Miron Radu Paraschivescu
|Born||October 2, 1911|
Zimnicea, Teleorman County, Romania
|Died||February 17, 1971 (aged 59)|
|Education||Department of Letters and Philosophy|
|Alma mater||University of Bucharest|
|Notable works||Cântice ţigăneşti|
|Notable awards||The Romanian Academy's "George Coșbuc" Award (1956)|
Miron Radu Paraschivescu (Romanian pronunciation: [miˈron ˈradu ˌparaskiˈvesku]; October 2, 1911– February 17, 1971) was a Romanian poet, essayist, journalist, and translator.
Born in Zimnicea, Teleorman County, he went to high school in Ploiești, after which he studied fine arts, first in Cluj and later in Bucharest without graduating. He enrolled then at the Letters and Philosophy Department of the University of Bucharest.
A leftist in his youth (he joined the Union of Communist Youth in 1933), he wrote for many leftist papers and magazines of those days: "Cuvîntul liber", "Azi", "Facla", "Viața românească", "Era nouă", "Lumea românească", "Timpul", "Ecoul", "România liberă", "Scînteia", sometimes under a pen name, among them Emil Soare and Paul Scorțeanu. After World War II, he wrote many propagandistic articles although it seems that he never became a member of the Communist Party.
Being on friendly terms with many communist leaders from their days in the underground, like Miron Constantinescu, Constanţa Crăciun, Iosif Chişinevschi, Leonte Răutu, he was considered "invulnerable", and got away with criticizing the regime, mostly in private, when anybody else would have ended in prison for the same offence. Although he hoped, due to his antifascist past, to be given important government positions like his former comrades, he never got any, being sent instead to work for several magazines and papers.
In 1965, Paraschivescu took charge of the readers' column at the literary magazine Ramuri in Craiova, changing it in May 1966 into a four-page literary supplement called Povesta vorbei ("The Tale of Talk"). It lasted only six numbers. He transformed it into a meeting place for a number of young avantgarde writers who had difficulty getting published by the established literary press. Among them were: Leonid Dimov, Virgil Mazilescu and Dumitru Țepeneag.
- Oameni şi aşezări din Ţara Moţilor şi a Basarabilor, Craiova, 1938
- Cântice ţigăneşti, Bucureşti, 1941; illustrated by Marcel Chirnoagă, Bucureşti, 1972
- Pâine, pământ şi ţărani, Craiova, 1943
- Cântare României, Bucureşti, 1951
- Laude, Bucureşti, 1953
- Laude şi alte poeme, Bucureşti, 1959
- Declaraţia patetică, Bucureşti, 1960
- Poezii, Bucureşti, 1961
- Declaraţia patetică. Cântice ţigăneşti. Laude şi alte poeme, Bucureşti, 1963
- Bâlci la Râureni, Bucureşti, 1964
- Versul liber, Bucureşti, 1965
- Drumuri şi răspântii, Bucureşti, 1967
- Tristele, Bucureşti, 1968
- Scrieri, vol. I-II, Bucureşti, 1969, vol. III-IV, Bucureşti, 1974-1975
- Poeme, Bucureşti, 1971
- Ultimele, Bucureşti, 1971
- Poezii, edited and afterword by Ioan Adam, Bucureşti, 1973
- Amintiri, Bucureşti, 1975
- Journal d'un heretique, translated by Claude Jaillet, foreword by de Virgil Ierunca, Paris, 1976; edition (Jurnalul unui cobai. 1940-1954), edited by Maria Cordoneanu, foreword by Vasile Igna, Cluj Napoca, 1994
- Povestind copiilor, Bucureşti, 1990
- Jurnalul unui cobai, 1994
- Poeme, Iaşi, 2000
- Marie-Anne Desmarest, Torente, Bucureşti, 1943
- Konstantin Simonov, Apărarea Moscovei, Bucureşti, 1944
- Nikolai Tikhonov, Istorisiri din Leningrad, Bucureşti, 1944
- Mikhail Sholokhov, Şcoala urii, Bucureşti, 1944
- Jean Richard Bloch, Toulon, Bucureşti, 1945
- Alexander Pushkin, Basme..., illustrated by Th. Kiriacoff-Suruceanu, Bucureşti, 1945, Ruslan şi Ludmila, Bucureşti, 1951
- Translations of eight European poets, illustrated by Mircea Alitanti, Bucureşti, 1946
- Claude Roy, Parisul răsculat, Bucureşti, 1946
- Maxim Gorki, Univesităţile mele, Bucureşti, 1948
- N.A. Nekrasov, Poeme alese, Bucureşti, 1953, Gerul, moşu cu nasu roşu, Bucureşti, 1955, Opere alese, I-III, Bucureşti, 1955-1959, Femeile ruse. Decembristele, Bucureşti, 1956
- Adam Mickiewicz, Pan Tadeusz sau Ultima încălcare de pământ în Lituania, foreword by Olga Zaicik, Bucureşti, 1956, Poezii, Bucureşti, 1957 (with Vlaicu Bârna şi Virgil Teodorescu), Poezii, Bucureşti 1959
- Juliusz Słowacki, Ceasul meditării, illustrated by Mihu Vulcănescu, Bucureşti, 1962
- Giuseppe Ungaretti, Poezii, Bucureşti, 1963 (with Alexandru Balaci)
- Andre Malraux, Calea regală, Bucureşti, 1971
- The Romanian Academy's "George Coșbuc" Award (1956)
- Honorary citizen of Vălenii de Munte (post-mortem, 2011)
- Aurel Sasu, Dicționar biografic al literaturii române (M-Z), Paralela 45, Pitești, 2006, pp. 300–301
- "Un cobai al ideologizării: Miron Radu Paraschivescu (I)" (in Romanian). Observator cultural. October 21, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- "Miron Radu Paraschivescu Arhivele Sfera Politicii". Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- "Cu sinceritate despre Arghezi:"Domnu' Dej, vreau nişte cegă!"" (in Romanian). jurnalul.ro. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- "Confesiunile lui Sorin Toma, redactor-şef la cel mai mare ziar al României, în cea mai întunecată epocă a presei" (in Romanian). adevarul.ro. Retrieved January 2014. Check date values in:
- "Traiectoria lui Arghezi" (in Romanian). Observator cultural. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Deletant, Dennis (1995). Ceausescu and the Securitate,- Dissent and Coercion in Romania1965-1985. C. Hurst & Co. Ltd. pp. 175, 176.
- Dobre, Ana (Nr. 5-6, anul XVIII, 2008). "Miron Radu Paraschivescu – portret sub lupe infidele" (in Romanian). Retrieved January 5, 2014. Check date values in:
- "Miron Radu Paraschivescu – Iubiri și erotism" (PDF) (in Romanian). pro-saeculum.ro. no. 7/2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 5, 2014. Retrieved January 5, 2014. Check date values in:
- "Cetateni de onoare" (in Romanian). Retrieved January 6, 2014.