|Metropolitan Life North Building|
|Location||11-25 Madison Avenue, Manhattan, New York 10010|
|Roof||137.5 m (451 ft)|
The Metropolitan Life North Building, now known as Eleven Madison, is a 30-story art deco skyscraper in the Flatiron District adjacent to Madison Square Park in Manhattan, New York City, at 11-25 Madison Avenue. The building is bordered by East 24th Street, Madison Avenue, East 25th Street and Park Avenue South, and is connected by an elevated walkway to the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower just south of it. The North Building was built on the site of Richard Upjohn's original Madison Square Presbyterian Church. The second church, designed by Stanford White of McKim, Mead and White was built in 1906, across 24th Street on land conveyed by Metropolitan Life. As part of the Metropolitan Life Home Office Complex, the North Building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 19, 1996.
The original Madison Square Presbyterian Church, designed by Richard M. Upjohn in the Gothic Revival architectural style, was located on Madison Square Park at the southeast corner of East 24th Street and Madison Avenue, and was completed in 1854. The building was acquired by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company and razed to make way for the 48-story Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower. In exchange, the church received a 75-by-150-foot (23 by 46 m) plot of land across 24th Street that became the site for Stanford White's 1906 building for the Madison Square Presbyterian Church, sometimes called the "Parkhurst Church" after Reverend Charles Henry Parkhurst. Upjohn's building was demolished in 1919.
The North Building was designed in the 1920s by Harvey Wiley Corbett and Dan Everett Waid. The final design for the new building was proposed as a 100-story tower with several setbacks, which would have been the tallest building in the world. However, due to the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and onset of the Great Depression, the construction was halted at floor 29 in 1933. Metropolitan Life had originally planned to have a 100-story tower, and the existing building was constructed to be strong enough to support extra floors. Still, when construction was completed on the 25-story "base" in 1950, there were no plans to build the extra stories. The original plans were to include an entrance to the 23rd Street subway station, but the entrance was ultimately built one block south, on 23rd Street, with an entrance through the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower at One Madison Avenue.
The building, which has 2,200,000 square feet (200,000 m2) of space, was constructed in three stages, and was finally completed in 1950. It is finished on the outside with Alabama limestone and marble detailing, and marble in the lobbies. The building features four vaulted corner entrances, and its bulk is mitigated by numerous setbacks and its polygonal shape. The building contains 30 elevators, enough to serve the originally-planned 100 floors.
From 1994–1997, the building had its interior redesigned by Haines Lundberg Waehler and the exterior renovated at a cost of $300 million.
11 Madison Avenue is owned by SL Green Realty Corp. The primary tenant is Credit Suisse, with Yelp, Inc. and several Sony companies such as Sony Corporation of America, Sony Music Entertainment, and Sony/ATV Music Publishing as notable additional tenants. The restaurant Eleven Madison Park is at street level on the Madison Avenue side of the building.
The building previously served as Met Life's records warehouse,
In popular culture
- The 1981 thriller Eyewitness used the building's lobby as the place where William Hurt's character was employed as a janitor, and where the brutal murder that begins the film takes place. Other scenes from the film were shot there as well.
- Director Martin Scorsese used the building as the location for Griffin Dunne's office in the 1985 film After Hours.
- Woody Allen's 1986 Radio Days utilized the North Building for the building where the offices of a broadcasting network were located.
- Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
- Madison Square Presbyterian Church (1854)
- Madison Square Presbyterian Church (1906)
- List of buildings with 100 floors or more
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- Moudry, Roberta. The American Skyscraper: Cultural Histories (2005 ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-521-62421-3.
- "AT 500-FOOT TOWER TO REPLACE CHURCH; Metropolitan Life's Plans for a New Structure. PARKHURST'S CHURCH THERE The Company Will Raze It and Erect There One of the Tallest Buildings In the World". The New York Times. June 21, 1905. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- "NEW PARKHURST CHURCH DEDICATED YESTERDAY; He Pays Tribute to the Late Stanford White, Its Architect. MADE NEW EDIFICE HIS IDOL New Madison Square Church a Beautiful Example of Architect's Genius -- Dr. Parkhurst's Sermon". The New York Times. October 15, 1906. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- Kendall, William Mitchell in Hoak, Edward Warren and Church, Willis Humphrey eds. (1930, reprinted 2002) Masterpieces of American Architecture: Museums, Libraries, Churches and Other Public Buildings, p.105
- "RAZE PARKHURST CHURCH.; Famous Piece of Architecture Making Way for Office Building". The New York Times. May 6, 1919. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
- Mendelsohn, Joyce (1998), Touring the Flatiron: Walks in Four Historic Neighborhoods, New York: New York Landmarks Conservancy, ISBN 0-964-7061-2-1, OCLC 40227695
- "MADISON SQ. TOWER TO RISE 100 STORIES; Metropolitan Life Will Erect the Tallest Office Structure for Own Use on Whole Block. UNUSUAL DESIGN IS DRAWN Accommodation for 30,000 Workers --Moving Stairs Planned for the First Thirteen Floors". The New York Times. November 3, 1929. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
- Gray, Christopher (May 26, 1996). "Streetscapes: Metropolitan Life at 1 Madison Avenue; For a Brief Moment, the Tallest Building in the World". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2015.
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5.
- Delaporte, Gus (February 24, 2014). "Sony Makes 11 Madison Avenue Deal Official". Commercial Observer. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
- Alleman, Richard (1988), The Movie Lover's Guide to New York, New York: Harper & Row, ISBN 0060960809 p.160
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