Duncan Max Meldrum
Meldrum c. 1937
|Died||6 June 1955(aged 79)|
|Nationality||Scottish born Australian|
|Movement||Realism, Tonalism, Representational|
Duncan Max Meldrum (3 December 1875 – 6 June 1955) was a Scottish-born Australian painter. He is known as the founder of Australian Tonalism, a representational style of painting, as well as his portrait work, for which he won the Archibald Prize in 1939 and 1940.
Meldrum was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, son of Edward David Meldrum, chemist, and his wife Christine, née Macglashan. The family emigrated to Australia in 1889. Meldrum studied at the National Gallery School in Melbourne. In 1899, he won the Victorian Travelling Scholarship, under which he chose to complete his art education in Paris. Soon after, he became dissatisfied with the academic conventions of the Paris schools and left them to study on his own.
He returned to Melbourne to his family in 1912, where he lived with his parents in East Melbourne, then at St Kilda. In 1915 he took a studio at 527 Collins Street, for a time sharing it with Harley Griffiths senior.
He ran the Meldrum School of Painting there between 1916 and 1926. Among his students were Clarice Beckett, Colin Colahan, Auguste Cornels, Percy Leason, John Farmer, Polly Hurry, Justus Jorgensen and Arnold Shore, and had considerable influence on the work of his friend Alexander Colquhoun, whose son Archibald was also a Meldrum student at that time. In 1916-17 he was elected president of the Victorian Artists' Society.
Meldrum influenced the young Albert Ernest Newbury. While in Paris, he befriended American painter Joseph Allworthy. Meldrum stayed with Allworthy during his American tour lecturing on his theory of tonal analysis.
Meldrum died on 6 June 1955 in Kew, Victoria, aged 79.
- Joyce McGrath, Bernard Smith, 'Meldrum, Duncan Max (1875 - 1955)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, MUP, 1986, pp 480–482. retrieved 2009-10-13
- Meldrum, Max. "The Science of Appearances", 1950.
- Colahan, Colin. "Max Meldrum:His Art and Views", 1925.
- Serle, Percival (1949). "Newbury, Albert Ernest". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 13 October 2009.
- Flexmore, John. "Current Trends in Australian Painting".
| Archibald Prize
for The Hon. G. J. Bell, Speaker, House of Representatives
for Dr. J. Forbes McKenzie