This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The congregation was founded in Javier, Spain on 14 March 1944 by María Camino Sanz Orrio and was canonically formalized by Marcelino Olaechea Loizaga, bishop of Pamplona, in a decree on 5 June 1946. Orrio was President of Catholic Action during the Spanish Civil War.
The sisters follow the Ignatian spirituality. The congregation sought to be a more agile and effective style of missionaries. They sought to be women of faith and prayer, anchored in the essentials: the love of Jesus Christ and the consecration to the Mission. In order preserve this consecration, members of the order take a fourth vow to "march and serve the missions". However, this vow was suppressed in 1969. Everything they do as an order is expected to be in service to this ideal. The order sought to have minimal structures, schedules, and standards in order to maximize availability for service and prompt response to the most urgent needs.
The first sisters were the founder Maria Camino Sanz Orrio, Maria Concepción Arraiza Jáuregui and Maria Teresa Unzu Lapeira. Eugenia Nagore Nuin joined them just a few months later. On 30 March 1944, the Institute was constituted in Pia Unión,[clarification needed] with the name of Missionaries of Christ Jesus. On 5 June 1946, it became a religious Congregation of Diocesan Law. On 3 October 1946, the first four Missionaries of Christ Jesus pronounced their vows. The first members had initially planned to go to Japan, but instead the first group departed to India on 18 November 1948. This group consisted of Maria Camino Sanz Orrio, Guadalupe Velasco, Pilar Gonzalez, Maria del Villar and Margarita. Five sisters went to two mission posts at Kohima and Tura. At that time there were already 50 missionaries. In November 1951, two other sisters began a mission in Japan. In 1954 the first two Japanese members of the order began their formation.
On 27 June 1954 the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith elevated the Missionaries of Christ Jesus to the status of an Institute of Pontifical Law. In 1956, missions began in the Congo and Venezuela. In 1969 they began in Bolivia and soon after in Chile. Years later they go to the Philippines , the Dominican Republic, Cameroon, Chad and China. Currently there are 312 missionaries from Spain, Japan, India, Belgium, Slovenia, Congo, Bolivia, Chile, Venezuela, the Philippines and Vietnam.
As of 2013[update], they are present in Spain, Asia (China , Philippines , Japan , India), in the Americas (Bolivia , Chile , Dominican Republic , Venezuela) and in Africa (Congo , Cameroon , Chad); the general office is in Madrid.
- "María Camino was born in Pamplona on May 3, 1896 in the family formed by Fermín Sanz and Eustasia Orrio. They had 9 children, Maria Camino was the second one but before her birth the firstborn died so she was practically the oldest of 8 siblings. The family ... was economically well-off and occupied a prominent place in that Pamplona society of the early twentieth century. María Camino studied at the San José de Cluny school until she was 19 years old and in addition to "general culture" she learned to speak English and French perfectly, which would be of great help later on. She was intelligent, determined, with clear judgment and a straightforward criterion; she had a strong personality and a strong character. ... María Camino died in Pamplona on June 6, 1991." -Leoz 2015
- Annuario pontificio per l'anno 2010 [Pontifical directory for the year 2010] (in Italian). Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana. 2010. ISBN 978-88-209-8355-0.
- The Catholic Directory of India. St. Paul Publications. 2005.
- de la Cigoña, Francisco José Fernández (22 June 2014). "Y ahora las religiosas" [And now the religious]. La Gaceta (in Spanish). X. Retrieved 28 February 2018.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Fermín, María Victoria (27 April 2017). "Alumnos del colegio San Pedro fueron afectados por gases lacrimógenos" [Students of San Pedro school were affected by tear gas]. El Nacional (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 February 2018.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Javier, DN (6 March 2014). "Txantxiku: "El castillo de Javier nos ayuda a dar un mensaje"". diariodenavarra.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 February 2018.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Leoz, Javier (8 February 2015). "Homenaje a la misionera navarra María Camino Sanz Orrio" [Homage to the Navarrese missionary María Camino Sanz Orrio]. Parish of San Lorenzo (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 February 2018.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Pettinati, G. (1978). Pelliccia, Guerrino; Rocca, Giancarlo (eds.). Dizionario degli Istituti di Perfezione (in Italian). V. Milano, Italy: Edizioni Paoline.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)