Mitákuye Oyás’iŋ (All Are Related) is a phrase from the Lakota language. It reflects the world view of interconnectedness held by the Lakota people of North America. This concept and phrase is expressed in many Yankton Sioux prayers, as well as by ceremonial people in other Lakota communities.
The phrase translates in English as "all my relatives," "we are all related," or "all my relations." It is a prayer of oneness and harmony with all forms of life: other people, animals, birds, insects, trees and plants, and even rocks, rivers, mountains and valleys.
From work in the 1940s, American scholar Joseph Epes Brown wrote a study of Mitákuye Oyás’iŋ and its relevance in the Sioux ideology of "underlying connection" and "oneness." He noted how the phrase has been misappropriated and misused as a slogan and salutation by peoples from outside the Lakota cultures.
Francis White Bird asserts that only Lakota can use this phrase because it applies only to Lakota culture.
Regardless it has become a sign of recognition by all peoples of native ancestry, especially those who are alienated from tribal tradition.
- François, Damien (2007). The Self-destruction of the West: critical cultural anthropology. Publibook. p. 28. ISBN 2-7483-3797-2.
- Maroukis, Thomas Constantine (2005). Peyote and the Yankton Sioux: The Life and Times of Sam Necklace. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-8061-3649-9.
- "US: Indigenous Lakota women face harsh winter wrath under climate change". November 2, 2010.
- Lupton, Mary Jane (2004). James Welch: A Critical Companion. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 23–24. ISBN 0-313-32725-4.
- White Bird, Francis. "Levels of Lakota language". Lakota Country Times. Lakota Country Times. Retrieved 25 February 2017.
|This article relating to the Indigenous peoples of North America is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|