP's Raid Puts National Security at Risk, Wired.com, Brian Barrett, October 23, 2019. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
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- "Racism defined: "someone who believes that other races are not as good as their own and therefore treats them unfairly" Which phrase discriminates on race? "ALL Lives Matter"? "BLACK Lives Matter"? NO ONE should discriminate based on skin color. Bad". Twitter. June 24, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "#Fascist, #Socialist #Antifa & #Racist #BlackLivesMatter join to riot, attack & injure 12 #Seattle officers. Destruction & bloodshed are logical results of cowardly Socialist #Democrat elected officials too afraid to confront lawlessness. Where is #CNN?". Twitter. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "I will vote "No" on the George Floyd #JusticeInPolicing Act. Local government governs best. Washington's "one size fits all" approach is bad. For these reasons, I'll vote against the Republican alternative too. Full statement:". Twitter. June 25, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Pres. Teddy #Roosevelt helped establish US Forest Service, 150 national forests, 51 bird preserves, 4 national game preserves, 5 national parks & 18 national monuments. His reward from NYC #Socialist Mayor #DeBlasio? Remove his statute! USA: Fight back!". Twitter. June 23, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "#Socialist #Democrats FOR illegal alien voting (See San Fran) & vote-by-mail WITHOUT fraud-prevention safeguards: no affidavits, no witnesses, no voter ID. NOW Socialist Dems FOR voting by FELONS IN PRISON! Is there law & order when inmates run asylum?". Twitter. July 12, 2020.
- "Gerry: Yes, I did. Absentee Voting has safeguards that protect against voter fraud (Alabama law). "Vote by Mail" lacks those safeguards. Unfortunately, not enough voters have done their homework to understand the difference between "Absentee Voting" and "Vote by Mail"". Twitter. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
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- "BADLY written #EqualRightsAmendment THREATENS: #Catholics & others' religious freedom for "men only" priests! #NFL, #NBA and ALL mens sports without 50% female players! ALL female college & pro sports by REQUIRING men competitors! & MORE! Today I vote AGAINST bad #ERA bill!". Twitter. February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Fault=China. #COVID19 likely came from a Communist Chinese Party ("bio-weapons") lab & released accidentally or intentionally. Regardless of motive, CCP INTENTIONALLY deceived world about contagious nature and death rate. US+World would have been better prepared but for CCP lies". Twitter. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Growing evidence nature-made #COVID19 came from #Communist #China #Wuhan research & bio-weapons lab. Compelling evidence China #Coronavirus lies helped kill 80,000+ Americans. Real Question: Will #Socialist #Democrats dare sanction their Chinese "Comrades" for the damage done?". Twitter. May 11, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Short tweet version: 1. Learn from past pandemics. Be honest. Absent vaccine, you can slow down but not stop COVID19. 2. Minimize risk. Wear mask. Social distance. 3. Cure research $ = better treatment options. 4. Vaccine research $ = Quicker vaccine. Mike: Beat your cancer!". Twitter. July 12, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Bad Alabama #COVID19 #s, 1000+ yesterday alone. While some increase caused by protestors & rioters disregarding health advice, please remember we DO NOT reopen economy because #coronavirus defeated, we reopen because we have no better choice. Be safe!". Twitter. June 14, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "#NewYork #NewJersey #Connecticut force Americans from 22 states to quarantine 14 days or be severely fined. That is one way to kill whatever tourism industry survived their self-inflicted shutdown damage! Constitutional questions abound. NO BAILOUT!". Twitter. July 15, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "7/7 Ivey shutdown order (cont) BOTTOM LINE: If STATE GOVT deprives citizens of God-given, hard-earned freedom & right to earn a living, STATE should COMPENSATE EVERY CITIZEN FOR ALL LOSSES SUFFERED! State: don't whine for & rely on feds for bailouts. USA bankruptcy hurts ALL!". Twitter. April 28, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "American Academy of Pediatrics: RE-OPEN #SCHOOLS! "AAP strongly advocates that all policy considerations for the coming school year should start with a goal of having students physically present in school." Will #Socialist #Democrats let schools open?". Twitter. June 29, 2020.
- "Alabama Scorecard - NORML.org - Working to Reform Marijuana Laws". norml.org. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
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- "Just introduced the Lawful Interstate Transportation of Firearms Act which would bar anti-2nd Amendment states from prosecuting firearm-transporting travelers who engage in travel-related activities like stopping for gas, a hotel stay, or an emergency. #2A". Twitter. February 21, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
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- Fang, Lee (March 31, 2017). "GOP Lawmakers Now Admit Years of Obamacare Repeal Votes Were a Sham". The Intercept. Archived from the original on April 26, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
We have Republicans who do not want to repeal Obamacare," said Rep. Mo Brooks, R-Ala., on Sirius XM Patriot on Wednesday. "They may have campaigned that way, they may have voted that way a couple of years ago when it didn't make any difference," Brooks continued. "But now that it makes a difference, there seems to not be the majority support that we need to pass legislation that we passed 50 or 60 times over five or six years.
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- "Thanks to the Trump Admin for speeding up border wall construction. Time is of the essence when it comes to saving the 32k+ American lives lost each year to illegal alien homicides & overdoses on drugs smuggled across our porous southern border". Twitter. February 18, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
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- "Vote number 11-HV192 terminating funding for National Public Radio on Mar 17, 2011 regarding bill H.1076 Prohibit Federal Funds for NPR Results: Passed 228-192". On the Issues. On the Issues. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
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- "Time for @TheJusticeDept to appoint a special prosecutor to bring to justice the @FBI partisan hacks who set up American patriot @GenFlynn . It should be made crystal clear to DOJ employees that political prosecutions will not be tolerated & there are serious consequences for it". Twitter. May 13, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
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- "NAZI revisionists like fambonijones are disgusting! NAZI is short for "National SOCIALIST German Workers' Party". The NAZI party platform from 1920 & after advocated socialist policies. NAZI socialism differed only mildly from China & USSR. SOCIALISM KILLS LIBERTY & PEOPLE!". Twitter. April 4, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "75 years ago on 4/4/45 America's 4th Armored & 89th Infantry Divs. liberated Ohrdruf Concentration Camp, the 1st liberated by USA forces. My father, Jack Brooks, served in 89th & described to me Ohrdruf bodies stacked 5 feet high. NEVER FORGET #SOCIALIST INHUMANITY & BRUTALITY!". Twitter. April 4, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- ". @RepAOC : DEFUND NYC POLICE DEPT! This is dangerous & absurd to those thankful that #police risk their lives to protect ours. AOC's words warn ALL America. #Socialism = #fascism twin sister = enemy of #freedom & #liberty. Fight & live free. Or not". Twitter. June 6, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Where do you stand? #Socialist #Democrat #KimberlyGardner wants to prosecute those who defend their homes from criminals. If charged, #Republican Missouri Governor Mike Parson will likely pardon them. I stand with 2nd Amendment Right to Bear Arms". Twitter. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- ".@BernieSanders is openly #Socialist & doesn't hide behind #Democrat or #Progressive or #Liberal labels. On House floor in 2011, I warned about too many #socialists in Washington. My thanks? Media ridicule. Now? Not so much. "Better red than dead" should replace old Dem logo". Twitter. February 23, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "#Socialist #Dem #SpeakerPelosi proxy voting push gets more serious. https://politico.com/news/2020/04/21/democrats-push-proxy-voting-198912 #Congress should work at Capitol (as hired to do) just like America asks doctors, nurses, grocery workers, truckers & others to work despite #coronavirus threat! Congress: SHOW COURAGE!". Twitter. April 21, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020. External link in
- Hayes, Christal (March 26, 2019). "Alabama Rep. Mo Brooks reads from Hitler's 'Mein Kampf' while bashing Democrats, media". USA Today. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
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- Brooks, Mo. "IMHO, Joe Biden DID NOT win lawful vote majority in Georgia. Per its right & duty, Congress should reject any Georgia submission of 16 electoral college votes for Joe Biden. That is EXACTLY what I hope to help do. See below lawsuit for more! SORDID!". Twitter. Archived from the original on November 28, 2020. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mo Brooks.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Mo Brooks|
- Congressman Mo Brooks official U.S. House website
- Mo Brooks for Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|Alabama House of Representatives|
| Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
from the 18th district
| Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
from the 10th district
| Member of the Madison County Commission
from the 5th district
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 5th congressional district
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Representatives by seniority