Maximilian Jacob Herzberger
At the visitors' conference of the Mathematical Society Jena, Oct 1930
|Born||March 17, 1899|
|Died||April 9, 1982 (aged 83)|
New Orleans, Louisiana, US
|Alma mater||Berlin University|
|Known for||Superachromat lens|
|Children||Ruth (1928), Ursula Bellugi (1931), Hans (1932)|
|Awards||Cressy Morrison Award (NYAS 1945), Frederic Ives Medal (OSA 1962)|
|Thesis||Ueber Systeme hyperkomplexer Grössen (1923)|
|Doctoral advisors||Ludwig Bieberbach, Issai Schur|
Maximilian Jacob Herzberger (7 or 17 Mar 1899, Berlin, Germany — 9 Apr 1982, New Orleans, United States) was a German-American mathematician and physicist, known for his development of the superachromat lens.
Maximilian Herzberger was the son of Leopold Herzberger (born 7 Mar 1870, Krefeld — died in Rochester (NY)) and Sonja/Sofia Behrendt/Berendt/Berends (22 Mar 1876, Petersburg (Germany)[clarification needed] — 28 Jan 1945, Florence); he had a sister Olga (24 Sep 1897, Berlin — 2 Aug 1922, Berlin). The family was Jewish. He studied mathematics and physics at the Berlin University, where Albert Einstein was one of his professors, and later became a friend and advisor.:57r In 1923, Herzberger finished his Ph.D. thesis Ueber Systeme hyperkomplexer Grössen under Ludwig Bieberbach and Issai Schur at the philosophical faculty. In 1925, he married Edith Kaufmann (10 Oct 1901, Stuttgart — 16 Feb 2001, Carlsbad (California) or New Orleans); they had three children, born in Jena, viz. Ruth (born 1928), Ursula Bellugi (1931), and Hans (6 Aug 1932, spouse of Radhika Herzberger). No later than Sep 1930, he was assistant of Hans Boegehold,(de) the chief of calculation office at Carl Zeiss Jena.
In 1934, the Nazis deprived him from his professorship at Jena University and his contract with Zeiss. He emigrated with his family to Rochester (NY), where he became head of Eastman Kodak's optical research laboratories, arranged by Einstein.:57r In 1940, he and his family became U.S. citizens.:58l In 1945, he got the Cressy Morrison Award of the New York Academy of Sciences.:57l
In 1954 he finished the development of the superachromat as the ultimately well-corrected lens for Kodak.:58m In 1962, he was awarded the Frederic Ives Medal of the Optical Society of America. In 1965, he retired from his position at Kodak, and helped building a graduate institute for optics in Switzerland,:58r until in 1968 he followed invitation of the University of New Orleans to teach at their Physics Department.:57m,58r
- Ueber Systeme hyperkomplexer Grössen, Max Herzberger, Berlin, 1923, Ebering.
- Untersuchungen über die Eigenschaften erster Ordnung von reellen Strahlensystemen, Jan 1928, De Gruyter, ISBN 9783111279886
- Untersuchungen über die Eigenschaften erster Ordnung von reellen Strahlensystemen, in: Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik, Vol.159, p. 36-49, 1928
- Über die geometrische Bedeutung des Rotationswinkels in der Strahlengeometrie, Jan 1928, De Gruyter, ISBN 9783111095615
- Über die geometrische Bedeutung des Rotationswinkels in der Strahlengeometrie, in: Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik, Vol.160, p. 33-37, 1929
- Gullstrand, Allvar, Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography, 2008
- M. Herzberger, Allvar Gullstrand, in Optica Acta, Vol.3 (1960), p. 237–241
- Record at geni.com, and related records
- Person sheet at goudsmit.home.xs4all.nl
- Maximilian Jacob Herzberger
- Lorena Dureau, Einstein's Protege, p.56-58, Sep.???? (1970 or after)
- Record at Humboldt University Berlin
- Catalog entry at medicusbooks.com, about a common letter of Boegehold and Herzberger to Erwin Lihotzky at the Ernst Leitz GmbH
- Herzberger, M., and N. McClure, The design of superachromatic lenses, Appl. Opt. Vol.2, pp. 553–560 (June 1963)
- Maximilian J. Herzberger Frederic Ives Medalist for 1962, JOSA, Vol. 53, Issue 6, pp. 657-657 (1963)
- "Frederic Ives Medal / Quinn Prize - Awards - OSA.org | The Optical Society". osa.org. Retrieved 2015-02-14.
- Oct. 1946 with Harvey O Hoadley, US 2487873 at google patents
- May 1965 with Nancy R Mcclure, US 3395962 at google patents
- Homage to an immortal KUBRICK AND THE LEGENDARY PLANAR 50mm f / 0.7, about a camera objective based on a 1937 draft by Herzberger, and used by Stanley Kubrick for his film "Barry Lyndon"