|Mata Bhavani's Stepwell|
Mata Bhavani's Stepwell, 1866
|Municipality||Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation|
History and architecture
Mata Bhavani's stepwell was built in the 11th century during Chaulukya dynasty rule in Gujarat. It is one of the earliest existing example of stepwells in India. A long flight of steps leads to the water below a sequence of multi-story open pavilions positioned along the east–west axis. The elaborate ornamentation of the columns, brackets and beams are a prime example of how stepwells were used as a form of art. A much later constructed small shrine of Hindu Goddess Bhavani is located at lower gallery from which the stepwell derived its name. It is built before the establishment of modern city of Ahmedabad.
The stepwell is 46 metre long and 5.1 metre wide at entrance. It has three stories and three pavilions. The diameter of well is 4.8 metre.
- Tadgell, Christopher (1990). The History of Architecture in India. London: Phaidon Press. ISBN 0-7148-2960-9.
- Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Government Central Press. 1879. pp. 282–283.
- Shukla, Rakesh (24 June 2014). "ક્યારેક લોકોની તરસ છિપાવતા હતા ગુજરાતના આ જળ મંદિરો-માતા ભવાનીની વાવ". gujarati.oneindia.com (in Gujarati). Retrieved 20 November 2016.
- Jutta Jain-Neubauer (1 January 1981). The Stepwells of Gujarat: In Art-historical Perspective. Abhinav Publications. pp. 35–36. ISBN 978-0-391-02284-3.