Missouri State Fairgrounds Historic District
2011 Missouri State Fair - Ferris Wheel at Sunset
|Location||Roughly bounded by US 65, Co. Rd. Y, Clarendon Rd. and the Missouri--Kansas--Texas RR tracks, Sedalia, Missouri|
|Area||215 acres (87 ha)|
|Built by||Bast, Thomas W.; Et al.|
|Architectural style||Art Deco, Mission/spanish Revival, Romanesque|
|NRHP reference No.||91000853|
|Added to NRHP||June 28, 1991|
The Missouri State Fair is the state fair for the state of Missouri, which has operated since 1901 in Sedalia, Missouri. It includes daily concerts, exhibits and competitions of animals, homemade crafts, shows, and many food/lemonade stands, and it only lasts 11 days. Its most famous event is the mule show, which has run since its inception. The fairgrounds are located at 2503 W 16th Street on the southwest side of the city at the intersection of West 16th Street (State Highway Y) and South Limit Avenue (U.S. Highway 65).
In 2015, the Missouri State Fair had an attendance of about 350,000 people. It has won numerous first-place and other awards at the annual conference of the International Association of Fairs and Expositions (IAFE), especially for its promotion of agricultural exhibitors.
In 1897, N. H. Gentry of Sedalia persuaded the Missouri Swine Breeders Association to request the Missouri General Assembly to establish a state fair. In 1899 a resolution for the fair was introduced by C.E. Clark.
After ten ballots, Sedalia received the majority vote; it had bid 150 acres (0.61 km2), the most amount of land of any city to be devoted to the fairgrounds. The Van Riper family, who had set land aside for the location of the Missouri State Capitol in Jefferson City, Missouri, also donated the site in Sedalia.
The first Missouri State Fair was held September 9–13 in 1901. One of the most distinctive aspects of the early fairs was the "white city": the 24 acres (97,000 m2) of tents, each for rent by exhibitors.
The Missouri State Fairgrounds are now used year-round and generate revenue in every season, for more than 350 days out of the available 365. The fairgrounds hosted the Ozark Music Festival July 19–21, 1974, with an estimated crowd of 350,000 people. Off-season usage includes music concerts, camper rallies, livestock shows, organized athletic leagues and tournaments, auto races, craft shows, and youth rallies.
The Missouri State Fairgrounds Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1991. It encompasses 47 contributing buildings, 5 contributing sites, 7 contributing structures, and 7 contributing objects. The district developed between 1901 and 1941, and includes representative examples of Art Deco, Mission Revival, and Romanesque Revival architecture. They include several red brick exposition halls and animal barns, concrete drinking fountains constructed by Works Progress Administration, and concession buildings.
The only cancellations were from 1917 to 1918, and 1942 to 1945. In 2020, a youth fair will be held as officials cancelled others caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
In 2009, the Missouri State Fair celebrated its 107th year. Attendance increased nearly 8 percent, for a total of 337,851 during the fair's run. The mild summer encouraged high attendance, and families also liked the fair's affordability as a joint event they could enjoy.
At the end of the year, fair organizers were honored with first-place and other awards at the International Association of Fairs and Expositions (IAFE). Missouri State Fair Director Mark Wolfe was pleased with the fair's recognition. First place awards included one for "Overall Program for Competitive Agricultural Exhibitors", an overview of the Fair's entire agricultural program including number of entries, promotional materials and the overall quality of the program.
"This category is among one of the highest honors a fair can receive," said Wolfe. "I am extremely proud to have placed 1st for our continued dedication to showcase agriculture, which is the premise of the Missouri State Fair."
The 2010 Missouri State Fair was held August 12–22.
Pepsi Grandstand Concerts and Events
- August 12 – Eli Young Band and Candy Coburn
- August 13 – Shinedown (rain-out) and Chevelle
- August 14 – Montgomery Gentry and Lost Trailers
- August 15 – Katharine McPhee with Bomshel
- August 16 – Truck &Tractor Pull
- August 17 – Lucas Oil Non-Winged Sprint Bandits / MAMS / ULMA
- August 18 – Country Gold Tour with Leroy Van Dyke, Helen Cornelius, Moe Bandy, Jimmy Fortune, Gene Watson, The Gatlin Brothers, David Frizzell and Narvel Felts
- August 19 – Three Dog Night and The Grass Roots
- August 20 – Darius Rucker and Band Perry
- August 21 – Sheryl Crow and Colbie Caillat
- August 22 – MLRA / NCRA Late Model Challenge
The 2011 Missouri State Fair was held August 11–21. Themed "It's a Show-Me Thing!"
Pepsi Grandstand Concerts and Events
- August 11 – Jerrod Niemann and Candy Coburn
- August 12 – Lynyrd Skynyrd (cancellation due to illness) and Doobie Brothers (performed a longer set)
- August 13 – Jason Aldean with Thompson Square and Chris Young (singer)
- August 14 – Military Appreciation Day with Country Gold Tour featuring Leroy Van Dyke with his band The Auctioneers, Jim Ed Brown, Helen Cornelius, T. Graham Brown, Jeannie Kendall, Eddy Raven, Joe Stampley and Moe Bandy
- August 15 – Championship Truck &Tractor Pull
- August 16 – Monster Truck Show
- August 17 – Bluegrass Festival throughout the day featuring Missouri's own Rhonda Vincent and the Rage
- August 18 – Kenny Wayne Shepherd with Trampled Under Foot
- August 19 – Luke Bryan and Josh Thompson (singer)
- August 20 – Carnival of Madness Tour featuring Canadian rock band Theory of a Deadman, along with rockers Alter Bridge, Adelitas Way and Emphatic
- August 21 – Auto Racing
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- http://www.missourinet.com/2016/08/27/2016-missouri-state-fair-includes-two-record-attendance-days/ record
- Cydney E. Millstein (June 1996). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Odessa Ice Cream Company Building" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2017-01-01. (includes 8 photographs from 1996)
- Roger Maserang and Steven E. Mitchell (April 1991). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Missouri State Fairgrounds Historic District" (PDF). Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2017-02-01. (includes 71 photographs from 1990)
- "Attendance at 2009 State Fair Increases As Missourians Respond to Affordability" Archived 2009-12-17 at the Wayback Machine, Press Release, 6 Oct 2009, Missouri State Fair, accessed 23 Dec 2009
- "Missouri State Fair Receives International Recognition"[permanent dead link], 10 Dec 2009, Press Release, Missouri State Fair, accessed 23 Dec 2009