Mexico City as a territorial and administrative unit is, alongside the 31 states of Mexico, one of the 32 federal entities of which Mexico consists. This entity was until 2016, the “Federal District” (Spanish: Distrito Federal), but since then the entity has simply been known as “Mexico City” (Spanish: Ciudad de México).
Despite the Mexico City federal entity containing the word “City”, it is not governed as a city but as a unit consisting of multiple municipalities; it contains both urban and rural areas; while much of the “city” i.e. the contiguous urban area of Greater Mexico City lies in another federal entity, the State of Mexico.
Mexico City is divided into sixteen municipalities. In Spanish they are, as territorial units, called demarcaciones territoriales but as units of government they are called alcaldías (lit. “area under control of a mayor (alcalde)”); these replaced the former “boroughs” (Spanish: delegaciones) and the powers of local government increased..
|Municipalities of Mexico City|
|Municipality||Population (2005)||Population (2010)||Area (km²)|
|Cuajimalpa de Morelos||173,625||186,391||71|
|Gustavo A. Madero||1,193,161||1,185,772||88|
|Municipalities of Mexico City|
|Álvaro Obregón||María Antonieta Hidalgo Torres|
|Azcapotzalco||Pablo Moctezuma Barragán|
|Benito Juárez||Christian von Roehrich|
|Coyoacán||Valentín Maldonado Salgado|
|Cuajimalpa||Miguel Ángel Salazar Martínez|
|Cuauhtémoc||Ricardo Monreal Ávila|
|Gustavo A. Madero||Víctor Hugo Lobo Román|
|Iztacalco||Carlos Enrique Estrada Meraz|
|Magdalena Contreras||José Fernando Mercado Guaida|
|Miguel Hidalgo||Xóchitl Gálvez|
|Milpa Alta||Jorge Alvarado Galicia|
|Tláhuac||Rigoberto Salgado Vázquez|
|Venustiano Carranza||Israel Moreno Rivera|
|Xochimilco||Avelino Méndez Rangel|
Mexico City as a whole is bordered directly by the following municipalities, going clockwise, starting from the west-southwest.
- Xalatlaco Municipality, State of Mexico
- Ocoyoacac Municipality, State of Mexico
- Huixquilucan Municipality, State of Mexico
- Naucalpan Municipality, State of Mexico
- Tlalnepantla de Baz Municipality, State of Mexico
- Tultitlán Municipality, State of Mexico
- Coacalco de Berriozábal Municipality, State of Mexico
- Ecatepec de Morelos Municipality, State of Mexico
- Tlalnepantla de Baz Municipality, State of Mexico (second occurrence, exclaved part)
- Ecatepec de Morelos Municipality, State of Mexico (second occurrence because of preceding)
- Nezahualcóyotl Municipality, State of Mexico
- La Paz Municipality, State of Mexico
- Valle de Chalco Solidaridad Municipality, State of Mexico
- Chalco Municipality, State of Mexico
- Tenango del Aire Municipality, State of Mexico
- Juchitepec Municipality, State of Mexico
- Tlalnepantla Municipality, State of Morelos
- Tepoztlán Municipality, State of Morelos
- Huitzilac Municipality, State of Morelos
- Agren, David (29 January 2015). "Mexico City officially changes its name to – Mexico City". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- National Institute of Statistics and Geography (2005). "Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI official website. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- 2010 census tables: INEGI Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
Select Municipales (Municipal), then Descargar (Download).
- Government of the Federal District (December 2009). "Borough Head" (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- Media related to Municipalities in Mexico City at Wikimedia Commons
- Government of the Federal District — official website (Spanish) at the Library of Congress Web Archives (archived 2002-08-08)