|Full name||Melbourne Cricket Club|
|Founded||15 November 1838|
|Stadium||Melbourne Cricket Ground|
The MCC is responsible for management and development of the Melbourne Cricket Ground, a power given to it by the government-appointed MCG Trust and an Act of Parliament. This also guarantees the club's occupation of about 20 per cent of the stadium for its members reserve.
In 1859, members drafted the first set of rules for Australian rules football. In 1877, it hosted the first game of Test cricket in history—played between Australia and England. In 1971, the ground hosted the first One Day International cricket match.
As well as cricket, the MCC is also an umbrella organisation for other sports, such as Australian football, baseball, bowls, field hockey, golf, lacrosse, netball, target shooting, squash and real tennis.
On 15 November 1838, the first MCC cricket match occurred at the site of the Royal Mint. At the same time five men met and formed the Melbourne Cricket Club; they were Frederick Powlett, Robert Russell, George B. Smyth and brothers Alfred and Charles Mundy. Three of the five, Powlett, Smyth and Alfred Mundy were neighbouring pastoralists at Kilmore. In 1839 the MCC began playing cricket matches near the current site of Southern Cross railway station. Powlett was elected inaugural President in 1841.
The Melbourne Cricket Club is the largest sporting club in Australia. As of August 2015 there were 104,000 members of the club, of which 62,700 were "full members" and 41,300 were "restricted members", with 242,000 people registered on the waiting list. That same year, a new category below Restricted Membership was created called Provisional Membership, which "is designed to prevent the already lengthy wait for membership of our club from extending to 40 years or more in generations to come." Provisional members "have fewer benefits and less access to the Reserve than Full and Restricted members."  As of 31 January 2018, the waiting list "consist[s] of candidates nominated from October 1, 2000 to today." 
Full membership entitles members to entry to the Members' Reserve at the MCG for all cricket and football matches and most special sporting events. Full members also have a number of added benefits, which include reciprocal rights at clubs and stadiums around Australia and overseas as well as the opportunity to attend numerous club functions exclusive to MCC members. Restricted members also have access to events, with the exception of the AFL Grand Final. Full members, but not restricted members, are also permitted to nominate candidates for the waiting list and to vote on club affairs.
Members of the MCC are able to access the members' area of reciprocal clubs, typically while on a short visit to the area. These benefits, with the exclusion of the VRC and Docklands Stadium, are reserved for full members. These clubs include:
- Docklands Stadium Axcess One, Melbourne
- Victoria Racing Club (VRC), Melbourne
- Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney
- Brisbane Cricket Ground Trust (Gabba), Brisbane
- South Australian Cricket Association (Adelaide Oval), Adelaide
- West Australian Cricket Association (WACA Ground), Perth
- Tasmanian Cricket Association (Bellerive Oval), Hobart
Cricket "Team of the Century"
On 1 December 1999, the MCC announced its cricket team of the century, with all players who had played at least one season for the club since 1906-07 being eligible for selection. The team as selected was:
- Bill Ponsford
- Colin McDonald
- Dean Jones
- Hunter Hendry
- Paul Sheahan
- Warwick Armstrong (Captain)
- Hugh Trumble
- Robert Templeton
- Max Walker
- Hans Ebeling
- Bert Ironmonger
- Vernon Ransford (12th Man)
- "About MCC Membership". Melbourne Cricket Club. Retrieved 4 April 2009.
- "MCC and Melbourne Football Club". Melbourne Cricket Club. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "MCC Chronology and Membership growth" (PDF). Melbourne Cricket Club. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "Club history". Melbourne Cricket Club. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- Williams, Martin. Charles Bonney and the fertile Kilmore Plains, Victorian Historical Journal, Vol. 90, No. 1, June 2019, p112.
- Sales, P. M. "Powlett, Frederick Armand (1811–1865)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 7 August 2014.
- "MCC Annual Report 2015/16" (PDF). Melbourne Cricket Club. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Latest membership intake". mcc.org.au. Melbourne Cricket Club. Retrieved 30 January 2018.