Sir William Melville Arnott MC TD FRCPE FRCP FRSE FRCPath (14 January 1909 – 17 September 1999) was a Scottish academic. He graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1931 and was awarded his MD on renal hypertension in 1937. He was appointed William Withering Chair in Medicine at the University of Birmingham in 1946. He served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during the Second World War, and was one of the first medical officers to enter Bergen-Belsen concentration camp at the end of the war in Europe. He was awarded the Military Cross in the King's 1940 Birthday Honours. He played a major role in the Nuffield Foundation's Planning Committee (1957–59) that established a new medical school at the then University of Rhodesia, now the University of Zimbabwe.
Arnott was knighted in 1971.
- Arnott, William Melville (1937). "Experimental pathology of renal hypertension".
- Wade, Owen (27 September 1999). "Obituary: Sir Melville Arnott". The Independent. Retrieved 28 May 2007.
- "No. 34893". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 July 1940. p. 4262.
- "No. 45262". The London Gazette. 31 December 1970. p. 1.
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